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: rere in petitioning session after session, to be de- 1806. * terred by no circumstance, no season, no pretekt, : until their rights should have been conceded, as they ultimately must be. They felt the force of that advice more powerfully under the then existing circumstances, than when it was first given. What wonder then, that the Lord Lieutenant should hase written to ministers, that a disposition had arisen amongst the Catholics to prosecute their claims; as Lord Howick ayowed in his Exposé. It was not against the individual ministers of' the day they had been encouraged and goaded to pero severe in urging their claims, but against their postponement and refusal, and the hollow plea of inexpediency. In their judgment, these had re

curred.. - On the 13th of December 1806, the new Par. Meeting of

the new liament'met, and was opened by commission. The Parliament,

and King's Chancellor read the King's speech, which did not speech.** contain a syllable, that could he tortured into any application to Lieland. The opening and failure of the negociation with France, and the general state of the Continent constituted the greatest part of it. As usual, it lamented the weight of taxes necessary to meet the difficulties of the times,

and recommended economy in their application. In on - If freland could conceive herself specially alluded

to in the general peroration, it will as far as it can faitly apply to the then existing state of that country, = be found in parts of it to contain the direct reverse

of truth and fairness. “ The long series of mis" fortunes, which has afflicted the Continent of

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“ Europe, could not fail to affect, in some de-
“gree, many important interests of this country.
" But under every successive difficulty, bis Ma. I
“ jesty has had the satisfaction of witnessing an
“ encreasing energy and firmness on the part of
" his people, whose uniform and deterinined re-
“ sistance has been no less advantageous than ho-
« norable to themselves, and has exhibited the

most striking example to the surrounding na“ tions. The unconquerable valour and discipline “ of his Majesty's fleets and armies continue to be .. displayed with undiminished lustre; the great “ sources of our prosperity and strength are unim“ paired; nor has the British nation been at any “ time more united in sentiment and action, or

more determined to maintain inviolate the inde“ pendence of the empire, and the dignity of the “ national character. With these advantages, “ and with an humble reliance on the protection “ of the divine Providence, his Majesty is prepar. " ed to meet the exigencies of this great crisis, “ assured of receiving the fullest support from the

wisdom of your deliberations, and from the " tried affection, loyalty and public spirit of his . “ brave people.”

Every measure of state, which related to the conPrivate communi. tinent, or affected the prosecution of the war, as tions with the Catho. formally excluded Ireland from being committed

or interested in it, as if no part of the sinews or supplies of warfare were furnished from that country. The death of Mr. Fox, and the consequent decay of public confidence in the ministry, the



total failure of the negociation for peace, and the 1906.

and the me encreased urgency for recruiting the army and the navy, incalculably enhanced the consequence of Ireland in the eyes of the governinent, who knew more of that inexhaustible hive of war tban they . were willing to proclaim. It would be puerile to affect to negative the simple averment, that the Irish Catholics are the Irish nation. Whatever, therefore, affects that body in general, becomes a national object. Mr. Ponsonby was indefatigable in his interviews with the different Catholics, whom he saw separately, to keep the grand ques'tion at rest. The various results of these several interviews will probably never be known, and it is even unimportant to the public, that they Ever should be., The open conduct, however, of the Irish Catholics, in the intermediate time, affords a strong lesson to the Irish government (this , is not a history of other governments) upon the effects of the governors deceiving the gorerned. For ten months had they been glutted with cold official comments upon season and expediency. They had seen the new ministry, since the death of Mr. Fox and the unsuccessful tere mination of Lord Lauderdale's mission to France, make a bold appeal to the public upon the whole of their conduct, by dissolving a parliament, in which they had never wanted a majority; they consequently considered them as firmly settled in their places, as that term can import the probable duration of a British ministry embodying the weight of talent and influence of the country.

1807. - Still' was." the call for quiescent confidence the

louder, That necessarily created suspicion ; for it
was left to them to draw the inference, that the mea-
sure, which Mt. Pitt (according to their doctrine
when out of place) might have carried when in power,
they were either unable or unwilling to carry when
in power themselves. The Catholics became then
more generally disposed than ever, to act up to
the kind and sincere advice they had formerly re-
ceived froin Lord Grenville, tò petition session after
session, till tlieir prayer should be granted. As go-
vernment liad frequent communications with de-
tached persons &od parties of Catholics, so did those
Catholics hold frequent conferences wili one ano-
ther, in which tliey compared and coolly commented
upon the nature and effects of their separate com-
munications. The general result was little sliort of
unaniniity to bring their claims before that Parlia-
ment, of which their friends then in power were
supposed to command the confidence. The widest
range of prospective politics offered not a móre fa-
vourable opportunity of bringing them under the
consideration of the legislature.
· At a general meeting of the Catholics, ori the
7th of January, 1807, at the Cock Tavern, Henry-
street, Lord French having been called to the
chair, it was Resolved, That the undersigned be
summoned by the Secretary to attend a meeting of
Ronian Catholic gentlemen, to be hollen at the Star
and Garter, on Monday the 12th inst. Tlie in
tended list alluded to in the resolution could not
be produced at that meeting, from the irregularity

Catholic meelings.

of individuals not answering the notices sent 1807. to them. Nor could the list of persons cho.. sen by ballot to assist the gentlemen elected by the householders of their respective parishes, in 1806, be obtained by the secretary in time.' Thus the secretary was unable to fulll the intentions of the meeting. Other gentlemen, who had beeii present at former meetings issued summonses, and the secretary was directed to write to the Catholic peers, to request their attendance, and to make it known as much as possible, that the attendance of as many country gentlemen as possible was de şired, in order that every means should be exerted. to reconcile all parties, and prevent further divi. sions of the body. The gentlemen, who were chosen by the different parishes on this occasion, waived the idea of delegation, which evinced on their parts a wish to meet their fellow-subjects in · the nianner best calculated to insure union and harmony; and to embody on this occasion the rånk, talent, respectability and popularity of the Catholic body. These were the sentiments expressed at the meeting, and which regulated the contents of the letter addressed by the Secretary to the Eart of Fingall, Viscounts Gormanstown and Southwell, and Sir Edward Bellew, Bart., which were dispatched to them on Saturday, the 10tli inst. . On Monday, the 12th, answers to those letters were received, lamenting, that previous pre-engagements prevented their attendance on that day. These letters contained a full returnof the compliment, and the strongest impressions

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