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22d. Many varieties of garden Poppy P. somniferum in blow. JULY 1st.-Sonchus coeruleus in flower: the brittle stalk of this plant this year as well as last, is broke, yet it bears perfect flowers.
3d.-The Wryneck still heard.
4th. I noticed to-day the Swift flying during a hard storm: Fringilla linaria has a nest near a pool called the Bog at Clapton.
5th.-The Cuckoo still heard.*
AUG. 13th. The last Swift seen at Tunbridge Wells. SEP. 10th.-The Sunflower in full blow. The Red Poppy still flowers.
12th.-Agaricus fascicularis springs up at the base of the door post.
18th.-Frogs still very abundant in the bog.
21st.-Swallows and Martins still very numerous, as I had occasion to notice to-day, in consequence of a great quantity of them being assembled to persecute a bird of the hawk kind.
23d.-Swallows seen in St. Helen's Place, London. The garden Convolvuli still in flower.
OCT. 1st.-Martins fly high: Bat seen.-3d. Last Swallow.-5th. Spiders come out on the walls of the house portending rain.
16th.-Martins last seen at Hackney.
22d.-Wild Ducks in flocks in the marshes.
NOV. 13th. I made about this time numerous experiments on the direction of the wind, with inflammable air and fire Balloons, of which the results are recorded in this work.
DEC. 10th.-The Crickets about the fire place very clamorous; a few leaves still left on the Pear Tree.
19th.-I find the following observation made at night, recorded in my Journal: "Audio aliquid stridens in aëre, sed nescio quid sit, fortasse mus est in muro, forte avis quaedam super domus culmen ?" I remember the noise: it was a very remarkable sound, probably in the air.
22d. A fine discoid Lunar Halo, at half-past 11, P. M. * 1810. JAN. 6th.-The Heartsease Viola tricolor in flower. 10th. The Primrose in flower here and there. FEB. 4th.-The Snowdrop in flower. Frogs seen.
10th. The copulation of Frogs noticed to-day. At night the abundance of Spiders on the walls portends rain.
11th. To the indications of Rain of last night, were added this morning Waneclouds and other light modifications variously mixed in the Sky: the Rain followed at night.
The Vapour Guage indicated no evaporation.
15th.-Hail fell in the form of small round globes: at night a Lunar Halo predicting a further fall.
16th.-Snow followed the prediction of last night.
17th. The Marsh Titmouse noticed feeding among Sparrows. Snowdrops in flower plentifully, and the Crocus is beginning to blow.
MARCH 2d. The yellow, the striped, the white, and the purple varieties of the Crocus plentiful.
4th.-Toads have been seen already.
10th.-Bats first seen this evening. Thermometer at 2, P. M. 58. Sitting late at night by the fire place with my
father, we noticed 'the appearance of a large Scarabaeus crossing the hearth.
12th.-Narcissus pseudonarcissus the early Daffodil in
19th. I heard the song of the Thrush from a neighbouring garden.
24th. Two unknown birds, exceeding the Thrush in bigness, flew over the house. Camellia Japonica in flower." 29th. I find the following note in my Latin Journal of to-day:-Visa vespertilio volitans vespere vero vere veniens.
APRIL 4th.-Many of the Willows in flower.
18th.-M. Sowerby the minerlogist noticed two Swallows at Carshalton in Surry.
20th. I saw Swallows and Martins at Plaistow, and heard the Wryneck.
21st.-Swallows frequent the Chimneys at Clapton.
22d. Cuckoo first heard at Walthamstow.
24th. The Wryneck Iynx torquilla now constantly
30th.-Swallows become partly common.
MAY 6th.-Gyrations of Martins flying high in the air in circles. These birds seem to be very considerably diminished of late years in their numbers about Hackney Church.
19th. Swift first seen at Upper Clapton. Papaver orientale in flower.
25th.-Hackney Old Tower abounds again with Swifts. 30th.-Papaver cambricum in flower.
JUNE 1st.-Tragopogon porrifolius in flower.
3d.-Iris lurida, I. Germanica, and others in flower: at night Falling Stars.
28th.-Papaver orientale in flower at Walthamstow, where it is always later than at Clapton.
JULY 2d.-The Song Thrush has built a nest in the Eglantine against the house. Sonchus coeruleus and numerous Poppies in flower.
17th. The Sunflower in blow growing out of the garden wall, where it had taken root, probably from some seed dropped by a bird.
The blue flowered Sow Thistle in flower, which
29th. we have hitherto called Sonchus coeruleus.
AUG. 12th.—A Swift seen flying about within the Church. Willow Wrens seen.
26th. I noticed Swifts flying about the towers of Ely Cathedral.
SEP. 2d. Very hot day, the Thermometer 84° in the shade, and 78° at 3 P. M. under a tree. The clamorousness of the Ducks portends Rain.
5th.-Stapelia verucosa, S. asteria, and S. radiata in flower in the greenhouse of T. F. Forster, Esq. at Clapton. 21st.-Stapelia variegata, and S. bigemina flore luteo in
24th.-Swallows and Martins congregate, as do also Sparrows. Sunflowers still common,
27th. The wind has been for a long time S. E. at night, and we distinctly hear the very distant report of some evening cannon at 9 o'clock.
OCT. 2d.-The clouds to-day were all Stackenclouds, the Wanecloud, Sondercloud, and varieties of the Curlcloud, which have so long prevailed, having to-day been missed. Hypochondriacal and bilious complaints very prevalent this
3d.-Jasmin Azoreticum and Oxalis purpurea in flower. 10th.-Swallows and Martins seen at Ewell.
16th. The loud report of a cannon, many miles to the
South East, distinctly heard at 8 and at 9 o'clock at Clapton: Wind S. E. Starlings seen in numbers.
22d.-Parus caudatus seen at Walthamstow.-I passed the remainder of October and the chief part of November at Walthamstow, but was too ill to make any accurate observations, having participated largely in an atrabilious Epidemic that prevailed all the autumn. I learnt afterwards that the season had been marked by very peculiar circumstances of the Atmosphere and its Phaenomena. The Plane Trees in most parts of the Kingdom had died, and the distribution of clouds in the Sky was very peculiar during August and September; and hypochondriacal complaints began to prevail early in October, at the beginning of the rainy weather. It was at this period that the Electric Bells of M. Benjamin M. Forster's Electroscope beat with so remarkable a pulsation, to which I have alluded in my journals.
* 1811. JAN. 11th.-Sea Gulls seen in the marshes. Owls heard in the garden.
FEB. 13th.-Frogs seen already.
24th.-Thrushes and Blackbirds begin to sing. Owls hoot and schreech.
MARCH 4th.-The Croucs in flower at Clapton.
17th. Frogs croak in the pools. Bat seen.
18th.-Clear weather with Easterly Winds, very multiform Cirri, Falling Stars, &c. marking a peculiarly unwholesome state of the air.
21st. There are some germinal appearances on the earlier budding trees and shrubs. The Owls hoot very much this spring.
27th. An early spring and the flowers of the Primaveral Flora forward. Daffodils and other early plants in flower.