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ministers, yet we find no account of an does any thing without the bishop. As ordination but by the apostles. The Christ did nothing without the Father, eleven ordained Matthias to be an apos
so neither do
ye, whether presbyters, tle. Some of their number ordained deacon, or laick, any thing without the the seven deacons at Antioch.: James, bishop.” And again, “ My soul for Cephas, and John, ordained Paul and theirs, who subject themselves, under Barnabas apostles; and these ordained the obedience of their bishops, pastors, presbyters at Derbe, Lystria, Iconium, and deacons, and let me take my lot and Antioch. And a presbytery of with them in the Lord.” apostles ordained Timothy the first bi In short, för 1500 years, to the faithshop of Ephesus; and, as such, invested ful bishops were given the same spirihim with the apostolic power of ordain- tual honours that their predecessors, ing others; and of the exercise of this the apostles, had received; and by them. power we have Scripture proof; and were performed the same spiritual dualso that he had the superintendance of ties: they ordained to the different presbyters, a lower order of ministers grades of the ministry, went about conunder him.' Epaphroditus and Titus firming the disciples, and upon them were also ordained to the same digni- devolved the government and care of all ties and duties in the regions to which the churches, as it had upon the aposthey were sent.
tles. On the dignity and peculiar duAnd the proofs that these apostolic ties of a bishop's office this may suffice. prerogatives were held EXCLUSIVELY by Time will not permit a more minute the order of bishops, immediately after discussion. the completion of the Scripture history, On the subject of the usefulness of are unquestionable.
the office of a bishop, I shall give you “We can reckon," says one of the the sentiments of the judicious Hooker, early fathers, who wrote about 150 who, on all subjects, is eminently woryears after the ascension of Christ, and thy of attention. “ Amongst the prinless than 100 after the death of St. John; 'cipal blessings by which God enriched <<
we can reckon those bishops who Israel," he says, “the Psalmist acknow. have been constituted by the apostles, ledgeth this for one, thou didst lead thy and their successors, all the way to our people like sheep by the hand of Moses time." Among these were two of the and Aaron: What sheep'are," he adds, disciples of St. John, both of whom suf- if pastors be wanting, the same are fered martyrdom for the faith of Christ. the people of God wanting guides : and
But it would require a volume to what the principal civil rulers are, ir name all the testimonies in proof of the comparison with those under him, the scriptural and primitive powers and du- same are the bishops of the church, ties of the bishops of the church, and compared with the rest of God's clergy. that they were always considered the "“ Moses and Aaron are named as the same which, in their days, were exer- well-springs of the prosperity of Israel. cised by the apostles. In the 'writings Bishops are now as high priests were of one of the disciples of St. John, al. then, in regard of power over other ready alluded to, are found many such priests.' What priests were then, the passages as the following: In one of same presbyters are now by way of their his epistles, he says, “ Be not deceived, place under bishops. The one's sermy brethren; if any man folļows one vices being therefore so useful, how who divides the church, he shall not should the other's be thought unnecesinherit the kingdom of God. Endea- sary? Is there any Christian, who doth vour, therefore, to partake of one and not believe that the church derived the same eucharist; for there is but one benefits and blessings from the services flesh of Christ, one cup in his blood, of the apostles, not only for other reand one altar; as there is one bishop spects, but in regard of that prelacy by with the college of presbyters, and my which they had, and exercised power of fellow servants the deacons." In anon jurisdiction over lower guides of the ther, he says, “ Be subject to your bi- church? Bishops are herein the apost shop as to the Lord-he is without who tles' successors, as hath been proved
: Thus we see that prelacy must be pressing calls upon your liberality : but acknowledged exceedingly beneficial in what Christian is there who does not the church; however by the ignorant know that it is by liberal things he and undiscerning it may not be under- must stand? And surely no Christian stood and appreciated. We grant, in- will make the frequency of the calls an deed, that the good which is done by apology for rejecting them all, as is them, is not so immediately and near to done by some who are Christians in us, as many times the meaner labours of name only. others under them, and this doth make May it not be fairly questioned whe. it to be less esteemed. But it is in this ther we do not sometimes give ourcase as in a ship, he that sitteth at the selves credit for liberality, when, at stern is quiet, and seemeth to do little or farthest, we are barely just? For it nothing, in comparison with tliem that should be remembered, that our standare more 'actively employed; yet that ard of justice is that of Christianity, which he doth is of more value than the and not of the world. If, therefore, Jabours of all the rest. We consider Christianity requires of its disciples to not the benefits we derive from our bi- support its institutions and teachers shops, and that is the cause why they (which the Christianity of the Scriptures are at our hands so unthankfully re- most certainly does )--then, to disobey warded.” Such are the sentiments of and reject such requirements, is not that great and good man.
merely illiberal, it is unjust. For, when Our bishop, my brethren, is not even we embrace a religion, or attach ourunthankfully rewarded at our hands; selves to any society, of whatever nature, for, as the bishop of the diocess, he re- we (at least impliedly) bind ourselves to ceives from it no temporal reward what- fulfil the demands of such religion, or ta ever. He goeth a warfare at his own comply with the regulations, and to procharges-he planteth a vineyard, and mote the interests of such society. eateth not of the fruit thereof. And far Art thou then a Christian? Act the more than Hooker says of the useful- part of one. Let the infinite motives, ness of the order, in general, will apply which, in the voice of God are proposed with double force, in reference to the in- to you, lead you to govern yourself by estimable services of the man, to whose the divine religion you profess to have indefatigable and apostolic labours and embraced-submit yourself to the rule zeal our church owes so much. What of the Master you have wisely chasen, greater benefits, by the divine blessing, that you may enjoy the blessings of his might be reasonably expected from his servants in the present life, and, in the labours, if they could be exclusively de- future, partake with him, and with voted to the peculiar duties of his epis- them, of the unspeakable and everlastcopal office ?
ing felicities of heaven. And that they may be so devoted it Art thou a churchman? Be a con, ought surely to be the earnest wish of sistent one. The church to which you every churchman. And it is as surely have attached yourself is built upon the the duty of every one to contribute ac- prophets and the apostles, Christ him. cording to his ability to so desirable an self being the chief corner stone. Its end. The bishop of this diocess now institutions, its rites, and ordinances, derives his entire maintenance from his are the institutions, and rites, and ordirectorship of Trinity church, New- nances of Christ ; appointed by him as York, and to which he must, as such, the means of grace to his people, and give the principal portion of his time the rules of government for his church, and labour. The consequence of which to be observed until he come to transis, that the time he is enabled to give to late its obedient and devout members to the church at large, as bishop, is so li- the church triumphant on high; when mited, that his episcopal labours are many shall come from the east and the necessarily performed to great disad- west, and sit down with the faithful in vantage, and with great inconvenience the kingdom of heaven, while many of to himself and to the church. I know, the professed children of the kingdom my brethren, there are frequent and shall be cast out
Let us, my brethren, so perform the a portion of its victims, ere little more duties that Christ hath appointed us in than half a century had elapsed ; and a his church, as not to be numbered with remnant of the people succeeded, amidst this unhappy class, whose religion con every possible discouragement and difsists in unmeaningly saying “ Lord, ficulty, in accomplishing their deliverLord,” without obeying his will and ance from the bondage in which they commands.
had been held. That remnant has sucs Let it be our's to acquaint ourselves ceeded in maintaining to this day the sewith what Christ requires of us, as his paration then effected, notwithstanding disciples, and to fulól it with faithful continual endeavour on the part of the and devout hearts, that, under his di- Romish ecclesiastical authorities of the vine protection and guidance, we may country to bring them again under their pass in safety and peace through this power. The connexion with the Roto another and better world, to meet the mish church, during a period of sixty great Shepherd and Bishop of our souls; years, had however introduced a lawho, having laid down his life for us on inentable declension in the religious earth, has gone to prepare a place for principles and mode of worship, and in us in heaven.
the habits of most of the clergy of the Syrian church; and the morals of the
people experienced a correspondent deFrom the Missionary Register for Oot. 1822.
terioration. These evils unhappily surChurch Missionary Society.
vived the union with the Romish church, Report, by the Rev. James Hough, of Political degradation accompanied the
from which they had chiefly proceeded. the state of the mission in Travancore. decay of religion and social virtue; and
The appendix to the fourth report of in this state of general depression they the society's corresponding committee have continued, until attention was at Madras, contains the account of a vi- lately excited to their situation. It can sit to its mission in Travancore by the scarcely be doubted, that, in proportion Rev.James Hough,chaplain to the East- as the state of this ancient Christian India Company, which will be read community becomes known to the memwith pleasure by all who take an inter- bers of the united church, increasing est in the revival of the Syrian church. support will be given to the measures in · Introductory to this report, the cor- operation for the gradual introduction responding committee observe, in re of a better order of things among them: ference to colonel Newall-The com and in this view the committee attach mittee perform a gratifying duty in stat- much importance to the following reing, that the missionaries in Travancore presentation on these subjects, from a make grateful acknowledgment of the clergyman unconnected with the sociecountenance afforded to them and to ty's establishments in Travancore, but the Syrian church, by the present Bri- deeply interested in the objects which tish resident in that country."--The they embrace, and who describes in this committee proceed." They indulge a document what he has personally seen persuasion that this document will be and examined.-Mr. Hougi's report perused with particular pleasure by the here follows in his own words :members of the society, and by all who appreciate the claims of the Syrian Having returned from my visit to church on the benevolence of the Pro- the society's missions in Travancore, I testant churches of Europe; whose den hasten to report my observations on the liverance from the spiritual tyranny of state of things in that interesting field, the Rómish church was effected by the in the order in which they occurred. providence of Almighty God, at a pe I reached Cotym on Saturday evenriod nearly coincident with the subju- ing, Dec. 9,1820; and attended the Sygation to that baneful power of their Sy- rian worship the next morning, in the rian brethren in India. The rapacity college chapel. Here I could expect and intolerance of those foreign oppres- nothing to gratify me; but I was not sore roused a spirit af resistance among prepared to witness so much supersti
tion in their service: had I not known the English can do to Mr. Bailey; and the contrary, I should certainly have he seemed to know how to use it with supposed myself in a Roman catholic advantage. From what I could learn chapel, and have mistaken their service of the portion of the testament already for the celebration of mass: the incense, finished, there is every prospect of their the adoration of the host, and the fre- possessing, ere long, a good Malayalim quent crossings and prostrations before translation of the sacred book. the crucifix, struck me as being the Mr. Fenn next took me to the colsame, or closely resembling the forms lege, where I spent the remainder of observed in the church of Rome. The the day in examining the students. At Syriac language, in which the prayers present the institution has more the apwere read, is as unintelligible to the pearance of a school than of a college ; people, as Latin is to the major part of but the plan, which the missionaries Roman catholics. But,notwithstanding are about to adopt, of establishing three this, one part of the service darted, like grammar schools at the most eligible a beam of light; through the gloom that stations, from which the most promising overhung the rest; and inspired the youths are to be selected for the colhope, that a brighter day was dawning lege, must have the effect of raising its on this ancient, but much degenerated character. But, even now, the
ESS church - a portion of St. Matthew's of several of the students does credit to gospel was read in Malayalim, the ver- themselves and their teachers. A feit nacular tongue of the congregation. It of them discovered a degree of jatelliseemed like the lamp of God, still en- gence that surprised me; and one; 'in lightening the temple; and elicited the particular, who has begun Latin, parsed involuntary prayer, that, ere long, it what he read 'as accurately as an Engmight burn with a brighter and more fish scholar could have done, and was steady flame! There was no discourse well acquainted with the leading facts at the conclusion of the prayers. and doctrines of scripture. This was
In the evening I attended our church one of those young Catanars who have service'in Malayalint, performed by Mr. passed through five initiatory ordinaBailey in one of the Syrian churches: tians, and if the establishment succeeds about ten Catanars and one hundred in supplying the Syriac churches with a and lifty Syrians were present; and fe'w such priests as this lad promises to they appeared to be very attentive, par- be, it will amply remunerate all the laticularly to the sermon. It was singular bour and funds expended upon it. to see the person, who in the morning In the evening the malpan waited officiated as priest at the Syrian altar, upon us, and we conversed together aux now performing the office of clerk to sacred subjects.
sacred subjects. He spoke with great Mr. Bailey: this was the head malpan animation and considerable intelligence of the college, who expresses his adeni. for the space of two hours, quoting the ration of most of our prayers, and will Syriac testament, which lay before him, permit no one else to read the responses. in confirmation of all that he advanced
Next morning I had an interviewv, at I was amazed at the extent of his acMr. Bailey's request, with the learned quaintance with scripture, his shrewd native whom he is employing in the remarks, and his striking illustrations; translation of the testament into Malay- little anticipating so much information alim. He is well acquainted with Ta- and good sense among the wilds of mul; and the object of my conversation Malabar. with him was, to ascertain whether he Nearly the whole of the 12th was sufficiently understood the Tamul ver- spent in conference with the metroposion of the testament to make use of it litan, who returned that morning from in his translation. Mr. Bailey is too a journey which he had taken to marry judicious a man, and too deeply inter a Catanar. ested in his work, to leave any thing to The following are the heads of private the Moonshee, or to follow any ver- conference with which I was favoured : sion : nevertheless, the Tamul affords Q. Since, by this time, you will have as much assistance to the Moonshee, as been able to form an opinion of the obs
ject, and plans of the gentlemen who England to conclude the service with a are placed here, will you be kind enough discourse to the congregation on some to tell me whether you approve of what passage of scripture : would it not be has been done?
well to adopt the practice in the Syrian A. Yes: I entirely approve of every church? thing
A. This is done sometimes—always Q. Have you any improvements to at an ordination of Catanars; and, ocsuggest in the college regulations, the casionally at other times, when a large mode of instruction, or in any other congregation is assembled. There is part of the measures now pursued ? no objection to'the Catanars preaching A. No: none whatever.
every Sunday, when they shall be caQ. Are these gentlemen understood pable of doing so; but at present they when they perform divine service in are too ignorant themselves to teach Malayalim, and also when they con- the people. That is indeed an importverse with the people ?
ant work! A. Yes, perfectly.
Q. How many Catanars are there? Q. The English mode of worship is, A. About one hundred and fifty. you see, very different to that of the Q. How many of them are married? Syrian church : what objection have A. Thirty-five. you to that mode?
Q. When were they married ? A. I have no objection to it: it is A. With the exception of two or very good.
three, they have all been married within Q. Do you perceive that any good the year. effect is produced by what has been Q. Why do not the rest marry? done hitherto for the benefit of your A. Some are too poor ; others are old Catanars and people ?
or diseased ; and a few object. A. Yes: a little improvement, both Q. Are the people charitable ? in their understanding and moral con A. No-we are greatly in want of duct. Formerly none of them could churches; but they will not part with read, and they seldom or never heard a their
money, even for this sacred purprofitable discourse; and to this state pose. This, however, is to be attributed of darkness are to be attributed the evil to their great ignorance. Since these lives which they led: but now, by the gentlemen have been among them, they conversation and instructions of these know a little better; and I hope they gentlemen, they have gained a little will soon come forward to do all that light, and their morals are proportion- shall be required of them. ably improved.
I should remark here, on that part of Q. We are told by St. Paul, that it is the above conversation which relates to necessary to pray publicly, in a language the alteration of the customs and mode which all the congregation understand. of worship in the Syrian church, that (Here the Apostle's arguments were the missionaries have never made any quoted, 1 Cor. xiv.) But I perceive it reference to the subject. Greatly as it is the custom of your Catanars to pray must pain them to witness so much in Syriac, which is unintelligible to the superstition and unmeaning ceremony people: do you think that any portion among this interesting people, they of the public service might be translat- have, as yet, with great wisdom and deed into Malayalim ? and if so, what licacy, refrained from interfering, in the part or parts might be rendered into slightest particular, on sacred matters. that tongue ?
They are respected so highly by the A. There can be no objection to the metropolitan and Catanars, and their whole of the prayers in which the peo- suggestions on temporal affairs are ple join, being translated into Malaya- adopted so readily, that, were they to lim, for our church has no canon against express their wish to have a part of the it; but such as belong peculiarly to the Syriac prayers translated into MalayaCatanars must always be used in Syriac. lim, I have no doubt but that it would
Q. You have seen that it is custom- be done : but they are too prudent to ary for the ministers of the church of act with precipitation, or to take upon