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ern army at Saratoga, ib. ; distin- Washington, and addresses him two
guished the southern campaign,

offensive le ib.; arrested, tried,

and suspended from command, ib.;

leaves the service, and dies at Phila-
Ladies, American, patriotism of, 86; in delphia, ib.

camp at Valley Forge, 239; daugh- Lee, Major (afterwards Colonel), cap-
ters of loyalists at the Mischianza, tures fort at Paulus' Hook, 276; ex-
Philadelphia, 245.

ploit and stratagem with Colonel
Of Fairfield, Connecticut, outrages on, Pyle in North Carolina, 318 ; joins

by Governor Tryon, 273; patriot- Gen. Marion, and captures several
ism and exertions of, 296.

forts, 319.
La Fayette, Marquis, offers his services Lee, Richard Henry, life of, 479.

to Congress; is accepted, and ap- Letter of St. Pierre; its tone, 33.
pointed major-general in the Conti- Of Lord Hillsborough to the colonies,
Dental army, 217; meets Washing- 82.
ton in Philadelphia, and becomes a Letters of a Pennsylvania Farmer, 74.
member of his military family, ib.;

Of Hutchinson and Oliver, exposed by
is wounded at the battle of Brandy- Franklin, 101.
wine, 218; his fidelity to Washing- Of instructions to colonial agents in
ton, 240; commands a detachment England, from Congress, 132.
of the army in Pennsylvania, 246 ; Of Adiniral Howe, 192, 193.
his skilful maneuvre when attacked, Letter of General Putnam to Governor
ib.; leads the advance troops at the Tryon relative to a spy taken by
battle of Monmouth, 247; commands the Americans, 216.
a detachment sent to Rhode Island, Lexington, battle of, 145 ; effects of, on
249; challenges Earl Carlisle, one the people of the colonies, 147-149.
of the British commissioners, for Liberty, Sons of, societies so called form- ·
insulting language used towards ed in the colonies, 66.
France, 250; makes a visit to Liberty, sloop, seized at Boston, 75.
France, 261; success of his mission, Poles erected in the colonies, 96.
and return to America, 296; receives “Liberty or Denth,” patriotic phrase ori-
the thanks of Congress, ib.; dis- ginated with Patrick Henry, 152.
patched by Washington to Virginia, Lighthouses, beacons, &c., 668.
314; his skilful maneuvres against Lincoln, General

, surprised by Lord
the British, 322–323.

Cornwallis, at Boundbrook, New
Laurens, Henry, President of Congress ; Jersey, and retreats, 212; joing

publication, in Rivington's Royal General Gates at Saratoga, 226; is
Gazette, of a letter alleged to have included in the vote of thanks by
been written by him, but supposed Congress, 232; takes command of
to have been forged, and intercepted

the South, 267; en-
by the enemy, 285; effects of, on camps on the Savannah river, 268;
the public mind, ib. ; appointed min- strength of his army in April, 1779,
ister to Holland, and captured by 269 ; marches to attack Savannah,
the British, 309; released on bail, ib. ; apprised of the march of Gen.
and afterwards exchanged for Gen. Prevost, with the British army; he
Burgoyne, 328.

moves towards Charleston, attacks
life of, 476.

a division at Stony Ferry, and is
Laurens, John, appointed special commis- repulsed, 270; prepares for defence

sioner to France; obtains financial of Charleston, 288; refuses to sur-
aid for the United States, 313; is render to the British fleet and
killed in an action in South Caro- army, and they open a destructive
lina, 332.

fire upon the town, 289; the British
Lee, General Charles, military operations prepare for an assault, and the

of, at New York, 183; repairs to American general and army sur-
South Carolina, and defends Charles- render prisoners of war, 290; ex-
ton, 181; commands part of the changed for Gen. Phillips, 309.
army at White Plains, 201; ordered London, City of, takes sides with the
to New Jersey, 202; is surprised colonies, 143 ; petitions the king in
and taken prisoner, ib.; British re- their favor, ib.; rebuked by the
fuse to exchange him, 216; ex-

king, ib.
changed for Gen. Prescott, and com-Long Island, landing of British troops at,
mands a detachment of the army, 193; battle of, 194; defeat of the
246 ; his conduct at the battle of Americans, 195; retreat of the Con-

Monmouth, 247; quarrels with tinental army, ib.; destruction of
VOL. II.-42

the army

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British vessels and stores at Sag! Massachusetts, Colonial Assembly of, in-
Harbor by Col. Meigs, 214; Major vite a congress at New York in
Tallmadge's expedition against Fort 1765, 62 ; take a bold stand against
George, 308.

acts of Parliament respecting taxa-
Loudon, Lord, appointed British com- tion, 74; Assembly dissolved by the

mander-in-chief in America, 38; re- governor, 75; provincial couven-
called, 41.

tion formed, 77; people and legisla-
Louisburg, its cost, English expedition ture declared guilty of treasonable

against it, flight of the French from acts by Parliament, 79; charter
it, its surrender, 29; English at- altered by act of Parliament, 111;
tempt to capture it, 39.

action of General Assembly, 117,
Lovell's expedition to the Penobscot de- 118; secret conference of members,

feated by the British under Sir ib. ; recommend a general Congress,
George Collier, 276.

ib.; appoint delegates, and are dis-
Loyalists (see Tories).

solved by the governor, ib.; "Sol.

emn League and Covenant” adopted,
Madison, James (vol. ii.), his early days, ib.; denounced by General Gage,
173; debates on the constitution,

state of public feeling in 1774,
174; his letter to Washington on 120; people prepare for war, 110;
the subject, 175; is elected member Provincial Congress formed, 122;
of the new Congress, 176 ; his mar. their resolutions, ib. ; Assembly re-
riage, 176 ; his papers on foreign solve themselves into a Provincial
commerce, 177; is appointed secre- Congress, 130; enroll militia as
tary of state, ib.; his retirement minute men, 131; resolve to pur-
from public life, 178; his death, ib. ; chase munitions of war, 144; ad-
administration of, inaugurated, 179; dress the English people on the
the non-intercourse act modified, battle of Lexington, 147; organize
ib.; declaration of war 1812, 181; an army, ib.; issue paper money,
commercial controversy with Great ib.
Britain, 182; Louisiana admitted Mecklenburg, Declaration of Independ-
into the Union, 183; Henry Clay ence at, May, 1775, 149.
elected speaker of the House of Meigs, Colonel, gallant expedition of, to
Representatives, 184; augmentation Long Island, 214; Congress pre-
of the army, 185 ; John Henry, the sents him with a sword, ib.
British spy, 188; his mission to Mercer, General, killed at the battle of
England, and its failure, 189; im- Princeton, 210.
portant acts regulating commerce Middleton, Henry, life of, 475.
and internal affairs, 191; declara- Mitslin, Thomas, life of, 479.
tion of war with England, ib.; re- Military Divisions, 642.
election as President, 194; conven- Military Establishments, 618.
tion of the Federalists, 195; repeal Military Force of the United States, 645.
of the orders in council, 195; mili- Ministers of the United States to foreign
tary and naval engagements, 198 ; countries from 1789 to 1854, 560-
direct negotiations for peace, 200 ;

Gallatin, secretary of treasury, Ministers from France to the United
201; commercial difficulties, 204 ; States, 248, 283.
the “Hartford Convention," 207; Ministers to Great Britain and Spain
meeting of the commissioners at appointed by Congress, 283; to Hol-
Ghent, 209; rejection of their pro- land, 309.
posals, 210; action of Congress re- Mint, the, at Philadelphia, 671.
specting militia, 211; cost of the Minute-men enrolled in New England,
war, 213; miscellaneous acts of Con- 131.
gress, 217; survey of the public Mischianza, entertainment given to Gen.
lands, 220.

Howe and Admiral Howe, at Pbila-
McCrea, Miss, murder of, by Indians, 223. delphia, on taking leave, description
McKean, Thomas, life of, 478.

of, 245.
Marion, Gen., a partisan leader, wounded Monmouth, battle of, 247.

at the siege of Charleston, 294; Monroe, James (vol. ii.), his birth and
performs signal services in the cam- parentage, 223; his early military
paigns at the South, ib.; joined by services, 224 ; is member of legisla-
Lee; they capture Fort Watson, tive councils of Virginia, ib.; changes
Fort Motto, and Fort Granby, 319; in articles of confederacy, 225;
Georgetown, 320; exploits and an- elected governor of Virginia, 227;
ecdotes of, ib.

measures for restoring public credit,


229; survey of canals and roads, troops, 200; by the American army,
229; elected President, ib.;

211; «vacuated by the British, 215.
elected President, 230; his death, New London, Conn., aitack of, intended
ib. ; administration of, Jackson's by Sir Henry Clinton, prevented by
letter to, 235; repeal of domestic a storm, 263 ; again threatened by
duties, 237; internal improvements, Governor Tryon, but saved by his
238; treaty with Sweden, 239; recall, 273; burned by Arnold, 324.
Alabama formed into a Siate, 240; Newport, R I., siege of, by the Ameri-
convention with Great Britain, 240 ; cans, 249; abandonment of the siege,

commercial treaty with France, 248. and retreat of Gen. Sullivan, ib.
Montcalm, commander of the French New York, committee of the Assembly

force in Canada-crosses Lake Erie of, propose a Colonial Congress in
with 5,000 men-captures Fort On- 1765, 62; violent opposition to the
tario at Oswego-returns to Canada Stamp Act by the people-mobs
-collects his force at Ticonderoga and riots, 65; Assembly refuse to
-captures Fort William Henry, 39; enforce Mutiny Act, 72 ; prohibited
defends Ticonderoga-siege raised, by act of Parliament from passing
41; prepares to attack the British, laws, until obedient to the Mutiny
44; his death at Quebec, 45.

Act, 78; people of, send remon-
Montgomery, General, commands expe- strance to Parliament against taxa-

dition to Canada, 165; captures tion, 80; violate non-importation
Fort Chambly, 166; St. Johu's, ib. ; agreements, 95 ; tea not permitted
Montreal, ib.; joins Arnold, and at- to be landed, 105; Assembly refuse
tacks Quebec, 168 ; is killed, and to appoint delegates to the Congress
his army defeated, ib.

of 1774, 124; delegates appointed
Montreal, defended by De Callières, 28 ; by town meetings, ib. ; refuses to

surrendered to the English, 46 ; adopt the resolution of Congress
taken by the Americans under respecting commerce, 129; makes
Montgomery, 166.

common cause with the colonies
Morgan, General, defeats the British at after the battle of Lexington, 148 ;

the Cow pens, 316 ; receives a medal many of the people royalists, 170;
from Congress, 316.

Tryon, royal governor, ib.; Riving-
Morris, Robert, Treasurer of the United ton's (tory) press destroyed, 171;
States—his important financial op-

Continental army under Washing-
erations and patriotic services, 313.

ton arrive at, 183; statue of George
Morristown, N. J., Continental troops en- III. destroyed, 188; evacuated by
camp at, 211, 282.

the American army, 198; British
Mutiny of the Pennsylvania and New army takes possession, ib. ; great

Jersey troops, in 1781, quelled by fire destroys about one-third of the
Washington and Wayne, 312, 313. city, 199.

New York Navy-yard, 653.
National Armories, 641.

New York Custom-house, 667.
National Observatory, the, 694. Non-Importation Agreement, adopted,
Naval Academy at Annapolis, 657.

66, 74, 78; effects of, in England,
Naval Asylum, Philadelphia, 655.

Naval baitle on Lake Champlain, 205. North Carolina, early movements in,
Naval Establishment, 645

against British authority, 97; or-
Naval Hospitals, 656.

ganization of the Regulators, ib. ;
Navy, American, commencement of, 181; action of the Regulators with Brit-

condition and operations of, 254, ish troops in 1771, 98; movements
255 ; action between the American of the people in 1775, 149; Provin-
ship Randolph and British ship Yar- cial Congress convened, ib.; Com-
mouth, and destruction of the former, mittees of Safety appointed, ib.;
255; operations of Paul Jones, ib. ; independence declared at Mecklen-

notice of various operations, 329. burg, ib. ; military operations in,
Navy, British, strength of, in 1778, 254. 183; campaign in 1780, 77, 315-
Navy Department, the, 691.

Navy-yards of the United States, 651. North, Lord, proposes to reject the New
New Haven, Conn., entered by the British York remonstrance, 80; moves in

under Tryon, 273; after various out- Parliament for repeal of duties in
rages, the enemy retire, without part, retaining the tax on tea, 94 ;
burning the town, ib.

proposes to make governors and
New Jersey, patriotic proceedings of the judges of the colonies independent

people, 149; overrun by British of the people, 100; offers a resolu-

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tion in Parliament permitting the Peace, of 1697, between England and
export of tea to America free of

France, 28; of Utrecht, and its
export duty, 102; other measures terms, thirty years between Eng-
proposed by him, 109, 111, 112; land and France, 29; treaty of Aix-
proposes further coercive measures, la-Chapelle, 30; treaty of Paris, 46;
140, 141, 174; introduces a concilia- people of England anxious for, in
tory plan, 142; makes concessions 1782, 333; preliminary negotiations
in favor of America, 242; moves an for a general peace in Europe and
address to the King on the treaty America, 334; treaty of, signed and
between France and America, 259; ratified, 335.
resigns after the battle of York- Peekskill, capture of military stores at,
town, and other disasters in Ameri- 212.

Penitentiary and Hospital for Insane,
Norfolk Navy-yard, 652.

ca, 333.

Norwalk (Conn.), burned by Governor Penn, William, heirs of, protest against
Tryon, 273.

the Canada Boundary bill, 115.

Pennsylvania Convention appoints dele-
Ohio Company, its character-grant from gates to Congress with instructions

the crown-French jealousy of it- (1774), 123.
appeal to Virginia for protection, Penobscot, failure of Gen. Lovell's expe-
31; send around men to erect a dition to, 276.
fort-secure aid from Virginia and Pensacola Navy-yard, 654.

Carolina—their fort destroyed, 33. Philadelphia, citizens of, oppose Stamp
Oliver, Andrew, stamp master at Boston, Act, 67, 68; tea not permitted to

attacked by a mob, and burned in be landed, 105 ; British army under
effigy, 64; resigns his office, 65 ; Gen. Howe take possession of, 219;
his letters exposed by Dr. Franklin, conduct of British troops at, 245,
101; Assembly of Massachusetts pe- 246; departure of Gen. Howe, and
tition for his removal as lieutenant- fête given him by his officers, 245;
governor, 102.

Sir Henry Clinton takes command,
Oliver, Peter, chief-justice of Massachu- ib.; British army evacuate the city,

setts (brother of Andrew), replies to 246; American army, under Gen.
the queries of the Assembly, who Arnold, take possession, ib.
demand his removal from office, Philadelphia Navy-yard, 653.
115; the governor refuses to re- Phillips, General, taken prisoner at the
move him, and the Assembly re- surrender of Burgoyne-exchanged
solve to impeach the chief-justice, for Gen. Lincoln, 309; sent by Clin-

ton to join Arnold in Virginia, 314;
Otis, James, member of the Congress of their joint operations, ib. ; bis death

1765, 64; one of a committee to at Petersburg, 322.
wait on Governor Bernard, 76. Pierce, Franklin (vol. ii.), biographical

sketch of, 627; member of Congress,
Paine, Thomas, secretary of Congress 635 ; military services in Mexico,

for foreign affairs, 284; makes 645-648; election to the Presidency,
charges against Silas Deane, ib. ; 651; inauguration, 652.
cited to appear at the bar of Con- Pitt, William, made prime minister,
gress, ib.; resigns his office, ib.

40; contemplates the conquest of
Paoli, battle of, 219.

Canada-assigns an active part to
Paper money issued by Massachusetts Wolfe, 41 ; his course on the Stamp

Provincial Congress, 147; by Conti- Act, 56 ; takes the part of the
nental Congress, 157, 266; depreci- Americans, 68; replies to Grenville,
ation of, 266.

69; proposes a repeal of the Stamp
Parker, Admiral, arrives off the coast of Act, ib. ; created Earl of Chatham,

Carolina, 183; his unsuccessful at- 72; curious cabinet formed by him,
tack on the fort near Charleston, ib. (See Chatham.)

184; takes Rhode Island, 204. Polk, James K. (vol. ii.), early lise of, 501 ;
Party names applied in the colonies, representative to Congress, 503; re-
130; spirit in the Continental Con- elected member of Congress, 505;

chosen Speaker of House of Repre-
Pay, &c., of army officers, 644.

sentatives, 505 ; governor of Ten-
of the navy, 659.

nessee, 507; elected President, 508
Paulus' Hook," fort at, captured by administration of, 511; inaugural

Americans under Major Lee of ceremonies, 511; annexation of
Virginia, 276.

Texas, 513; difficulties between the

gress, 283.

United States and Mexico, 514; brigadier-general, 218; acts with
declaration of war with Mexico, 517; General Moultrie at the South, 269,
settlement of the Northwestern 270; killed while charging a British
Boundary question, 518; review of force at the attack on Savannah,
his administration, 528.

278; Congress erect a monument to
Population of the United States for fifty his memory at Savannah, ib.
years, 569.

Putnam, Israel, commands a corps of
Portsmouth Navy-yard, 652.

Connecticut troops, 147; appointed
Post Office, the, 614.

major-general in the Continental
Post-Office Department at Washington, army, 168; one of the commanders

at Bunker Hill, 160; at the battle
Predatory expeditions of the British, of Long Island, 193; at the retreat
232, 233, 249, 271, 272.

from New York, 198; takes com-
Prescott, Col., commands Americans at mand at Philadelphia, 202; stationed
Bunker Hill, 159.

on the highlands of the Hudson river,
Prescott, Major-General, of the British 216; a spy (Lieut. Palmer, of the

army, captured at Rhode Island by British army) taken in his camp,
Colonel Barton, 216; exchanged for and executed by his order, ib.; his
General Lee, 246.

letter to Gov. Tryon on the subject,
President's House, the, 688.

ib.; commands troops at Danbury,
Presidents of the Continental Congress, Conn., 275 ; his daring feat at West

Greenwich, ib.
Presidents and Vice-Presidents, votes for,
from 1789 to 1849, 547.

Quebec, expedition against, 1629-cap-
Presidents of the Senate, 556.

tured-its restoration to France-
Prevost, General, commands the British second English expedition against it,

army at the South 268 ; his various 27; defended by Frontenac-third
operations, 268, 269; re-organizes English expedition against it-its
the government of Georgia, ib.; at- failure, 28 ; strongly fortified, 42;
tacks and defeats General Moultrie, surrendered to the English, 45;
ib. ; plans an attack upon Charles- change in laws for the government
ton, 270; summons the town to sur- of, 114; attacked by Montgomery
render, ib. ; withdraws his troops, and Arnold, 167; successfully de-
and moves towards Savannah, ib ; fended by the garrison, 168.
successfully defends the city of Sa- Quincy, Josiah, his remarks at the Bos-
vannah against an attack by the ton town meeting, 1773, 104.

Americans and French, 277.
Princeton, battle of, 210.

Randolph, American frigate (Captain
Privateers, American, enterprise and Biddle), engages the British ship

numbers of, 172 ; successful exploits Yarmouth, and is destroyed, 255.
of, 172, 255.

"Randolph, Peyton, life of, 475.
Privateers, British, authorized against Rawdon, Lord, commands a division of

Americans by " Letters of Marque,” the British army at the South, 292;

issued by act of Parliament, 212. is joined by Cornwallis, and they
Proceedings of commissioners at Annapo- defeat General Gates at Sanders'
lis, 498.

Creek, ib. ; engages General Greene
Providence, R. I., people of, destroy the near Camden, 319; burns Camden,

British revenue schooner Gaspee, 99. and retreats to the South, ib. ; raises
Provincial Convention formed in Massa- the siege of Ninety-Six, 320; retires
chusetts, 77.

to Eutaw Springs, resigns his com-
Congress formed in same colony, 122. mand to Col. Stewart, and returns
Congresses and assemblies of the colo- to England, 321.

nies approve of the proceedings of Recruiting atalions, 643.
Congress of 1774, 129.

Red Bank Fort (on the Delaware), at-
Congress of Massachusetts enroll mili- tacked by the Hessians, who are re.

tia, 131; invite other colonies to pulsed by the Americans, 219; Lord
join them, ib.

Cornwallis marches against it, and
Congresses and assemblies formed the Americans retreat, ib.

throughout the colonies, 131. Refugees (see Tories).
Public property of the United States, Regulators, origin and organization of,

in North Carolina, 97; action with
Public lands, the, 609.

Tryon's troops, 1771, 98.
Pulaski, Count, distinguished in the Reidesel, Baroness, her account of the

battle of Brandy wine, and made a surrender of Gen. Burgoyne, 229.

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