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Revolt of part of the Continental army | Schuyler, Fort, siege of, by Colonel St.
quelled, 312, 313.

Leger, 224; gallant defence of, by
Revolution in the colonies assumes a dig- Colonel Gansevoort, and retreat of

tinct form in 1774, 131; further St. Leger, 225.
movements in 1775, 156; conclusion Seurs, Captain Isaac, destroys Riving-
of, 347.

ton's printing press at New York,
Revolutionary writers, 348.

171; seizes Rev. Mr. Seabury and
Rhode Island, people of, burn the British other clergymen of the Church of

revenue schooner Gaspee, 99; Brit- England, ib.
ish take possession of the islands of Slaves, great numbers captured by the
Rhode Island, Conanicut, and Pru. British, 271, 323.
dence, 204 ; siege of Newport by the Smith, Adam, endeavors to counteract
Americans, 249; battle of, ib. ; evac- Dr. Franklin's movements in Eng.
uated by the British, 277.

land, 133.
Ridgefield, battle of, 212.

Smithsonian Institute, the, 694.
Rivington, James (King's printer), his Sons of Liberty, origin of societies of, 66;

press destroyed by Americans under name given to patriots by Colonel
Capt. Sears, 171; his press re-estab- Barré, 91.
lished, 285 ; publishes a letter al-South Carolina, effect of the battle of
leged to have been written by Mr. Lexington and acts of Parliament
Laurens, President of Congress, on the people, 149; vigorous meas-
charging members with corruption, ures adopted by, ib.; Provincial

Congress convoked, ib. ; bills of
Rochambeau, Count de, commander of the credit emitted, ib.; campaign in

French army, arrives at Newport, 1780-81, 315-322. (See Charleston,
297; meets Washington in confer- Clinton, Cornwallis, and Greene.)
ence at Hartford, 298; they proceed Spain joins France against England, 276;
in company to Virginia, 324; siege her pecuniary aid to the United
of Yorktown, and surrender of Corn- States, 313.
wallis, 325, 326; the count receives Springfield, N. J., battle at, 297; burned
a special vote of thanks from Con- by the British, ib.

, 326 ; returns to France, 469. Stamp Act, proposed by Grenville, 53;
Rockingham, Marquis of, premier, 67; opposed by Colonel Barré, 57; pas-
275; is evacuated by the British, tion as President, 570; settlement

cabinet dissolved, 72; premier again sage of, 58 ; reception of, in Ameri-
in 1782, 833 ; dies, and is succeeded ca, ib.; mobs and riots on account
by Shelburne, 334.

of, 64, 65; discussion on, in Parlia-
Roebuck, Dr., employed by British min- ment, 68-70; repealed, 70; rejoi-

isters to counteract Dr. Franklin, cings on account of repeal, in Eng-
133; procures petitions from the land and America, ib.

people in favor of ministers, 134. Stark, General, defeats the British under
Royalists (see Tories).

Col. Baum, at Bennington, 224.

St. Clair, Arthur, life of, 480.
Sag Harbor, L. I., destruction of British Steuben, Baron, arrives in the United

vessels and stores at, by Col. Meigs, States, and tenders his services to

Congress, 235 ; succeeds Gen. Con-
St. Leger, Colonel, sends an expedition way as Inspector-General, and intro-

against Fort Schuyler, on the Mo- duces a system of tactics and dis-
hawk, 222; his defeat and final re- cipline into the army, 240.
treat, 224, 225.

Stirling, General Lord, commands part
Savannah, battle of, and defeat of the of the American troops on Long

Americans, 254; is taken by the Island, 194; gallantry of his com-
British troops under Col. Campbell

, mand in that battle, ib.; is defeated
ib.; attacked by the French and and taken prisoner, 195; at the bat-
Americans, and successfully defend- tle of Trenton, 203; is defeated by
ed by Gen. Prevost, 277.

Cornwallis, near Middlebrook, 215;
Schuyler, Gen., commards the northern joins Putnam on the Hudson river,

army, 205 ; commands the forces to 216; attempts an attack upon Staten
oppose Gen. Burgoyne, 223; evacu- Island, but is compelled to retreat,
ates Fort Edward, and retreats to- 295.
wards the Hudson, ib. ; his army in- Stony Point, fort at, taken by the Brit.
creased, ib.; is succeeded in the ish, 272; stormed and recaptured
chief command by Gen. Gates, 225; by the Americans under Wayne,
his humanity and kind treatment of 274; abandoned by Wayne, and
the British prisoners, 229.

again garrisoned by the British,

of Texas claims and boundaries,
Sullivan, John, appointed brigadier- 580; admission of California, 580;

general, 159; commands a division summary of his career, 591.
of the army on Long Island, 194 ; is Tea, duties on, imposed by Parliament,
defeated and taken prisoner at the 73 ; retained in 1769, 82; exports
battle of Long Island, 194-195 ; is of, to the colonies from England,
parolled, and sent by Lord Howe ib.; importers of, unpopular, 87;
with a message to Congress, 196 ;

Parliament refuse to repeal duty on,
is exchanged, and succeeds General 95; export duty on shipments to
Charles Lee in command, 202; at America removed, 103; arrival of
the battle of Trenton, 203; is order- cargoes at Boston, ib.; people of
ed to cross the Hudson, and encamp Boston resolve that it shall not be
near Peokskill, 216 ; commands the landed, ib.; destruction of, in Boston
right wing of the army at the bat- harbor, 105; not permitted to be
tle of Brandywine, 218; is attacked sold elsewhere, ib.
by Cornwallis

, and compelled to re- Thomson, Charles, life of, 481.
treat, ib.; his expedition against Ticonderoga, is strengthened by the
the British troops at Rhode Island, French, 38; attacked by Abercrom-
249; battle of Rhode Island, ib. ; bie, 40; expedition against, planned,
his admirable retreat, ib.; commands 153; taken by Allen and Arnold,
an expedition against the hostile ib.; invested and taken by General
Indians on the Susquehanna, 278; Burgoyne, 222 ; attacked by the
burns their villages, and compels Americans, who are repulsed, 226.
them to retreat to the wilderness, Townshend, Charles, supports the Stamp

Act, 57; chancellor of exchequer in
Sumter, Colonel, a partisan leader at the the Earl of Chatham's cabinet, 72;

South, attacks the British regulars proposes a new scheme for taxing
and tories at Rocky Mount, and is the colonies, which is carried in
repulsed, 291; defeats them at Parliament, 73 ; death of, 79.
Hanging Rock, ib. ; after a success- Tories, or Royalists, conduct of, 191 ;
ful attack on the Wateree, he is de- their loyalty checked by the con-
feated by Colonel Tarleton, 293 ;

duet of British and Hessian troops,
created brigadier-general, collects a 211; a detachment of, under Gov.
band of volunteers, and again har- Tryon, destroy Continental village,
asses the British army, 294; defeats Westchester, with barracks and mili-
Major Wemys at Broad river, and tary stores, 232 ; operations of (with

Col. Tarleton at Blackstock, 295. Indian allies) in the valley of Wyo-

me Court of the United States since ming, 251; also at Cherry Valley,
1789, 555.

253; depredations on the southern

frontier, ib. ; great numbers of, join
Tallmage, Major, his gallant enterprise the British army at the South, 268;

against Fort George-on Long Isl- increasing number of, in 1780, at the
and, 308.

South, 288.
Tarleton, Colonel, defeats and cuts to Tory, appellation of, to the colonial royal-

pieces a body of Americans in Caro- ists, 130; origin of the term, ib.;
lina, 291 ; charges and disperses families leave Boston with General
American troops with great slaugh. Howe, 182.
ter at Sanders' Creek, 292; his Treason of Arnold, 298.
operations checked by Marion, 294; Treasury Department, the, 690.
defeated by Morgan at the Cowpens, Treaty, of neutrality with the Indians,

pursued by Col. W. Washington, 315. 41; of Paris, its conditions, 46 ; of
Taxes, on the colonies, proposed by Gren- alliance between France and Amer-

ville, 53; right of imposing asserted ica, 234; between France and Spain,
by colonies, 55; recommended by 276; of peace, between United States
George III., 56; Stamp Act passed, and Great Britain, signed and rati-
58; repealed, 70; new law proposed fied, 335.
and passed, 73; resisted by the col. Trenton, battle of, 203, 204; reception of
onies, 74.

Washington at, 344.
Taylor, Zachary (vol. ii.), early history of, | Troops, British, land near Quebec, 42;

531; first military services, 533 ; cross the St. Lawrence-their criti-
the Mexican war, 543-559; elected cal situation, 43; glide down the
President, 563 ; last hours of, 567; St. Lawrence-Ascend the heights of
administration of, 569; inaugura- Abraham, 44; British, arrive in Bos-
ton, 76; additional, sent from Eng. Verplank's Point, Fort La Fayette at,
land, 141, 159, 175; German, or captured by the British, 272; un-
Hessians employed, 175; British, successfully attacked by Wayne,
evacuate Boston, 182; arrive off 275; evacuated by the British, 277.
Sandy Hook, 191; land on Long Vessels of war of the United States, 658.
Island, 194; enter city of New Virginia, opposes the Stamp Act, 58, 67 ;
York, 198. (See Army.)

sympathizes with Massachusetts, 96;
Tryon, governor of North Carolina, his house of burgesses petition the

tyrannical character and practices, King, ib.; recommend committees
97; leads his troops against the of correspondence, adopting resolu-
regulators, 98; his cruelty towards tions of Dabney Carr, 100; effect of
prisoners, ib.

the Boston port bill on public mind
Tryon, governor of New York, opera- in, 116; fast day appointed by bur-

tions of, 170; his plan to take gesses, ib.; Assembly dissolved by
Washington prisoner, 191; takes Lord Dunmore, 117; members or-
refuge in the ship Asia, 212; com- ganize an association, ib. ; recom-
mands an expedition to Connecticut, mend a general Congress, ib. ; Pro-
ib.; burns Danbury, 213; attacked vincial Congress convened, 151;
by Americans under Wooster and recommends a volunteer corps, ib ;
Arnold, and retreats, ib.; destroys speech of Patrick Henry, ib.; Brit-
Continental village, 232; his second ish expedition against, 244.
predatory expedition to Connecticut,
272; burns Fairfield and Norwalk, Walpole, Horace, indifferent on American

affairs, 57.
Tyler, John (vol. ii.), memoir of, 445 ; War, declared between France and Eng.

re-elected to Congress, 449 ; Clay's land, 27; declared by England
compromise act, 454; nomination against France-Queen Anne's, 28;
for Vice-President, 460 ; his admin- between England and France-its
istration as President, 463; political origin, 29; formally declared be-
parties in the United States, 466; tween England and France-vigor-
projected national bank, 471; fiscal ous preparations, 38; end of the
corporation bill, 474; appointments "seven years," 46; preparations
to offices, 489; trial of McLeod, 489; for, in the colonies, in 1774, 120;
new tariff law, 490; explosion of commences in earnest, 147; between
the United States steamer Prince. France and England, 242; between
ton, 493; annexation of Texas, 493; Spain and England, 276 ; between
review of his administration, 498. llolland and England, 310; conclu-

sion, and general peace, 334.
United States, name adopted by Con- War Department, the, 691.

Warren, Commodore, joins the expedition

against Louisburg, 29.
Valley Forge, encampment of Americans Warren, Joseph, appointed major-general,

at, 220; sufferings of the army at, 160; killed at battle of Bunker Hill,
237, 238; number encamped at, 162.
251; march of the army from, 245, Washington, George, appointed a com-

missioner-expedition to the French
Van Buren, Martin (vol. ii.), his early forts--his reception-his return to

career, 385; bis public life, 390 ; Williamsburgh, 32 ; made colonel -
leader of the democratic party of placed in command of troops—events
New York, 392; opposition of Clin- and results of his expedition, 33;
ton, 393; elected to the New York enters the army under Braddock,
convention, 394 ; his safety-fund 35; his bravery and preservation
system, 396 ; inaugurated President, at Braddock's defeat, 36; leaves the
398; derangement of the currency, service, 37; member of the Virginia
402 ; efforts to rescind the specie House of Burgesses, 78; appointed
circular, 403 ; the sub-treasury commander-in-chief of the Continen-
scheme, 404 ; abolition of imprison- tal army, 158 ; appeals to Congress
ment for debt, 408; Clay's nomina- on the state of the army, 172; re-
tion for President, 410; election of organizes the army, ib.; accepts
Harrison and Tyler, 413.

General Howe's terms of proposal to
Vergennes, Count dë, prime minister of quit Boston, 181; enters · Boston

France, negotiates a treaty of alli- with the Continental army, 182;
ance with the United States, 235; marches the army to New York-
his talents and character, ib.

his army defeated on Long Island-

gress, 188.

retreats to New York, 195; retires appeals to Congress for more troops
to the heights near White Plains, and longer enlistments, 309; failure
200; his defeat, ib. ; crosses the of his attempt to capture Arnold in
Hudson, and retreats through New Virginia, 314; holds a conference
Jersey before the British army, ib.; with the French officers in Connec-
crosses the Delaware to Pennsyl- ticut, and forms a junction of the
vania, 201; appointed military dic- American and French armies on the
tator by Congress, 203 ; crosses the Hudson, 323; prepares to attack
Delaware, and captures a body of New York, ib.; advances to a posi-
Hessians at Trenton, ib., 204 ; suc- tion near the city, but changes his
cessful stratagem of, and battle of plan, and the combined armies
Princeton, 210; retreats to Morris- march for Virginia, 324; prccedes
town, where he establishes his head- the army with De Rochambeau, and
quarters, 211; breaks up his en- arrives at La Fayette's head-quarters
campnient at Morristown, and at Williamsburg, ib.; receives the
marches to Middlebrook, near the surrender of Cornwallis and the
British head-quarters, at New British army at Yorktown, 326;
Brunswick-confers with Congress, endeavors, in vain, to induce Count
217; meets La Fayette, who be- de Grasse to aid in the reduction of
comes a member of his military Charleston, 327; adopts vigilant
family, ib.; marches to the Brandy- measures for the campaign of 1782
wine-is defeated, and retreats to -establishes his head-quarters at
Philadelphia, 218; attacks the Brit- Newburg, N. Y., 332 ; his humane
ish camp at Germantown, and is de- conduct in the case of Capt. Asgill,
feated, after a severe action, 219, ib.; discontent of the army after the
220; is attacked at Whitemarsh by conclusion of peace, and a monarchy
General Howe (who, after a few proposed to Washington, 336; his
skirmishes, falls back upon Philadel- reply and rebuke, ib.; his prudence
phia), 220; sends La Fayette with and influence induce the soldiers to
a detachment to watch the move- disband quietly, 337; bis farewell
ments of the enemy, 246 ; engages address to the army, 338; resigns to
them at Monmouth Court-House, Congress his commission as com-
247; crosses the Hudson to White mander-in-chief, 339; elected
Plains—sends troops against the delegate to the convention to form
Indians on the Susquehanna, 252; a constitution for the United States,
confers with Congress on plans for and chosen president of that body,
the campaign of 1779, 265; sends 343; elected President of the United
General Wayne to attack Stony States, 344; his progress to New
Point, 274; orders Major Lee to at- York, ib. ; his inauguration, 347.
tempt the capture of the British fort

(vol. ii.), birth of, 10-
at Paulus' flook, 276; goes into 11; early characteristics, 11 ; early
winter quarters at Morristown, 282; military life, 12; he joins General
sends a reinforcement to Gen. Lin- Braddock’s expedition, 13; his mar-
coln at the South, ib.; demands and riage, 14; his retirement at Mount
obtains a supply of provisions for Vernon, 15 ; becomes a member of
his army from the people of New the Virginia Legislature, 16; ap-
Jersey, 283; sends a large force to pointed delegate to the Continental
the Carolinas, 292 ; appoints Gen. Congress, 21; elected commander-
Greene to supersede Gen. Gates in in-chief, 21 ; events of the war, 23-
command of the southern army, 36; brilliant exploits in the middle
295 ; expresses to Congress great States, 37 ; capitulation of Burgoyne,
confidence in Gen. Greene, ib.; re- 46; unites with La Fayette, 50;
ceives commissions of lieut.-general events of 1782-3, 57; he retires
and vice-admiral from Louis XVI., from the army, 59; his appointment
296 ; sends a detachment from Mor- to the Presidency, 62; his inaugu-
ristown, under Gen. Greene, to meet ration, 66; first Congress at New
the British army in New Jersey, York, 68; war with the British, 72;
297; meditates an attack upon political relations with France, 77;
New York, ib. ; meets Rochambeau rise of the two political parties, 78;
(French general), at Hartford, Conn., adjustment of disputes with foreign
298; André's design for capturing powers, 79; his farewell address, 81.
him and his staff, 303; discovery of Washington, Col. W., commands a body
the treason of Arnold, 307; conduct of cavalry under Gen. Morgan, 315;
of Washington on that occasion, ib.;) defeats and pursues Col. Tarleton at

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the battle of the Cowpens, ib.; is | Whig, party name of, applied to patriots,
presented with a medal by Congress, 130; origin of the name, ib.

Wilkes, John, takes part in favor of the
Washington Navy-yard, 654.

colonies, 147.
Wayne, General, his gallantry at the Wolfe, General, at the siege of Louis-

battle of Brandywine, 218; is sur- burg, 40; his campaign on the St.
prised and defeated at Paoli, 219; Lawrence, 42; takes possession of
commands a division of the army on Point Levi-erects batteries-be-
marching from Valley Forge, 246; sieges Quebee, and resolves on an
leads the attack at the battle of assault-his desponding letter to
Monmouth, 247; storms and cap- Pitt, 43; effect of his letter-deter-
tures Stony Point fort, 274; receives mines to scale the heights of Abra-
the thanks of Congress and a medal, bam, 44; his death at Quebec, 45.
275; letter to him from Dr. Rush, Wooster, General, commands the Ameri-
ib.; joins La Fayette in Virginia, can troops in Fairfield county, Conn.,
322; his skilful attack on the Brit- 213; is killed at the battle of Ridge-
ish, and retreat, 323; is sent by Gen. field, ib.
Greene into Georgia, and defeats Wyoming Valley, massacre of the people

the British in several actions, 332. of, by tortes and Indians, 251.
West Point, fortress at, strength and im-

portance of, 300; General Arnold Yorktown, Cornwallis and the British
appointed to the command of, ib. ; army encamp at, and fortify, 323;
negotiations of Arnold with Sir invested by the combined American
Heury Clinton to surrender to the and French armies, 325; surrender
British, ib.; failure of the scheme, of Cornwallis, 326 ; Congress re-

solves to erect a marble column at,
West Point Military Academy, 636.


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