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1804. his continental allies by his system of foreign

policy: and by that of his home system he had upbraided, disappointed and revetted Ireland in irretrievable degradation through the union. The Irish Catholics, whom he had most insidiously fed with prospects of emancipation, anticipated in his return to place, the efficient power of carrying that object, for which he professed to have abandoned his official situation. They now practically resorted to "the benefit of having so many characters of eminence pledged not to embark in the service of Government, except on the terms of Catholic privileges being obtained. Frequent Catholic meetings were holden in Dublin, in which the general sense of the body for petitioning Parliament for their total emancipation, was unanimously resolved. Mr. Pitt dreaded nothing so much, as to have the * sincerity of his pledges brought under discussion. As Lord Fingall from his rank in life and more from the amiable qualities of his mind, was known to possess the confidence of many of his Catholic country: men, Sir Evan Nepean was directed through his Lordship to attempt every means to hold back the petition. He was invited to dinner, frequently closeted at the Castle, and more sedulously courted; than on any former occasion. However his Lordship may have been personally disposed to hold back, few or none of the body could be induced to postpone their petition. .. ....

* Vide Mr. Pitt's and Lord Cornwallis? Pledges to Dr. Troy and Lord Fingall; Vol. I.



between the

ing and

Some time after his majesty's return from Wey- 1804. mouth, the conciliatory meeting with the Prince Ministers of Wales, which had been intended before the the coolness Royal departure from London, took place. The Earls of Moira and Mr. Fox eminently interested and Prince. exerted themselves in bringing it to the desired conclusion. Several circumstances bespoke in his Majesty's servants at that time a systematic'disposition not to admit his Royal lighness to that unreserved confidence and communication between the Sovereign and the Heir apparent, which tlie unchecked workings of parental tenderness and filial duty and affection would have naturally produced, and which it was the study of every loyal subject and friend to the family to promote. One of the most unequivocal symptoms of that unamiable and mischievous propensity in the Ministers, was an attempt to set up the harsh claim of a legal right in the crown to deprive his Royal Highness of tlie care and education of his only child the Princess Charlotte of Wales. Although the attempt ultimately failed, yet the advice to set up the claim was attended with much unpleasant discussion and negociation, and could only have been bottomed in revolting suspicion, mistrust and disregard for her Royal parent.

Mr. Pitt was not insensible of the rising expec. Vears of tations of the Irish Catholics, that their emanci-ile: Canno.

: damping

lies expecpation was to be the sure effect of his return to tations power. In proportion to the failure of the Minister's continental plans, did the Catholic body of Ireland feel their own weight in the Imperial scale:



1801. nár could they divine, that'nien should again find

their way to the cabinet, and be entrusted with the reins of Government, without efficient power to carry a measure, which they had publicly proclaimed to be of indispensable necessity, and vital importance to the safety of Ireland, and conse: qucntly of the British empire. The aggrandizement of Napoleon had been the unvarying result of Mr. Pitt's most prominent exertions to crushi bin." He was quietly and solemnly crowủeď Emperor of the French at Paris by Pope Plus the Viitli a circunstance, which Mr. Pitt with his risual craft attempted to convert into an engine of obloquy to the Catholie body, and an opportune and plausible objection to their petition, which in spite of his secret mảnæuvres, through Sir Evai Nepean, he now foresa iv would be brought for: frard, The Government papers industriously pubi lished, and severely coinmented upon a memorial said to have been written by Dr. M Nevin at Paris addressed to the Irish officers of the several coutinental Powers, particularly to those in the Austriani service, encouraging them to join in the then 'intended attempts to libedate Ireland from the bondage and' thiraldoń of England: and promising to give them timely notice of the sailing' of 'tlyé expeditions'," lolling out ample 'reivards to thiose, - who should attend to the call, and tlireats to the families of those, who should neglect it. They asserted, that several of these members with lists of the officers, to whom they were addressed, were in the hands of Government. With the like view of indisposing the public to the Irish question,

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which then was in the mouth of every politician,
they likewise published the papal allocution,' ad-
dressed by his Holiness to a secret consistory, at
Rome, on the 29th of October 1804, imme-
diately before his departure for Paris to per-
form tlie cereniony of the Imperial coronation.
It referred to the gratitude due: to Napoleon
for having re-established the Catholic religion
in France by the concordat ; since which he,
had put forth áll", his authority to cause it to
be freely professed and publicly exercised through-
out that renowned nation, and had again re-
cently shewy his mind most ianxious for the pros.
perity of that religion. It also contained confi-
dent assurances that a personal interviei iwith the
Emperor would be for the good of the Catholic
Church, wlaich is the only ark of salvation. Upon,
the publication of this Papał allocution and the
ceremony of the coronation at Paris, all tlie writers
of periodical and other publications in the pay or
seryice of government* vied with each other in

* Amongst these stood conspicuous an anonymous zealot of no mean calibre, as a scholar and writer: He obviously suppressed his name from the public, because he hazarded asser. tions, zohich he knew to be fulse and groundless." "He brought before the public, for the purposes of the pariy and his particular patron, the old ribaldry of Dr. Duigenan, and she bigotted tales of Sir Richarid Musgrave, compressed into a more portable size, and adapted to more refined palates by a spirited and nervous diction, and bottoned, as the title purported, on an event, which it was then the fashionable policy of the court to execrate and derra adili.... 0

The pamphlet, was intituled, « À letter to Dr. Troy, 'titular " Archbishop of Dublin, on the coronation of Bonaparte 'by " Pope Pius the Seventh, A dced without a name : Shakespedre

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1804; their zealous efforts to represent the imminent dan

ger to the state, which this close connection be" by Melancthon.At the close of his letter, he says he so subscribes himself, “ to assume the name of the mildest of the re“ formers, who laboured most strenuously to soothe the animosi.. "" ties between the Protestants and Catholics, and compose their “ differences.” More appropriately would the writer of that letter have assumed the name, by which he subscribed it from the literal meaning of the Greek words, of which it is composed, (peres black and x Www dirt) from the sable tint of falsehood and misrepresentation, which pervades the whole. When Melance thon quoted (p. 57.) Dr. Troy's pastoral letter, that the church is infallible in her doctrinal decisions and canons on points of faith and morals; and therefore that the Catholics are obliged to adhere implicitly to such decrees and canons of the church assembled in general council and confirmed by the Pope as rules of faith, he. full well knew both from his early education and maturer expe. rience, that such ever had been the Roman Catholic doctrine: he equally knew the tenor of the oath, which the clergy and laity of the Catholic body of his countrymen had generally taken : he must therefore have made assertions, which he knew to be false and groundless, when he said, “ These general couneils inculcate as a religious duty the deposition and murder of heretical sovereigns, " the nullity of oaths of allegiance to such, and the extirpation w of heretics."... And when he denounced to' Dr. Troy, whom he addressed as "the depository of the Papal power, the accre“ dited agent exercising the Papál authority in the face of the s laws of the United kingdom, that “ never, never shall that " unhappy country know peace, while you and your brethren " preach to the great body of Catholics the doctrine of the Pope's "" unlimited supremacy and of implicit obedience to the see of “ Rome, as you now preach it." Well indeed is he entitled to the meed of conciliation “ as the mildest of reformers, who la. “ boured most strenuously to soothe the animosities between the protestants and catholics,” (p. 86.) who on the eve of a legis-' lative decision upon the vital question of emancipating the catholic population of Ireland, did not hesitate to declare, (p. 44.) That " it is to the deadly mixture of popery drugged and em" poisoned with such satanic perseverance, and so incessantly «i jofùsed into the consciences and the hearts, and the very life

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