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Hamil were by their orders, indicted for a capital 1805. offence, defenderism. They were triumphantly acquitted, and so flagrantly were the suborned witnésses perjured, that the Judge of assize recommended a prosecution against them. Those were amongst the causes, why the repeal of 1793 did not satisfy. In addition to which the Irish Government took care, that the Irish Catholics should receive no benefit, opposing them by their known partizans and dependants in the Corporation of Dublin, when they sought for the freedom of the city, and admission to certain situations, from which they were no longer proscribed by the law of the land. Mr. Grattan" then referred to the speeches delivered and published about that time by Ministers and servants of the Irish Government, and persisted in and delivered since. There they would see an attack on all the proceedings of the Irish, from the time of their addresses for free trade, such as were glorious, as well as such as were intemperate without discrimination or moderation. There they would see the Irish Ministry engaged in a wretched squabble with the Catholic Committee, and that Committee replying upon that Ministry, and degrading it more than it had degraded itself. They would further perceive the Members of that Ministry urging their charges againsť the Members of that Committee to disqualify other Catholics, who were not of that Committee, but who opposed it: so that by their measures against une part of the Catholics, and their invective

VOL. II, .



1805. against the other, they took care to alienate, as

far as in them lay the whole body. The fact was, the project of conciliation in 1793 recommended in the speech from the throne was defeated by the Irish Cabinet, which was at that time on that subject in opposition: and being incensed at the British Cabinet for the countenance afforded to the Catholics, punished the latter, and sowed those seeds, which afterwards in conjunction with other

causes, produced the rebellion. Mr. Grat

The same policy, which had made England a tan conti

great people, would do the saine for Ireland, Incalculable was the mischief, which the system of proscription produced upon the country. Irreparable was the injury done to the policy, morals and peace of the country by persecution, and encouraging the little man of blood to raise himself into power and consequence by harassing and vexing his countrymen. Yet was it impossible for one part of society to afflict the other, without paying the penalty of feeling the consequence of its own bad passions on itself *. When the spirit of religious discord descended to the lower order, and the holiday became a riot, and when the petty Magistrate turned chapman and dealer in politics, turned theologian and robber, made for himself a situation in the country formed out of the monstrous

lies he told of his Catholic neighbours, fabricated : false panics of insurrection and invasion, then

walked forth the man of blood, and atrocities,

* A faithful pourtrait of Orangemen..

which he durst not commit in his own name; he use perpetrated for the honor of his King and in the name of his Maker. Much falsehood had been uttered about the incivilization of Ireland. If any thing could delay her perfect civilization, it was the religious animosity kept up by proscriptive distinction. “ Examine, said he, all the causes of “ human misery, the tragic machinery of the “ globe, and the instruments of civil rage and “ domestic murder, and you find no dæmonism " like it, because it privileges all the rest and

amalgamates with infidelity as well as murder;

and conscience, which restrains other vices, be“ comes a prompter here. In all this debate, we " argue, as if we had but one enemy, the Catho“ lic; and we forget the French. I now say to “ you, as I formerly did to the Irish Parliament, " The post you take is unfavourable: a position, " that would keep France in check, and Ireland “ in thraldom, to be held against the power of one " country and the freedom of the other.” There were three systems for Ireland : one, such as Primate Boulter has disclosed : a people at variance on account of religion, that the Government might be strong and the country weak : a system, such a one as prevailed, when he (Mr. Grattan) had broken her chain, which made the Minister too strong for the constitution, and the country too weak for the enemy: a system, which one of its advocates had described, when he said the Protestants of Ireland were a garrison in an enemy's

1805. country, and which another gentleman had de

scribed, when he considered Ireland as a caput
mortuum : but that system had failed: it ought to
have failed : it was a party Government, and a
party God. In adverting to the late Parliament
of Ireland, he had, he said, a parental recollec-
tion of that assembly. He had attended her cradle
and followed her hearse. In 14 years she had ac-
quired for Ireland, what they had not obtained for
England in a century: freedom of trade, indepen-
dancy of the Legislature and of the Judges, resto-
ration of final judicature, repeal of a perpetual mu-
tiny bill, habeas corpus act, nullum tempus act;
a great work. But when the Parliament of Ire-
land rejected the Catholic petition, and assented
to the calumnies uttered against the Catholic body,
on that day she voted the Union : and should they
adopt a similar conduct, on that day they would
vote the separation. He was surprized to see them
running about like grown up children in search of
old prejudices, preferring to buy foreign allies by
subsidies, rather than to subsidize fellow subjects
by privileges. He figured them then drawn out
16 against 36 millions, and paralyzing one-fifth of
their own numbers by excluding them from some
of the principal benefits of their constitution, at the
very time, they said, all their numbers were inade-
quate, unless inspired by those very privileges.
Such a system could not last: if the two islands
renounced all national prejudices, they would form
a strong Empire in the West to check, perhaps ul-
timately to coufound the ambition of the enemy.

He knew the soundness of the ground, upon which 1805. he stood, whether they, whom he constituted his Judges, applied it to constitution, where it was freedom, to Empire, where it was strength, or to religion, where it was light. The opposite princi. ple, proscription and discord, had made in Ireland not only war, but even peace calamitous : witness the one, that followed the victories of King Wilham: to the Catholics a sad servitude, to the Protestants a drunken triumph, to both a peace with. out trade and without constitution. He reminded them of the rebellion of 1798, when the enemy was mustering her expeditions in consequence of the state of Ireland: twenty millions lost, one farthing of which did not tell in Empire, and blood barbarously, boyishly, and most ingloriously expended. He conjured them to do, what then was in their power: to put an end to the proscriptive system, which was the cause of all those mi

series. It would be miserable for them afterwards, 25 should any thing untoward happen, to say, we did

not foresee danger : against other dangers, against

the Pope, we were impregnable: but if instead of is providing against dangers, which were not, they

would provide against dangers, which were, the
remedy was in their hands; the franchises of the

The Attorney General (Mr. Percival) opposed Mr. Persin
the motion upon the grounds, that if the Catho-
lics were once admitted to offices of the State, they
would soon become the State itself: they would
never rest satisfied, till they had recovered the

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