Essays and Reviews: The 1860 Text and Its Reading

Front Cover
Victor Shea, Victoria Shea, William Whitla
University of Virginia Press, 2000 - History - 1057 pages

Essays and Reviews is a collection of seven articles that appeared in 1860, sparking a Victorian culture war that lasted for at least a decade. With pieces written by such prominent Oxford and Cambridge intellectuals as Benjamin Jowett, Mark Pattison, Baden Powell, and Frederick Temple (later archbishop of Canterbury), the volume engaged the relations between religious faith and current topics of the day in education, the classics, theology, science, history, literature, biblical studies, hermeneutics, philology, politics, and philosophy. Upon publication, the church, the university, the press, the government, and the courts, both ecclesiastical and secular, joined in an intense dispute. The book signaled an intellectual and religious crisis, raised influential issues of free speech, and questioned the authority and control of the Anglican Church in Victorian society. The collection became a best-seller and led to three sensational heresy trials.

Although many historians and literary critics have identified Essays and Reviews as a pivotal text of high Victorianism, until now it has been almost inaccessible to modern readers. This first critical edition, edited by Victor Shea and William Whitla, provides extensive annotation to map the various positions on the controversies that the book provoked. The editors place the volume in its complex social context and supply commentary, background materials, composition and publishing history, textual notes, and a broad range of new supporting documents, including material from the trials, manifestos, satires, and contemporary illustrations.

Not only does such an annotated critical edition of Essays and Reviews indicate the impact that the volume had on Victorian society; it also sheds light on our own contemporary cultural institutions and controversies.

 

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Contents

Reading An Epoch in the History of Opinion
1
From Clerical Culture to Secularized Anglicanism Positioning Essays and Reviews in Victorian Social Transformation
3
To Inaugurate a New Era The Origin and Publication of Essays and Reviews
10
Reception and Response The Progress of Ideas Raises The Dust of Theological Strife
28
The Essayists the Essays and Their Contexts
46
The Broad Church Compromise
123
Essays and Reviews
131
The Education of the World
137
Tendencies of Religious Thought in England 16881750
387
On the Interpretation of Scripture
477
Documentation
615
Chronology of Essays and Reviews
617
Prefaces to the American Editions
628
Charges Manifestos Declarations and Testimonials 1860 to 1870
636
Trials and Appeals 1861 to 1864 Erroneous Strange and Heretical Doctrines
687
Satires by Lewis Carroll and Others
818

Bunsens Biblical Researches
181
On the Study of the Evidences of Christianity
233
Sťances historiques de Geneve the National Church
275
Mosaic Cosmogony
345
Essays and Reviews and Bishop Colensos Great Scandal
847
Temple and the Exeter Controversy of 186970 A Sham a Scandal and a Sacrilege
858
Copyright

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About the author (2000)

Victor Shea and William Whitla teach in the Division of Humanities at York University, Toronto.

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