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Roman Catholics than to afford relief to the noncon- and the amalgamation of different parties. “The formists. It was a bungling piece of patchwork to one expected to unite all hearts by attacking all unamend a vicious system of sanguinary legislation; derstandings; the other trusted more to the gradual and the awkward attempts at a comprehension ended operation of Christian feeling, by which alone he bein smoke.
lieved that extended unity would finally be effected. While Baxter resided at Acton, he became ac- ' The issue has proved, that in this case Owen had quainted with Şir Matthew Hale, who was lord chief made the wiser calculation.'* baron of the exchequer. He was a person of pre- The Act against conventicles was again renewed eminent piety, a judge of incorruptible integrity, an in 1670, and enforced against the nonconformists honour and a pattern to the legal profession, in a with unmitigated rigour. Baxter alleged, that some corrupt age, when the streams of public justice were of the new clauses, added to the old Act, had a reosten poisoned at the fountain head. Though men ference to his own case. The most peaceful, loyal, very dissimilar in their natural temperament and and respectable among them, were not spared. Their habits of study, yet they were kindred spirits on all meetings in London were infested with spies, and the cardinal verities of the common salvation. They disturbed with bands of armed men. The partial had a mutual predilection for metaphysical discus- liberty which the silenced ministers took to resume sion; but the congenial sympathies of their minds their labours among the remnant who had escaped found their sweetest solace and fervent friendship in the ravages of the recent pestilence, and the devasthe fundamental principles of the glorious gospel of tations of the fire, were now looked upon with an the blessed God. Their mutual Christian friendship evil eye by the court and the High Church party, and was maintained inviolate for life, and, we doubt not, they seemed resolved to put them down. Sheldon was a blessing to both. Baxter says: “The confer- was as zealous in this business as any Spanish inquisences which I had frequently with him, mostly about itor could have been, to proscribe and punish herethe immortality of the soul, and other philosophical tics against the holy mother church. He adand foundation points, were so edifying, that his very dressed the bishops of his province, urging them to questions and objections did help me to more light promote, by every means in their power, ‘so blessed than other men's solutions. ... When the people a work as the preventing and suppressing of convencrowded in and out of my house to hear, he openly ticles,' which the King and the Parliament, 'out of showed me great respect, before them, at the door, their pious care for the welfare of the church and and never spoke a word against it, as was no small kingdom,' had endeavoured to accomplish. encouragement for the people to go in; though the It was about this period that the Earl of Lauderother sort muttered, that a judge should so far coun- dale sent for Baxter, and wished to engage him to tenance that which they took to be against the law! accompany him on an expedition to make some al
Aster Baxter was released from prison, he seeins terations, and settle the state of ecclesiastical affairs to have resided for more than a year at Tatteredge, in Scotland. By the king's permission, he professed near Barnet. Here he was separated from part of to consult Baxter, and to induce his compliance, was his fanily. By the sinallness of the apartments, authorised to offer him a bishopric, or professorship smoke, and cold, the place was exceedingly uncom- in one of our Scottish colleges. But Baxter, though fortable; and if it was not the means of inducing he thought inore favourably of this old Covenanter, some of his bodily complaints, certainly tended very and professed Presbyterian, than he really deserved, mach to aggravate them. Such, however, were the in a sensible, impressive, manly letter, respectfully, ardour and energy of his mind, his untiring and in- but decidedly, declined the proffered honour. He incible perseverance at the pen and the page, when who liad previously refused a bishopric in England, recluded from the labours of the pulpit, that dur. was not likely to be tempted to accept of one in Scoting the five following years, from 1665 till 1670, he land, where the circumstances of temptation to enter produced some of the most elaborate and valuable of into the arbitrary measures of the court, and to sachis practical works Within the same period, also, rifice principle at the shrine of courtly honour and he had frequent and long discussions with Dr Owen, ecclesiastical interest, were equally objectionable as upon terms of agreement among Christiaus of all in his native soil. Baxter was not a person of such parties. On all the fundamental doctrines of the flexible principles, nor of such an accommodating gospel, these two great men were essentially one. conscience, as to concur with his lordship in sancThe character of their minds was widely different. tioning these sanguinary enactments, and in carrying On the constitution, union, and government of a into effect those desperate measures of dragooning gospel church, there was a considerable disparity in the Scottish Presbyterians into all the paraphernalia their respective sentiments. Perhaps the Doctor had of Episcopal polity. Both Charles and his lordship studied these subjects more minutely than Baxter. had mistaken their man. It would have been an He seems to have been more clear and correct, but unnatural and uncomfortable yoke to each of the much less ardent and sanguine than Baxter, as to parties. The aged veteran, therefore, wisely declined the practicability of a cordial union among the dif- the honours and emoluments of ecclesiastical preferent parties that the divided the prosessing world. ferment in Scotland, as he had already disposed of a Baxter looked more to rules, and details, and mutual similar offer in England. Such facts speak volumes concessions. Owen seems to have distrusted and of the high value which Baxter, and other of his suspected the efficacy of these, and looked more to contemporaries of kindred principles, set upon the identity of principle, and unity of spirit, and affection, as the most essential elements of church union,
* Sco Orme's Life, vol. i. p. 284.
birth-right of civil freedom and religious liberty. In showed the same leniency to him that the weak and the letter addressed to his lordship he says: indecisive Jewish prince showed to the Lord's pro
I would request that I might be allowed to live phet. quietly to follow my private studies, and might once In 1671, Baxter lost the greater part of his foragain have the use of my books, which I have not tune by the shutting up of the king's exchequer, seen these ten years. I pay for a room for their amounting to upwards of a thousand pounds. He standing in at Kidderminster, where they are eaten had intended it for a benevolent purpose, and not to by worms and rats, having no sufficient security for soothe and support himself in bis declining years. He iny quiet abode in any place to encourage me to says: “All the money and estate that I had in the send for them. I would also ask that I might have world, of my own, was there, except £10 per annum the liberty, which every beggar has, to travel from which I enjoyed for 11 or 12 years. Indeed it was town to town, I mean but to London, to oversee the not iny own, which I mention to counsel those that press when any thing of mine is licensed for it. If would do good, to do it speedily, and “ with all their I be sent to Newgate for preaching Christ's gospel might.” I had got, in all my life, the sum of £ 1000. (for I dare not sacrilegiously renounce my calling, to Having no child, I devoted almost all of it to a charitwhich I am consecrated per sacramentum ordinis), able use—a free school. I used my best and ablest I would request the favour of a better prison, where friends, for seven years, with all the skill and indusI may but walk and write. These I would take as try I could, to help me to purchase a house, or land very great favours, and acknowledge your lordship to lay it out on, that it might be accordingly settled.' as my benefactor if you procure them; for I will not This was an infamous transaction. It produced disso much injure you as to deșire, or my reason as to tress and ruin among many. Baxter never recovered expect, any greater matters, no, not the benefit of a shilling of it. His chief regret, however, was, that the law. It is rare indeed that a bishopric is offered it deprived him of carrying his benevolent intentions to a man in such circumstances, and much rarer to into effect; and he records the fact for the instrucfind a man possessed of so much principle as to re- tion and direction of posterity, that they should befuse it, and to prefer the unrestrained liberty of «a come their own executors, lay out their substance, beggar, to travel from town to town,' as his own or for the glory of God and the good of man, with their his Master's business require him—the solitude of own hands, and enjoy the gratification of seeing its a cell to pursue his studies in peace, and the privi- happy effects in their lifetime. There is often much lege of a prison yard for relaxation—to the splendid misappropriation and embezzlement in posthumous equipage and luxuries of a bishop's palace. Let charities. none imagine that this arose from a weak enthusias- An event of considerable importance occurred in tic mind, or that it was the obstinate whim of an as- the spring of 1672. The king issued a declaration, cetic, whose soul had been seared with misanthropy dispensing with the penal statutes in operation against against his species, and who was incapable of relish- the nonconformists. This document declares, That ing the sweets of social liberty, and the comforts of his Majesty, by virtue of his supreme power in matcivilized life. Such a choice, and such a request, ters ecclesiastical, suspends all penal laws thereabout; are indeed puzzling and perplexing to a time-serving and that he will grant a convenient number of puband worldly-minded professor; but the subject is lic meeting-places to men of all sorts who conform perfectly intelligible to a Christian who wishes to not, provided the persons are approved by him, and live in all good conscience toward God,' and to that they only meet in places sanctioned by him, have this as his joy and rejoicing, even the testimony with open doors, and do not preach seditiously, nor of his conscience, that in simplicity and godly sin- against the Church of England. The Earl of Shaftescerity, not by fleshly wisdom, but by the grace of bury got the credit of advising this measure; but God, he should have his conversation in the world. neither he nor his master deserved the credit which He found himself in company with some of the they claimed for having issued it, from any relentings Lord's holy prophets, many of whom the world was for the injuries previously inflicted upon the nonconnot worthy.' • Moreover, Jeremiah said unto king formists. Their design was to afford relief to the Zedekiah, What have I offended against thee, or Roman Catholics. It was rather a kind of clap-trap against thy servants, or against this people, that ye for the silenced ministers, and several of them refused have put me in prison ? Where are now your pro- to avail themselves of the privilege which this morally phets who prophesied unto you, saying, The king of just, but politically illegal, measure afforded them. Babylon shall not come against you, nor against this Had the laws been founded in substantial justice, the land? Therefore hear now, I pray thee, O my lord king had no legal right to dispense with the executhe king, let my supplication, I pray thee, be action of them. This dispensing power,' and suspicepted before thee, that thou cause me not to return cious act of grace, were not from sympathy with the to the house of Jonathan the scribe, lest I die there. principal sufferers; but to favour a party whose prinThen Zedekiah the king commanded that they should ciples were more in unison with the secret sympacommit Jeremiah to the court of the prison, and that thies of the king's heart. When a public plunderer they should give him daily a piece of bread out of scours the country, and pillages the population of the baker's street, until all the bread in the city was their all, he may affect great generosity in giving spent. Thus Jeremiah remained in the court of the back a tithe to a few of his favourites, when justice prison.' In Baxter's future imprisonments it is ques. would have demanded restitution of the whole, and tionable if lord Lauderdale ever did any thing to doomed the plunderer to the gallows. Nor need soften the rigours of his bondage; or if Charles there be any demur among the plundered people as to the lawfulness of taking back the tithe as an in-harassing circumstances, his ardent soul glowed with stalment, while they insist upon the restitution of seraphic ardour for opportunities to preach to the the whole as their lawful and unalienable property, people the unsearchable riches of Christ. By the Some good men of all parties were disposed to avail precipitancy and crooked policy of his persecutors, themselves of the indulgence occasioned by the king's several of their attempts to ensnare, imprison, and dispensing power to promote the interests of reli- pillage his, failed. This, instead of mollifying, only gion.
exasperated them. In 1682, he suffered more seAfter recovery from a dangerous fit of sickness, verely than ever for his nonconformity. One day Baxter had resolved to seek a license from the king he was suddenly surprised in his house by a band of to preach the gospel on the indulgence principle ; constables and officers, who apprehended him by a but wished it simply as a nonconformist, and not warrant to seize his person for coming within five under the title either of an Independent or Presby- miles of a corporate town, producing, at the same terian. It appears that Sir Thomas Player, cham- time, no less than five more warrants to distrain for berlain of London, had procured one for him with £195, for five sermons which he had preached. He out any knowledge or effort of his own. And he had just risen from bed, in great weakness from a says: “The 19th of November was the first day, after severe paroxysm of pain, and was following the offiten years' silence, that I preached in a tolerated pub- cers to jail, when met by Dr Thomas Cox, a medilic assembly, though not yet tolerated in any conse- cal gentleman, who ordered him back to his bed, crated church, but only against law in my own house.' while he went iminediately to five of the justices, and About the same time he was chosen one of six min- deponed upon oath that Mr Baxter could not be isters as a lecturer at Pinner's Hall; but his service lodged in jail but at the peril of his life. Upon this there was not of long continuance.
a delay was obtained till they should consult with the As the times seemed, for a short season, to become king, who graciously permitted the postponement of more favourable, Baxter was induced to erect or pro- his incarceration, that he might be suffered to die at cure a place for meeting in Oxendon street. He home. Meanwhile they executed their warrants on had scarcely opened it, when an attempt was made the books and effects in his house, the former of to surprise and apprehend him, and commit him to which were not his own, and they sold even the bed the county jail on the Oxford Act; and though he, upon which this venerable minister of the Lord Jethrough an accidental absence, escaped, yet the per- sus lay sick. "The tender mercies of the wicked are son who officiated for him was apprehended, and cruel.' Baxter, however, had many pious firm committed to the Gatehouse for three months. Hav- friends, who could not be uninterested spectators of ing been kept out of his new meeting house for a such a scene. They promptly advanced the money whole year, he took another in Swallow street. at which the articles seized in his house were apThere also he was prevented from preaching to the praised, in consequence of which they were retained. people, as a guard had been set for several sabbaths He afterwards reimbursed them. This iniquitous together to prevent him from occupying it. Little process, under covert of law, was originated and cardo many dissenting churches and congregations, on ried on without any previous notice or summons these and similar sites, now think, while peacefully being sent him, or without his being acquainted who worshipping God under their vine and fig tree,' on his accusers had been, and who were to be his judges. those memorable spots, what hardships and incessant What a mockery of law, and insult upon the first annoyances those fathers and founders of the non- principles of common justice! Shall the throne of conformist interest endured in wresting the privileges iniquity have fellowship with the moral Governor of which they now enjoy from the iron grasp of civil the universe, which frameth mischief by a law? tyranny and religious intolerance. “The indulgence! They gather themselves together against the soul of and the king's license,' arising out of his dispensing the righteous, and condemn the innocent blood.' power,' which proinised much, yielded little substan- But Baxter could add, in the language of scripture, tial benefit to the ejected ministers. But a man like The Lord is my defence, and my God is the rock Baxter, of an ardent mind, and whose heart is in his of my refuge.' Master's work, if he fail in one plan of operations, The king, now drawing near the end of his life bis inventive resources will lead to the adoption of and reign, was sunk in the sensuality of his court, another, in which he will succeed. In the month of and callous to the sufferings of thousands of the best January, 1672-3, he commenced a week-day lecture of his subjects. The fires of intolerance burned with at Mr Turner's church in New Street, near Fetter redoubled fury. Prosecutions were multiplied to an Lane, where he preached the gospel freely, as he says, unexampled extent. Under the guise of an unrigh• with great convenience and God's encouraging bless- teous and execrable law, like the statutes of Draco, ing! On the Lord's day, however, he had no stated tinged with blood, one class of subjects were sanccongregation to preach to, but occasionally gave his tioned to live on pillage, and prey upon another. services to those who required them.
The one was pampered to live as beasts of prey; and Like the great apostle of the Gentiles, Baxter felt the other was doomed to suffer all manner of indig. that “necessity was laid upon him to preach the gos- nities as beasts of burden. Many of the cormorants pel. Even in his advanced years, and frequently of the canon and civil law were insatiable. Their labouring under a load of bodily infirmities, his bow- scent in hunting out alleged heresy was keen as that els yearned for the spiritual necessities of his coun- of a Roman inquisitor; and with all the sang froirl trymen. While the snows of advanced age shaded of Turks, they could relentlessly ride rough shod his temples, in the midst of a thousand vexatious and over many valuable men, of whom the world was
not worthy. Let us listen for a moment to the the sole executor, not because they were nonconaged veteran himself. He says: “But when they formists, but on account of their piety and poverty.' had taken and sold all, and I had borrowed some This fact plainly shows, that that generous and combedding and necessaries of the buyer, I was never passionate conformist considered Baxter as 'a faiththe quieter, for they threatened to come upon me ful steward' to administer his bounty to these woragain, and take all, as mine, whosesoever it was, thy but deeply injured men. Indeed, he had a large which they found in my possession, so that I had no share of the confidence of pious men of all parties. remedy but utterly to forsake my house, and goods, The bequest, however, was for a time intercepted. and all, and take lodgings at a distance in a stranger's The king's attorney sued for it in chancery, and the house; but having a long lease of my own house, lord keeper North gave it all to the king. Shortly which binds me to pay a greater rent than now it is after the Revolution, the commissioners of the Great worth, wherever I go I must pay that rent. He Seal restored it to Baxter, to be appropriated to the took joyfully the spoiling of his goods, knowing in proper persons, agreeably to the Will of the testator. himself that he had in heaven a better and enduring The sleepless eye of Divine Providence frequently substance.' He had been long separated from the marks the dark deeds of human rapacity with detergreater part of his books. The few that he had bor- mined disapprobation, and restores to the injured rowed from friends for consultation and reference, poor the portion designed for them. while coinposing some of his most valuable treatises, During a great part of 1683, Baxter made little were seized and sold, regardless of either remon- appearance in public; but he was unremitting in his strance or redress. This threw him entirely upon application in private. His active mind was inceshis bible, and the inexhaustible resources of heaven. santly engaged with some of his numerous and variNeither his faith nor his philosophy failed him under ous treatises, either upon practical or controversial these privations. He consoled himself that he was theology. His pregnant mind was constantly teemnear the end of that life and labour where no books ing with something of a beneficial character for his
needed; and he says: “I the more easily let species either some pamphlet to answer an oppoall go.' • Naked came I into the world, and naked nent on the spur of the moment, or some more elamust I go out; but I never wanted less that man borate production for the instruction and profit of can give, than when men had taken all away. My future generations. His facility at composition was old friends and strangers were so liberal, that I was extraordinary. In that, he scarcely has had a supefain to restrain their bounty.'
rior, and in few ages an equal. Even to a green old Although the House of Commons had passed cer. age, in the midst of nameless bodily infirmities, it tain resolutions in order to mitigate some of the more seems to have been wrought into a habit. Activity rigorous statutes against the nonconformists; and al- seemed necessary to his very being. He has thrown though the king's dispensing power' held out a pro- a vast amount of soul into his works. They bear mise of some amelioration, yet neither the one nor the impress of a powerful energetic mind. the other afforded the aggrieved any essential relief. From repeated molestations by the public powers, By spies, officers, and interested informers, and not Baxter's health was greatly broken down in 1684. a few judges, they were continually harassed in While he lay in a state of languishing and pain, the various parts of the country. Orders were issued justices of the sessions sent warrants to apprehend from the king and the council board to suppress all him. At that time there were about a thousand conventicles, and in the hands of these administra- more whose names were upon the catalogue, all to tors, they were not allowed to lie as a dead letter. be bound over to their good behaviour. He exThey had quietly to bear the brunt of • Jedburgh pected at least six months' imprisonment for not justice,' Irish evidence, and • Lynch law; and al- taking the Oxford oath, and for venturing to reside though Baxter was a man formed of "sterner stuff' in London. He refused to open his chamber door to than to flinch from the cross in any case in which the officers. Their warrant did not authorise them the dictates of his conscience, and the principles of to break it open. But the six officers were bent Divine revelation, were implicated, yet lie was by no upon their object. They stationed themselves at his means the most forward to offend in infringing upon study door all night, and kept him from bed and those intolerant statutes, which had ejected and si- food, and closely maintained the siege till he surrenlenced more than two thousand of the most con- dered. They conveyed him, while scarcely able to scientious and able ministers in England, and so se- stand upon his own feet, to the sessions, and bound riously circumscribed the liberties of her best sub- him over to good behaviour under a bond of four jects. He was loyal to the constitution of his coun- hundred pounds. He simply wished to know his try, and was by no means a red-hot radical reformer. crime and accusers; but they gave him evasive anOn matters of church polity, though not a latitudi- swers, that it was for no substantive fault, but for the narian, he was moderate almost to a fault. He was security of the government in evil times, and that in a sickly emaciated state, deeply afflicted with stone, they had a list of suspected persons who were to be and now well stricken in years, yet he was a marked treated in a similar manner. He told them that he
None of these things could screen him from would rather that they would at once send him to the jealousy of High Church feeling, and the venge- jail, than leave him at large involuntarily to implicate ance of the court. In 1683-4, the Rev. Thomas others, for if but five persons came in when he was Mayot, a beneficed clergyman of the Church of Eng- praying, it would be construed into a breach of good land, died, and left a bequest of £600 in favour of behaviour, and subject them all to fine and imprisonsixty-four ejected ministers, and appointed Baxter as 'l ment. His judges replied: "That if they caine un
expectedly, and on other business, and not to a set if Charles had chastised thein with whips,' for keepmeeting, nor yet if we did nothing contrary to law ing conventicles, James, his successor, 'would scourge and the practice of the church. He rejoined, Our them with scorpions. They had too good reason to innocency is not now any security to us. If but complain with the church of old, 'Therefore is judgtwo beggar women did but stand in the street, and ment far from us, neither doth justice overtake us; swear that I spake contrary to the law, though they we wait for light, but behold obscurity; for brightbeard me not, my bonds and my liberty were at their ness, but we walk in darkness. ... We roar all like will. Nor was this a mere imaginary casehe ac- bears, and mourn sore like doves; we look for judgcordingly adds: “For I myself, lying in my bed, ment, but there is none; for salvation, but it is far heard Mr J. R. preach in a chapel on the other side from us. ... Judgment is turned away backward, of my chamber, and yet one Sibil Dash, and Eliza- and justice standeth far off; truth is fallen in the beth Coppel, two miserable poor women, who inade street, and equity cannot enter; yea, truth faileth, a trade of it, swore to the justices that it was ano- and he that departeth from evil maketh himself a ther that preached; and they had thus sworn against prey; and the Lord saw it, and it displeased him that very many worthy persons in Hackney and else there was no judgment.' where, on which their goods were seized for great Sometime before the demise of Charles, he had mulcts or fines. To all this I had no answer, but raised the famous, or rather infamous, Jefferies to the that I must give bond, when they knew that I was dignity of the bench. As might be expected, Baxnot likely to break the behaviour, unless by lying in ter soon fell into his hands. There was an underbed in pain.
standing between Charles and James, prior to the Towards the latter years of Baxter's eventful life, death of the former, and which the latter did not conboth the political and ecclesiastical horizon were in- ceal when Duke of York, that Baxter was marked Fested with a dark and dense gloom. The king's out for jail. When bound over, under a high pencourt was little better than a common brothel. The alty, to his good behaviour, the intention was to keep monarch himself, though he wore a diadem, was a hold of him till matter of accusation was found against cold blooded tyrant to the liberties of his country, him. Judge Jefferies was a fit person to go any and the happiness of his subjects, the sworn foe of length with such a detestable deed. If any person serious piety and moral restraint, a Papist in heart, in England could out-Herod Herod, this was the under a Protestant mask, a profane wit, and a licen- man. Profane in his principles, coarse in his chartious rake. He had brought the religion and liber- acter, a bully in his manners, sanguinary in his disties of the country to the verge of ruin. In February positions, capable of packing and brow-beating a 1694-5, Charles II. closed his arbitrary and inglori- jury, insulting the prisoner's counsel, and delivering ous reign, and was called to appear at the tribunal of decisions that would have disgraced a Spanish inthe Almighty, who cuts off the spirit of princes, and quisitor, he did not scruple to disgrace the ermine, is terrible to the kings of the earth;' who brings the outrage the first principles of common justice, and princes to nothing; he maketh the judges of the expose the law to the contempt of every intelligent earth as vanity. Those who wear the crown, and and well constituted mind. Of all Baxter's previous the coronet, and the mitre, and those who occupy prosecutions, this conclusion of the drama certainly the judgment-seat, who “are clothed in purple and exceeded, as a dishonour to the British bench, an fine linen, and fare sumptuously every day,' would abandonment of all gravity, decency, and decorum, do well to remember, that when their immortal spi- and a mere mockery of all law and justice. The rits pass the boundaries of time to take their just pretext for the prosecution was, a supposed reference, award from the Judge of the quick and the dead, in Baxter's Commentary on the New Testament, to impartial posterity will stamp their verdict of their the bishops of the Church of England; which was principles and deeds upon monuments durable as stigmatised as a scandalous and seditious book marble. "The seed of evil-doers shall never be re- against the government, the bishops, and the church. nowned. “Is this man Coniah a despised broken The author was accordingly apprehended, and comidol? Is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure ? mitted to the King's-Bench prison, by a warrant from Wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and Lord Chief Justice Jefferies, in the depth of winter, are cast into a land that they know not ?? Even these 1685. He applied for a Habeas Corpus, obtained despotic and dark deeds which distress the human | it, and subsequently retired to the country till the family, and rend the frame-work of society, present approaching session in May following. At his ada multitude of monitory lessons to posterity. “Ovanced stage of life, and by the incessant pain to earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the Lord! which he was subject, it was conceived that he could Thus saith the Lord, Write ye this man childless, a not bear the confinement of a prison. He, however, man that sball not prosper in his days, for no man appeared at the appointed time in Westminster Hall
, of his seed shall prosper sitting upon the throne of to wait his trial. On the 14th of May he pleaded David, and ruling any more in Judah.'
not guilty. Being much indisposed on the 18th, it Happily for Great Britain, at that period of trouble was moved that he might have further time given and darkness, of dimness and anguish, which covered him before his trial came on. This reasonable rethe land when James II. ascended the throne, with quest, by his counsel, was rudely and peremptorily 2Towedly Popish principles, and high notions of prince denied by Jefferies. ly prerogatives, there was a pious praying remnant in It does not appear that Baxter wrote any detailed the country. They had much reason to fear, that account of this singular trial himself. No regular
* Orme's Life of Baxter, vol. i. pp. 331-2. report appears to have been made of it in the State