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"Trials,' except what has been copied from Calamy's ( as full of sedition as an egg is full of meat. Hadst avridgement of Baxter's Life. His biographers, how thou been whipped out of thy writing trade forty ever, have collected and recorded the principal facts years ago, it had been happy. Thou pretendest to of the case. In the Biographia Britannica, vol. ii. be a preacher of the gospel of peace, and thou hast p. 15, and in Middleton's Biographia Evangelica, vol. one foot in the grave. 'Tis time for thee to begin iv. pp. 26, 27, pretty copious notes are given of this to think what account thou intendest to give; but meinorable trial, toward the close of our author's life. leave thee to thyself, and I see thou wilt go on as To these, and especially Mr Orme's Life of Baxter, thou hast begun; but, by the grace of God, I will we must refer the reader for more ample details. All look after thee. I know thou hast a mighty party, in all, the accounts are of a sickening and disgusting and I see a great many of the brotherhood in corners character, and a burlesque upon the administration waiting to see what will become of their mighty don, of public justice. All we can attempt in this sketch and a doctor of the party clerking too (Dr Bates) at is a brief specimen or two, of the coarse invective and your elbow; but, by the grace of Almighty God, I foul ribbaldry of Baxter's judge, the Lord Chief Jus- will crush you all.' When Jefferies had sumined up tice of England, during the trial, which will suffi- the alleged evidence in a violent tirade of profanity ciently justify the character we have given of the and low abuse, that would have disgraced a Turkish man in the preceding paragraph. On Baxter's coun- tribunal, Baxter said, “Does your lordship think that sel moving in court that his trial might be put back any jury will pretend to pass a verdict upon me upon for a short time, owing to his severe indisposition, the such a trial ?" Jefferies replied, “ I'll warrant you, Lord Chief Justice in wrath replied, 'I will not give Mr Baxter; don't trouble yourself about that.' The him a minute's more time to save his life. We have jury accordingly brought him in guilty! On the had to do with other sorts of persons, but now we 29th June he had judgment given against him. He have a saint to deal with, and I know how to deal was fined five hundred merks, condemned to lie in with saints as well as sinners. Yonder (says he) prison till it was paid, and bound to his good behestands Oates in the pillory, in New Palace garden, viour for seven years. Jefferies had proposed that and he says he suffers for the truth, and so does he should be whipped through the city; but his breBaxter; but if Baxter did but stand on the other side thren would not agree to it. In his fine and impriof the pillory with him, I would say that two of the sonment they acquiesced. In 1686, the king, at the greatest rogues and rascals in the kingdom stood mediation of Lord Powes, granted hiin a pardon; there.'
and on the 24th of November, he was discharged On the 30th May, 1685, he was brought up to out of the King's Bench. Securities, however, were his trial before the Lord Chief Justice Jefferies, at required for his good behaviour; but it was entered Guildhall. Sir Henry Ashurst, who would not on his bail-piece, by direction of the king, that his forsake his own and his father's friend,' stood by him remaining in London, contrary to the Oxford Act, all the while. "Mr Baxter came first into the court, should not be taken as a breach of the peace.'* with all the marks of serenity and composure, waited This farce of a trial was calculated to fix the stain for the coming of the Lord Chief Justice, who ap- of indelible infamy upon the bench of British juspeared quickly after, with great indignation in his tice, and to bring all the principles of civil law into face. He no sooner sat down, than a short cause universal contempt. What man's property, liberty, was called and tried; after which the clerk began to or life, could be safe in the hands of such a judge, or read the title of another cause. • You blockhead proof against the verdict of a packed jury, brow-beat (says Jefferies) the next cause is between the king into an iniquitous decision by an unjust judge, who and Richard Baxter;' upon which Mr Baxter's cause neither feared God nor regarded man ?? At the was called. The passages mentioned in the infor- close of the second edition of the Paraphrase, upon mation was his Paraphrase on Matt. v. 19; Mark ix. which this prosecution was founded, Baxter inserts 39; xii
. 38—40; Luke x. 2; John xi. 57; Acts the following note: · Reader, it is like you have xv. 12. These passages were picked out by Sir heard how l was, for this book, by the instigation Roger L'Estrange, and some of his fraternity; and of Sir Roger L'Estrange and some of the clergy, a certain noted clergyman, who shall be nameless, imprisoned nearly two years by Sir George Jefput into the hands of his enemies some accusations feries, Sir Francis Wilkins, and the rest of the judges out of Rom. xiii. &c., as against the king, to touch of the King's Bench, after their preparatory restraints his life; but no use was made of them. The great and attendance, under the most reproachful words, charge was, that in these several passages he reflected as if I had been the most odious person living, and on the prelates of the Church of England, and so not suffered at all to speak for myself. Had not the was guilty of sedition, &c. The king's counsel king taken off my fine, I had continued in prison till opened the information at large, with its aggrava- death. Because many desire to know what all this tions. Mr Wallop, Mr Williams, Mr Rotheram, was for, I have written the eight accusations, which, Mr Attwood, and Mr Phipps, were Mr Baxter's (after the clergy search of my book) were brought counsel.
in as seditious. I have altered never a word acLet another brief specimen of this infamous pro- cused, that ye may know the worst. What I said cess suffice. Mr Baxter beginning to speak again, of the murderers of Christ, and of the hypocrite Jefferies exclaimed, “Richard, Richard ! dost thou Pharisees and their sins, the judge said I meant of think we will hear thee poison this court, &c. Rich- the Church of England, though I have written for it, ard, thou art an old fellow, an old knave. Thou
* See Middleton's Lives, rol. iv. pp. 26-30.; and Biograbast written books enough to load a cart, every one phia Britannica.
and still communicate with it.' Having given the sels tendered to him by the aged veteran to that passages of scripture, &c., he adds: “These were all, young soldier of Jesus Christ, who was then preparby one that knoweth his own name, put into their ing for the field to carry on the conflict. Henry hands, with some accusations out of Rom. xiii. (sup-says: I found him in pretty comfortable circumposed by Dr Sherlock) as against my life; but their stances, though a prisoner in a private house near discretion forbade them to use them, or name them.' the prison, attended by his own man and maid. It was well that Baxter was enabled to maintain a ... He is in as good health as one can expect, and portion of the meekness and gentleness of Christ,' methinks looks better, and speaks heartier, than when under this vexatious and iniquitous trial; but subse- | I saw him last. The token you sent he would by quent generations have had no difficulty to see, that no means be persuaded to accept, and was almost his persecutors, accusers, and judges, were men ac- angry when I pressed it from one ousted as well as tuated by a similar spirit, and influenced by kindred himself. He said he did not use to receive; and I principles, with those men who accused Paul as a understand since his need is not great.
He gave us pestilent fellow, a mover of sedition among all the some good counsel to prepare for trials, and said, Jews throughout the world, and a ringleader of the the best preparation for them was, a life of faith, sect of the Nazarenes; who also has gone about to and a constant course of self-denial. This is a noble profane the temple, whom we took, and would have and lovely spectacle. It is like a well of living wajudged according to our law. It is long since the ter' in an African wilderness, or an ousis in the midst British public have formed their opinion, and passed of a Lybian desert. Mr Williams, Henry's biotheir verdict, upon his principal judge and his mas- grapher, says of it, “It is one of those lovely picter, as influenced by prejudices and passions, not far tures of days which are past, which, if rightly viewed, dissimilar to those who “gnashed upon Stephen with may produce lasting and beneficial effects, emotions their teeth,' and who doomed the Prince of peace to of sacred sorrow for the iniquity of persecution, and the accursed tree, as an enemy to Cæsar, and a animating praise that the demon in these happy days mover of sedition throughout all Jewry. • If they of tranquillity is restrained, though not destroyed.? have called the Master of the house Beelzebub, how much more they of the household?'
* Hard as often was Baxter's lot, and roughly as he was The last two years of Baxter's imprisonment sometimes handled “for conscience sake,' of which the preyielded him more tranquillity and composure to pur- from his commanding talents, and wide range of influence,
ceding sketches furnish only a few specimens; and though, sue his studies, and complete some of his works, than he was often biack-balled as a wicked man, yet he was by he had enjoyed since the Restoration; and although no means the greatest sufferer among the ejected ministers,
and poor persecuted nonconformists. He was sometimes bis physical strength was greatly exhausted, his frame under softer skics than some of his brethren. He was cermuch attenuated, his infirmities daily multiplying, and tainly a man of moderation. Some of his brethren thought the shadows of the evening were stretching out upon nions on both sides. He soinetimes enjoyed the sunny side hiin; and although he had not now Mrs Baxter to of the hill, when some others more bitterly felt the blast. nurse and cheer him, and convert the solitude of a This arose from the character of his mind, but not from a cell, and the gloom of a prison, into a palace or a para. We may present to the reader a bird's-eye view, by a mo
descrtion of his principles, nor a dastardly drcad of the cross, dise, yet he enjoyed solid confidence in God; he found dern writer, of the nameless sufferings and sanguinary per
consolation in Christ, comfort of love, fellowship of secutions to which the nonconformists were subjected, in the Spirit
, bowels of mercies,' joy in the Holy Ghost, both quarters of the United Kingdom, under tlic second and the hallowed hope of eternal life. While tribula- Charles II., on his restoration, renewed all the persecution for Christ abounded, consolation by Christ much tions of his bloody race. He pursued the Scottish Cove
nanters to the monntains and morasses with fire and sword, more abounded. A large portion of the pious in enacting all the horrors of racks, thumb-screws, and the iron London and its vicinity, some in, and many of dif- boot, as may be seen vividly detailed in Sir Walter Scott's ferent denominations out of, the Establishment, sin- Tales of a Grandfather, and Old Mortality. Ncale, says the
writer of the preface to Mr De Laune's Plea for Nonconcerely sympathised with him, visited him in prison, formnists, states: “ That De Laune was one of near eight and did not fail to minister to him in bis bonds. thousand who had perished in prison in the reign of Charles Among these was the celebrated Matthew Henry, the points, for which they are able to bring good renson.”
II.; and that merely for dissenting from the church in some well known commentator, when quite a young man. for the severe penalties inflicted on them for seditious and He communicated, in a letter to his father, dated riotous assemblies, designed only for the worship of God, he 17th November, 1685, an outline of his interview in the compass of five years, at least two millions of money!"
adds: “ That they suffered in their trades and estates, with with this aged disciple,' and now also a prisoner of Another writer adds, that Mr Jeremy White bad carefully Jesus Christ.' As young Henry had come up from collected a list of the dissen:ing sufierers, and of their suf
ferings, and had the names of sixty thousand persons who the country, it might have been supposed that a had suffered on a religious account, between the restoration thousand objects would have seized his fancy, and of Charles II. and the revolution of king William, five thouengaged his inquiries before Richard Baxter, an aged those who suffered in their own country, great numbers re
sand of whom died in prison. It is certain, that besides emaciated man, shut up in prison, under the odium tired to the plantations and different parts of America. of heresy against the polity of the church, and sedi- Many transported themselves and their effects to Holland, tion against the state. But like another Onesipho- &c. If we admit the dissenting families
and filled the English churches of Amsterdam and theilague,
the several de rus, when he came to London ‘he sought out' Bax- nominations in England to be one hundred and fifty thou. ter “very diligently, and found him. We have no sand, and that each family suffered no more than the loss of doubt but he refreshed him, and was not ashamed the whole will amount to twelve or fourteen millions, a pro
three or four pounds per annum, from the Act of Uniformity, of his chain;' and it is obvious from Henry's letter digions sum for those times. But these are only conjecto his father Philip, that he found himself well re
tures. The damage done to the trade and the property of puid in the solemn, seasonable, and affectionate coun-1 were made in the estates of private families were deep and
the nation was undoubtedly immense; and the wounds that
When Baxter obtained his full enlargement from ing star of a bloodless revolution dawn through a the rules of the King's Bench, where young Henry dark horizon, and promise a brighter and better day had visited him, which he did in February, 1687, he to the interests of civil freedom and religious liberty, removed to his house in the Charterhouse Yard. under the mild lustre of which he might for a short For about four years and a half he continued to as time walk, and, like 'a shock of corn fully ripe,' be sist Mr Silvester, until bodily debility rendered it gathered to glory, and descend to the grave in a good requisite for him to confine himself to his room. He old age in peace. It was so. There can be no preached gratuitously for him while his ability ad- doubt but Baxter's soul rejoiced in this happy change, mitted, on the mornings of the Lord's day, and every though his bodily weakness precluded him from makalternate Thursday morning. Preaching was Bax- ing any conspicuous appearance in those singular, ter's proper element. He loved his Master, his merciful, and memorable events. He had no doubt work, and the souls of men, and he was willing to been taught since the Restoration, in tones solemn spend, and be spent, though the more abundantly he as thunder, and in characters glaring as the lurid loved, the less he was loved.? Like a star of lightning, not to trust in princes nor men's sons, in the first magnitude, in the right hand of Him who whom there is no stay,' &c. After the snows of walks in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks, threescore years and ten had blanched his locks, he his life, his light, and his lustre, remained undimin- should have learned many mortifying lessons to little ished almost to the latest stages of his mortal career. purpose, if he had not learned to 'cease from man, • In old age, when others fade, he was fat and full whose breath is in his nostrils, for wherein is he to of sap, and always flourishing, to show (to succeed- be accounted of?" Yet it was a solace to the soul ing generations) that the Lord is a tock, and there of this venerable servant of Christ, after weathering is no unrighteousness with him. And when unable the storms of a long, dark, dreary night, to see a to travel to the place of worship, and officiate in pub- prince ascend the British throne, who, though he lic, he, as on former occasions, when interdicted by had breathed republican air, had sucked the breasts the powers that be,' opened his own hired house, of freedom, was a thorough paced Protestant, enand received all that came in to him, preaching the lightened advocate of civil liberty, and the fast friend kingdom of God, and the things which concern the of religious freedom to all the loyal subjects of the Lord Jesus, with all confidence, no man forbidding civil state. Then " Jacob saw the waggons' which his him.
son had sent, his spirit revived;' he said, It is In the latter part of James II.'s reign, Baxter took enough, Joseph is yet alive; I will go down, and see little or no part in public affairs. It was an evil time; him before I die.' it was wise to say little. They could make a man We come at last to witness this venerable man in an offender for a word, and lay a snare for him who his sick chamber, and upon his death-bed. We see reproved in the gate, and turn aside the just for a him close his career like the summer setting sun; the thing of nought.? Matters were rapidly ripening, glare of his beams are softened; but his disc large, and rushing on to a crisis. The Stuart dynasty was calm, and clear, he descends, in silent majesty, under upon the eve of being broken up, which, for three the horizon. To such a man as Richard Baxter, successive reigns, had thrown the nation into fits of who, for more than half a century, had walked with fever and ague, by their king-craft, the golden image God, lived a life of faith upon the Lord Jesus, whose of uniformity, which they had set up for universal ' affections were so uniformly and incessantly set on worship, and their monkish and inquisitorial maxims things that are above;' who was almost a daily, but of church polity. They had set every man's hand patient, martyr to the stone ; whose shattered frame against his brother, and made the flower of the na- kept him constantly hovering upon the confines of tion writhe upon the rack, and bleed at every pore. the eternal world; whose unearthly life, and unparBut as the deepest darkness sometimes precedes the alleled labours, demonstrated, in ten thousand differapproaching dawn, so it was in this case. Baxter ent ways, whose he was, and whom he served,—the 'nad long and fruitlessly laboured to reconcile jarring gleanings of the sick chamber, and the records of the varties, and amalgamate materials which had no com- death-bed, can add little to the ample blaze of such mon principle of affinity, no doubt with the best in- accumulated evidence. He feared the Lord from tentions; but he lived long enough to see, that that his youth,' if he was not, as his father supposed, which is crooked cannot be made straight; and that sanctified from the womb. Baxter was emphatiwhich is wanting cannot be numbered. It is likely cally 'a living epistle of Christ, known and read at last he tried what prayer to God could do, when of all men. His works praise him in the gates.' persuasion with men had failed. At eventime it His gigantic labours attest him to have been a man was light.' 'He lived to see the last of the Stuarts of astonishing calibre of mind. His Devotional and desert the British throne, and to witness the morn- Practical Works attest the worth of his character, and
have immortalised his name. They form a monularge, many of whom, to my knowledge, wear the scars of ment to his memory more durable than the pyrathem to this day.
"The nature of the Christian religion is essentially free, mids of Egypt. His Christian friends, Silvester, Caand the voice of Christ proclaims to men," the truth shall lamy, Dr Bates, Mather of New England, &c. &c., make you free.” The spirit of Christianity shrinks from the who witnessed the closing scene of the venerable touch of the iron and blood-stained hand of political rule. It is so boundless in its aspirations, and expansive in its saint, have culled and collected a few flowers of his energics, that it must stand on the broad champaign of civil last sayings,'to strew around his tomb; but it is and intellectual liberty, ere it can stretch its wings effectively for that flight which is destined to encompass the unnecessary, in this brief sketch, to give them in deearth, and end only in eternity.'-Neale and Hewit.
tail. His last days and dying hours were in har
mony and proper keeping with his life. His end piety, the warmth of his heart, the strength of his was calm and comfortable, without raptures. When sensibilities, the wide range of his mental and moral asked, on the eve of dissolution, how he did, he dis- resources, the fire and force of his genius, and the tinctly replied, “ Almost well.' He expired on Tues- weight and worth of his moral character. The day morning, 8th December, 1691, aged seventy-six reader who enters into the spirit of his devotional years. "Mark the perfect man, and behold the up- and practical works, which succeed this sketch, will right, for the latter end of that man is peace.' They naturally inquire what were the cardinal elements enter into peace, they rest in their beds, each one that entered into the composition of that master mind, walking in his uprightness.'
that fitted bim for grappling with all the wiles of Few pious men ever more steadily and conscien- satan, and the subtleties of error; that fitted him for tiously gave all diligence to make their calling and laying bare the moral anatomy of the heart; that election sure, than did Richard Baxter. At a very qualified him to make the thunders of Sinai burst early period of his mortal career, he ó thus judged, upon the uncircumcised ear, and the terrors of Tothat if one died for all, then were all dead; and that phet to alarmn the slumbering conscience; and that he died for all, that they who live should not hence- equally fitted him for pouring the balm of mercy forth live unto themselves, but to him who died for into the broken heart, and the oil of gladness into them, and rose again. Nothing could surpass his the lacerated spirit ? The secret lay in his preundivided and unwavering consecration of heart, of eminent personal piety. Although we have already head, of hand, of time, and talents of a high order ; exceeded our intended limits, yet there are still a of powers, and person, and property, to the glory of few points in the character of Baxter upon which we God, the benefit of the church of Christ, and the beg leave briefly to touch. best interests of his species, than were put and kept The face, the figure, and the form of a writer who in constant requisition by this singularly devoted has interested and profited us, are minor points, man. Like Howard and Clarkson, he had one great which more or less awaken the curiosity of the most object to occupy a life time, and it completely ab- of readers; the soul, however, is the measure of sorbed him. His great practical maxim seems to the man. Both Baxter and his biographers have have been, " Whether we live, we live unto the Lord; reserved a few fragments to gratify this feeling among or whether we die, we die unto the Lord ; living or those who feel interested in his mental productions, dying, we are the Lord's.' "Write, Blessed are the The great Architect of the human frame and face dead who died in the Lord; yea, saith the Spirit, for divine,' sometimes lodges a soul of superior power they do rest from their labours, and their works and opulence in a casement of the firmest texture, follow them.'. Here are the patience and faith of and the most elegant and masterly mould. Many the saints; here are they who keep the command- instances will occur to the reader. Baxter's constiments of God, and the faith of the Lord Jesus.' tution was originally sound. Though early, deeply,
As might be expected, 'many devout men carried and long afflicted, he was a personable man. He the remains of Baxter to his burial, and made great was tall of stature, spare of flesh, had a considerable iamentation over him. He was buried in Christ share of bone and muscle; had rather an agreeable Church, where the ashes of his wife and mother-in- intelligent countenance, and a clear, piercing, melt, law had been mouldering. His funeral was nume- ing eye. Toward the latter part of his life, he rously attended by persons of different ranks, espe- stooped forward. In early life he was the subject of cially of ministers, conformists as well as noncon- numerous and complicated bodily complaints. He formists. All were eager to testify their respect was successively in the bands of no fewer than thirtyto the memory of a man who had as strong a head, six gentlemen of the healing art. He was long and as sound a heart, as any man of the age in the victim of medical treatment and experiment. which he lived; and of whom it might have been Doctors differed on the character of his case; and said, with as much truth as was said by a Scotch after he had taken drugs without number, and all Earl of the intrepid Knox, “Here lies one who never prescriptions failed, he discontinued all these attempts, feared the face of man.'
except in taking advice for some particular symptom.
He was literally diseased from head to foot ; his stoIn order to maintain continuity in the preceding mach Aatulent and acidulous; violent rheumatic imperfect outline of Baxter's eventful life, and to headachs; profuse bleedings at the nose; his bloud present the narrative and the facts with some degree so thin and acrid, that it oozed out from the points of coherence to the mind of the reader, we have fol- of his fingers, and kept them often raw and bloody; lowed the fortunes of our author over an extended his legs swelled and dropsical, &c. His physicians tract, from his birth to his burial, through a lapse of called it hypochondria, he himself considered ft pri"threescore years and ten,' of one of the most im- matura senectus_premature old age; so that at portant epochs of British history. Still our sketch, twenty he had the symptoms, in addition to disease, though it has already exceeded the limits we origin- of fourscore. Seldom has there been an instance in ally prescribed for ourselves, is very imperfect. We which the quenchless energy and ardour of the soul have been necessitated to pass over many important has more illustriously triumphed over the countless and memorable transactions in his life. His charac- and complicated infirmities of the body, and conter must be taken in all its length, and breadth, and strained its enfeebled organs to yield an amount of depth, and lofty moral bearing, to fit us for forming service to her superior dictates, that astonishes and an accurate estimate of the vigour of his mind, the confounds succeeding generations. It is doubtless acuteness of his reasoning powers, the depth of his “the Lord's doings,' and it may well be wondrous in
our eyes.' Baxter had a soul of fire, and it would | without dishonour to himself, and disgrace to his have required a frame of flint to sustain its pressure, country, skulk into the shade. It may be styled the and execute its multifarious and stapendous func- Augustan age of Great Britain. Some of the noblest tions. He had some reason, like Paul, to "glory characters for piety, integrity, talent, and moral even in his infirmitiez, that the power of Christ might courage, that grace the annals of our country, were rest upon him.'
Baxter's contemporaries. Though he was chiefly a As to the character of his mind, it was eminently companion of those who feared the Lord, and his acute, discriminating, and capacious. In the early delight was principally with the saints and the expart of his career he had dipped pretty deeply mtocellent of the earth,' yet he was often in the society the dialectics of the old school. He loved at times of men of the first order of intellect, talent, and rank to indulge his metaphysical predilections. If these in society. Had the bar, the senate, or the court, studies tended to sharpen and polish his powers, and been the object of his taste, his talents were of such improve his love of order and arrangement in his an order as might have raised him to distinction in controversial and theological discussions, they were either. Had mere science, literature, and scholarthe chief advantages which he derived from them. ship, been the objects of his ambition, even at the In most other respects they are more a blemish than eleventh hour,' under all his early disadvantages, his a beauty in his writings, and are felt a burden, rather talents might have clothed him with the honours of than a benefit, to nine-tenths of his readers. It is either of the universities, and planted him in some of certain that the most arid pages of his voluminous the principal chairs. "Seest thou a man diligent in writings are those in which he indulges in his meta- his business, he shall stand before kings, he shall not physical disquisitions; and the most rich and racy stand before mean men. Had Baxter lived at an are those far more numerous pages in which he seems early age, he would have ranked among the fathers.' to forget his metaphysical and logical distinctions, while the Nonconformists called “no man father' or and opens all the fountains of pious feeling, and the master upon earth,' yet Baxter's mind and talents rich stores of theological lore with which his mind were of such an order, as to call forth the affectionate was replenished, and carries his reader captive at respect of such men as Drs Owen, Bates, Howe, pleasure. It is then that his mind is in its proper Manton, Goodwin, and others among the Nonconelement. It moves with the majesty of a vessel formists, and some of the most distinguished men for richly laden, under a spring tide, a fair gale, all her piety and talent in the Church of England. His incanvass spread, and the port in full view. His sen- timacy with, and moral influence among, some of the timents then came warm from the heart, and readily most pious and talented laymen, such as Sir Matthew find their way to it. The elements of his intellect Hale and Sir Robert Boyle, both within and without were simplicity, transparency, and downright honesty. the church; and his correspondence with several of Richard Baxter was a straight-forward honest man, the pious and literati of Europe, all go to show, that in the spirit of his mind.' His mind loved order, Baxter was no ordinary man, both as to piety, talent, and generally aimed at it. The plan, the division, and moral influence. the parts and proportions of several of his treatises But Baxter's genius early obtained a sacred and and sermons, are by no means sufficiently simple, sublimated character. It was wisely and well diclear, and accurate. This usually arose from the rected to the glory of its great Author who conmultiplicity and pressure of his labours. He seldom ferred it; to the honour of the Saviour who had had leisure deliberately to form a plan, calmly to cor- lived, and laboured, and died for the redemption of rect its defects, and deliberately to fill it up. Bax- a lost world; it was consecrated to the elucidation ter possessed an active, vigorous, and fertile mind. and publication of the unsearchable riches of Christ;' He seems to have had an inexhaustible spring of to the conversion and sanctification of perishing souls; ideas. His mind went from the centre to the whole and to the establishment and enlargement of the spicircumferences of revealed religion. No section of ritual kingdom of God in the world. His genius the vast field was left unexplored. He was a student did not run in a new, but it ran in a noble channel.
Theology, in all its departments, was It is a cause so sacred, a subject so sublime, and a his native element. His accumulations were vast work so arduous and stupendous, as to be worthy of and varied. He was more «a ready scribe' in the the best energies of an archangel. His choice was principles and laws of the kingdom of Christ and of “to prophesy over the dry bones. He carried the God, than a profound and elegant scholar. He had vestal fire of his genius into the pulpit. He studied, as much exquisite pleasure in the communication, as he prayed, and he preached, like an angel who had he had delight in the acquisition, of divine know- lighted from a distant orb. His searching sermons, ledge. He was like a giant refreshed with wine,' his solemn tones, and pointed appeals to the heart, while wielding the weapons of inspired truth, and his were sanctioned by heaven, and kindled conviction soul exulted in its anticipated success, as “a strong and concern into the most callous consciences. His man who runs a race. The weapons of the Christian inventive mind plied every scriptural measure to warfare he could and did use with great dexterity and make evangelical truth to bear with effect upon the effect.
people of his charge. He in good earnest . did the The extent and variety of Baxter's talents were work of an evangelist.' He taught' the mass of the of a very high order. He lived in an age of great people publicly, and from house to house,'' preachmen. The character of the times in which they ing repentance toward God, and faith toward our lived, put them all in requisition. No man of toler- Lord Jesus Christ. Kidderminster, which had long able talent, of decided piety and patriotism, could, I been a moral desert, by the divine blessing soon be