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HISTORY OF IRELAND,

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CHAPTER' III.

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:::: Administration of the EARL of HARDWICKE;

joined

under Mr. PITT.

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1804

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THE disgraceful efforts of Mr. Addington, and his inexpert journeymen, to execute the ruinous projects of Mr. Pitt, had so disgusted the thinking and independent, and so alarmed the wavering and interested part of the nation, that that imbecile minister could no longer hold together the majority in Parliament, which was necessary to support a Government even of the King's friends. Mr. Addington had, during a considerable part of his administration been so intoxicated with parliamentary majorities, that he foolishly attributed to his own strength, what arose out of the occasional support of the old opposition, or the internal disunion, forbearance or craft of the seceders. When Mr. Pitt from personal observation, and the busy suggestions of his creatures had been induced to believe the carpestness of Mr. Addington in main

VOL. II. ??) Anne :

B

1804. taining his post against him, who had raised him

to it, that ambitious dictator rallied his much diminished forces, and peremptorily summoned to his rank every individual, whom he had originally enlisted in his service by art, fear or largess, Mr. Addington, the weak dupe of the all-venturous craft of Mr. Pitt, tendered his resignation to the King, which was with reluctancy accepted. In the sober lour of reflection he found his triumphs visionary, his impotency reala - Whatever were the principles, springs and conditions of Mr. Pitt's return to power, certain it is, that, much* negocia

A letter dated on the 8th of May 1801, written by Lord Grenville to Mr. Pitt found its way to the public eye, which fet in much light upon those negociations. Lord Grenville and several persons, whom by Mr. Pitt's desire he had consulted, refused to engage in the administration, which he was then employed in forming. : For says his Lordship,'' No considera,

tion of personal case, no apprehension of responsibility, nor as reluctance to meet the real situation, into which the country ** has been brought, have any weight in this decision ; nor are we “fettered by any engagement on the subject either expressed or

implied: we test our determination solely on our own strong

sense of the impropriety of our becoming parties to a system " of Government, which is to be formed

at such a moment as *e the present, on a principle of exclusion. It is unnecessary to “ dwell on the mischiefs, which have already resulted from isplacing the great offices of Government in weak and incapable

hands. Wo see no hope of any effectuah, remedy for these mischiefs,, but by uniting in the public service, as large a pro

portion as possible of the weight talents and character to be « found in public men of all descriptions, and without any “exception. This opinion I have already hád occasion 'to

express to you in the same words, and we have for some time "past been acting in conformity to it: nor can we, whilst we

tíon preceded it: great difficulties were raised 1304 against it at St. James'. Lord Grenville, Mr. Windham and other respectable Seceders refused to come into power under them.

!!::?? The new arrangements were announced in the Gazette* on the 14th May: and an inspection

of terjal

New Minis

al'.

rangements,

- We are

“ remain impressed with that persuasion, concur in defeating an

object, for which the circumstances of the present times afford

at once so strong 'an inducement and so favourable an occa, “sion.” His Lordship ended his letter with what amounts to his absolute conviction of Mr. Pitt's insincerity: “ certainly not ignorant of the difficulties, which might have "S obstructed the final accomplishment of such an object, howa “ ever earnestly pursued. But when in the very first instance of all trial of it is précluded, and when this denial of it is made ? the condition of all subsequent arrangements, we cannot but “ feel, that there are no motives of whatever description, which “could justify our taking an active part in the establishment ço of a system so adverse to our deliberate and declared opinion.

* THE CABINET.

Si! 011 9.1
Lord Chancellor

Lord Eldon.
Chancellor of the Exchequer

Mr. Pitt. 1

and first Lord of the Treasuryaer} Mr.Pit. tss

First Lord of the Admiralty • * *Lord Viscount Melville.
Master General of the Ordnance Earl of Chatham.
President of the Council 11. Duke of Portland.
Lord Privy Seal, i C Earl of Westmoreland.
Şecretaries Foreign Department Lord Harrowby.
Home Do.

Lord Hawkesbury:
Earl Camden.

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MINOR ARRANGEMENTS.
.

LORDS OF, THE ADMIRALTY. 4. 12. uita

Sur Philip Stevens, Sir H. Burrard Neale, Sir John Colpoys,
Admiral Gambier, Admiral Patten, Wm. Dickson, Jun. Esq.

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1804.

the names, shews, that Mr. Pitt.now more than ever considered himself the soul and spirit of the administration, allowing some share of co-ordinate influence to his accommodating friend and veteran in the system, Lord Viscount Melville. The rest were tools, which he wielded at pleasure. The motley selection was attempted to be justified upon pew, principles. A general doctrine was inculcated into the numerous mal-contents with the choice of the new ministers, that there was inherent in Parliament a constitutional right to interfere withi the King's nomination by withdrawing its confidence from any administration, which they might think from experience inadequate to the exigenciesof the country; but that the will of the crown was not to be thwarted by anticipation, by presumption to dictate or object, before the new

LORDS OF THE TREASURY.
Lord Fitzharris, Lord Louvaine, the Hon. Henry Wellesley,
Mr. Scott, Mr. Long.

SECRETARIES OF THE TREASURY.
Mr. Hyskinsop, and Mr. Sturges Bourne.

I' BOARD OF CONTROUL. , it
}; DÁRL OF CASTLEREACH, PRESIDENT.: 7,1789
Joint Paymasters of the army

Messrs. Rose and Steel,
Treasurer of the Navy *T. ET Mr. Canding:
Secretary at War

Mr. Win. Dundas.
Chan, of the Duchy of Lancaster Lord Mulgrave.
Lord Chamberlain

Farl of Dartmouth.
Master of the Mint

Mr. Rose.
Comptroller of the household

Lord George Thynne.
Attorney General

Mr. Perceval,
Solicitor General

Mr. Dallas,

Ult

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