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abuses intended to be particularly alluded to, were 1807. those, which had taken place in a distant part of the county of Armagh some years since, and the

atsidavit set forth as evidence of the facts, the i speech of the late Lord Gosford, the governor of

that county, made at a meeting of the magistrates convened at that period by his Lordship, in which the sufferings of the Roman Catholics, and the supineness of the magistrates were stated. The affidavit subinitted further, that the interpretation sought for by the prosecutors, could not be supported except by a forcéil an arbitrary construction of the words of the address. The affidavit went on to say, that he believed it to be the undoubted right of the subjects of this empire to re

present to the government, with all due respect, 5 any matter of public and general concern connected

with the duties of the government, or the wants and grievances of the people. That it is usual, and, he conceivedl, a practice founded in expediency, for certain classes or denominations of subjects distinguislied from the i'est of the community, by sonie" peculiar characteristic, to present : adetresses to parliament or to government, on mattérs of public and general concern affecting thenr.***

The defendant concluded his affidavit by stating, i that though educated in the Roman Catholic per

suasion, many of his nearest connections and most valued friends,'' were of the Protestant commu

nion; that he had always exerted' himself to pró. - mote the peace and happiness of that part of the

VOL. 11.3. idise G O D ..

18041, countyy, whete, he resisles ; that ever since be was

capable of forming principle of action on the subjeet, it liad been bis awdent wish to promote biberality of feeling and of conduct, between the differeyt religious sects;) that he had ever been the Unost forward to promote loyalty and peaceable demeanour'; and that, so far from intending or wishivg, by the address, to excite a spirit of sedition among the lower orders of Roman Catholics, it had ever been his most anxious endeavour to re

press-any such spirit. Į ", isti o Conduct of. The Chief Justice expressed his surprize, that the Court.

after hearing an affidavit. so fully, so clearly, and
-50 naturally explaining the motives and objects of
the address complained of, and denying any in-
tention of offeuce to the parties, the prosecutors
staould think of still persevering, That it was a
subject the court wished every one, who heard
them to know, they woull very unwillingly enter-
tain, but if it were pressed upon then, they nius
go tlirough it to the last; that for himself, said
the Chief Justice, had he been one of the party to
the application, he should feel perfectly satisfied
with the explanation contained in Mr. O'Have
lon's affidavit. At allevents be advised the coun,
set for the prosecution, to postpone any further
proceedings in the business for one day, as during
that interval, : they might see if the resentment of
their clients would not coole On the next day,
Mr. Joyce addressed the court, stating that he
had, bad.consaltation with two of the magistrates,
who happened to be in town, and was commission-1


oct by them to say, that from the opinion their 1907. Larcships had expressed iu this cause, they were determined not further ta trouble the court with: 3131 . , snice "";.,. . . in

Early in the session Mr. Biddulph, in the true Abolition of spirit of reform, made a motion for the abolition places. of unnecessary offices and places, on which Lord

Henry Petty, after having gone largely into what i liad been done in England, observed, that as to * Ireland, he admitted, that much still remained to be done. It would be recollected, that about thyee years ago, he had (though on the opposite side of the House) - warnsly, supported a motion made by

Mr. Foster, then Chancellor of the Irish Exebe, si quer, for enquiring into the male af collecting

the revenue m Ireland. That committee was still acting in Dublin, and its reports were then lying upon the table of that House. . They would see with satisfaction, that Sir: Jobu Newport had i. brought in a bill for abolishing no less than 38 offices" reported, useless. Whaerer, he said, knew the Rigbt Hon. Chancellor of the Exchequer, or the person, then at the head of the finance, or the noble. Duke, :wbo represented Majesty in that country, might rest satisfied, that all useful suga, gestions iyould be taken up by them, and effectu, ally acted upon.- His: Lordship, was áware, that there were considerable difficulties in breaking through the practice of granting reversions in Ire-. lanu. No reversionary grant had been made since his colleagues had been in office. They had refrained from the practice, as they had it in con

2 a 2 :


his opinion it was infinitely better, that the Catló-
lic clergymen should be educated at home, tiran in
foreign countries; that they should be the pepsion-
ers of the King of England, rather than of the
Emperor of France. Catholicity, politically con-
sidered, tras perfectly, innocent and perfectly re-
concilable to the duties of a good and loyal sub-
ject. The Roman Catholic laity in Ireland amount. ,
ed to three millions. · Could £8,000 a year, (for
such was the sum proposed by his Right Hon.
Friend, exclusively of the expences of building,
kuc:) for the education of two or three hundred
Priests, to instruct this large lot be thought too
much, when, for between 6 and 700,000 Protes.
tants, 1200 clergynjen were allowed? Was it de-
sirable to starve religion and learning, in order to
save £5000 a year? Had not the committee just
voted to the Protestant Charter Schools .£21,000 :
To other Protestaust establishments £20,000 ? To.
the education of Protestant foundlings £20,000
To Presbyterian schools £9,000? And would they
hesitate in allowing this comparatively small sum
to the Catholics? Would it not shew a marked

hostility to them?...; "he loop nie. Lord How. Lord Howick supported the grant on the large to the state principle of connecting the Irish Catholic with the ectucat.on. state. It was then particularly necessary to pro

note the domestic education of the Catholic

clergy, as an institution of great extent had been * fornired at Paris*, at the head of which was a Dr,

of foreiga

• It is well known, that a principal inducement to establish the Catholic college at Maynooth, was to prevent abe mischief of;

Walslı, a person of considerable notoriety, with a : 1807. view to re-establish the practice of Irish Catholic

young men destined for the gospel ministry being sent abroad for that education, which the impolicy of the laws had so long prevented them from receiving in their own country. The complaint formerly was, that they brought back with them the'un. constitutional principles of absolute monarchy and arbitrary government: the latter dread has been that they would return to their native land infected with the licentious poison of modern democracy, and hostility to all'establishments. The followiąg are the documents célating to this matter, which in May, 1808 : - were produced by Generat Matthew in the House of Commons.. in the debatēs on the grant to the Mavnooth college. Theirin

sertion in this note will tend more clearly to illustrate the nature of the mischief, which the minister's sb prudently wished to prevent. ;:, ins 6 9".! 11:"" * *" 1. * In the latter lend of autumn 1806, some printed copies of an arret or decree, signed Napoleon, Hugh B. Maret, Champagny, and Walsh, Admimstråteur General, dated Milan, 28th Floreal, Ana xiji. uniting the English, drish, and Scotch Ecclesiastical Establishinent, in the French dominions, ander the general' administration of the Reverend Doctor Walsh, late Superior of the Irish:College at Paris; were sent from thence, viâ Hamburgh, to England and Ireland. 1 At the same time Doctor Walsh invited the students of St. Patrick's Irish College at Lisbon, to repair to Paris, to prosecute their studies, and encouraged them to undertake the journey, by promising, that the expenses of it would be defrayed. The Roman Catholic Archbishops and other Prelates, Trustees of Maynooth College, having met in Dublin on ..., business concerning it in Jauuary 1-807, availed theniselves of the occasion, to express their unqualified disapprobation of the invitation from Paris, in a letter to the Reverend Doctor Crotty, Rector of the Irish College at Lisbon, a copy of which was sent to Mr. Secretary Elliott, and also to Lord Howick, though he bad it not with him, wlien he spoke - ist i sindo ... " The Catholic Prelates of Ireland, either collectively or individually, never received any document or paper whatsoever sigre

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