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last session of parliament, relating to An act to enable justices of the the British white herring fishery. peace to order parochial relief to pri
An act for granting to his majes. soners confined under mesne process ty certain sums of money out of the for debt in such gaols as are not consolidated fund of Great Britain, county gaols. and for applying certain monies there. An act for enabling his majesty in mentioned, for the service of the to grant leases under certain circumyear 1812, and for further appropria. stances, and for the better carrying ting the supplies granted in this ses. into effect the provisions of an act sion of parliament.
passed in the 39th and 40th year of An act to repeal certain acts, and the reign of his present majesty, touchamend other acts relating to religious ing the formation of a map of the New worship and assemblies, and persons Forest, in the county of Southamp- teaching or preaching therein. ton, and continuing and extending
An act for the more effectual pu- other provisions of the said act ; for nishment of persons aiding prisoners further appropriating the monies ariof war to escape from his majesty's sen or to arise from the sale of certain dominions.
crown lands under the authority of An act to prevent the issuing and divers acts of parliament ; for annexcirculating of pieces of gold and sil. ing certain lands within the forest of ver, or other metal, usually called to- Rockinghạm to his majesty's manor kens, except such as are issued by of King's Cliffe ; and for enabling the banks of England and Ireland the Commissioners of the Treasury respectively.
to appropriate small portions of land An act to extend the provisions of for ecclesiastical purposes. an act passed in the 36th year of the An act for the preservation of the reign of his present majesty, for the public peace in certain disturbed relief of persons equitably entitled to counties in England ; and to give, stocks and annuities transferable at until the 25th day of March, 1813, the bank of England, and of an act additional powers to justices for that passed in this present session for the purpose. relief of infant suitors entitled to the An act for the relief of certain inlike stocks and annuities, to all other solvent debtors in Ireland. transferable stocks and funds.
An act for enabling his majesty to An act for charging foreign liquors raise the sum of three millions for the and tobacco derelict, jetsam, flotsam, service of Great Britain, and for aplagan, or wreck, brought or coming plying the sum of 200,0001. British into Great Britain, with the duties currency, for the service of Ireland. payable on importation of such liquors An act for the relief of certain inand tobacco.
solvent debtors in England.
tion of Sweden, she has performed, Speech of the Prince Royal of Swe- for the interest of the common cause,
den to the King, on his Majesty's all that could be expected from a peoresuming the Government, Jan. 7th ple faithful to their engagements;
more than 2,000,000 of rix-dollars SIRE,—My most ardent wishes have been expended in recruiting the have been fulfilled. The re-establish army, and placing in a state of de. ed health of your majesty again ena- fence the coasts of our islands, our bles you to resume the government of fortresses, and our fleets. the kingdom.
I will not conceal from your maI can appeal to your own heart, to jesty, that our commerce has been re. judge of the delightful emotion mine duced to a simple coasting trade from experiences in replacing in the hands port to port, and has greately suffer. of your majesty, an authority, the ed from this state of war. Priva. prolonged exercise of which has con. teers, under friendly flags, against Stantly kept before me the danger which it would have been injurious to which threatened your days.
have adopted measures of safety and Notwithstanding the daily reports precaution, have taken advantage of which I have submitted to your ma- our confidence in treaties, to capture, jesty, both respecting the exterior one after another, nearly fifty of our and interior situation of the state, I, merchantmen; but at last, sire, your nevertheless, consider it my duty to flotilla received orders to protect the profit by the present occasion, so im- Swedish flag, and the just commerce portant for me, upon all accounts, to of your subjects, against piracies present your majesty with a rapid which could neither be authorised sketch of them.
nor avowed by any government. - When your majesty decided upon The Danish cruizers have given embracing the continental policy, and much cause for complaint on our declaring war against Great Britain, part ; but the evil decreases daily, Sweden had got clear of an unfortu- and every thing leads us to think the nate contest; her wounds were still lawful commerce of Sweden will not bleeding ; it was necessary for her to be any longer disturbed by them, make new sacrifices, at a moment even and that the relations of good neighwhen she lost one of the principal bourhood will be more and more branches of her public revenues ; the strengthened. whole of that produced by the cus. The cruizers under the French flag toms being nearly annihilated. have given an unlimited extension to
In defiance of the insulated situa. their letters of marque ; the injuries
which they have done us have been America has entirely ceased; civil the object of our complaints. The war ravages these fine and unfortujustice and loyalty of his majesty the nate countries. When they have a emperor of the French have guaran- regular administration, the produce teed their redress.
of the kingdom will find an advantaThe protections given by friendly geous vent there. governments have been respected; The maritime war has interrupted and such of their ships as have touch: our commercial relations with Tur. ed upon our coasts, have been at li. key; but nothing which interests berty to continue their voyage, whạt. that ancient friend of Sweden can be ever might be their destination. indifferent to your majesty.
About 50 American ships driven Such, sire! are the exterior rela. upon our coasts by successive tem- tions of Sweden ;-justice and loyalpests, have been released. This act ty towards all nations have been the of justice, founded upon the rights of political guides of your majesty. nations, has been appreciated by the The army and the finances,--those United States : and appearances pro. two principal guarantees of a state, mise us, that better understood rela- have, above all, been the objects of tions with their government will fa- my constant solicitude. cilitate the exportation of the nume. A wise economy has governed the rous piles of iron with which our pub- expenditure of the funds destined for lic places are now filled.
the armaments which the state of war Political considerations join with rendered necessary. This war having the family connection which unites great influence upon the exportation your majesty and the King of Prus. of Swedish productions, upon the gesia, to consolidate the relations of neral proceedings of trade, and the friendship that subsist between the imaginations of merchants, had cau. two powers.
sed the course of exchange to rise to The peace with Russia will not be an exorbitant height. I particularly troubled: the treaties by which it is directed my attention to stop this cemented are executed on both sides scourge of states; which having once with frankness and good faith. broken its dykes, no bounds can be
Our relations with the Austrian placed to its ravages ; by repressing, empire are upon a most amicable foot on the one side, stock-jobbing ; by ing; the remembrance of glory brings carrying into execution the ancient the two nations nearer to each other; laws against the unlawful exportation and your majesty will neglect nothing of gold and silver ; by imposing a dy. which can contribute to maintain the ty of transit upon the conveyance of reciprocity of confidence and esteem ingots from foreign countries, passing it causes.
through Sweden; by endeavouring to If Spain and Portugal should as- bring back the nation to the principles sume a tranquil posture, these coun- of economy which distinguished their tries will offer to Swedish commerce, ancestors. On the other side, I have advantages which would guarantee endeavoured to give activity to the inthe perfection of the plans she has terior industry and lawful commerce commenced for improving her iron of Sweden. mines. .
I have had the satisfaction of seeing Our intercourse with Southern my efforts crowned with success; and
that the course ofexchange upon Ham- the state and organization of the hosburgh, which in March last was at pitals, to the religious establishments, 136 sk. on the 3d of the present Ja. and to the means of preventing, or at nuary was only 84 sk.
least of relieving, the condition of men. I have taken measures to render dicity. more general the manufacture of linen, The interior police and agriculture and the culture of hemp; to proceed have not been lost sight of; and a actively in the discovery of new sour- central academy of agriculture will ces for obtaining salt; to continue the shortly be established, for the purclearing of the ground in Dalecarlia; pose of giving an impulse and an entoestablish a new communication with, couragement to the public economy, and new markets in, Vermeland ; to and to scientific knowledge, which form a company destined to carry on will contribute to insure the prospe. the herring-fishery in the open sea; rity of the state. to augment our commercial relations The works of the canal of Goth. with Finland ; to carry into execution land, that grand monument of your the financial resolutions of the states majesty's reign, have been carried on of the kingdom; to give to the direc. with great activity. Those of the cation of magazines, to those of the cus. nal of Sodertelje, stopped by obstatoms, and to the island of St Bartho. cles which the zealous efforts of the Tomew, a fresh organization.
directors have not been able to surThe harvest not having proved a mount, have again recommenced with good one, I have adopted means to more rapid strides. prevent a scarcity, by causing corn to I have carried into execution the be imported from foreign countries; solemn' resolution of the states of the but in order to prevent such impor. kingdom, sanctioned by your majesty, tation influencing the exchange, salt regarding the national armament; but, must be exported for grain so recei- careful not to deprive agriculture of ved. This exchange will be effected any more arms than are indispensably with so much the more facility, as necessary for the defence of our counthere yet exists a sufficient provision try, I have merely ordered a levy of of salt in the country for two years' 15,000 men, exclusive of the 50,000 consumption. .
which the states had placed at your I have with grief observed, that majesty's disposal. The most direful the immoderate use and manufacture errors were carried even into Schonen, of brandy, by which the general inte. where violence and a public rebellion rests are sacrificed to individual ones, threatened for a moment to oppose the corrupt the nation, and will sooner or execution of the measures ordained. later inevitably cause a scarcity. I Already did our enemies, or such as have only employed exhortations on are envious of our repose, begin to rethis subject, which I have collected joice at our intestine dissentions; buc from the paternal sentiments of your these were soon suppressed by the unie majesty; and I leave it to other times, ted force of the army and the laws; and to the judgment of the states, to and were succeeded by the return o put an end to an evil which, every national sentiment and obedience to body acknowledges, continues increas their duty. The vacancies in the new sing.
enrolment, and in the national arma. I have paid particular attention to ment, are almost entirely filled up;
and every measure has been taken to frosts. Let her therefore profit by render them useful in this employ. these united advantages; and let her The regular army has been recruit- inhabitants be thoroughly persuaded ed, as is also the whole of the reserve of this truth, that if iron, the pronew clothed, and supplied with well. duce of their mountains, cultivates conditioned arms, of which sufficient their farms, by ploughing up their quantities are found in the magazines; fields, that it is likewise iron alone, and the founderies for arms have ob- and the firm determination of making tained a renewed activity. The ma.' use of it, that can defend them. king of gunpowder and saltpetre has I have been seconded in my efforts been extended and improved, and the by the good spirit prevalent in the arartillery put into a respectable condi- my, and by the zeal and abilities of tion.
the public functionaries. The pensions granted to officers The magistracy has maintained its and soldiers wounded during the war ancient reputation ; it has painful dua have been either confirmed or aug. ties to fulfil, but this has procured it mented. The accounts of the ex. a fresh claim to the general esteem. penses of the late war have been ac. The different departments of the celerated; and such measures as have chancery of state have rivalled each been successively adopted, had no other in giving the quickest dispatch, other object in view than to render compatible with the formalities rethe troops serviceable, and to supply quired by our laws and customs, to them with the necessaries requisite. all business which has come under
Your majesty will deign to perceive their cognizance. by this statement, that notwithstand. The secretary of state's department ing all that the detractors of Sweden for church affairs has, since the 17th have insinuated on this head, as that of March, expedited nearly 600 cau. it would take sixty years to organize ses; that of the interior 952; that of an army of 60,000 men, yet the ef- finance and commerce 1653 ; and the fecting of this will be apparent in the war-department 2535 ; the causes in month of April next, both to the which final decision has not yet been friends and enemies of your majesty. given, and which are confined to a ve. The intent of this augmentation of ry moderate number in each depart. our military force is merely defensive. ment, in comparison to the extent Without any other ambition than that coming under their several denomina. of preserving her liberty and laws, tions, are either of such a nature as to Sweden will have the means of de- require your majesty's decision, or to fending herself, and she can do it. be again brought forward for final Bounded by the sea on one side, and determination, on the other by inaccessible moun. Should your majesty deign to retains, it is not solely on the courage cognize in the sketch which I have of her inhabitants, nor in the remem- laid before you, the desire which has brance of her former glory, that she actuated me to deserve the high conhas to seek for the security of her in- fidence you have shewn towards me, dependence ; it is rather to be found this would prove, next to the joy I in her local situation, in her mountains, feel on your majesty's re-establishher forests, in her lakes, and in her ment, the most pleasing recompence
VOL. V. PART II.