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spreads out: he, in fact, gets in bulk what the other does in height. To deprive a person in a growing state of animal food is, therefore, to predispose him to dis. eased lungs. It is not found that meat, containing the red juice, or not rendered tough by over roasting or boiling, and taken in moderation, stimulates the system more than a diet consisting entirely of vegeta. bles. The latter is unquestionably more difficult of digestion than the inside of roasted meat. No set of men are more healthy than those who live on slightly cooked meat.
Light puddings, animal broths and jellies, oysters, lobsters, and other shell-fish in moderation, are excel, lent for this complaint.
About an hour after dinner, let the patient take another glass of wine, diluted as before more exercise shortly after. At tea (of which he should drink sparingly) he may take whatever his inclination may prompt, provided it is easy of digestion. For supper, which of course should be temperate, he should have something nourishing, such as beef tea, sago, good oatmeal gruel, or boiled milk, By this plan, the morbid condition of the nutritive functions will be recti. fied, and the irritability of the heart and arteries which is frequently produced by want of nourishment, will be considerably allayed.
I need not say, that variations and modifications of diet will be made according to the inclination and di. gestive powers of the patient. As in health, so in disease, what may be a moderate quantity in one, may be excess in another, and the contrary; so that a regular standard can by no means be laid down.
One caution however should be observed, that whatever is followed by increased heat of body should be abstained from. The best proof that food of any kind agrees with a patient is, the absence after meals of constitutional disturbance.
The neglect of pure air, which is so frequent among persons labourings under Consumption, cannot be suf. ficiently reprobated; for it is sure to aggravate every symptom of the complaint, and is one grand reason why it frequently continues not only unchecked, but goes on with such fearful rapidity in its course. The fatal plan of shutting the sick persons up in a close room, enveloping them in a three-fold load of blankets, and excluding as much as possible the pure external air, is sufficient to bring on the disease even in a healthy person, and to one already labouring under it, is the surest way to hasten every existing symptom, and accelerate the extinction of life. What can be more preposterous than to make such invalids breathe over and over again the same foul air, contaminated with the diseased effluvia of their own persons ? Such treatment must inevitably convert a slow, and not very dangerous, stage of the disease, into one that will soon terminate all expectations of recovery. Nothing but the risk of actually getting wet, or of exposing themselves to cold north-east winds, should deter patients from being out much in the open air-for experience proves, that constant exposure to the weather out of doors is a main agent in curing the disease.
When they are too weak to take walking exercise, riding should never be omitted. In rainy and damp weather, if pecuniary circumstances will not allow of a proper carriage, some contrivance should be fitted to a common vehicle that the patient may not be confined to the air of the house. He should rise early and get out—for continuance in bed is sure to weaken the system, and offer more easy inroads to the complaint. Exercise, either by walking or riding, should be gently increased, till it can be taken for lengthened periods without fatigue. This will enable the patient to bear a proper proportion of nutritious food, and take into the system the medicine that is necessary. It is true that coughing frequently comes on when the consumptive patient quits his room and emerges into the cold atmosphere—but this is no proof that the latter is not suited to his lungs, but rather that the former had reduced them to a state unable to bear it, and that they ought to be gradually accustomed to an element which common sense, as well as science, tells us is the more conducive to health. All the caution that is necessary when the patient goes out, is to keep up the proper temperature of his body by a sufficiency of warm clothing, and, as just observed, to guard well against getting wet. This is undoubtedly to be well attended to—and when that is the case, no danger needs be apprehended. He should also wear that excellent safeguard, the Respirator, for with this, and observing the preceding cautions, he may go out in all weathers with impunity
It ought to be remembered, that in all consumptive cases, it will be necessary to avoid particular irritation of the lungs, arising from the violent exercise of respiration, such as singing, playing on wind instruments, or making long and loud declamations : the patient is likewise to avoid late hours as one of the certain means of hurrying him to the grave; also the going into crowded rooms, the air of which, from being inhaled by many different people, becomes at length very unfit for respiration, particularly in those whose lungs are already in a weak and irritable state: he is to refrain from placing his body in such a position, either in reading, writing, or following his ordinary occupation in life, as that the capacity of the thorax (chest) shall be at all straightened in consequence of pressure against it; and he is to shun all kinds of bodily exercise which require much exertion.
But in the commencement of Consumption, before the patient becomes too weak, moderate running is an excellent means, as a preventive, to ward off the progress of the complaint. It causes the respiration to become frequent and deep-the panting that ensues exercises the muscles of the chest, and enlarges the volume of the lungs. Nor are its beneficial effects confined to the mere expansion of the chest : by the greater portion of air thus brought into contact with the venous system, the blood becomes more effectually decarbonized, the animal heat increased, the action of the heart more vigorous, and the multifarious secretions are carried on with greater energy.
Then again, with regard to reading aloud and recitation, they are more useful and invigorating muscular exercises than is generally imagined, when managed with due regard to the constitution of the individual, so as to avoid effort and fatigue. When care is taken not to carry this exercise so far at one time as to excite the least sensation of soreness or fatigue in the chest, and it is duly repeated, it is extremely useful in developing and giving tone to the organs of respiration, and to the general system,
“ And read aloud, resounding Homer's strain,
Would loiter else through unelastic tubes." To the invigorating effect of this kind of exercise, the celebrated and lamented French naturalist, Cuvier, was in the habit of ascribing his own exemption from Consumption, to which, at the time of his appointment to a Professorship, it was believed he would otherwise, have fallen a sacrifice. The exercise of lecturing gradually strengthened his lungs and improved his health so much, that he was never afterwards threatened with any serious pulmonary disease. But of course this happy result followed only because the exertion of ecturing was not too great for the then existing condition of his lungs. Had the delicacy of which he complained been farther advanced, the fatigue of lecturing would only have accelerated his fate; and this must never be lost sight of in the practical application of particular rules of exercise.
The subject of bathing cannot be too strongly recommended to the invalid's attention. The frequent total ablution of the whole body is one of the most powerful auxiliaries to medicine in almost every disease of the human frame. The skin possesses in every part both secreting and absorbing vessels, on the due performance of the functions of which our general health very materially depends, but their power is impaired by an infinite variety of causes which daily occur and aggravate, by the derangement they occasion, every other malady of the body, be it what it may. The Bath, therefore, by removing obstructions and affording a proper outlet to the cutaneous secretions, will impart to the body under almost all circumstances, a predisposition for receiving with greater effect, the internal remedies and other measures which may be deemed necessary for any particular disease. Of what vast importance then must it be that in a formi. dable disease like Consumption, every impediment should be removed, which may obstruct the curative process we are aiming at! When the skin is unfitted for its duty by too great a quantity of solid particles being deposited on its surface, which thus stop the healthy process of perspiration, the lungs are overtasked, by having to take the office of the skin, and hence they are weakened and injured. But if this is calculated to cause injury to the lungs, when they are not labouring under any positive organic disease, and when the general health is good, with how much greater certainty must it inflict additional mischief, when perhaps each of the lungs is partially destroyed,