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ous and desperate task, which none of his jour- [806.. neymen were equal to. They reluctantly there

but facts. And as a voucher for those facts, it is hereunto sub-
.. On the 7th of May 1804, when the Marquis of Stafford rose
in the House of Lords to make his motion according to notice
upon the state of the defence of the country, the Chancellor had
some private conversation with him, and then addressing the
House, be assured them, that in addition to his former reasons
for wishing the motion to be further postponed, he felt it his duty
to declare, from what came within his own immediate know-
ledge, that circumstances had now occurred, which rendered the
agitation of the question still more objectionable than at any for-
mer period. It was therefore put off for some few days with the
consent of Lord Stafford. On the same day in the Commons,
when Mr. Fox had proposed to defer his motion on the same sub-
ject to a short day, Mr. Rose informed them, that a Right Flon,
Member of that House (Mr. Piu) had received his Majesty's
commands to lay before him a plan of a new administration for
his Majesty's consideration. On that morning Mr. Pitt was ac-
companied to Buckingham House by the Chancellor. Mr. Pict
was closeted with the King for three hours: the Chancellor left
it sooner. Mr. Pitt on that occasion consented to accept of his
former situation : and he undertook to submit on the next day a
plan of a new administration. It was industriously given out
and universally believed, that his Majesty had been advised
specially to exclude Mr. Fox from the list. As to all others Mr.
Pitt had a carte blanche.



DISSENTIENT, First, Because it is of the highest importance, that in the appointment of her Majesty's Council the public should have every

1805. fore yielded to the imperious necessity of declining

the attempt from conscionsness of their absolute

security, which previous conduct can afford, that the persons composing the same will not act under any undue bias, but that whilst they follow the course prescribed to them by their duty, for restoring his Majesty to the public exercise of the royal functions, whenever he shail he in a capacity to resume them, they will neither expose his Majesty to the danger of a too early pres. sure of business, nor concur in representing his Majesty as qualified to act in his high office, before his recovery sliall be complete.

Secondly, Because it appears by the evidence of Dr. Heberden, taken on oath before a Committee of this House, “ that he was first called upon to attend his Majesty on the 12th of February, 1804 ; that he believed his Majesty presided at Council, on the 23d of April following; and that he should consider the interval between those periods as constituting the duration of his Majesty's disease at that time.” Yet, nevertheless, it appears from the journals of this House, that between the two days above-mentioned, Joha Lord Eldon, being then Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, did, on the "5th of March, 1804, receive, and in his Majesty's name, signify his Majesty's con. sent to a bill, entituled, “. An act to enable his Majesty to grant the inberitance in fee-simple of certain manors, messuages, lands, and hereditaments, in the parishes of Byfleet, Weybridge, Wal. lin, Wallinleigh, and Chertsey, in the county of Surrey, to his Royal Highness Frederick Dake of York and Albany, for a'valuable consideration ; and that he did also put the Great Seal to a commission, dated 9th March, by virtue of which fifteen bills received the Royal Assent; as well as to a commission, dated March 23d, under which seventeen other bills received the Royal Assent; although his Majesty was, at that time, as appears by the evidence above recited, amicted by a malady of the same nature and character with that, which has now occasioned a suspension of the Regal functions.

Thirdly, Because it further appears from the same evidence, " that after the period, when bis Majesty was so far recovered


inability to effect it. Still clinging however to 1806 their deleterious principles, although a change of system were for the moment to be adopted, they exerted their wicked powers to prevent the concert, efficacy and duration of the new arrange

- as to be able to transact business at any period of any day, he

still retained such marks of indisposition about him, as made it expedient that some one of his physicians should be about his person for some months afterwards ; and that Dr. Heberden was in attendance on his Majesty so late as the end of October;" and it was stated in 'debate, and not denied, that, during this latter period, and particularly on the 10th of June, 1804, when it was understood and believed, both by this House and the public, that his Majesty was perfectly recovered, his Majesty not only continued in a state, which required medical guidance, but that both Dr. Symmons and his assistants were still in attendance on, and possessed a controul over his Majesty ; yet, that nevertheless, while his Majesty was still subject to such personal controul, the said John Lord Eldon, as Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, did receive his Majesty's pleasure on divers important matters of his Majesty's Regal Government, and did, in virtue of his said office, perform various public acts requiring the sanction of the King's authority..

Fourthly, Because John Lord Eldon having so conducted himself, is not in our own judgment, a person, to whom the sai cred trust of acting as one of her Majesty's Council in the care

of his Majesty's person, and in the discharge of the other most important duries, by this act committed to the said Council, cau with propriety or safety be committed.





1806. , ments, with a view to the early resumption of their

own situations. The new ar. On the 3d of February his Majesty once more sent uded. for Lord Grenville, and read to hiin a written pa

per, expressing his royal consent to the proposals, which he had taken time to consider upon : with a special exception, that no change in the government of the arıny should be effected without his Majesty's express approbation. The inflexibility of Mr. Fox's principles under all possible changes was more dreaded, than the lately (perhaps) partially altered policy of Lord Grenville. The King's mind had been long poisoned against the former, though the royal feelings had recently been rendered sore at some changes, and the newly assumed firm nessof the latter. It was notorious, that a radical change of the whole system could emanate only from the principles of Mr. Fox. The abettors, therefore, of the old system, were peculiarly anxious, that Lord Grenville and as many of his · friends, as had worked under Mr. Pitt should be included in the arrangements. As, however, it had been admitted on all hands, that the awful crisis, in which the nation then stood, called for a concentration of all the power, talent and experience of the country, it was artfully contrived, that Lord Sidmouth and his insignificant party, well known for their obsequiousness to the system, should be forced upon the new ministry, with a secret commission to observe, report and occasionally balance the foreseen contests between the Foxites and Grenvillites. With that view was Lord


Ellenborough, the Chief Justice of the King's 1805. Bench, without any responsible office of state, thrown in as a makeweight to the Addington party in the cabinet.' It is observable, that not a single individual of Mr. Pitt's relicts either offered . himself, or was called upon to take a part in the broad bottomed administration then about to be formed* of the superior talent and virtue of the country, to meet the crisis.

* The new appointments were ; Lord Grenville, First Lord of the Treasury. Ld. Henry Petty, Chan. of the Exchequer.

Lords of the
Lord Viscount Althorpe

Right. Hon William Wickham
James Courtney, Esq.
Rt. Hon. C. J. Fox, Foreign Affairs
Earl Spencer,

Home Department Secretaries for
Rt. Hon. Wm. Wyndham, War and Colonies.)
Rt. Hon. Charles Grey
Sir Philip Steevens-
Willianı Markham
Ailm. Sir Charles Morrice Pole Lords of the Admiralty.
Sir Harry Neale .
Lord William Russel
Lord Kensington
Hon. Thomas Erskine, Lord Chancellor..
Lord Viscount Sidmouth, Lord Privy Seal.
Earl Fitzwilliam, Lord President of the Council.
Lord Ellenborough, Seat in the Cabinet.
Lord Minto
Earl Spencer
Mr. Wyndham
Lord Grenville

Commissioners for the manage-
Lord Henry Petty

ment of the affairs of India.
Lord Viscount Morpeth
John Hiley Addington, Esq.
Rt. Hon. John Sullivan.

VOL. 11.

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