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194; at Harlem heights, 207; of ceived in the Colonies, 116; troops
White Plains, 200; of Fort Wash- introduced into, by Gen. Gage, 119;
ington, ib.; of Trenton, 203, 204 ; of port closed, and consequent distress,
Princeton, 210; of Ridgefield, 213; ib. ; fortifications at the Neck com-
naval, on Lake Champlain, 205; at menced by Gen. Gage, 121; block-
Springfield and Somerset, New Jer- ade of, 148; siege of, hy Americans,
rey, 211; of Brandywine, 217; of 180; evacuation of, by the British
Pauli, of Germantown, at Red Bank, and Tories, 182; Navy.yard, 652.
of Whitemarsh, 219, 220; of Hub. Boudinot, Elias, life of, 478.
bardton, 222 ; of Bennington, 224; Boundaries of the United States fixed by
of the Mohawk, ib.; of Fort Schuy- the treaty of 1788, 335.
ler, 174, 225 ; battle of Stillwater, Braddock, General, arrives from Ire-
ib. ; second battle of Stillwater, 227; land—bis authority-his expedition
battle of Monmouth, 247; of Rhode against the French-his death, 35.
Island, 249 ; of Savannah, 254 ; of Brandywine, battle of, 217.
Port Royal, 268; of Briar Creek, Breed's Hill occupied and fortified by
269 ; of Stony Point, 274; attack on Americans, 159.
Savannah, 277; of Monks' Corner, British Commissioners (appointed in
289; at Santee River, ib. ; siege 1778), arrive in Philadelphia, and
and capture of Charleston and Lin- make proposals for peace, which are
coln's army, 290; battles of Rocky rejected by Congress, 243; offer
Mount and Hanging Rock, 291; of bribes to members of Congress, pub-
Sanders' Creek, and death of De lish addresses to the people, without
Kalb, 292; of the Wateree, 293 ; of effect, and return to England, 24 1.
Broad River, 295; of Black-tock, British Cabinet, changes in, viz : Gren-
ib.; of Springfield, N. J., 297 ; of the ville, premier, 52 ; Rockingham, pre-
Cowpens, 315; of Guilford C. H., mier, 67; Pitt, Earl of Chatham,
318; of Hobkirk's Hill, near Cam- forms a cabinet, 72 ; Duke of Graf-
den, 319; of Eutaw Springs, 321; ton, head of ministry, 79; Lord
of Yorktown, 325.
North, minister, 94; resigns, 333;
Bernard, Governor, dissolves the Massa- Rockingham, premier, 33t; dies, ib. ;
chusetts Assembly, 75; his removal Lord Shelburne, premier, ib.
by the King petitioned for, ib. ; in- Laws respecting Colonies, 51; Naviga-
troduces British troops into Boston, tion Act, ib.
76; refuses to convene the Assem- Manufactures, Americans resolve not
bly, 77; demands of the Assembly to import, 66, 74, 78, 79; manufac-
funds to pay British troops, 81; his turers and others petition Parlia-
demand refused, ib.; dissolves the ment in favor of Colonies, 131.
Assembly, ib. ; is created a baronet Parliament, denied in America, 74;
by the King, ib.; returns to Eng. proceedings in, against colonies, 79;
land, and is succeeded by Hutchin. refuse to repeal the tea duty, 95 ;
action of, on Boston tea riot, 108 ;
Board of War instituted, 240; General debates in, 1776, on employing Ger-
Gates placed at the head, ib.; plans mans, 178; vote large supplies for
an expedition to Canada, ib.
the army, and issue letters of
Boston, freeholders of, pass votes of marque, 212; effect of Burgoyne's
thanks to Barré and Conway for surrender on, 230; committee ap-
their opposition to the Stamp Act, pointed to inquire into the state of
61, 62; mob and riots on account of the nation, ib.; proceedings in, 241;
the Stamp Act, at, 64; people op- last speech and death of the Earl of
pose the payment of duties, 75; Chatham, 243; war with France
petition of people of, rejected in takes place in consequence of the alli-
Parliament, 79; the first martyr to ance between France and America,
the cause of American liberty, 88; 242; ministers make concessions in
of citizens by British favor of America, ib.; commissioners
troops, ib.; arrest of Capt. Preston, sent to America with proposals for
91 ; is acquitted, 94; funeral of the peace, ib.; American independence
citizens killed, 93; troops removed advocated by the opposition, ib. ;
from, ib.; arrival of cargoes of tea proceedings in, on reception of
at, 103; public meetings and excite- notice of the French treaty with
ment, 104; destruction of tea in the America, 259; reception of the news
harbor, 105; port bill, passed, 109, of the disasters in America (1781),
111; Lord North’s remarks on the violent debates and censure of min-
people of, 109; port bill, how re- ister, 328.
Bunker Hill, battle of, 161.
French exposed by Washington, in a
Burgoyne, Gen., arrives at Boston with letter to Congress, opposing the en-
the British army, 159; supersedes terprise, ib.; scheme abandoned by
Gov. Carleton in command of the Congress, ib.
forces in Canada, 221; plan of his Cape Breton retained by France-its
operations, ib.; forces under his fortifications, 29; restored to France,
command, ib.; list of generals in his 30; surrenders to the English, 40.
army, 222; gives a war-feast to the Capitol, the, at Washington, 686, 688.
Indians, and issues a proclamation Carleton, Sir Guy, governor of Canada,
to the Americans, ib. ; captures Ti- 165; his operations for defence of
conderoga, ib. ; pursues the Ameri- the province, ib. ; retreats down the
cans to Fort Edward, 222-3; difti- St. Lawrence to Quebec, 166; nar-
culties encountered in his march, row escape of, from Arnold's troops,
ib.; sends a detachment to Benning- 167; receives reinforcements, and
ton, which is defeated by the Amer- defeats the Americans, 169; is
ịcans under General Stark, 224; he superseded by Gen. Burgoyne, 221;
crosses the Hudson river, and en- succeeds Sir Henry Clinton in com-
camps on the heights of Saratoga, mand of the British forces in Amer-
225; his army is attacked by the ica, and arrives at New York, 239.
Americans, ib.; distressing situation Carr, Dabney, of Virginia, proposes to
of his troops, ib.; after a second appoint committees of correspond.
battle he retreats a few miles to ence in the colonies, 100.
the north, 227; has his retreat to Census (seventh) of the United States,
Fort Edward cut off, and is com- 568.
pelled to surrender, with bis army, Champe, Sergeant, his unsuccessful at-
to the Americans under Gen. Gates, tempt to abduct the traitor Arnold,
228; his letter to Lord George Ger- 307.
maine, ib.; his army retained in Champlain, Lake, operations on, 165,
America as prisoners until the close
battle on, 206, 207.
of the war, 309.
Charleston, S. C., summoned to surrender
Burke, Edmund, in the Rockingham by General Prescott, 270 ; British
cabinet, 67; advocates a repeal of troops withdraw from the siege, ib.;
the Stamp Act, 70; describes the siege and capture of, by Sir Henry
Chatham cabinet, 72; denounces Clinton and Admiral Arbuthnot,
the measures of government against 289, 290; British take possession of,
the colonies, 78; moves resolutions ib.
against measures of ministers, 95; Charlestown (Mass.), burned by the
opposes Massachusetts bill, 111; British, 160.
sustains proposition to repeal the Chatham, Earl of, William Pitt created,
tea duty, 113; opposes the Canada 72; cabinet formed by him, ib. ;
bill, 114; offers a plan of concilia- proposes an address to the King to
tion, which is rejected by Parlia- remove the troops from Boston,
ment, 143; proposes another plan 158; his remarks on the subject,
of conciliation, 182; bis sarcasm on ib.; presents a bill for settlement of
Lord North, 242.
the colonial troubles, which is re-
Burr, Aaron, accompanies Arnold in his jected, 139; submits his plan to
expedition to Canada, 168; bears Franklin, ib.; his remarks on em-
the body of Gen. Montgomery from ploying German troops. 212; his
the field before Quebec, ib.
remarks on the defeat of Burgoyne's
expedition, 230; moves for a cessa-
Camden, S. C., battle near, at Sanders' tion of hostilities, ib.; his remarks
Creek, and defeat of General Gates, on American affairs, 241; his last
292; battle near, at Hobkirk's Hill, speech in the House of Lords (being
against the acknowledgment of
Canada, English propose to wrest it American independence), 213 ;
the battle of Bunker Hill, 161; commotions in, 123; public feel-
arrives off the coast of Carolina, ing in, after battle of Lexington,
184; attacks Fort Moultrie, near 148.
Charleston, and is defeated, ib.; Commissioner sent by Virginia to confer
joins Howe at New York, 185; is with the French-delicacy of his
left by Howe in defence of New duties, 32.
York, 230; promises to attempt a Committee of Correspondence appointed
junction with Burgoyne, who anx- in New York (1764), 62.
iously waits for him, 226; moves Committee of Correspondence recom-
from New York up the Hudson, mended in Virginia (1773), 100; in-
ten days before the surrender of vention of, claimed by Massachu-
captures Forts setts, ib. ; attributed to Dr. Frank-
Montgomery and Clinton, 231; leads lin, ib. ; beneficial effects of, 101.
the British grenadiers to the assault, Confederation, articles of, considered by
232; dismantles the forts, and re- Congress, 171; adopted, 232; re-
turns to New York, 233; succeeds visal of, recommended by Congress,
General Howe in command of the 342.
British army, 245; fights the Amer- Congress, Senators and Representatives
icans at Monmouth, 247; retreats in, 511-537; delegates from Terri-
to New York, 248; marches for tories to (1847), 537; Senators and
Rhode Island, 249; returns to New Representatives in, from 1847 to
York, sends a detachment to the 1855, 538–545; sessions of, 546.
South, 254 ; captures forts at Ver- Congress of Commissioners, at Albany,
planck's and Stony Point, 272 ; in 1754, 34, 504; adopt a plan of
concentrates his forces at New general government, rejected by
York, 277; leaves General Knyp- Great Britain and Colonies, 34.
hausen in command at New York, At New York, in 1765, proposed by
disasters of the voyage, 288 ; re-
Committee of New York Assembly,
cruits at Savannah, ib.; besieges 62; invited by circular of Massachu-
Charleston, ib. ; attacks the town setts Assembly, ib. and 504.
from the ships, 289; issues a pro-
Meeting of first Colonial (Oct., 1765),
clamation, and re-establishes the 63 ; list of delegates, 64; proceed-
royal government in South Caro- ings of, ib.
lina, 291; leaves Cornwallis in com- First Continental, at Philadelphia
mand, and returns to New York, (1774), recommended by Virginia,
ib.; defeats the Americans under 117; by Massachusetts, 118; dele-
Greene, 297 ; negotiates with Gen. gates appointed, ib. ; meeting of
Arnold for the surrender of West delegates, 125 ; their character and
Point, 300; endeavors to save Major proceedings, 125, 128; Pitt's opinion
André after his capture, 307; sends of, 126; provide for a new Congress,
troops to Virginia, under Generals and adjourn, 129.
Arnold and Phillips, 314; his in- Second Continental, meet at Philadel-
structions to Lord Cornwallis, 322; phia, 1775, 154 ; their proceedings,
receives reinforcements at New ib.; organize a Continental army,
York, 324; sends Arnold on an ex- 157 ; issue paper money, 157-171;
pedition to Connecticut, ib. ; sails consider a plan for confederation,
for Virginia with large reinforce- 171; appoint a committee to pre-
ments for Cornwallis, but is too pare Declaration of Independence,
late, and returns to New York, ib.; 187; same, adopted and signed by
is succeeded in command by Sir members, 188; appoint a committee
Guy Carleton, 333.
of conference to meet Lord Howe,
Cockade, adopted by Americans in com- 196 ; unsuccessful result, 197; ad-
pliment to the French, 296.
journ to Baltimore, 202; adjourn
Coinage of the United States, 670, 684. from Philadelphia to Lancaster, 219;
Colonial Assemblies declare by resolu- adopt articles of confederation, 24;
tion the exclusive right of the peo- ratifies treaty with France, 244;
ple to tax themselves, 81; deny the issue a proclamation respecting the
right of the King to remove offen.' French treaty, ib. ; arrange an ex-
ders to England for trial, ib.; dis- pedition against Canada, 240, 260 ;
solved by the Governors, ib.
scheme opposed by Washington,
Colonies, concessions to them, 29 ; pros- 261; conference with Washington
perity of, 47; public feeling in (1770), on the subject, and abandonment of
85; sympathy of, with Boston and the enterprise, 262; party spirit
Massachusetts, 116, 121; popular
and dissensions in, 283, 289; recep
tion of the news of the victory at the field, 237, 246 ; march to Vew
Yorktown, 327; members appoint Jersey in pursuit of the British
a day for public thanksgiving army, 246; attack that army under
throughout the Union, ib. ; ratify Generals Clinton and Cornwallis, at
the treaty of peace, 335; impotency
Monmouth Court-House, 247; serere
of the confederation, 342 ; pass res-
contest and retreat of the British
olutions recommending a
army to New York, ib.; Americans
tion to revise the articles of confed. cross the Hudson and encamp at
White Plains, 248; go into winter
Congress, Provincial, formed in Massa- quarters at Middlebrook, X. J., ib.;
chusetts, 122; measures adopted a detachment of, besiege the town
by, ib. ; formed in other colonies, of Newport, R. I., 249; various en-
campments of in winter quarters,
Connecticut, people of, pose Stamp 253; recruiting service and boun-
Act, 71; sustains Massachusetts with ties, 267; opening of campaign of
an army, 147; British expedition to, 1779 at the South, ib.; operations
under Tryon, 212; Danbury burnt, and movements of General Lincoln,
213; Tryon's second expedition, 268, 270, 277, 279; storming of
268; Fairfield and Norwalk burnt, Stony Point by Wayne, 274; Sulli.
and property at New llaven de- van's expedition against the Indians,
278; termination of the campaign
Conspiracy, to supersede Washington, of 1779, 282; main division of the
239; of General Arnold, with Sir army go into winter quarters at
Henry Clinton, to surrender forts at Morristown, ib. ; other stations, ib. ;
West Point, 298.
reinforcements sent to General Lin-
Constitution, formation and adoption of, coln's army at the South, ib. ; scar.
343; organization of the
govern- city of provisions in the main army,
ib.; supplies demanded and obtain.
Constitutions of the several United ed from New Jersey, 283; operations
States, 570-595; comparative view at the South, 289-295; surrender of
General Lincoln's army, at Charles-
Continental Army, proposed by John ton, 290; defeat of General Gates
Adams, organized by Congress, 157; in Carolina, 292; General Gates
Washington appointed Commander. superseded in command by General
in-Chief, 158; other generals ap- Greene, 295 ; distress of, at the
pointed, ib.; deplorable condition North, under Washington, ib.; affair
of, 172; reinforced and organized, at Springfield, N. J., 297; number
ib.; enter Boston, 182; march to of, in the campaigo of 1780, ib.;
New York, 183; number of at New revolt of Pennsylvania and New
York, 192; exploits of, at Trenton, Jersey lines quelled, 312–313 ; mu-
204; at Princeton, 210; destitute tineers reject the offers of Sir Henry
condition of, 211; encamp at Mor- Clinton, 312; operations at the
ristown, ib.; small-pox breaks out South, 315-322 ; junction of the
among the troops, 212; inoculation army at the North with the French
checks its progress, ib.; march from army, 323; march of the combined
Morristown to Middlebrook, N. J., armies to Virginia, 324; reinforce-
214; increased number of, ib. ; in ment sent to General Greene, and
full possession of New Jersey, 215; the main body of the American
march to Germantown, Penn., and army returns to New Jersey, 527;
thence to Brandy wine, Del., where
disbanded on the conclusion of
an action with the British takes peace, 335; discontent of the sol.
place, 217; number of, engaged at diers, 336; Newburgh address to,
Brandywine, 218; retreat to Phila- 337; prudence and influence of
delphia, ib. ; abandon Philadelphia, Washington, 338.
and take post at Pottegrove, 219; Continental Congress, sessions of, 506;
attack the British at Germantown, members of, 507.
ib. ; go_into winter quarters at Continental Money, first issue of, 157;
Valley Forge, 220; their extreme repeated issues of, 266; specimen
hardships and suffering, 220, 238 ; of bills, 175 ; great depreciation of
operations of the northern division, in value, 266; efforts of Congress to
239; successful termination of the sustain the credit of, ib.
campaign by the capture of Bur- Convention, held at Albany; adopt a
army, 228 ; number plan of government, its plan reject-
of troops at Valley Forge, and in ed by the colonies and the crown,
34; to form a constitution, 342 ; | he surrenders to the allied armies,
proceedings of, 313, 489.
Council of Governor of Province at Al- Customs, Commissioners of, created by
act of Parliament, 73; arrival of, in
Conway, General, opposes the Stamp the colonies, 75; their proceedings
Act, 61; his portrait ordered for in Boston, ib. ; opposed by the peo-
Faneuil Hall, 62; member of the ple, and flee, 76.
Rockingham Cabinet, 67; advocates Customs, the, 661; collection of the, 665;
repeal of tea duties, 95; moves for custom-houses, New York, Philadel-
an address to the king in favor of phia, đc., 667.
Conway, General (Brigadier in the Con- Danbury, Conn., burnt by British troops
tinental Army), his conspiracy with under Gov. Tryon, 213.
Gates and Mithin against Washing-D'Anville, Duke, sent to America with
ton, 239; Inspector-General of the a fleet-his fleet dispersed—return
army, 240; writes to Washington, to France, 30.
and expresses regret for his conduct, Deane, Silas, American agent in France,
ib.; resigns his commission, and re- 206 ; his success there, ib. ; is ap-
turns to Europe, ib.
pointed commissioner with Franklin
Cornwallis, Lord, arrives on the coast of and Arthur Lee, ib. ; recalled in
North Carolina with a squadron consequence of charges against him,
and troops, 183; commands part of 281; returns, and publishes a de-
the army at battle of Long Island, fence of his conduct, ib.
194 ; leads a British army, and Declaration of Independence, mentioned
crosses the Hudson rirer, 200; at- by Patrick Henry in 1773, 127; for-
tacks and carries Fort Lee, ib. ; pur- mally adopted at Mecklenburg, N.
sues the American army across New Carolina, in May, 1775, 149; com-
Jersey to Trenton, 2017 out-gener-
mittee of Congress appointed to pre-
alled" by Washington, falls back
pare one, 187; adopted and signed
upon New Brunswick, 210-211; by Congress, 188 ; received by the
surprises General Lincoln at Bound- people with enthusiasm, ib. ; read
brook, N. J., 212 ; defeats Lord Stir- to the Continental Army, 191.
ling, 215 ; defeats Gen. Sullivan at D'Estaing, Count, arrives with a French
Brandywine, 218; takes the Ameri- fleet on the American coast, 248;
can fort at Red Bank, on the Dela- proceeds from the Chesapeake to
ware, 219; at the battle of Mon-
Sandy Hook, and thence to Rhode
mouth, 247; commands part of the Island, 2 19–250 ; sails to attack the
army of the South, and takes George- British flert under Lord Howe, but
town, South Carolina, 291; Clinton a storm prevents an engagement,
returns to New York, and leaves 249; refuses to co-operate with the
Cornwallis to succeed him in com- American army in the siege of New-
mand at the South, ib. ; joins Lord port, R. I., and sails to Boston to re-
Rawdon, on the approach of the pair, ib. ; is censured by the Ameri-
American army under Gen. Gates, cans, 250; defeats the English ad.
and they engage the latter at San- miral Byron in the West Indies, and
ders' Creek, 292; orders a charge arrives on the coast of Georgia, 277;
with fixed bayonets, and defeats the captures a squadron of four British
Americans, with great slaughter, ships, ib. ; lands his forces, and as-
ib.; sends Colonel Ferguson with a sists Gencral Lincoln and the Ameri.
body of loyalists to sweep the coun- cans in storming Savannah, ib. ; they
try to Virginia, 293 ; the British are repulsed, and the French retire
troops under Rawdon retire to Cam- on board of the fleet, 278; encoun-
den, takes the field in person, and ters severe storms, and returns to
marches in pursuit of Morgan, 316; France, ib.; his death, ib.
follows the American army, com- De Grasse, Count, commands the French
manded by Greene, and engages fleet in America, 324; informs
hirn at Guilford Court-House, 318; Washington of his movements, ib.;
operations in Virginia, 322; en- enters the Chesapeake, 325; assists
camps at and fortifics Yorktown, at the singe of Yorktown, 326; sails
ib.; force in Virginia under his for the West Indies, 327.
command, ib.; is besieged at York. De kalb, Baron, commands a body of
town by the combined American the American troops, and is killed
and French armies, 325 ; attempts at the battle of Sanders' Creek,
to retreat--storm prevents 292.