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and time, was all he was encouraged to look forward to as a probable remedy.

The following letters will suffice to rescue him from the charge of too great sensitiveness, or the supposition that the injuries and insults he had received from a portion of his countrymen, would have induced him to abandon at so critical a period, their dearest interests. MRS. GRATTAN TO MR. MʻCAN.

London, March 5, 1799. DEAR SIR,-I received your letter of yesterday. Mr. Grattan was much better; he went about the town with us, was not fatigued, eat heartily, slept well; this day he has had some returns of the meagrims, and unpleasant feelings in his head, and is not quite so well. Richard Bermingham is gone out with him in a coach, and perhaps the air may be of service; the Doctor says he has no particular complaint, and that time, with a total freedom from every distressing subject, will cure him. God grant it, though it is an unpleasant life to him. We never talk on the subject of politics,-we read by turns, and he lies on the sofa, -we are both sensible of your kindness and sincerity, which is a rare virtue in these times ; I am sure he may say so. I know not what to say to your desire of his returning to Ireland ; in his present situation I should think it bad for him ; when he gets better, I will let him know your idea, and perhaps he will agree to it. Now, we must only think of removing his complaint, be it what it may. Doctor Turton assures me there is no danger, and he is my oracle ; he orders no medicine—nothing but air and amusement. Mr. Grattan sends his affectionate love. I am, most truly, yours,


London, Wednesday, April 10, 1799. DEAR SIR, I have still the good news to continue of Mr. Grattan's being better. Doctor Turton has added more bark to his former prescription, and orders him to continue the same course of exercise, &c. &c. &c. He is not yet able to amuse himself with reading or writing; but we supply the power he wants, and entertain him constantly


439 Mr. Grattan is out riding with Mr. Bermingham, or would send his particular regards.-All, most truly, your sincere friends,



London, 25, Blandford-street, Manchester-square,

May 11, 1799. DEAR MR. M'CAN,— I would have written to you sooner, had anything particular occurred.

Mr. Grattan begs of you to go to Tinnehinch, and enquire from Savage whether M-Cue takes care of the place. This is the first conversation we have had on the subject of Tinnehinch, for I did not read to him or tell him of what Mrs. Bermingham mentioned about the soldiers cutting down the trees. It would have agitated him, and these two last days he has had a return of his disorder. I have bad Doctor Turton, and intended calling in another physician, had he continued with the same symptoms. This day the uneasy feel in his head returned,-a dread of falling, and a pain in his head, when the horse trotted, an inability to read, which he has not done for this fortnight past, until last Wednesday. This has not raised my spirits, for I hoped all was over, and I now find all is to begin again ; but God's will be done! You may judge we shall not think of Ireland, when I dare not even talk of the depredations committed there. The weather must affect him; 'tis cold as March, and most unpleasant,---no sign of spring. I hope it agrees with all your family, and that you are in perfect health, which is the sincere wish of both Mr. Grattan, and your true friend,



May 15th, 1799. DEAR SIR ;-I received your letter on Tuesday last-I sent it to Mr. Burrowes this morning-on Saturday Mr. Bermingham shall go for it and the money. I am grieved at the account of Tinnehinch, and wish you could have gone in the interval, from the 25th of March to the 8th of May, which time you say you were there. depredations have been committed, and the trees cut down by the soldiers.* I know not who to put into it, or what de

* I never heard that Government punished their men, or sent them to Mr. Grattan to atone for their depredations, as Dwyer the

I hear great

scription of person I could get, that would be called respectable. Give me an idea of any one that strikes you as proper, and I will try to get Mr. Grattan's consent; he is very indifferent this last week-had much of those affections, and the least thing agitates him.

I have not dared to mention the name of Tinnehinch, except one day when he desired me to write to you about it. He thinks the labourers too numerous; he does not like expense when he is not there. As to returning to Ireland, that is a jest, he does not like going even out of town, because of removing from the physicians. He walks much, and rides every day, but cannot bear noise, or crowd, or heat. I am sometimes fearful that this disorder will hang a long time on him. I read to him constantly, and he never writes. I am most truly yours,



Cowes, Isle of Wight, June 29, 1799. Dear Sir,-We are much obliged to you for the account of Tinnehinch, and since we mean to visit it, without fail, in a few months, hope to find it as you describe, and the country tranquil. We arrived at the Isle of Wight without any fatigue ; the place agrees wonderfully with Mr. Grattan, and has already been of service to him; he is in perpetual exercise, and for ever on the sea; bathing has done him good, and except his rest, which is not quite returned, he is astonishingly recovered ; he does not attempt either to read or write, but his appetite is good, and so are his spirits. The island is very beautiful, and the little town very commodious for bathing and boating, with good accommodation of every sort; the village is mostly built up the side of the hill, and overhangs the sea beautifully, which is covered with boats and ships. It is a most healthful situation.

My girls and boys are well, and delight in this place; they desire to be remembered to you, and Mr. Grattan sends his best regards. I fear Mr. Browne has no chance of the Provostship; I wish it was in my gift, and he should not fail.

I am, yours, &c. H. GRATTAN.

insurgent did when his men acted in a similar manner near Lord Wicklow's. In more instances than this could the Irish Government have profited by the maxim --" Fus est ab hoste doceri!"-See page 397.



Cowes, Sept. 8, 1799. SIR,—I am sorry to say that we are not as well as when I last wrote. Mr. Grattan has had a return of his complaint; the sleepless nights make him very dejected in the day, and he intends going for a week to Twickenham, before our return to Ireland. The latter end of this month, we quit this island, and I am grieved it will not be with that advantage which I had hoped Mr. Grattan would have received; he looks well, but his appetite is not as good as usual, yet I make him take nourishing things; he has been obliged to give up reading, which is a great distress to him, it makes him so dependent on others for that amusement he always had in his own power. You were very kind in your intention about the horses; but he will have job-horses, and everything that will prevent trouble or thought to him; one safe horse of his own he must have, I have written to Mr. Bermingham to look out for one, and you also do the same; a safe trotting pony would be the best, I should think. Our weather is better this last week; I do not find it warmer than our own, but with less rain. Though the wind is easterly and strong, Mr. Grattan sits in a boat in the sea for hours, to get the air round him, and the exercise, which does not fatigue. If he continues at all well, we shall return in winter to Ireland; but his changes are so sudden, that it is impossible to fix on any plan a week before.

My children are all well, and Mr. Grattan joins me in best regards to you and wishes for you.— I am, yours, &c.,

HENRIETTA G. Mr. Grattan's parliamentary career in Ireland was now fast approaching to its close. At the end of the year 1799 he returned to dedicate the remainder of his days to the service of his country. These, indeed, promised to be few. Distracted in mind — distempered in body — broken down in spirits, in health, and in hope—he came too feeble and too late to be of service. How fallen !-how changed !--no longer what he was when, with a Charlemont* at the head of forty thousand Volun

* He died in 1799, and his death at this critical period greatly afflicted Mr. Grattan.

teers, he called forth the nation to arms and to liberty

Hei mihi ! qualis erat, quantum mutatus ab illo! The spirit of better days had fled-like a dream it had passed away, and no signs appeared of its resurrection.

Other times, and other men had come-Clare, Pitt, the Beresfords,-these were the lords of the ascendant: and the old and steady assertors of their country's rights, stigmatised and reviled, were now cast unfeelingly into the shade. What, then, could be hoped for Ireland ?-what could she expect ?-Nay, what could have been expected or said even of England, if, after expelling James II., the English had chosen his advisers for their ministers, or if, after their Revolution, they had discarded Lord Somers, who had given them liberty?—the same fate as now befel Ireland.

Her staunchest supporter was not only disabled for the fight, but he came late into the field

Inutile ferrum Cingitur, ac densos fertur moriturus in hostes. The enemy had been in occupation the entire of the year, and though defeated at the outset, remained unsubdued and unterrified. Mr. Pitt was obstinate in his labours; Lord Castlereagh was indefatigable. Mr. Pitt had treasured up in his mind the remembrance of his defeat on the Regency question, and came down upon Ireland with a hoarded resentment. He allowed the people to deceive themselves by the blind expectations which he dexterously held out. He gained some - neutralized others — took advantage of both, and, finally, broke faith with all. He sought to bribe the Roman Catholic clergy; he strove to cajole the Roman Catholic laity, and buy the representatives of the nation:to the first he held

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