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boast of the justice and humanity of their proceed.
ings in America, yet, in comparison with those of
the Spaniards, our possessions there were innocently
acquired. Some of them gained by conquest, or
cession, from Spain and from other European
powers,—some by contract with the natives, or by

princes; and, -as it bb
who have called in foll
their domestic content
of the disturbances of
they at length raised a
of their employers.
Dations, who had thus
jealous of each other's

possessed of a series of colonies, extending above
two thousand miles along the whole Eastern coast
of North America, besides many islands of inimense
value. These countries, instead of being thinly
peopled by a few hordes of ignorant savages, are
now adorned with many great cities, and innume.
rable rich plantations, which have made ample re-
turiis to their mother country, for the dangers and
expences which attended their first establishment.
Blest with more natural advantages than almost
any country in the world, they are making a swift
progress in wealth and grandeur, and sem likely,
in some future period, to be as much the seat of
empire and of science as Europe is at present.
Whether their attainments in virtue and liappiness
will keep pace with their advancement in know-
ledge, wealth, and power, is much to be ques-
tioned; for you will obserye, in your historical view
of the several great empires of the world, that as
each grew up towards the highest pitch of great-
ness the seeds of destruction grew up with it;
luxury and vice, by debasing the minds, and ener-
vating the bodies of the people; left them all, in
their turns, an easy prey to poorer and more va-
Jiant nations.

In the East, the Europeans introduced them.
selves in a milder.way; admitted first as traders,
aud, for the more coumodious carrying on their
commerce, indulged by the powers of the country
in establishing a few small factories -- they by gentle
degrees extended and strengthened their settlements
there, till their force became considerable enough
to be thought an useful auxiliary to contending

feuds of the native pe mutual contests-till wid glish, by a hagis coach obtained the inastery, and all their considerable sutt

The rapidity of our coll haps equal to that of the -but from different cau old established empire ad magnificence and luxury highest excess and the degree of onpression and d destruction, by the rivalsn Weakness of the goverume dent sovereigns; and the mealier people-indifferen they were compelled to

steme san ---

ther than they could at first
with astonishment they sa:
a few hundreds of brave te
and repeatedly put to flight
nale Indian slaves, and, i
for them an empire much la

From these remote quart
ROW return to Great Brita
which you ought certainly
fore you enter upon that
kingdom. If you have cour
to begin so high as the insa
before which nothing is kno
this island, you may seto
ceed with him to William


* This work was first printed in 1773.


princes; and, -as it has often happened to those who have called in foreign powers to interfere in their domestic contentions,-by availing themselves of the disturbances of a dismemnereit monarchy, they at lengti raised a power almost independent of their employers. Soon the several European pations, who had thus got footing in the Indies, jealous of each other's growing gicatne5s, made the feuds of the Dative princes subservient to their mutual contestatill witoin a few years, the En. glish, by a hagis concurrence of circumstances, obtained the inastery, and expelled their rivals from all their considerable settlements.

The rapidity of our conquesta here has been perhaps equal to that of the first invaders of America;

but from different causes. Here we found an old established empire advanced to its crisis; the magn ícence and luxury of the great carried to the highest excess,--and the people in a proportionable degree of oppression and debasement. Thus ripe for destruction, by the rivalsnip of the viceroys, and the weakness of the government, they became indepen dent sovereigns; and the dastardly spirit of the mealier people, indifferent to the cause for which they were compelled to fight,-encouraged these ambitious merchants to push their advantages far. ther than they could at first have supposed possible: with astonishment they saw the intrepid leaders of a few hundreds of brave free Britons, boldly oppose and repeatedly put to flight millions of these effeminale Indian slaves, and, in a short time, raised for them an empire much larger than their mothercountry.

From these remote quarters of the world, let us now return to Great Britain, with the history of which you ought certainly to acquaint yourself, before you enter upon that of any other European kingdom. If you have courage and industry enough to begin so high as the invasion of Julius Cæsar, before which nothing is known of the inbabitants of this island, you may set out with Rapin, and proceed with him to William the Conqueror. From

I do not know of an
that will answer your
gerai, which even in
Large work: there is a
and others, which perll
is still more volumind
From Mezerai you mi
the end of the reign oil

In considering the res
may be confined withi
history is, from the natu
and laborious than the al
of so many various kil

is æra there are other histories of England more tertaining than his, though I believe none es. emed more authentic. Party so strongly in. ences both historians and their readers, that it

a difficult and invidious task to point out the st amongst the number of English histories that Fer themselves : but, as you will not read with a itical view, nor enter deeply into politics, I think u may be allowed to choose that which is inost tertaining: and, in this view, I believe the ge. ral voice will direct you to Hume, though ho es no farther than the Revolution. Among other storians, do not forget my darling Shakspeare, faithful as well as a most agreeable one-whose storical plays, if read in a series, will fix in your emory the reigns he has chosen, more durably an any other history. You need not fear his ading you into any material mistakes, for he ceps surprisingly close to the truth, as well in the aracters as in the events. One cannot but wish e had given us a play on the reign of every nglish king,—as it would have been the pleasant t, and perhaps the most useful way of becoming quainted with it. For the other portion of Great Britain, Robertn's History of Scotland is a delightful work, and a moderate size. Next to your own country, Trance will be the st is teresting object of your enquiries : our ai. nt possessions in that country, and the frequent Itests we have been engaged in with its inhabitits, connect their history with our own. The ent of their dominion and influence their supied superiority in elegance and politeness, their inence in the Arts and Sciences,--and that inter. irse of thought, if so I inay call it, which subsists ween us, by the mutual communication of lite✓ productions,-make them peculiarly interest

to us; and we cannot but find our curiosity ited to know their story, and to be intimately nainted with the character, genius, and senlle its of this nation.

would be a task ungul lities, at least for sever samne time, it must be on tem of politics and com relation between the du that they are in a man body, and a total ignons state would throw all ou fairs of your own country erer, with the most rem distinguish the principal ciently enlighten you, an! prehend whatever relate3 with which you are more ferring you for this purpos in his lng abridgements, I choc pou a few sinall Tracts, lively pictures, not easily of the constitutions and it actions of several of these

Sir William Temple's Is

His Essay on Heroic Virt

account of the Saracen
Verrot's Revolutions des

The Iristory of Modern Eur tlar advantage. Editor.

I do not know of any g:neral history of France, that will answer your purpose, except that of Me. gerai, which even in the abridgement is a pretty large work: there is a very modern one by Velly and others, which perhaps may be more lively, but is still more voluminous and not yet completed. From Mezerai you may proceed with Voltaire to the end of the reign of Louis the Fourteenth. .

In considering the rest of Europe, your curiosity may be confined within narrower limits. Modern history is, from the nature of it, much more minute and laborious than the ancient, and to pursue that of so many various kingdoms and governments, would be a task unequal to your leisure and abilities, at least for several years to come: at the same time, it must be owned, that the present sss. tem of politics and commerce has formed such a relation between the different powers of Europe, that they are in a manner members of one gicat body, and a total ignorance of any considerable state would throw an obscurity even upon the af fairs of your own country*: an acquaintance, liowever, with the most remarkable circunstances that distinguish the principal governments, will surliciently enlighten you, and will enable you to coinprehend whatever relates to thein, in die histories with which you are more familiar, . Instead of re. ferring you for this purpose to dull and upintrest. ing abridgements, I choose rather to point out to you a few sinali Tracts, which exhibit striking and lively pictures, not easily effaced from the memory, of the constitutions and the most remarkable trans. actions of several of these nations. Such are, Sir William Temple's Essay on the United Pro.

vinces. His Essay on Ileroic Virtue, which contains some

account of the Saracen Empire. Vertot's Revolutions de Suède.

The Iristory of Modern Europe, may be read with putin tular advantage. Editor.

tot's Revolutions de Portugal. Itaire's Charles XII. de Suède. .... Pierre le Grand. ffendorf's Account of the Popes, in his Introduc. Eon to Modern History.

of knowledge, you sho
taste for it which is to
who liave been indulge
hiere amusement, you
I want mercy in offerii
that there needs an apol
it: but, comfort yoursell
taste for history will gro
that as you get acquait
tion, your curiosity cand
what concerns those im
it; and thus, you will in
degree of knowledge to

If you waste in trivial
of four years of your life
son of improvement, beli
bitterly regret their loss :
yourself inferior in knowil
you converse with ;-and,

some part of the History of Germany and Spain,

will see more in detail in Robertson's History Charles V. which I have already recommended you in another view. After all this, you may still be at a loss for the nisactions of Europe, in the last fifty years : for - purpose of giving you, in a very small compass, me idea of the state of affairs during that period, vill venture to recommend one book more;mpbell's State of Europe*. Chus much may suffice for that moderate scheme, sich I think is best suited to your sex and age. ere are several excellent histories and memoirs

particular reigns and periods, which I have Ken no notice of in this circumscribed plan; but th which, if you should happen to have a taste

the study, yon will hereafter choose to be acainted: these will be read with most advantage, er you have gained some general view of his'y and they will then serve to refresh youi me. ry, and settle your ideas distinctly; as well as able you to compare different accounts of the *sons and facts wbich they treat of, and to form ir opivions of them on just grounds. 13 I cannot, with certainty, foresee what degree application or geuius for such pursuits you will mistress of ; I shall leave deficiencies of this col. tion to be supplied by the suggestions of your Te informed friends; who, if you explain to them v far you wish to extend your knowledge, will ect you to the proper books. But if, instead of an eager desire for this kind

ever be a mother, when yo

direct and assist the p you will then find ignora and a real evil, Let this industry: and let not a own capacity be a discour Yours after knowledge; a with diligent and well-dire much farther than a more with that impatience and often accompanies quick want of capacity that so trifing insipid companions friendship and conversatio for the task of governing a it is much oftener from t the talents which they omitting to cultivate a provement: by this neg cerest of pleasures ; a pl maia when almost every which neither fortune por

This work raphicul unde nt. Edilje.

This work has not been published for some years: hrie's Geographical and Historical Grammar is the best k of the kind, at present. Editor.

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