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a-year according act of parliament altogether amount ancient ancient Egypt ancient Greece annuities artificers assessed bounty Britain capital cent church clergy colonies commerce common considerable consumer consumption court cultivation customs defraying duchy of Milan duties empire employed England equal established Europe excise expense exportation fall farmer favour foreign France frequently fund greater houses hundred importation imposed improvement increase interest joint-stock companies kind land-tax landlord less levied maintain malt manner manufactures ment merchants millions monopoly nations naturally necessarily necessary neral obliged occasion paid particular payment peace perhaps person present principal profit proportion proprietors provinces public revenue quantity raise ranks regulated render rent of land Roman republic royal African company sect seldom shillings sinking fund society sort sovereign Spanish West Indies supposed taille taxation thousand pounds tion trade wages of labour whole
Page 28 - Consumption is the sole end and purpose of all production ; and the interest of the producer ought to be attended to, only so far as it may be necessary for promoting that of the consumer.
Page 329 - By necessaries I understand not only the commodities which are indispensably necessary for the support of life, but whatever the custom of the country renders it indecent for creditable people, even of the lowest order, to be without.
Page 67 - ... the duty of erecting and maintaining certain public works and certain public institutions, which it can never be for the interest of any individual, or small number of individuals, to erect and maintain; because the profit could never repay the expense to any individual or small number of individuals, though it may frequently do much more than repay it to a great society.
Page 261 - The tax which each individual is bound to pay ought to be certain, and not arbitrary. The time of payment, the manner of payment, the quantity to be paid, ought all to be clear and plain to the contributor, and to every other person.
Page 67 - Every man, as long as he does not violate the laws of justice, is left perfectly free to pursue his own interest his own way, and to bring both his industry and capital into competition with those of any other man, or order of men.
Page 141 - The directors of such companies, however, being the managers rather of other people's money than of their own, it cannot well be expected, that they should watch over it with the same anxious vigilance with which the partners in a private copartnery frequently watch over their own. Like the stewards of a rich man, they are apt to consider attention to small matters as not for their master's honour, and very easily give themselves a dispensation from having it. Negligence and profusion, therefore,...
Page 261 - Every tax ought to be levied at the time, or in the manner in which it is most likely to be convenient for the contributor to pay it.
Page 193 - In the progress of the division of labour, the employment of the far greater part of those who live by labour, that is, of the great body of the people, comes to be confined to a few very simple operations ; frequently to one or two.