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on wheels within the walls, ready to be stationed at any point where it might be needed for defense.

679. Morte: = per mortem. I am resolved to suffer in death whatever bitterness there is in death.'

680. furere furorem : 'to give vent to fury.' ante: “first'; i.e. before death, or before I die.

681. arvis: dative for in arva. 686. aut: for seu. sublapsa vetustas: 'the imperceptible lapse of time.'

687. mons: 'a vast rock,' montis pars. improbus: vehementissime concitatus.

694. verius (est) : 'it is more just.'

710-790. The heroes hurl their spears, and then attack with the sword. Turnus, in his haste, having armed himself with the sword of his charioteer instead of his own, is now deceived by the treacherous weapon, which breaks at the first blow. He is pursued by Aeneas round and round, though the latter is retarded by his wound. While Aeneas in vain struggles to release his spear from the root of a tree into which it had struck, Juturna, in the guise of Metiscus, brings to Turnus his own sword. Then Venus, indignant at the interference of the nymph, loosens the spear of Aeneas from the root, and the battle is renewed.

727. Quem, etc.: ' (to ascertain) whom the struggle (labor) condemns to death, and which weight (whether that which represents Aeneas or that which represents Turnus) is carried down to death'; lit. ‘with which weight death sinks down.' The latter clause more fully expressed : cui pondus vergens letum destinet. Pondere is the ablative of cause.

728. impune : sc. se facturum.
729. in ensem : cf. IX, 749; XI, 284.

733. Ni subeat: the apodosis is implied in the foregoing deserit: leaving him to perish, “unless,' etc.

762. See note on 655. 769. Laurenti divo: Faunus was the tutelar god of Laurentum. See VII, 47.

779. fecere profanos: “have profaned.' Cf. defensum dabit for defendet, 1. 437. The Trojans have profaned the honors of Faunus by cutting away the tree, and removing the tokens sacred to him.

785. dea Daunia: Juturna.

791-886. Jupiter forbids Juno to exercise any further influence in the contest, but consents, in answer to her prayer, that the Trojans shall lose their name, and that the Latins shall give theirs to the united people. One of the furies is sent in the form of a bird of ill omen to terrify Turnus; and Juturna, giving up all hope, plunges into the Tiber.

794. Indigetem: Aeneas was destined to be borne to heaven as a deus, indiges, or deified hero, and this Juno well knew.

801. et: continues the negation; translate 'nor.'

805. Deformare domum: 'to clothe the house in squalid mourning. The house of Latinus has been sorrow-stricken most of all by the suicide of Amata.

811. Digna indigna: for digna atque indigna; i.e. all things, whether seemly or disgraceful; all fortunes.

817. superstitio: 'fear-inspiring oath.'

835, 836. commixti — Subsident: mingled in population only (corpore antum, “in the body' of people, not in name), they, as Trojans (i.e. in respect to their national name of Trojans), shall disappear.

845. geminae Dirae: Alecto and Tisiphone. These two are supposed here to await at the gate of Olympus the commands of Jove, while Megaera remains in Hades.

854. in omen: 'as an omen.'

877. fallunt: escape (me) '; the will of Jupiter under this omen is clear to me.

880. Possem: 'I should have been able'; i.e. had I not been rendered immortal.

887-952. The heroes taunt each other, and Turnus lifts a huge stone and hurls it at Aeneas, but comes short of his mark. Turnus is wounded by the spear of Aeneas, and sinks to the ground. The Rutulians groan, and Turnus submits himself to the will of the victor, who is about to spare him, when he observes on his shoulder the belt of the slain Pallas, and, maddened at the sight, drives his sword to the heart of the slayer.

896. circumspicit: ‘he looks round and sees.'
898. arvis : dative.
901. torquebat: 'tried to hurl.' The imperfect has a conative force.

903. neque se cognoscit: 'nor does he know his old self'; he is conscious of not possessing his wonted strength and agility. currentem: when running to seize the stone. euntem: when advancing with the stone against Aeneas.

921, 922. Murali Tormento: by the mural engine'; by the ballista, with which walls are shattered.

942. bullis: 'with the (golden) studs.'

944. inimicum insigne: 'the ornament of his adversary'; an ornament which had been worn by his enemy.

From other accounts of the traditional history of early Rome, we learn that Aeneas, immediately after this victory, received Lavinia in marriage, united his Trojans in one nation with the subjects of Latinus, under the common name of Latini, built the city of Lavinium, and obtained the right of succeeding to the kingdom of Latinus. Thus he secured a dwelling place in Italy, and introduced his gods into Latium, according to the purpose indicated in the beginning of the poem.

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IRREGULARITIES OF SCANSION

BOOK I

Line Line

369. pavor; as videt in I, 308. 16. The final vowel in Samo is not 411. obruimur; as pavor in l. 369. elided. See grammars, under

442. parietibus; pronounced paryetibus. Hiatus.

Cf. abiete, 1. 16. 73. The last two vowels of Conubio are 492. ariete; as abiete, l. 16.

pronounced as one syllable. See 563. domus; as pavor in l. 369. grammars, under Synaeresis or 745. -que at the end of the verse is elided, Syniześis.

as in I, 332. 120. The last two vowels of Ilionei as in 774. Steterunt shortens the second sylConubio, 1. 73

lable. See grammars, under sys131. dehinc is scanned by synaeresis as

tole. one syllable : d'hinc. 195. deinde; synaeresis of ei.

BOOK III 256. dehinc as in l. 131. 308. videt lengthens its final syllable 48. Steterunt; as in II, 774. under the ictus. See grammars,

74. matri and Neptuno do not elide

the final -i and -o, and the verse under Diastole.

is spondaic. 332. The final vowel of -que at the end of the verse is elided before the

91. The final vowel of the first -que is initial vowel of the next.

long under the ictus. See

112. nemus; as videt in I, 308. grammars, under Synapheia.

122. Idomenea; as Ilionea, I, 611. 405. The final vowel of dea is retained. See grammars, under Hiatus.

136. Conubiis; trisyllable, as Conubio in 448. -que is elided as in l. 332. 478. pulvis; as videt in l. 308.

211. Insulae; the final diphthong of In

sulae is unelided and is shortened. 611. Ilionea lengthens the penultimate e, See note on this line.

See grammars, under Hiatus. 617. Dardanio does not elide the final -0,

464. The final vowel of gravia is long and the verse is spondaic.

under the ictus. 651. peteret; as videt in l. 308.

504. Casus; as videt in 1, 308. 668. The last syllable of iactetur as in 602. Scio is scanned as one syllable by peteret, above.

synaeresis. 698. The last two vowels of Aurea form 606. pereo does not elide the final -o.

681. Constiterunt; as steterunt in II, 774. one syllable. 726. aureis; as Aurea in 1. 698.

BOOK IV
BOOK II

64. Pectoribus; as videt in I, 308. 16. abiete; a dactyl; ie forms one syl- ; 126. Conubio; as in I, 73.

lable by synaeresis, and the first 168. Conubiis; as in III, 136.
syllable is lengthened as if by 222. adloquitur; as Pectoribus in l. 64.
position. Thus : ab-ye-te. 235. spe does not elide the final -e.

1, 73.

S2

IRREGULARITIES OF SCANSION

-ee-.

Line

Line 558. -que at the end elides -e by syna- 175. ariete; as in II, 492. pheia.

178. cedro does not elide the final -0. 629. The last -que as in l. 558.

186. The final vowel of the first -que is 667. femineo does not elide the final -0. long under the ictus, as in III, 91. 686. Sēmianimem; four syllables, by sy- 190. Aurea; as in I, 698. naeresis of -ia-: semyanimem. 226. Oceano does not elide the final -0.

237. precantia; trisyllable by synaeresis BOOK V

of -ia-, 261. Ilio retains and shortens the final -0.

249. Ilionei; quadrisyllable by synaere

sis of -ei-. 284. datur; as videt in 1, 308.

253. conubio; as in I, 73. 337. Euryalus; as datur in l. 284.

262. deerit; dissyllable by synaeresis of 352. aureis; dissyllable by synaeresis of -ei-.

303. alveo; as in VI, 412. 422. -que; see note on 1, 332. 432. Genua; scanned as a dissyllable: 333. conubiis; as in III, 136.

389. Euhoe ; dissyllable ; pronounced genva. See note on II, 16.

nearly yu-hoy. 521. pater; as videt in I, 308.

398. canit; as videt in 1, 308. 589. Parietibus; as in II, 442.

470. Synapheia, as in I, 332. 663. abiete; as in II, 16.

532. Tyrrhei; dissyllable by synaeresis 735. colo does not elide the final -0.

of -ei-. 753. -que at the end as in I, 332.

609. aerei; dissyllable by synaeresis of 853. amittebat; as videt in I, 308.

-ei

631. turrigerae does not elide the final BOOK VI

diphthong, and the verse is spon

daic. 33. omnia; dissyllable by synaeresis of -ia..

769. Paeoniis ; trisyllable by synaeresis

of -ii-. 201. Graveolentis; pronounced by sy

naeresis in four syllables : grav-
yolentis,

BOOK VIII
254. super; as videt in I, 308.
280. Ferrei; dissyllable by synaeresis of

98. procul; as videt in I, 308. -ei-.

194. Semihominis; as a quadrisyllable: 412. alveo; by synaeresis a dissyllable:

semyominis. alvyo.

228. Synapheia as in I, 332. 507. te retains and shortens the final 292. Eurystheo; trisyllable by synaere

sis of -eovowel. 602. Synapheia; as in I, 332.

337. dehinc; dissyllable. 653. curruum; dissyllable by synaeresis 363. subiit; as videt in I, 308. of -uu

372. aureo; as alveo in VI, 412. 678. dehinc; as in I, 131.

383. Nerei; dissyllable by synaeresis of 768. Numitor; as videt in I, 308.

-ei-,

553. aureis; as in I, 726. BOOK VII

599. abiete; as in II, 16.

BOOK IX

33. alveo; as in VI, 412. 96. conubiis. See note on III, 136. 160. -um in Latinorum is elided by sy

napheia. 174. erat; as videt in I, 308,

XII ED.

9. petit; as videt in I, 308. The vers

is spondaic.
32. alveo; as in VI, 412.

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