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conduct in parliament, and in his ma- has necessarily been made to the exjesty's councils on this subject, I istence of those personal sentiments, avail myself of this opportunity to and the causes which have occasioned explain the motives, both of my for that necessity. mer silence, and of the recent decla- With the warmest sentiments of ration of my sentiments.
personal veneration, attachment, and At the remote period of the year gratitude, my opinion has always 1797, upon the eve of my departure been, that the duty of loyalty and for India, I stated to the late Mr Pitt affection towards a British sovereign my solicitude, that he should direct does not consist in submissive obehis attention to the settlement of Ire. dience, even to the honest prejudices land ; and I expressed to him my con. or errors of the royal mind, but ra. viction, that Ireland could neither be ther in respectful endeavours to rehappily settled, nor firmly united to move those prejndices and errors, by Great Britain, without a concurrent free advice in council, and by tempe. settlement of the claims of his majes. rate remonstrance in parliament. ty's Roman catholic subjects. The But the time for such endeavours opinions which I declared to Mr Pitt, had passed ; and I submitted relucat that time, respecting the substance tantly, not to my sense of the genuof those claims, were precisely similar ine duty of a faithful counsellor toto those which I have stated in the wards his sovereign, but to the painHouse of Lords during the present' ful, and, by me, irreversible necessity session of parliament.
of the case. It is not necessary to enter upon This is a subject of the utmost, of any review of the transactions which the most perilous delicacy :-your passed during my absence in India, letter has opened it :- I will pursue with relation to Ireland, or to the it no farther than to assure you, that claims of the Roman catholics. when, on the 31st of January, I de
I arrived from India in the month clared in the House of Lords my sen. of January, 1806; and after one short timents respecting the Roman cathointerview with Mr Pitt, I assisted in lic claims, the necessity which had performing the last sad office of fol. occasioned my silence appeared to lowing his remains to the grave. me to have entirely ceased.
You are aware, that long before The second point of your explanathat period of time, the “ high con. tory letter refers to the management siderations” to which you refer, had of the war in the peninsula. been fixed in full force ; that no at. Your suggestions are necessarily tempt to change those sentiments indistinct, with regard to the addicould have been made with any pros. tional means (which have occurred pect of success; and that the result, since my resignation), of extending even of a successful proceeding in our military efforts in that quarter : parliament, would have tended only I think I can collect even from your to produce the most dreadful extrem hints, that although those means are mity of confusion.
extraneous, the probability of their You must remember, that I have existence might have been foreseen, always lamented (as serious national as the natural result of instructions calamities, menacing the constitution which were in progress of execution of the monarchy) the reference, which previously to my resignation."
But my objection to the system government the state of the laws afpursued in the peninsula, at the time fecting the Roman catholics, with a of my resignation, was applied to the sincere and earnest desire to bring whole frame and fabric of our perma- that important question to a final and nent arrangements, both in Portugal satisfactory settlement. and Spain, which, in my judgment, 2dly. The prosecution of the war must be corrected and extended, not in the peninsula, with the best means only with a view to the advantageous of the country. use of such means as we now possess It was stated that there would be in the peninsula, but even of such ad. the strongest wish to comprehend in ventitious and extraneous means as the arrangement, without any indivi. events in other quarters may place at dual or party exclusion whatever, as our disposal. Believe me, my dear many as possible of such persons as lord, always your's most sincerely, might be able to agree in giving their
(Signed) . WELLESLEY. public service to the country on these The Earl of Liverpool, &c. two principles.
With respect to the distribution
of offices, it was stated that nothing Negociations of the Marquis Welles of any sort was decided, or stipula
ley and the Earl of Moira, for form lated; but that every thing would ing a New Administration. be open to be arranged to the honour
and satisfaction of all parts. No. 1. Minute of Mr Canning's Communi.
No. 2. cation to the Earl of Liverpool, Lord Liverpool's Letter to Mr Can. . May 23d.
ning, May 23d. Fife House, May 23, 1812.
Fife. House, May 23, 1812. The Prince Regent having laid his
My dear Canning, I have commu. commands on Lord Wellesley to form nicated to my colleagues the memo.
randum which I received from you a plan of an administration, to be submitted for his royal highness's appro
this afternoon. bation, Mr Canning was reqnested by
They do not think it necessary to . Lord Wellesley, (as the channel of
enter into any discussion of the prin. communication thought likely to be
ciples stated in that memorandum, bemost agreeable to Lord Liverpool,)
cause they all feel themselves bound, to enquire of Lord Liverpool, whe
particularly after what has recently ther there would be a disposition on
passed, to decline the proposal of bethe part of Lord Liverpool, and of
coming members of an administration his colleagues, or of any of them, to
to be formed by Lord Wellesley,
Believe me, &c. &c. entertain any proposal which should be made to them for forming part of
LIVERPOOL such an administration.
No. 3. The principles upon which the administration was intended to be form.
Lord Melville's Letter to Mr Caned were stated to be,
ning, May 23d. 1st. The taking into the early and
Park Lane, May 23, 1812. serious consideration of the executive Dear Canning,—You will proba
VOL. V, PART II.
bly have received to-night from Lord neral principles previously to the Liverpool, the answer to the propo- formation of any such plan. sal which you left with him and com- That he considered himself merely municated to me this afternoon. Ha- as the instrument of executing his ving stated to you my strong repug. royal highness's commands on this nance, or rather my decided objection, occasion, and that he neither claimed under present circumstances, to join nor desired for himself any station in an administration of which Lord Wel the administration which it was in lesley was to be the head, it might his royal highness's contemplation to be sufficient for me to refer to Lord form. Liverpool's reply, more especially as Under these circumstances, he reI do not wish to enter into any de- quested to know whether any obstatailed reasoning on a question relating cle existed to the concurrence of Lords to a matter of personal feeling. I Grey and Grenville, or their friends, think it due, however, to you, as well in the following general principles, as to myself, to state distinctly, that as the basis upon which an admini. I have no objection to act with an stration might be formed. administration formed on the two First, That the state of the laws principles mentioned in your memo. affecting the Roman catholics, and randum ; though I think it improba- the claims of that body of his majesble that any consideration, which the ty's subjects, should be taken into government can give to the subject immediate consideration, with a view of the restrictions on the Roman ca. to a conciliatory adjustment of those tholics, will enable it to propose such claims. a system as will wholly satisfy their Secondly, That the war in the claims, and at the same time afford peninsula should be prosecuted on a that degree of security to the protes- scale of adequate vigour. tant establishment, which is generally Lord Wellesley stated, that, as felt to be necessary.--I remain, &c. Mr Canning and he agreed in these
MELVILLE. principles, he had requested Mr Can
ning to communicate them to Lord No. 4.
Liverpool. Minute of a Communication made by Lord Wellesley has reduced the
Lord Wellesley to Lords Grey and substance of this communication to Grenville, at Lord Grey's house, writing, and now submits it to Lord May 23d.
Grey and Lord Grenville.
Lord Wellesley stated that he had received the commands of his royal
No. 5. highness the Prince Regent, to lay Lord Moira's Letter to Lord Welbefore his royal highness the plan of lesley, dated May 23d, relative to such an administration as he (Lord No. 4. Wellesley) might deem adapted to the present crisis of affairs.
St James's Place, May 23d, 1812. That he had apprised his royal My Lord,--I have the honour to highness of the necessity of ascer- acknowledge the receipt of a copy taining the views and dispositions of of the minutes of the conversation all parties with regard to certain ge. which your lordship held with Lords
Grey and Grenville ; and I feel much not to have been at home when your indebted for the communication ac- lordship did me the honour of calling companying them.
at my house this morning, and am The proposed consideration of the much obliged by the trouble you catholic claims, and the adoption of have taken in sending for my consia system of support to the Spaniards, deration, a copy of the minute of the such as may be really capable of pro. communication made by your lordducing a decisive result, are the two ship to Lord Grey and Lord Grenpoints of policy which I have long ville. thought the most urgent for the be As Lord Grey and Lord Grennefit of the country. The question ville thought proper to acquaint me relative to the orders in council may confidentially with that communicabe deemed as in effect settled by the tion, as well as the minute of the anevidence adduced before the two swer they proposed to return to it; houses ; and the active correction of and as I generally concur in the seninternal abuses must be confidently timents they have there stated, I shall assumed as the object of such a minis- take the liberty of referring your try as is likely to be formed through lordship to that paper, and shall only your instrumentality. A plan of go. add, there is no part of it in which I vernment, therefore, on the basis pro- more cordially coincide with them, posed by your lordship, would have than in the expression of the gratifi. my most cordial wishes. Allow me cation they have derived from your to say, that this is not to convey any powerful exertions in support of the implication of engagement to accept claims of the Roman catholics, and office. This is not mentioned from from the manner in which that sub. the remotest regard to the possible ject is adverted to in your minute. distribution of situations; nor does I have the honour to remain with it involve objections to any indivi- great respect, your lordship's very dual, as there is nothing I sho’ld so faithful, and most obedient servant, much deprecate in the present state of public affairs, as a spirit of exclu. sion. Indeed, the candour and deli
No. 7. cacy manifested by your lordship in Lord Holland's Letter to Lord Welthese communications, are a perfect lesley, dated May 23d, relative to pledge that the details of arrange. No. 4. ments could not but be entirely sa. tisfactory.
My Lord, I had the honour of I have the honour, my lord, to be receiving your note and enclosure, with high esteem, your lordship’s ve- and beg leave to return my sincere ry obedient and humble servant, thanks for your attention in sending
MOIA · me so interesting and so early a com
munication. No. 6.
Lord Grenville and Lord Grey Lord Lansdowne's Letter to Lord
have been so good as to talk the matWellesley, dated May 23d, rela
ter over with me confidentially, and tive to No. 4.
I have the satisfaction of finding that Berkeley-square, Saturday I concur generally in their views of
night, May 23d. the subject, and indeed, know no betMy Lord, I am exceedingly sorry ter way of expressing my opinion,
than by referring you to a memoran. justment; a measure without which, dum, which, I believe, it is their in. we have already declared that we tention to deliver to you to-morrow can entertain no hope, in any case, of morning.
rendering our own services useful. I am, my lord, your obliged and As to the second point, no person obedient humble servant,
feels more strongly than we do, the VASSAL HOLLAND. advantages which would result from a Camelford House,
successful termination of the present May 23d.
contest in Spain. But we are of opi.
nion that the direction of military No. 8.
operations in an extensive war, and Memorandum from Lords Grey and
o the more or less vigorous prosecution Grenville, May 24th, in reply to of those operations, are questions, not Lord Wellesley's Minute, No: 4.
4. of principle, but of policy ; to be re
May 24th, 1812 gulated by circumstances, in their naIn such a moment as the present ture temporary and Auctuating, and we feel it to be the duty of all public in many cases known only to persons men, both by frank and conciliatory in official stations, by the engage. explanations of principle, and by the ments of the country, the prospect of total abandonment of every personal ultimate success, the extent of the object, to facilitate, as far as may lie exertions necessary for its attainment, in their power, the means of giving and the means of supporting those effect to the late vote of the House efforts without too great a pressure
of Commons, and of averting the im- on the finances and internal prosperi· minent and unparalleled dangers of ty of the country. the country,
On such questions, therefore, no Lord Wellesley has selected two public men, either in or out of office, among the many important subjects can undertake for more than a delibewhich must engage the attention of rate and dispassionate consideration, any men, who could, in such circum- according to the circumstances of the stances, be called upon to consider of case as it may appear, and to such the acceptance of stations in public means of information as may then be trust. On those two points, our ex- within their reach. planation shall be as distinct as it is But we cannot in sincerity conceal in our power to make it.
from Lord Wellesley, that in the On the first, indeed, our opinion is present state of the finances we enter. too well known, and has been too re- tain the strongest doubts of the prac, cently expressed, to need repetition. ticability of an increase in any branch
We have derived a very high gram of the public expenditure. tification from Lord Wellesley's powerful exertions in support of the claims of the Roman catholics, as well Lord Wellesley to Lord Grey, dated as from the manner in which that sub- May 27th, communicating the ject is adverted to in his minute, and termination of Lord Wellesley's we do not hesitate to assure him, that Commission. we will warmly support any proposal made by any ministers for the imme Apsley House, May 27th, 1812, diate consideration of those claims,
1 o'clock, p. m. with a view to their conciliatory ad- My Lord,I take the earliest op