## The First Six Books: Together with the Eleventh and Twelfth |

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Page 155

A ftraight line is faid to be cut in extreme and mean ratio , when the whole is to the greater fegment , as the greater feg- ment is to the lefs . IV . The

A ftraight line is faid to be cut in extreme and mean ratio , when the whole is to the greater fegment , as the greater feg- ment is to the lefs . IV . The

**altitude**of any figure is the straight line drawn from its vertex perpendicular ... Page 156

RIANGLES and parallelograms of the fame

RIANGLES and parallelograms of the fame

**altitude**are one to another as their bases . TRE Let the triangles ABC , ACD , and the parallelograms EC , CF have the fame**altitude**, viz . the perpendicular drawn from the point A to BD : Then ... Page 157

From this it is plain , that triangles and parallelograms that have equal

From this it is plain , that triangles and parallelograms that have equal

**altitudes**, are one to another as their bafes . Let the figures be placed fo as to have their bases in the fame . straight line ; and having drawn perpendiculars ... Page 229

SOLI OLID parallelepipeds upon the fame bafe , and of the Se : N. fame

SOLI OLID parallelepipeds upon the fame bafe , and of the Se : N. fame

**altitude**, the infifting ftraight lines of which are terminated in the fame ftraight lines in the plane oppofite to the bafe , are equal to one another . Page 230

Let the folid parallelepipeds AH , AK be upon the fame bafe AB , and of the fame

Let the folid parallelepipeds AH , AK be upon the fame bafe AB , and of the fame

**altitude**, and let their infisting straight See the fi- lines AF , AG , LM , LN , be terminated in the fame ftraight gures below . line FN , and CD ...### What people are saying - Write a review

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### Common terms and phrases

added alfo alſo altitude angle ABC angle BAC bafe baſe becauſe bifected Book Book XI centre circle circle ABCD circumference common cone cylinder defcribed definition demonftrated diameter divided double draw drawn equal equal angles equiangular equimultiples excefs fame fame multiple fecond fegment fhall fides fimilar firft folid folid angle fore four fourth fquare fquare of AC ftraight line given angle given in fpecies given in pofition given magnitude given ratio greater Greek half join lefs magnitude meet oppofite parallel parallelogram perpendicular plane prifms produced PROP propofition proportionals pyramid rectangle rectangle contained remaining right angles Take taken thefe THEOR theſe third triangle ABC wherefore whole

### Popular passages

Page 474 - The circumference of every circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees ; and each degree into 60 equal parts, called minutes ; and each minute into 60 equal parts, called seconds ; and these into thirds, &c.

Page 170 - If two triangles have one angle of the one equal to one angle of the other and the sides about these equal angles proportional, the triangles are similar.

Page 81 - THE straight line drawn at right angles to the diameter of a circle, from the extremity of...

Page 105 - DEF are likewise equal (13. i.) to two right angles ; therefore the angles AKB, AMB are equal to the angles DEG, DEF, of which AKB is equal to DEG ; wherefore the remaining angle AMB is equal to the remaining angle DEF.

Page 167 - AC the same multiple of AD, that AB is of the part which is to be cut off from it : join BC, and draw DE parallel to it : then AE is the part required to be cut off.

Page 10 - When a straight line standing on another straight line makes the adjacent angles equal to one another, each of the angles is called a right angle; and the straight line which stands on the other is called a perpendicular to it.

Page 62 - AB be the given straight line ; it is required to divide it into two parts, so that the rectangle contained by the whole, and one of the parts, shall be equal to the square of the other part.

Page 112 - To describe an equilateral and equiangular pentagon about a given circle. • Let ABCDE be the given circle; it is required to describe an equilateral and equiangular pentagon about the circle ABCDE. Let the angles of a pentagon, inscribed in the circle...

Page 200 - If two triangles have two angles of the one equal to two angles of the other, each to each, and one side equal to one side, viz. either the sides adjacent to the equal...

Page 38 - F, which is the common vertex of the triangles ; that is, together with four right angles. Therefore all the angles of the figure, together with four right angles, are equal to twice as many right angles as the figure has sides.