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and the thanks of the convention given measures as may seem best calculated to the treasurer for his services. to insure the stability and improvement

The Rev. Dr. Gadsden, from the of this valuable establishment. committee on the Theological Semi 2. That we do respectfully recomnary, made the following report, which mend to the board of trustees to conwas accepted:

tinue to make such appeals to the memThe committee on the General Theo- bers of the church as shall secure to the logical Seminary would respectfully of- seminary a sufficient productive capifer to the convention a brief statement tal; to use such endeavours as, in their on the present state of the seminary, wisdom, shall seem best adapted to diintroductory to a few resolutions which minish the expenses of maintenance to they would propose.

which the students are now liable, and The seminary is at present located to appoint for one of their stated meet. in the city of New-York. Three of the ings some day near to the period asprofessors receive no salary. Two of signed for the triennial General Conthem receive a salary of $ 1500 each; vention, so as to ensure the attendance one a salary of $750. "The Branch of those members of the board who reSchool at Geneva" has two professors, side at a distance from New York, and one of whom receives $750, and the who may be on their way to the Geneother $ 300 per annum.

ral Convention. The exact amount of the funds is 3. That each minister who has not not known, but there is no reason to be attended to the request respecting the lieve that they yield an interest ade- seminary, made at our last convention, quate to the present expenses of the in- be requested within the present year to stitution.

attend to it, as expressed in the first There are twenty-one students, six and third resolutions then adopted. of them are from this diocess. They 4. That the standing committee be pay nothing for their tuition. The ex instructed to dispose of these resolupense of board, &c. amounts to about tions as they shall deem best. $ 250 per annum, which is at least Your committee have ascertained twice as much as is paid at the other that there are 32 clergymen in this diotheological seminaries in our country. cess, and that the amount of $7,316 Considering the great advantages of 77 cents has been paid to the General fered to candidates for the ministry, the Theological Seminary by individuals small number of the students cannot of this diocess; and, therefore, that acbe explained, without adverting to the cording to the constitution of the semiexpenses to which they are subjected. nary, our convention is now entitled to To the prosperity and permanence of nominate eight trustees, which they reour institution, two measures seem in- commend should be done at the present dispensable; the first, that it should session. possess a capital, the interest of which The following gentlemen were apshould be adequate to all the necessary pointed to be nominated to the Geneexpenditures; the second, that the main- ral Convention as trustees of the Genetenance of the students should be so re- ral Theological Seminary, on the part duced as to render the seminary acces of this diocess : The Rev. Christosible to our candidates in general. We pher E. Gadsden, D. D. the Rev. Paul would therefore recommend the follow- T. Gervais, the Rev.Christian Hanckell, ing resolutions :

the Rev. Allston Gibbes, William Hey1. That this convention retain a ward, the Hon. Benjamin Huger, Wilstrong conviction of the necessity and liam Clarkson, Thomas Lowndes. importance of the General Theological On motion of Mr. Heyward, resolved, Seminary; that we feel grateful to the that if the amount contributed and paid gentlemen who have taken an active by this diocess to the Theological Semipart in the management of the same, nary before the meeting of the General and we do assure the General Conven- Convention, entitle it to any additional tion, and the board of trustees, of our trustee, the bishop of the diocess be audetermination to cooperate in such thorized to appoint such trustee.

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The second article of the constitu

For the Christian Journal. tion of the church in this diocess was

On applying the title Churchmen" to amended so as to read as follows:

Episcopalians. “ Delegates shall be elected by the respective episcopal churches throughout When the word "churchman" is apthe state, frain among the members of plied to any person, it is at once underthose churches respectively, to repre- stood that it means that that person is an sent them in the state convention: the episcopalian. This use of the term is delegates to be elected in such manner, very prevalent and decided. Is it a time, and numbers, as each church merely accidental custom? or are there shall deem proper; to serve for twelve reasons for it? And when other denomonths from the time of election; who minations question our right to this shall, before they are permitted to take name, as they sometimes do, (for it their seats in convention, produce writ was a controversy on this point, in a ten testimonials of their election.”

newspaper, which called for the emThe following was added to the con- bodying of the following arguments, stitution as its 12th article:

what answer are we to give them ? Of the admission of Churches or Pa- They sometimes urge, that, as our derishes into the Convention.

nomination is established in England,

they can allow its members to be there Whenever a church or parish, not called churchmen, in contradistinction Now entitled to a representation, shall to dissenters; but that as we have no be desirous of uniting with the conven secular pre-eminence in this country tion of the church in this diocess, they we ought to drop the title. Are they shall apply by letter to the bishop, or, right? Have episcopalians no claim when there is no bishop, to the stand- to that appellation stronger than the ing committee, stating the due organi- secular privileges of their brethren in zation of their church, the election of England ? stronger than the few shatheir vestrymen and church-wardens, dows of privilege they once had under their means or prospects for the sup- the colonial government? port of a minister, and their willingness To answer these queries, and give a to conform to the constitution and ca reason for the distinction we claim as nons of the General Convention, and churchmen, will be the object of this the constitution and canons of the con paper.

The following are among

the vention of this diocess, which are now, arguments which will justify the applior hereafter

may be enacted by autho- cation of that title to episcopalians :rity of the same. And at the conven 1. Any denomination or body of tion next succeeding the receipt of such men has a right to choose its own apapplication, the bishop, or standing pellation. Thus the Romanists take the committee, shall comniunicate the same name of Catholics; fancying that, by to the convention for their decision excommunicating all other Christians, ihereon. Should the convention make they become the Church Universal. a favourable decision, the said church An English sect called themselves Putshall then be considered in union with ritans; affecting greater purity in worthe convention of the church of this ship and discipline, and in certain dediocess, and delegates therefrom may partments of morals. The Friends be immediately received.

take their name from certain meel non

tions which they hold to be essential. On motion of Col. Pinckney, resolv Another sect assumes the title Unitaed, that the next meeting of the con- rian; maintaining a peculiar theory of vention be held on the third Wednes the unity of the Godhead. A new day of February next.

non-descript sect is venturing on the After prayers, by the bishop, and name of Christians; having, no doubt, the blessing, the convention adjourned. their own definition of what constitutes

The church in this diocess consists Christianity: nor do they stand alone of the bishop, 27 presbyters, 4 deacons, in the attempt to force modern signifiand 35 organized congregations. cations on that word. Now, as these

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June, 1823.) On applying the title Churchmento Episcopalians. 177 religious parties are allowed to select in which they exalt their distinctive their own name, why may not episco- tenets on this point. What can more palians take the same liberty, and claim fully show our right to this name, than the appellation of churchmen; seeing this spontaneous and habitual mode of they differ, in many points relating es- speaking throughout the community! pecially to the church, from the other It is equivalent to an acknowledgment, denominations about them?

on the part of that community, that we 2. Besides our right to choose what are distinguished by our views of the designation we please, the distinctive church. title of churchmen is reasonably our's. 4. We have a farther right to this We insist very strenuously on a visible distinctive appellation in the mode of church; and we magnify, more than its origin in England. When the the dissenters and their allies, its cha- English branch of the body of Christ racter and privileges. We know of no was purified from Romish errors, and invisible church among men, consisting the reform was so satisfactory as to reof the sincere only, without mixture of ceive, as it did, the approbation of the the bad; for there is but one “holy Protestant world; when even Calvin city,” and all Christians belong to it, gave thanks to God," « that he had until their 6 part in it shall be taken restored his pure and sincere (purified away:" there is, however, an invisible and sound) worship in the kingdom of

branch of the church, including the de. England;" then the ecclesiastical body > parted spirits of the just, and

celestial so purified became there distinctively beings. We maintain strictly the visi- the church;” and any farther change ble marks of the church, particularly or innovation, not ratified by that body, the ministry. In short, our views en was a separation from that church, an able us to speak freely and candidly unauthorized separation, or a schism : of schism, or departure from the church; for all division is schism where the whereas most of our neighbours are terms of the communion departed from very tender on that point: facts, which are not sinful. This separation howshow that we have confidence in our ever took place; and those who join in churchmanship; while they are not it are called dissenters from the church; without their misgivings.-We are not of course the name churchman applies wreasonable, then, in distinguishing to those who did not separate or disourselves by the name of churchmen. sent. Now, let it be noticed, that the

3. This name is allowed us by com- spiritual offspring of these two parties, mon consent, in the usual distinction of the Anglo-American episcopalians, and episcopalians into high and low church- anti-episcopalians, continue to be remen : it is thus spontaneously granted, spectively the church, and the separathat we all are churchmen, though some tion. The same ecclesiastical parties of us be high, and others low, in church remain; and their distinction into doctrines. No such title is given to churchmen and dissenters, though it the party-distinctions of the other de- may receive a new name, since the innominations about us. Presbyterians troduction of a new civil government, are denominated high or low, or mo cannot, in substance, be abolished by derate, Calvinists. Baptists are discri- any political change. Full of blessings minated by their maintaining an open, as is our national independence, it canor a close communion. Methodists are not effect any revolution in the church classified as Arminian or Wesleyans, of God: as it found all communions, and Calvinistic or the followers of sects, and schisms, so it left them. We, Whitfield. Nobody ever thinks of em-' therefore, at this day, continue in the ploying the word churchman to desig- proper church; while too many of our naie any of ihese sects, or any of their brethren persevere in the separation subordinate parties. But when episco- from it. Not that the latter are to be palians are subdivided, this is the very absolutely unchurched; for the aposword, it is into high and low church- tle, in a much stronger case, rejoiced

Churchmen they all are pre- that Christ was preached every way; sumed to be, differing only in the degree not only under mistakes, but even of Vou. VII.

23

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strife. But as we are the regular Encyclopedia is a Calvinist, is evident church, and as dissenters, whether old from the whole tone of the article. or modern, are an irregular part of the Though he treats “genuine unadulterchurch, we have a right to the distinc- ated Arminianism” very respectfully, tive name of churchmen.

he yet gives his opinion, that it is 6 less In conclusion, then, this title is not scriptural, and less logical than Calvingiven to episcopalians, even in Eng- ism." But I proceed to the subjects beland, because that denomination is there fore me. established by law; much less can it de First. A full and complete justificapend on the few temporal privileges once tion of Arminian doctrine is furnished enjoyed by American episcopalians, or by this writer; who, on the whole, is a part of them. We claim the desig- sufficiently impartial. I ask the attennation of churcbmen-because we have tion of the reader to the following exa right to choose our name because we tract. I would also desire him to comhold the church visible in special re- pare it with the misrepresentations of gard—because the public allows us this this creed which are current in our day, character in 'calling us all churchmen, and in our land: such as the three eneither high or low-and because we venomed monsters of Arminian, Socicontinue in that communion which was nian, and Papal errors.” A large quo66 the church” as reformed in the land tation is given, in order to afford a of our forefathers, and which must, pretty full view of one of these 66 with their descendents, continue to bé sters." 65 the church,” froin which no separa

66 Arminianism is to be considered as tion can be justified, until it shall re a separation from Calvinism, with relapse into corruption. Y. 2. gard to the doctrines of unconditional

election, particular redemption, and

other points necessarily resulting from For the Christian Journal.

these. The Calvinists held, that God

had elected a certain portion of the huMisrepresentations of Arminianism.

man race to eternal life, passing by the In a late number of the Christian rest, or rather dooming them to everJournal, I was led to notice the obloquy lasting destruction; that God's election heaped upon Arminianism by a certain proceeded upon no prescience of the class of writers. It was no part of the moral principles and character of those object then before me to show that this whom he had thus predestinated, but obloquy is undeserved. This, how- originated solely in the motions of his ever, can easily be done: it is no" he- free and sovereign mercy; that Christ resy;" it is no

monster;" both which died for the elect only, and therefore names have rather ungently been ap- that the merits of his death can avail plied to it. They who know what Ar- for the salvation of none but them; and minianism is, know that it embodies all that they are constrained by the irre the great and distinguishing doctrines sistible power of divine grace to accept of the gospel. This I am now to prove of him as their Saviour. To this docBut lest a question be raised as to the trine, that of Arminius and his legitiimpartiality of a defence coming from mate followers stands opposed. They a soldier of the anti-Calvinistic ranks, do not deny an election; but they deny I shall use the unexceptionable remarks that it is absolute and unconditional. of a son of the kirk of Scotland.

The They argue, that an election of this article 6 Arminianism," in the New , kind is inconsistent with the character Edinburgh Encyclopedia, is the autho- of God, that it destroys the liberty of rity I quote.

the human will, that it contradicts the While on the subject, it will not be language of Scripture, and that it tends irrelevant to adduce the farther testi- to encourage a careless and licentious mony of this article in relation to two practice in those by whom it is believother points, besides doctrinal purity, ed. They maintain, that God has in which Arminianism is interested. elected those only who, according, not : That the author of this article in the to his decree, but his foreknowledge,

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and in the exercise of their natural ten hear those tenets disclaimed; yet,
powers of self-determination, acting when we ask the name of the creed thus
under the influence of his grace, would pruned, it is still denominated Calvin-
possess that faith and holiness to which ism. We further inquire, Why call you
salvation is annexed in the gospel it by this name? Because, forsooth, it
scheme. And those who are not elected declares the corruption of man, the
are allowed to perish, not because they necessity of the Spirit to change him,
were not elected, but merely and solely and of the Saviour to be his redemption
in consequence of their infidelity and and his righteousness. Thus the opinion,
disobedience; on account, indeed, of is spread, and that pretty industriously,
which infidelity and disobedience being that all who believe these truths are
foreseen by God, their election did not Calvinists. On this point, however,
take place. They hold that Christ hear the testimony of our article in the
died for all men in the literal and un- Encyclopedia.
restricted sense of that phrase; that his “ It may now be proper to mention
atonement is able, both from its own some tenets with regard to which Ar-
merit, and from the intention of him minianism has been much misrepre-
who appointed it, to expiate the guilt of sented. If a man holds that good
every individual; that every individual works are necessary to justification;*
is invited to partake of the benefits if he maintain that faith includes good
which it has procured; that the grace works in is own nature; if he reject :
of God is offered to make the will com. the doctrine of original sin; if he deny
ply with this invitation, but that this that divine grace is requisite for the
grace may be resisted and rendered in whole work of sanctification; if he
effectual by the sinner's perversity. speak of human virtue as meritorious in
Whether true believers necessarily per- the sight of God; it is very generally
severed, or whether they might fall from concluded that he is an Arminian. But
their faith, and forfeit their state of the truth is, that a man of such senti-
grace, was a question which Arminius ments is more properly a disciple of the
left unresolved, but which was soon Pelagian and Socinian schools. To
determined by his followers in this such sentiments pure Arminianism is
additional proposition, that saints may as diametrically opposite as Calvinism
fall from the state of grace in which itself is. The genuine Arminians ad-
they are placed by the operation of the mit the corruption of human nature in
Holy Spirit. This indeed seems to its full extent. They admit that we
follow as a corollary, from what Armi- are justified by faith only. They ad-
nius maintained respecting the natural mit that our justification originates
freedom and corruption of the will, and solely in the grace of God. They ad-
the resistibility of divine grace." mit that the procuring and meritorious

The reader may compare the above cause of our justification is the rightewith the 17th artiele, and see, with the ousness of Christ.”+ “ They admit

, help of a yery moderate theological skill, that that article is not Calvinistic. * Not final justification at the bar of God,

for there we are judged according to our Secondly. To expose another misre

works; but that justification which is synonipresentation of Arminianism, I'would mous with coming in this life to a state of grace. bring to the reader's notice the common

Works done before being in the grace of Christ,

say our articles, are not acceptable. They canpractice of naming every point and

not be accepted till we are in this grace; of every shade of sound gospel doctrine, course they do not contribute to this justifica- . Calvinisin; and beg hini to contrast

tion. The“ faith” immediately inentioned ap

pertains also to the coming into a state of grace; this misnomer with the subjoined ex

for after being in that state we “show our tract. If we object to high Calvinism; faith by our works.” there is always offered us some lower + We omit a passage here, which ascribes 10 form of doctrine which is called by that

Arininius the tenet, that“ justification implies

not merely present forgiveness of sin, but acBame. If we urge against it, that it

ceptance in everiasting happiness.” The woriis maintains absolute election and repro- quoted from Arminius express by no means so bation, Christ's dying for only a few, tionem juris in hereditatem vitæ æterne," the irresistible grace, and the like, we of grant of a right in the inheritance of eterual

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