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10. Arithmetic.

(a) Males. Recapitulation.

(6) Females. Interest, and recapitulation of the preceding rules.

II. Geography. America and the Oceans. 12. History. Recapitulation.

13. Teaching. To satisfy Her Majesty's Inspector of power to conduct a division of the school, or manage grouped classes in the class-room, and specially to give a collective lesson..

14. Music. The minor scale in its chromatic forms, and the chromatic intervals found in it.



The continent of America extends from the Arctic to the Antarctic Ocean, a distance of more than 9,000 miles. It is often termed the New World, from being unknown to Europeans before the great geographical discoveries of the 15th century. It consists of two immense masses of land, called North and South America respectively, and united by the Isthmus of Panama. America is the second largest in size of the great divisions of the world.

1. NORTH AMERICA. SITUATION. North America forms the northern portion of the great continent of America. It lies between 72° and go north latitude, and between 45o and 168° west longitude. Its islands extend still farther to the north and east.

North, the Arctic Ocean.
West, the Pacific Ocean.
South, the Pacific Ocean and Isthmus of Panama.

East, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Mexico, and the Atlantic

Length: 5,600 miles, from Cape Lisburne in Alaska to the Isthmus of Panama.

Breadth: 3,120 miles, from Cape Canso in Nova Scotia to the mouth of the Columbia River,


Area : 7,500,000 sq. m., not including islands, which have an additional area of nearly 1,000,000 sq. m.

Most northern point : Point Barrow, in Alaska.
Most western point : Cape Prince of Wales, in Alaska.
Most southern point : The Isthmus of Panama.
Most eastern point: Cape Charles, in Labrador.

COAST. Very much indented, especially on the east and north-east. The coast extends about 24,500 m. North America has a much more indented coast than South America.

Gulf of Boothia,
Coronation Gulf,

in the north, connected with the Arctic

Kotzebue Sound,
Sea of Kamtschatka, between America and Asia.

Queen Charlotte Sound, on the west, between Vancouver Island and the mainland, connected with the Pacific Ocean.

Gulf of California, connected with the Pacific Ocean.
Caribbean Sea, containing

the Gulf of Honduras, in the south-east, connected with Gulf of Mexico, containing

the Atlantic Ocean. the Bay of Campeachy, Chesapeake Bay, Bay of Fundy,

on the east, connected with the At

lantic Ocean. Gulf of St. Lawrence,

Hudson's Bay, in the north, containing James Bay and Chesterfield Inlet, connected with the Atlantic Ocean.

Baffin's Bay, in the north, connected with the Atlantic Ocean.
Davis' Strait, connecting Baffin's Bay with the Atlantic.
Lancaster Sound,
Barrow Strait,
Melville Sound,
Banks Strait,

connecting Baffin's Bay with the Arctic. Victoria Strait, Dease Strait,

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Behring's Strait, connecting the Arctic and Pacific Oceans.
Juan de Fuca Strait, between Vancouver Island and the
United States.
Mona Passage, between Haiti and Puerto Rico (West Indies).
Windward Passage, between Cuba and Haiti.
Bahama Channel, between Cuba and the Bahamas.
Strait of Florida, between Cuba and Florida.
Strait of Belleisle, between Newfoundland and Labrador.
Hudson's Strait, connecting Hudson's Bay with the Atlantic.
Melville, in the Arctic Ocean.
Alaska, in the north-west.
California, in the west.
Yucatan, between the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea.
Florida, east of the Gulf of Mexico.
Nova Scotia, on the east.
Labrador, between Hudson's Bay and the Atlantic.
Cape Farewell, south of Greenland.
Cape Lisburne,

in the north-west.
Cape St. Lucas, south of California.
Cape Corrientes, west of Mexico.
Cape Gratias à Dios, east of Honduras.
Cape Cartoche, north of Yucatan.
Cape Sable, south of Florida.
Cape Hatteras,
Cape Cod, on the east coast.
Cape Sable,
Cape Race, south-east of Newfoundland.
Cape Charles, south-east of Labrador.
Cape Chudleigh, north of Labrador.
ISLANDS. Very numerous.

Banks Land.

Cape Prince of Wales, };

North Devon.
Melville Island.
Cockburn Island.
Prince Albert Land.
Prince of Wales Land.

Bathurst Island.

Prince of Wales Island.
Vancouver Island.

Queen Charlotte's Island.

West Indies.
Cape Breton Island.

Prince Edward Island. Greenland is an immense mass of unexplored land, which extends from the unknown Arctic regions in the north to Cape Farewell, at 60° north latitude. Its breadth is from six to seven hundred miles. Its surface is excessively sterile, and the cold is intense. Its coast is lined by vast accumulations of ice, some of which being broken off by the force of the wind and waves, become icebergs or floating masses of ice. Greenland has a few settlements on the coast, resorted to by those engaged in the whale and seal fisheries. It produces wild-fowl, reindeer, bear, fox, and other fur animals, and sea fowl. The inhabitants are principally Esquimaux, who dwell in rude huts, and live chiefly on fish and the flesh of the seal. The country is nominally subject to Denmark. Upernavik is remarkable as being the most northern town in the world.

SURFACE. The north and centre are generally flat. A continuous range of mountains extends from north to south, running parallel to the west coast, and forming with the Andes the longest chain in the world. MOUNTAINS. The Rocky Mountains, forming the northern portion of the

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