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CHARACTERS.

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Sittcb of tbiir Majesties domestic Life at Kevt, during the Summer Season.

THEIR majeflies rife at six in the morning, and enjoy the two succeeding hours, which they call their own: at eight the prince of Wales, the bishop of Os. naburgh, the princess royal, and princes William and Henry, are brought from their several houses, to Kew house to breakfast with their illustrious relations. At nine, their younger children attend to lisp or smile their good-morrows, and whilst the five eldest are closely applying to their tasks, the little ones and their nurses pass the whole morning in Richmond-gardens.

The king and queen frequently amuse themselves with sitting in the room while the children dine, and once a week, attended by the whole offspring in pairs, make the little delightful tour of Richmond Gardens. In the afternoon the queen works, and the king reads to her, and whatever charms ambition or folly may conceive as attendant on so exalted a situation, it is neither on the throne, nor in the drawing-room, in the splendor or the toys of sovereignty, that they place their felicity; it is, next to the fulfilling of the duties of their station, in social and domeltic gratifications, in breathing the free sur, admiring the works of nature, tasting and encouraging the elegancies of art, and in living to their can hearts. In the evening, all the

Vol. XVIII. 1775.

children again pay their duty atKew house, before they retire to bed; and the same order is observed through each returning day. The sovereign is the father of his family; not a grievance reaches his knowledge that remains unredressed; nor is a single character of merit, or ingenuity, ever disregarded; so that his private conduct must be allowed to be no less exemplary, than it is truly amiable.

Though naturally a lover of peace, his personal courage cannot in the smallest degree be impeached; he exercises his troops himself, understands every martial manœuvre as well as any private centine! in his service, and has the articles of war at his fingers ends. Topography is one of his favourite studies; he copies every capital chart, takes the models of all ths celebrated fortifications, knows the soundings of the chief harbours in Europe, and the strong, and weak sides of most fortified towns. He can name every ship in his navy, and he keeps lists of the commanders. And all these are private acquisitions, and of his en chusing.

The prince of Wales and the bishop of Osnaburgh bid fair, however, Tor excelling the generality of mankind in learning, as much as they are their superiors in rank: eight hours close application to the languages and the liberal sciences is daily enjoined them, and their industry is unremitting: all the ten are indeed fine chilJren, and ic

B ' does does not yet appear that parental partiality is known at court.

Exercise, air, and light diet, are the grand fundamental in theking's idea of health and sprightliness; his majesty feeds chiefly on vegetables, and drinks little wine; the queen is what many private gentlewomen would call whimsically abstemious, for at a table covered with dainties, she culls the plainest and the simplest dish, and seldom eats of more than two things at a meal. Her wardrobe is changed every three months; and, white the nobility are eager to supply themselves with foreign trifles, her care is that nothing but what is English (hall be provided for her wear. The tradefmens bills are regularly paid once a quarter for what comes under the childrens department, and the whole is judiciously and happily conducted.

CharaBir es the latt Queen Matilda, os Denmark.

THE writer of the following lines, conscious of his incapacity to draw, in the masterly manner it deserves, so amiable a character as that of the late Queen Matilda of Denmark, waited in expectation that some more able and eloquent pen would have attempted it. But few persons in this kingdom were in any degree acquainted with her life or actions, while (he resided at Copenhagen; perhaps iiill fewer had the honour to know that exalted sufferer,during the latter years which (he spent in her retreat at Zell. To this unacquaintance with her Majesty may, he doub:s not, be imputed the almost universal silence respecting her; and it i. from the »f ^carantc of Do

other writer qualified to do justice to so noble a cause, that the present attempt to present her real character to the English people must derive its excuse.

Sacrificed in the bloom of life, being born the 22d of July, 1751, and married the first of October, 1766, she was first sent an inexperienced victim to a court, in which, surrounded with spies and emissaries, who interpreted the most trifling levitiesof youth into enormous crimes, the young and unsuspecting Queen could not long remain without giving her enemies too favourable an opportunity to effect her fall. They succeeded, and induced the wretched King to become the engine of their malevolence, by signing the order for her imprisonment. The interposition of the British court saved her from farther violence, and conducted her to an asylum in the electoral dominions of Hanover. Here (he appeared in her true and native character. Divested of the retinue and pomp which, on the throne of Denmark, veiled her in a great degree from the inspection of nice observers, the qualities of her heart displayed themselves in her little court at Zell, and gained her universal love. Her person was dignified and graceful; she excelled in all the exercises befitting her sex, birth, and station. She danced the fined minuet in the Danish court, and managed the horse with uncommon address and spirit. She had a tai'c in music, and devoted much of her time, while at Zell, to the harpsichord. The characteristic stile of her dress was simplicity, not magnificence; that of her deportment, an affability, which in a personage' of such high rank might be termed •xtromc condescension. Her taken

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were liberal and diffusive; and death, she (hewed, with transports

cultivated by reading, displayed of joy, to Madam d'O , her first

themselves on all occasions/ She lady of the bed-chamber, a little conversed with the moil perfect sa- portrait of the prince royal her son, tility in French, English, German, which she had just received. It hapand Danish ; and to those extraordi- pencd that this lady some sew days nary attainments she added a tho- after, entered the Queen's apartrough knowledge of the lulian, roent at an unusual hour, Shewas which she studied and admired for surprised at hearing her Majesty its beauty and delicacy. Herman- talk, though quite alone. While uers were the most polished, soft, she stood in this attitudeos astonishand ingratiating; and even the con- tnent, unable to retire, the Queen tracted state of her finances could turned suddenly round, and addresDoc restrain that princely munifi- sing herself to her with that charmcence os temper, which made her ing smile which she alone could purse ever open to distress or misery, preserve at a moment, when her Naturally chearsul and happy in heart was torn with the moil acute her disposition, adored and beloved and agonizing sensation,—" What to the highest degree by the circle must you think (said she) of a cirof her court, even the dark cloud of cumilance so extraordinary as that adversity could not alter the sweet- of hearing me talk, though you find neG and serenity of her temper, me perfectly alone? But it w.is to Baoifhed, with every circumstance this dear and cherished image 1 ados indignity from the throne of dressed my conversation; and what Denmark, (he yet retained no sen- do you imagine I said to it f nearly tioient of revenge or resentment the same verses which you sent not against the authors of her fall, or long ago to a child, sensible to the against the Danish people. Her happiness of having found her faheart was not tinctured with am- ther; verses (added she) which I bition, and slie looked back to the changed after the manner followdiadem which had been torn from ing: her brow, with a calmness and su

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periority of soul, which might have made a Philip the Fifth, or a Victor Amadeus, blush. It was not the crown she regretted; her children only employed her care; the feelings of the sovereign were absorbed Madam d'O — could not speak;

in those of the mcXher; and, if she she burst into tears, and, overcome
wept the day when she quitted the with her own eniotiort, retired has-
island of Zealand, it was because tilv from the royal presence.
fee was then bereft of those dear When she was first apprehended
objects of her maternal fondness, to be in danger from the disorder
Two or three months before her which seized her, anxiety and cou

"* TransLation nttemptcdj
Ah! wlio, like me, could taste the joy divine,
My lovelj ruhi'' to mix my foul with thine'
Torn from my bre.ist, I weep .ilone for thee,
Aimdil the griefs which heaven dispens'd to me.

B 2 siernation

Aernation were spread through her
whole court, which idolized her;
but when she expired, no language
can express the horror and grief
visible in every apartment of the
palace. Leyser, the physician, who
attended her Majesty through the
course of her illness, dreaded the
event from the first moment. She
saw it, and, impressed with a pre-
sentiment of her approaching
death, which proved but too true,
*' You have twice (said stie to him)
extricated me from very dangerous
indispositions , since the month of
October, but this exceeds your
(kill: I know I am not within the
help of medicine." Leyser desired
that the celebrated Zimmermann
might be called in to his aid from
Hanover: he was so: but her Ma-
jesty's illness, which was a most
malignant shotted fever, baffled
every ei.dervour. Its violence even
in the beginning was such, that her
pulse beat an hundred and thirty-
one strokes in a minute ; but during
the last two ddys, it became impos-
sible to count them. She bore the
pains of her distemper with exqui-
site patience, and ever, (hewed tlic
most generous and delicate atten-
tion to the ladies who waited by
her. She preserved her senses,
speech, and understanding to the
last moment, and only a (host time
before her death (the icth of Mav,
1775) expressed the most perfect
forgiveness of all thole enemies who
had persecuted and calumniated
her during her life. Mons. de
Lichtenstein, Grand Mareschal of
the court of Hanover, presided at
the funeral rites, which were con-
dueled with a pomp suited to her
royal dignity. Her Majesty's body
was interred with her maternal an-
cestors, the Dukes of Zell. The
streets and the great church were

thronged with crowds of people, drawn by the sincerest grief of condolence, to behold the mournful obsequies of their royal benefactress pass along. It was a scene the most assecting and awful to be imagined; and when the funeral-sermon was preached over her remains, the numerous audience melted into tears, and were impressed with emotions of sorrow and lamentation only to be compared with those which the famous Bourdaloue excited by his oration on a very similar occasion, the death of Henrietta, Duchess of Orleans, in the last century. Bat the most striking proof of the love and attachment borne to her Majesty's memory after death, and the impression which her virtues had made among all ranks of people in the country where she died, is the resolution which'the states of Lunenburg framed at Hanover on the icth of last month. It was as follows: •

'• The Nobility and the States of the duchy of Lunenburg assembled, have resolved on the 10th os June, in their last session, to present a request to the King of GreatBritain, to obtain the permission of erecting at Ze!l a monument, in memory of the qualities of mind and heart of the late Queen of Denmark, as well as of the devotion and veneration which they have borne to that Princess. They intend chusing the most exquisite ar* tists for the execution of it; and they hope, by this avowed proof of their zeal, to transmit, to the moS remote posterity, both the profound grief, which the premature dcaiB of that young Queen has spread through a whole province which adored her, and the homage which they rendered to that true greatness, which catastrophic} and adversities

versities the most cruel only render more respectable."

The author os this address to the public does not willi to be known: he has no intereit in offering a tribute of adulation to a departed Queen. He was only induced, by the most lively conviction of her virtues and undelerved calamities, to attempt to display the image of their Princess to the English people. The eulogium is due to her memory ; it is an atonement to her injured (hade.

Memoirs of the late Pope Clement XIV.

IT is commonly said in Italy, that a pope never fees tie truth tut -when be reads the gospel. Clement, without employing spies, the resource of low and little minds, cast his eyes about him, and saw himself what it was necessary for him to know; whereby as a prince who knew how to reign, he rewarded and punished; he declared himself, or he dissembled. Providence (said he) has placed me as a centinel, only carifully to ivatch over Israel, It is true, his extraordinary vigilance created murmurs; but he was convinced that a people it happy only in proportion as their sovereign pays attention to every minutia that relates to their welfare ; and those who silled offices and employments were obliged to be very careful in conducting themselves properly, which was not the cafe in the former reign, when malversation was practised with impunity.

Lambertini (Benedict XIV.) attained the reputat on of a great doctor, and was respected abroad, without abilities to govern his dominions. The Romans, in speak

ing of him, used to say, Magnus in folio, par<vus iujolio. Corsini (Clement XII.) was ten years blind out of the twelve that he reigned ; and it may bejudged from thence, whether the treasurers or receivers had not then good eyes. Oriini (Benedict XIII.) of the order of the brother preachers, too sanctified to suspect any ill, was incessantly imposed upon by the unfortunate cardinal Coicia, who, though only the son of a barber in the kingdom of Naples, enriched himself at the cost of the holy see, became a prisoner in the castle of St. Ange, and died in 1755, loaded with riches and the public indignation.

The duties of a prince and pastor are very difficult to reconcile; policy often exacts what religion does not allow: if the character of a pope inspires clemency, that of. a sovereign enjoins severity. Thus we read that Sixtus V. was a great monarch without being a bigot; and that S. Pius was a good pope and a poor prince. This made an historian fay, that such pontiffs as had been taken from the order of the Cordeliers, and were six in number, were all possessed of the talent of governing well; and those who had been of the order of the Dominicans, were more capable of edifying.

Ganganelli, the late pope, whose Chriliian names were Francis Laurence, was born at Saint Angelo, in the duchy of Urbino, the 31st of October, 1705; and chosen pope, though not yet a bishop, the 10th of May, 1769: at which time, as the reader may recollect, the fee of Rome was involved in a most disagreeable and dangerous contest with the house of Bourbon. He was the pope who most united the above qualities, as a rrunly piety is

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