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bishop, by the presiding bishop; in oppo- - To this letter I have received no reply: sition to the earnest and solemn represen- in consequence, I presume, of the absence tations of the bishop who rejected the can. of my Right Rev. Brother, on a visitation didate, that this measure was the result of of his diocese. I have heard that Dr. serious deliberation and inquiry, and of Ducachet is licensed by him as a Laysatisfactory testimony of ini partial indi. Reader; which would seem to establish viduals, who had the fullest opportunity the fact of his admission as a candidate for of judging of his dispositions and charac. orders. ter-and in disregard of the fact, that an I lrave thought it my duty, Bretliren, culogium, delivered and published by him, to make this communication to you, as in departure from his appropriate charac. well from a wish to correct very erroneter as a candidate for the ministry, con ous representations which prevail on the tained not merely unprovoked and unme. business to which it relates, as with the rited invective, but slanderous charges view, if this should be the last time I against respectable individuals.

address you, of recording my sentiments " If Dr. Ducachet be admitted as a can. on a point, which, considered as a precedidate for orders in the eastern diocese, dent, I regard as among the most importthen it will be impossible to prevent the ant, in reference to the purity of the miniscommunity from drawing the conclusion, try, the honour and harmony of the Episthat the charges of injustice and intolera. copacy, the efficiency of discipline, the ble oppression,'' of unreasonable severity prosperity of the Church, and the high and tyranny,'which have been industriously interests of evangelical religion, that and extensively circulated against me,have could possibly occur. received the high sanction of the ecclesia At the moment of commencing what astical authority of the diocese; the epis. I trust, will, through the blessing of copal character and office will be lowered Providence, be only a temporary separain public estimation-distrust and division tion from my diocese, I cannot refrain will, in the present instance, and hereafter, from expressing my liveliest sensibility if the precedent should be followed, be to the confidence with which my Brethren introduced among those who, from their of the Clergy and Laity have honoured eminent stations in the church, it is of pe- me, and to the prompt and united support culiar importance, should exhibit, in the which they have given to my exertions to exercise of discipline especially, unity of advance the interests of the kingdom of counsel, and mutual confidence and coope. our Lord. To this confidence and supration and then, the guards with which port, under God, must be principally atthe canons of the church have so soli. tributed whatever degree of success may citously surrounded the door of entrance have followed these exertions. In iminta the ministry, will be materially weak- ploring for the Clergy and the congregaened. It is the result on the general inter tions of the diocese, the blessing of Al. ests of our church, which, even more than mighty God, I trust I may hope for their its effects as to my personal and official prayers for myself

. character, excites, with respect to this

JOHN HENRY HOBART. measure, my deepest solicitude.

New York, September 23d, 1823. “I expected to proceed from Canada on a visitation of the diocese; but the morning I left Quebec, I was attacked with fefor the third time this summer, and

To the Editor of the Christian Journal. was induced to make the best of my way REMARKS ON ROMANS xiv.23. What. home. The state of my health, in the opi. nion of my physicians and friends, renders

soever is not of faith is sin. highly expedient a sea voyage, and a re. In the October number of the Jourspite from official cares and labours. I ac

nal there were some observations made cordingly expect to sail for England on the 24th of this month. I must previously time I have met with a very full and


of St. Paul. Since that prepare my address to our coi:vention, ex. hibiting an account of my proceedings, clear exposition of this text, in an old among which, 1 must, of course, mention

author of the 17th century, which may my rejection of Dr.

Ducachet, as a candi. be interesting to some of your readers. date for orders. I shall, therefore, esteem

The remarks are from a book, that owed it a great favour, if you will, as early as convenient, acquaint me with your deter. its origin to the unsettled state of relimination as to this case, and if he be ad. gious opinions in England during the mitted as a candidate, at what time it is Commonwealth, and after the accession proposed to ordain bim. I remain,

of Charles JI. Its title is consonant Right Rev. and clear Sir,

with the character of the times in which “Sincerely your friend and brother,

“ J. H. HOBART. it was written: and, as it was printed " The Right Rer. Bishop Griswold.”

under the patronage of the bishop of


on this

ceive me,


London, it is thus stamped with the is no other thing but the result of a certrue marks of orthodoxy. There could tainty of knowledge of what he ought to scarcely have been a title better suited do, and is properly opposed to doubt. to the period in which it was published, ing and wavering of a man's mind, octhan that which it bears: “The true casioned by the want of knowledge; Liberty and Dominion of Conscience and therefore he tells us, it is a damnvindicated from the Usurpations and able sin

to do that which I doubt I ought Abuses of Opinion and Persuasion."* not: “For," saith he," he that doubt

« It is clear," says the author," that eth is damned if he eat, because it is to know is of the essence of consicience, not of faith;" that is, of a full assurance so that there can be no conscience with- of knowledge that what he does is lawout it. Now scientia est de certis et ful: for to such a person, till he have indubitatis, all knowledge is of certain a full assurance from a certain know. and undoubted things; and this certain- ledge that it is not, it is sin, because for ty, which is the foundation of know. aught he knows it may be so; and the ledge, is grounded either upon the de- rule tells him he is to abstain from the monstration of sense, reason, or divine very appearance of evil; and reason revelation; and whatever I know, it is tells hin, tutum est errare à dextra, it because I have a certainty that it is is the best to err on the right hand, by such in its own nature; either from the abstaining from that, which I am not evidence of sense, which cannot de- fully assured of, but it may be sinful:

or from clear and plain rea and for this very reason the saine aposson, or else from a positive divine reve tle tells us, that the occasion of those lation; which proceeds from him, who mistakes in the church, about eating therefore will not, because he cannot those things offered in sacrifice to idols, deceive me, being Truth itself: and proceeded from a want of this know, therefore if the things I would know be ledge: “Howbeit," saith he, “there either in their own nature uncertain, as is not in every man this knowledge;" are all future contingencies, and many and, for want of this, he tells them, past actions of former äges, about which " their consciences were weak;” that I want sufficient means of a certain in- is, their minds were doubtful, and some formation, I can have no knowledge of were of one persuasion, others of anthem; and by consequence, no obliga- other about it.” Chap. v. p. 32-34. tion upon my mind, to believe them, or The word “ faith” is used in a still act according to them. But whereso- different sense in the third chapter of ever there is a certainty of knowledge, 2d Thessalonians; where it is said, that either from sense, reason, or divine re all men have not faith. From the convelation, there my mind is not left at text it is evident, that the true sense is, liberty; but has an obligation laid upon that all men are not trust-worthy." it, to act, or not to act, according to the From an examination of the context, commands of that knowledge. And the scope of the writer, and parallel that this is not my private opinion, but passages, we may often learn the meanagreeable to the greatest truth, let the ing of a text of scripture; whereas, by most learned apostle St. Paul give his taking our previous opinions as a standtestimony, in that well known place ard, and measuring all things thereby, Whatsoever is not of faith, is sin. For we shall frequently

fall into error. by " faith” there cannot be meant that From what is stated in the above resupernatural gift and grace of believing marks, and in those made in the preto salvation, because every thing to be ceding paper on this passage, it is evi. known or done, is not the object of that dent that muotos does not always refer faith: and, therefore, as appears by to “ the supernatural gift and grace of the fifth verset by “faith, there he believing to salvation. Hence also we understands that tampopogsą, that full may learn to be extremely careful how assurance of a man's own mind, which we wrest from their proper bearing texts

of scripture, in order to apply them to Second edition. London. 1678. 7“ Wherefore ye must needs be subject, not

the support of any peculiar doctrines we euly for wruth, but also for conscience sake.” may have chanced to espouse.

L.J. Vol. VII.


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For the Christian Journal.

subject the dioceses you name and the To the Managers of the Education So- general convention do differ in opinion, ciety in Maryland and Virginia.

(which is not the fact, as a recurrence

to their journals will prove,) is intiA FRIEND to theological education mated throughout your whole address, would respectfully ask leave to make Thus--you speak of “the prosperity of some remarks on your late address the church of Christ,and of that section which appeared in the Washington Re- especially with which you are particupertory. With deference he would sub- Jarly connected;" as if the benefit of the mit to your consideration some of the section called for measures not approvsentiments excited by that address, in ed by the whole body. You call it the hope that, offered as he trusts threy - The Society of (not in) Maryland are with right views and in a proper and Virginia for the education,” &c. temper, they will subserve that object, Having thus prepared the way, you in which the friends of our church are come forth more boldly against the geunanimously interested, as, under God, neral seminary: “ There are many im. the best means for her preservation and portant exigences which a general inadvancement. You style yourselves stitution, and that in allusion especially, “ The Managers of the Education So

can never meet." ciety for the dioceses of Maryland and You object, first, to any general inVirginia." A lover of coneord would stitution; but you have not favoured us have been alarmed at this, supposing with your reasons. You decide against that those respeetable dioceses enter the supreme council of our church, in tained opinions unfavourable to the ge- favour of diocesan rather than a general neral seminary, and indeed had made a seminary, without stating the grounds union for the purpose of opposing the of that decision. The arguments which general union of our dioceses, at least weighed with the general convention, so far as the education of candidates for such as the unity of faith, the unity of the ministry was concerned. But what affection-the poverty of the church are the facts? The conventions of Vir: not admitting at present of more than ginia and Maryland are in no way con one well endowed seminary--the scarcerned in creating or patronizing the city of elergymen rendering it inexpeeducation society which you represent. dient to call them to various seminaries In 1822, the Maryland convention re from their important parochial avoca. solved to form a diocesar seminary, but tions, when one college of professors in 1823 annulled all proceedings on the would be sufficient--the claims of mis. subject, and thus emphatically declared sionary and other objects on our church, their approbation of the general semi- which ought not to be put aside for nary. Virginia, in an address recom- creating several seminaries, when one mending the endowment of a professor- was sufficient, considering that the ship at William and Mary college, ex whole number of candidates for our pressly avowed her approbation of the church do not exceed seventy-the facts general seminary. But is not your that Virginia and Maryland have now preface calculated to convey a different no more than at most fifteen candiimpression? Does it appear on the face dates : and shall a seminary, with its of your appeal, that you represent a expensive library, class of professors, private association, in which the eccle- &c. be created for the accommodation siatical authority have no concern? of so few individuals ? On the contrary, would not an unin Considerations like these you have formed reader suppose that

you were

not stopped to notice, as the general acting under the authority of the dio- convention did for several: successive ceses in which you live; and of course sessions; but presuming them to be infer that those dioceses were engaged without force-presuming that your in an undertaking disapproved by the readers would be satisfied that better general convention, and calculated to arguments could be offered for a dioceinterfere with the claims of the general san seminary, you leave them with a theological seminary? That on this strong assertion backed by one argu

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ment.--You have offered a reason, only ners would be the result of two or three one; let us look into it:-“There years absence from home. seems a peculiar fitness that candidates But as you object to any general seshould be trained upon the theatre on minary, so you object especially to that which they are hereafter to act, and “in allusion," viz. the present seminary thus become assimilated in habits and at New-York. You have not noticed manners with the people among whom the reasons which the general conventhey are destined to officiate.". This tion so deliberately and piously weighargument supposes an essential differ- ed, and which resulted in the present ence in the manners and habits of dif- location : such as the securing of Mr. ferent sections of our country; whicha Sherred's legacy-the prospect of farmight be questioned. The difference is ther pecuniary assistance frem the rather between city and country: the wealthy episcopalians of New-Yorkmanners prevailing in our cities being the fact that there are more candidates more nearly assimilated, however re for the ministry in that than in any mote from each other, than those which other diocese-the peculiar facilities of prevail in a city and the country of the intercourse between the great metroposame state. But will it be said that can lis and every part of our country-the didates are to be educated in a city, and knowledge that some of the professors others in the country, with a view to who would act without salary could be their future usefulness?

had in New-York-and the avoiding of But admit the difference asserted a collision which the legacy of Sherred Is it supposed that a candidate leaving would probably have created, had any home for two or three years will so other course been adopted :—these, and change the manners he has acquired the like considerations, you overlook, during twenty years, that he will be as and overthrow them all by the “rea stranger on his return? If so, will he moteness of New York, and the necesnot in the next three years recover his sary expenses of a residence there.”old habits, and thus overcome the evil As to the last objection--rejoice with anticipated ? Are not many of the cler- me, it no longer exists. The trustees gy now at the south, emigrants in mid- have reduced the expenses of board to dle life from the north ? Have they two dollars and fifty cents per week. found it impracticable to conform to The education continues to be gratuit. the customs around them? Has the ous.-Can a candidate be provided for usefulness of any minister been inter more economically at Alexandria, or rupted by his not having been educated any where? Does your society engage in the state in which he officiates ? But to board its pupils for the same sum? does not the argument prove too much? The salary appropriated for your proWould it not require that a.candidate fessor cannot, I suppose, be less than should be educated in the parish which one thousand dollars. This would he is to fill? And who can predict that? maintain six or seven of your candidates Who will undertake to say that the at the general seminary, and they may churches in the different dioceses will be such as without your assistance canbe hereafter filled by persons educated not go to any seminary. The expense in those dioceses respectively? Would of your second seminary, which is not it be expedient, if practicable, to pre- needed, would afford gratuitous support vent an interchange,-to say that each to probably all the candidates now in diocese should be provided for by na- Maryland, if they should go to the getives in preference to others ? The only neral seminary. The rigid economy argument offered for a home education which you state that you are compelled then proceeds upon wrong premises, to observe, would surely recommend viz. essential and unchangeable differ- that, as education can be had gratis, ences of habits and manners.

It con

you should avail yourselves of it for templates an impracticable object, viz. your beneficiaries, rather than pay for the confining each diocese in their it. Your funds being applied to provide choice of clergymen. It is unsound, as education, where are your beneficiaries it supposes a change of habits and man to obtain maintenance? whereas, if you



would maintain then, the general se- formed in 1821. The house of bishops minary would relieve you entirely from did not renew the resolution. It is vir the expense of the instruction. Permit tually abrogated. The report of the me to add, that this is the course adopt- trustees, sanctioned by both houses in ed by all our education societies, your 1823, is a strong declaration on their own excepted.

part in favour of one general seminary, The expensiveness of New-York has and a virtual disapprobation of any atbeen remarked by our friends in New- tempts, at least for the present, to inEngland; but such an objection from stitute any other. Your society was the District of Columbia has surprised formed in 1818,--not to create a semime. If Alexandria be a cheaper place nary --not to maintain a professor-but than New-York, I can only say the inn- to give to candidates the necessary keepers have made iny experience dif- assistance for the prosecution of their ferent. Searching for a cheap location, studies.” Societies similar to your's no man would ever dream of the Dis. exist in other dioceses. They are imtrict, whatever he might think of New- portant auxiliaries to the general semiYork island.

nary. Their object is not to furnish You speak of the remoteness of New means of education, but means of mainYork from some parts of our country. tenance. It is travelling out of their This objection is tangible only as it im- sphere to institute seminaries; and if a plies the expense of going thither. But member, I should not hesitate to resist this is not a correct implication. The the appropriation of funds for a profesgeneral seminary could be in no place sor's salary, as an unconstitutional in which it would be so easily and so cheaply accessible as at New-York. It is contradicted by the letter as well The candidates in the eastern parts of as the spirit of your association. You Virginia and Maryland could go to say you have numerous and urgent apNew-York with less expense than they plications from indigent young men for could to Alexandria. A majority of assistance. Will you reply to them, We the candidates in these dioceses would, have applied our funds to the support as it respects the time of a journey and of a professor ? Can they avail them. the expense of it, find New-York at selves of this professor? Would it not least as convenient as the District of have been more useful to divide the Columbia. And in reference to the money among them? which would have more southern, or the western or east- enabled them, for a time at least, to ern states, the facilities of intercourse have attended at the general sensinary, with New-York are greater than with

or to locate themselves near to some any other place that could be named. parish clergyman, who could in some You observe that diocesan seminaries measure guide their studies. are not considered hostile to the general All which is respectfully submitted. seminary. There may be no hostile in.

MELANCTHON. tention, but the effects cannot be other. wise than hostile. The funds and the

For the Christian Journal. pupils which would have gone to the Messrs. Editors, general seminary,are of course diverted It has somewhere been remarked, from it by diocesan senzinaries. And if that periodical publications are, to the Maryland, so near to New-York, has literary and religious republic, what the a seminary, why may not every other circulating blood is to the human body: diocese? and then the general seminary they preserve its pristine vigour, renew becomes so only in name. It need be its vital warmth, and stimulate it to exno longer kept up. No course could be ertion. A spirit of inquiry and research adopted more hostile to the general se is promoted by the diffuse circulation of minary, than that which we are now such publications; while, at the same considering. The resolution of 1820, time, the variety of sentiments therein authorizing diocesan seminaries, had maintained, afford the public matter of reference to a particular state of things deliberation and choice. then existing. A new constitution was These are the most prominent of the

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