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LONDON:
JOHN WILLIAM PARKER, WEST STRAND:

SOLD WHOLESALE BY THE FOLLOWING AGENTS, AND RETAIL BY ALL BOOKSELLERS;
Aberdeen, Brown & Co. Cardif Bird.

Faversham, Thiselton. Leamington, Merridew. Northampton, Birdsall. | Staffordshire Putterios,
Alnwick, Smith.
Carlisle, Thurnam. Glasgow, Murray.

Leeds, Robinson.

Norwich, Muskett; Smith. Watts, Lane End.
Ashford, Jennings; Elliott. Carmarthen, White. Gloucester, Jew.

Leicester, Combe and Nottingham, Wright. Stockport, Claye.
Ashton-under. Line & Staley Carnarvon, Potter & Co. Guernsey, Moss.

Crossley
Orford, Slatter.

Stratford-on-Avon, Bolton;
Bridge, Cunningham. Chatham, Burrill.
Guildford, Russells. Lewes, Baxter.

Penrith, Allison, Brown. Lapworth
Banbury, J. G. Rusher. Chelmsford, Guy.

Halifar, Whitley & Booth.Lincoln, Brooke & Sons. Peterborough, Bell Swadham, Gowing,
Bangor, Shone.

Cheltenham. Lovesy. Harrogate, Blackburn. Liverpool, Hughes. Plymouth, Nettleton. Tavistock, Helms.
Barnet, Cowing.
Chertsey, Wetton. Haslingden, Read. Llandonery, Rees.

Portsmouth, Comerford. Totness, Hannaford,
Barnstaple, Brightwell. Chester, Seacome; Pritch-Hertford, Simson. London, Berger.

Preston, Clarke.

l'lverstone, Tyson.
Bath, Silverthorne.
ard; Boult & Catherall. Hinckley, Short.
Long Sutton, Swain. Retford, Turvey.

Wakefield, Stanfield.
Birmingham, Langbridge. Chichester, Glover. Hoddesdon, Tuffs. Lyme Regis, Dunster, Richmond, Bowman & Co. Warwick, Merridew ; So.
Blackburn, Morrice. Clitheroe, Whalley. Horncastle, Babington. Lynn, Smith.

Royston, Warren.

den.
Bolton, Heaton & Sons. Cockermouth, Baily. Huddersfield, Lancashire. Manchester, Bancks and Rugby, Combe.

Weymouth, Commins.
Boston, Noble.
Colchester, Albin,
Hull, Cussons ; Goddard Co.: Simms.

Salisbury, Brodie & Co. Whitby, Rodgers.
Bourn, Daniells.
Colne, Earnshaw.
& Brown; Stephenson. March, Sarjeant.

Sandbach, Lindop. Whitehaven, Gibson,
Bradford, Taylor.
Derby, Wilkins & Son. Huntingdon, Edis.

Maryport, Adair. Scarborough, Theakston. Wigton, Ismay.
Braintree, Joscelyne. Devunport, Byers. Ipswich, Deck.

Merthyr Tydvil, White. Sheffield, Innocent. Winchester, Jacob & Co.
Bridport, Tucker.
Doncaster, Brooke & Co. Jersey, P. Falle.

Viddlewich, Lindop.

Sherborne, Penny. Wisbeach, Leach.
Bristol, Vickery.

Dover, Batchellor. Kendal, Hudson & Co. Mold and Holywell, Lloyd. Shrewsbury. Eddowes. Worcester, Deighton.
Burnley, Sutcliffe.
Dublin, Curry & Co. Kettering, Dash.

Monmouth, Heath.

Sidmouth, Harvey. Workington', Kirkconel..
Bury, Lankester; Thomp-Dundee, Shaw.
Kidderminster, Pennell. Neath, Hayward.

Sittingbourn, Coulter. Worthing, Carter.
son.
Durham, Andrews. Kimbolton, Ibbs.

Newark, Ridge.
Skipton, Tasker.

Yarmouth, Alexander.
Bury. (Lanc.) Crompton, Edinburgh, Oliver & Boyd. Kirby Lonsdale, Foster. Newcastle-on-Tyne, Finlay Southampton, Skelton. Yeovil, Porter.
Cambridge, Stevenson.. Exeter, Hannaford. Lancaster, Milner,

and Co.; Currie and Stamford, Mortlock; Rooe. York, Bellerby.
Canterbury, Barnes. Falmouth, W. Ellis. Launceston, Cater.

Bowman.

Berlin, A. Asher.—Hamburg, Perthes & Besser.---Leipsic, Black & Armstrong, (of London.)--St. Petersburgh, A Asher,

United States of America, Adlard & Co., New York. — Upper Canada, Rowsell, Toronto,

M.DCCC.XXXIX.

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INDEX

TO THE

NAMES AND

SUBJECTS

IN THE THIRTEENTH VOLUME

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AARON and the Priesthood, 42
Abernethy, selections from, 32
Acquirement of riches, on. 70
Action, necessity of determinate prin.

ciples of, 216
Adhesion and Cohesion, 55
Advice of a philosopher, 200
Age and Youth, 213.
Algebraic sigus, + and —, origin of, 15
Altars, various kinds of, 197
American Indian tradition, 160
American's opinion of the wealth and

power of Great Britain, 101 Anatomy, See Comparative Anderson, J. S. M., selections from, 134 Andrews, selectious from, 176 Animals without feet, motion of, 136

powers of defence and offence possessed by. 104

on the feeling of, 142

language of, 1., 22-II., 27 Animal life, wonders of, 70 Arabians, navigation of the, 161 Arnott, extracts from, 239 Art of gilding, 96 Arts and sciences, progress of, 246 Astronomy, Popular, Part II., 33—

III., 121-IV., 201
Attraction, on Capillary, 84, 156
Babylon, ruins of ancient, 2
Bacon, Lord, selections from, 136,

200, 212
Ballad, a, 235
Barton, lines by, 231, 235
Beauty, different ideas concerning, 3

interest felt in the preserva. tion of, 120 Belief of a future state, 19 Bell, present object of the passing, 190

lining of ihe Kremlin, 235 Bell, extracts from, 3 Berkeley, Bishop, selections from, 104 Bible ilinstrated from monuments of

antiquity, XV., 12–XVI., 42XVII, 107–XVIII., 148–XIX.,

196
Black Rat, account of the, 216
Blair, selections from, 143, 184, 247, 248
Blessings, Christianity the greatest

of. 16
Blind School, Philadelphia, 187
Bodies, law of falling, 181
Body and Soul, 159

and Spirit, dialogue between, 159
Boleyn, coronation of Lady Anne, 72
Bolingbroke, selections from, 224
Botany, incentive to the study of, 87
Bounty of God, lines on, 88
Bowles, lines by, 250
Bray, Mrs., selections from, 88
Brevity of life, 143
Brief history of Navigation, 161, 249
British sailor's praise of the sea, 183
Buckland, selection from, 70
Buffalo, Tradition of the, 160
Building of the Tabernacle, 107
Burleigh, Lord, selection from, 189
Butterfly, organs of digestion in the,

104

Cleanliness in nature, principles of, 195
Clifford Castle, ruins of, 19
Coal-field, the great Northern, I., 209

--I1., 225--111., 241
Cohesion and Adhesion, 55
Coleridge, selections from, 13, 16, 24,

28, 30, 216, 247 Colton, selection from, 136 Combats, Judicial, 170 Comb-cutting engine, 224 Companions, necessity of care in

choosing, 191 Comparative Anatomy, Facts in, III.,

28-IV., 101- V., 136-VI., 240 Compassion, an emotion never to be

ashamed of, 184 Conscience, value of a good, 232 Conder, liues by, 3 Conductors and non-conductors of

Electricity, 151 Cousolations of Religion, 11 Construction of the violin, 199 Coronations, Chapters on. III., The

Regalia, 4-IV., Coronation Vest. ments, 20-V. Great Oficers of State, 44-VI,, Services performed at the Coronation by tenure of grand sergeantry. The Court

of Claims, 59-VII., 94 Coronation Anecdotes, Ill., 14-IV.,

29–V., 51-VI., 71-VII., 102 Cottage gardening, I., 84-II., 109 Cowper, selections from, 88 Creation, wonders of the, 70 Cultivation of the Manioc plant, 57

Dahlia, 111 Cumberland, selection from, 200 Dahlia, cultivation of the, 111 Dartmoor, description of, 113 Davy, Sir H., selections from, 150, 246 Day and night, how produced, 204 Deer, horns of, 93 Defence, powers of, possessed by ani.

mals, 104 Definition of Prose and Poetry, 30 Dependance of man upon his Creator, 3 Description of Tintern Abbey, 65 Desmond, Earl, fate of, 107 Dialog e between body and spirit, 159 Difficulties, resignation under, 70 Doom-tree of the Thebaid, 64 Dramatic writings of the Chinese, 153 Drink, excess in, to be avoided, 192 Drunkenness, evils of, 141

Future state, on a, 119

Macdonald, Alexander, anecdote of, 51 Gaming, remarks on, 239

Machine, description of the electrical, Gardening, remarks on cottago, 85– 172, 212 II., 109.

Machine, description of the profile, 192 Gecko, foot of the, 240

Malevolence, effects of, 113 Genius and virtue, lines on, 32

Man a formidable animal, 104 Gerdil, selections from, 223

dependance of, upon his Creator, Gilding, art of, 96

3 Gillman, Mrs., extract from, 187

uses of some of the inorganic subGisborne, lines by, 191

stances to, 119 God, omnipotence and omnipresence

-evidence of the ignorance of, 239 of, 173

Manioc plant, cultivation of, 57 God, lines on the bounty of, 88' Mant, Bishop, selection from, 134 God's overruling providence, 134 Manufacture of writing paper, 117 Gold leaf beating, 248

Marine animals, on the light of the, 237 Goldsmith, selections from, 11

Marking.ink, how prepared, 175 Good conscience, value of a, 232 Maund, extracts from, 111, 147, 239 Goudrich Castle, Monmouthshire, 97

Measures of length, 62
Gravity, centre of, 185, 220

Medicinal leech, 231
Great Britain, an American's opinion Mental diseases, treatment of, 45

of the wealth and power of, 101 Microscope, account of, IV., 16 Great buffalo, Indian tradition of, 160 Mirrors, mode of silvering, 144 Grub, organs of digestion in the, 104 Monday's expenses, 215

Monies of accompt, table of, 63 Hale, Sir M., selections from, 141, 191 Monmouth, account of, 194 Hamley, Rev. E., lines by, 144

Montague, Lady Mary W., selection Happiness the reward of a virtuous from, 19 life, 19

Monuments of antiqnity, illustrations Harvest-time, hymn in, 200

of the Bible from, XV., 12–XVI., lines on, 70

42–XVII., 107–XVIII. 148– Hazel, the, 116

XIX, 196 Health, lines on, 144

Moon, phases of the, 125 Herschel, selections from, 220

Moral courage of women, 215 Hogg, selections from, 159

Morning, lines on a summer, 223 Home, what is, 3

Motion of animals without feet, 136 Hope, Collins's ode to, eatract from,

Motion, on perpetual, 99 181

Moth, dwelling of a species of, 88 Horns of deer, 93

Mutual forbearance, 32 Hospitality, moderation in, to be prac Myxine, glutinous hag, or borer, 184

tised, 189 Hour-glass, philosophy of the, 158 National morality, its dependence oil Howitt, Mary, lines by, 19

religion, 15 Humphrey, Rev. Dr., extract from, 101 Natural Philosophy, Recreations in, Hurdis, lines by, 15, 30, 70, 88

II., 7-11., 55-IV., 81-V., 99% Hydraulic ram, description of, 211

VI., 156—VII., 179—VIII., 188 Hymu in harvest-time, 200

IX., 220.

Natural phenomena, wonders of, 70 Idria, quicksilver mines of, 155

Nature, principles of cleanliness in, 195 Ill-temper, evil attending, 248

Naval and military establishments Imitation, propensity of children to, 32 Woolwich, 233 Incentive to the study of botany, 87 Navigation, brief history of, Part III., Indian ink, how prepared, 174

161-Navigation of the middle Indian tradition of the buffalo, 160

ages – the Arabians, 161 - The Inks, mode of preparing various, 174 English, 165-IV. The Venetians, Inkstands, 236

249– The Portuguese and Span. Inorganic substances, uses of some of, iards, 251 to man, 119

Newcastle-ipon-Tyne, 209, 225, 241 Insects, on the transformation of, 150 Night-guards, establishment of, 214 Intellectual labour, aversion of man.

Notes on forest trees, XXV. The hazel, kind to, 3 Intemperance, lines on, 119

Nothing in nature lost, 240 Jewish master, story of a, 150

Offence, powers of, possessed by ani. Johnson, selections from, 3, 195, 231, mals, 104 247

Oficers of state, duties of, 44 Judicial combats, 170

Old English sumptuary laws, 157

Omnipotence and omnipresence of Kentucky, racoon hunt in, 53

God, 173 Kilmallock, Ireland, description of, 105 Ordeal, trials by, 170 King's champion, duties of, 94

Organs of digestion in the caterpillar, Knox, selection from, 232

grub, and butterfly, 104 Kremlin bell, listing of the, 235

Origin of the signs + and —, 15

Oyster and oyster-fishery, 132
La Fontaine, selection from, 147
Land measures of area, table of, 63 Painting, definition of, 28
Language of animals, Í., 22–11., 27 Palaces of Rome, account of, 74
Latitude and longitude, what meant by Paley, selections from, 32
the terms, 208

Paper, history of writing, 68
Lavater, selections from, 221, 239

manufacture of writing, 117 Leadhills, Lanarkshire, village of, 230 Parchment, preparation of, 194 Learning not knowledge, 213

Passing-bell, the, 182, 190 Leaves of plants, on the, 67

Passions, government of the, 70 Leech, the medicinal, 231

Pastor and village church, 130 "Let us go to the woods," 152

Patrick, Bishop, selections from, 150, Liberality, what meant by, 134

239 Liberty conducive to happiness, 224 Pavements introduced, 219 Lichens, phosphorescent, in the Dres. Perpetual motion, on, 99 den coal-mines, 220

Peterhoff, great fête at, 222
Life, shortness of, 3

Petrarch's inkstand, lines on, 236
Light of the marine animals, 237 Philadelphia, blind school at, 187,
Lighting public street, custom of, 140 Phillips, extract from, 244
Lincoln Lunatic Asylum, 45

Philosopher, advice of a, 200
Lines on Childhood, 64

- character of, 229, Liquids, lerel surfaces of, 7

Philosophy of the hour-glass, 158 Locke, selections from, 19, 70

Phosphorescent lichens, 220 Looking.glasses and mirrors, 144 Piazze, or squares of Rome, 79 Love and friendship: 147

Piety, filial, of the C nese, 89 Love of the world, 157

Plauets, popular account of, 33 Lucas, selections from, 8

Plants, on the leaves of, 67

- replenishment of the earth by. Macculloch, extracts from, 22, 27, 119, 191 136, 142, 152, 191, 237

perfume of, 147

116

Capillary Attraction, 84, 156
Carelessness productive of poverty, 88
Carter, selections from, 223
Casaubon, selections from, 171
Casuerba, selection from, 83
Caterpillar, organs of digestion in the,

104 Cathedral Churches, on the destruc. tion of, 88

of Florence, 177 Centre of gravity, 188, 220 Chain-links of various forms, 176 Character of a true philosopher, 229 Chelsea water-works, mode of filtra

tion adopted at, 54 Chemist, the young, XII., 91 Chest-explorer, account of, 226 Chief Butler, duties of, at corona

tions, 59 Childhood, lines on, 64 Children, their propensity to imitation, 32

of Israel, murmurings of, 12 China, No. IX., 89-X., 153 Chinese, filial piety of the, 89

stic manners of the, 153 Christianity, the greatest of blessings,

16
Civet cat, the, 189
Civilized life, 239
Clarendon, selection from, 15%

Earth, its appearance to the moon, 120

replenishment of, by plants, 191 Earthenware, remarks on, 13 Eclipses, solar and lunar, causes of, 127 Education, the use of a proper, 104 Effects of religious feelings, 15 Electrical experiments, 228 Electricity,-1., General Principles of,

111-11.. Conductors and Nonconductors, 151-111., Electrical

Machines, 172—IV., 212–V., 228 Elephant, various species of the, 160 Elizabeth, coronation of queen, 83 Ely Chapel, Holborn, 129, 185 Engine, conib-cutting, 224 Euglish, navigation of, during the mid.

dle ages, 165 Envy, effects of, 68 Erdman, Mr., his description of phos.

phorescent lichens, 220 Euphrates expedition, account of, 1 Europe, comparative tables of the

weights, measures, and monies of,

62 Brils of drunkenness, 141 Excess in drink to be avoided, 192 Facts in Comparative Anatomy, Ill.,

28-IV., 104-V., 136-VI., 240 Falling bodies, on, 179 Feeding of animals, on the, 142 Filial piety of the Chinese, 89 Filtration of Thames water, 54 Fishermen of France, 169 Flatterers, danger of encouraging, 159 Florence and the Florentines, I., 138

-II., 177
Flower garden, beauties of the, 147
Forest-trees, notes on, XXV., The

Hazel, 116
France, oyster fisheries in, 133

fishermen of, 169 Francis, selection from, 173 Friendship, instability of, 240

necessity of care in the formation of, 247

15

Plasterer, the, 32
Plumber, the, 31
Plus and minus, origin of the signs of,
Poison fangs in serpents, 61
Polyanthos, account of the, 244
Pour, sinfulness of oppressing the, 173
Pope, selections from, 212, 223
Popular Astronomy, Part II., 33 -

Coniparative sizes of the planets,
33—The Sun, 34-Mercury, 37-
Venus, 38—111., 121-The Earth,
121-The Moon, 122-Phases of,
125 — Eclipses, 126 — Solar and
lunar eclipses, 127-IV., 201-The
seasons, 201--Day and night, 204
--Refraction, 203-Tides, 206–

Latitude and longitude, 207
Porter, selection from, 220
Portuguese and Spaniards, navigation

ot, 251
Primrose, the common, 244
Printer's ink, what composed of, 175
Prize-fighting, on, 143
Profile machine, description of, 192
Progress of the arts and sciences, 246
Progress and public processions of

Queen Elizabeth, VII., 9-VIII.,

46-IX., 81
Prose and poetry, definitions of, 30
Public streets, custom of lighting, 140

introduction of stone
pavements in, 219
Queen Elizabeth, lier progresses and

public processions, VII., 9-VIII.,

46-IX., 81
Quicksilver mines of Idria, 135

VI., 156–VII., 179-VIII., 188 Smith, Adam, selection from, 19
IX., 220

Snake and the viper, 140
Regalia, account of the,

Sorrow, effects of, 147
Regularity, evils attending the neglect Soul and body, 159
of, 110

Sounds, rural, 152
Reid, selection from, 220

South, selection from, 223
Religion, consolations of, 11

Stebbing, extract from, 159
Religious feelings, effects of, 15

Steele, selection from, 213
Replenishment of the earth by plants, Sterne, selection from, 143
191

Stethoscope, or chest-explorer, 226
Resignation under difficulties, 70 Stove pavements in streets, 219,
Riches, on the acquirement of, 70 Story, Robert, lines by, 183

the baggage of virtue, 200 Strafford, Lord, selection from, 192
Road measures of length, table of, 63 Streets, lighting, 140
Rome, some account of the city of, Struve, selection from, 212

Part IX., 73-Palaces, 74 The Study of Truth, advantages of, 83
Vatican,75—The Sistine chapel, 75

Botany, incentive to the, 87
-Loggie and Camere of Raphael, Summer Morning, lines on, 223
76—Streets of Modern Rome, 78-

lines ou, 19
Fountains, 78-Piazze or squares Sumptuary laws, old English, 157

of Rome, 79-Modern Romans, 79
Rothschild, anecdote of Joseph, 58 Tabernacle, building of the, 107
Rottler, J. P., account of, 25

Taylor, Jeremy, Coleridge's opinion
Ruins of Tintern Abbey, 65

of, 24
Rural sounds, 152

, Bishop, selection from, 224
Russia, scene in, 222

Telford, extraet from the life of, 62

Temple, Sir W., selection from, 223
Sacrifice, universality of, 148

Templetou, selection from, 96
Sago Palm, description of the, 24 Thames water, filtration of, 54
St. Swithin, 15

Thebaid, Doum tree of the, 64
San Lorenzo, Florence, church of, 133 Thinking not an easy employment, 247
Sanford, Mrs. J., selections from, 150, Thompson, lines by, 200
215

Thoughts of the moment, value of, 136
Say, J. B., anecdote by, 110

Tides, operation of the sun, moon, and
Scene in Russia, 222

earth in producing, 206
Sea, British sailor's praise of the, 183 Tillotson, selections from, 136, 221
shell, lines on, 231

Time, value of, 231
Seasons, successions of the, 201

Tiutern Abbey, Monmouthshire, 65
Self-instruction, advantages afforded Tolling of the passing-bell, reflections

for, 240
Sensibility of women, 159

Trapsformation of insects typical of the
Sensitive mind, advantages cf a, 150 human being, 150
Serpents, poison faugs in, 61

Trench, Mrs., selections from, 15
Shakspeare, selections from, 147 Trials by ordeal, and judicial combats,
Shortness of life, 3

170
Simpson, extract from, 54

Truffle, description of the, 29
Sin, deceitfulness of the pleasures of, Truth, on the study of, 83
239

the foundation of knowledge,
Sistine chapel, Rome, account of, 75
Slater, the, 31

Tongue of the woodpecker, 28
Smith, selection from, 3.

Turnip-fly, account of, 6

Useful Arts, No. XXXVIII., 31
Useful knowledge, ardour in the pur

suit of to be cherished, 195
Vatican, account of the, 75
Velocity of the wind, 192
Venetians, uavigation of the, 249
Verses addressed to Queen Elizabeth,

9, 10, 47, 48, 83
Vestments, coronation, account of, 20
Village church and pastor, 130
Violin, history of the, 181

construction of, 199
Viper and the snake, 140
Virtuous life, happiness the reward of,

19
Visit to the quicksilver mines of Idria,
135

blind school at Philadel-
phia, 187
Washington, selections from, 15
Watchmen, the establishinent of, 214
Wayland, selections from, 70, 88
Wealth, how acquired, 88
Wealth and power of Great Britain,

101
Weights of Europe, table of, 62
Wilberforce, selections from, 56
Willmott, selection from, 240
Wind, velocity of the, 192
Women, sensibility of, 159

-, nuoral courage of, 215
Woodpecker, tongue of the, 28
Woolwich, naval and military esta.

blishments at, 233
World, love of, 157,
World, what the most sublime spec-

tacle in, 136
Writing materials, IV. - History of

writing paper, 68—V. Manufacture
of writing paper, 117-V1. On
parchment, 133-VII. On ink, 174

-VIII., 236
Wye and Monmouthshire, II., 17-

III., 49 V., 97-V., 193—VI.,
217

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on, 183

Racoon, natural history of, 53
Ragland castle, Monmouthshire, 145
Raleigh, Sir W., selections from, 159,

173, 200
Ram, description of the hydraulic, 211
Rats, method of taking, 216
Reading, cheap entertainment, 19

correct mode of, 247
Reason, advantages of, 8
Rebellion in 1745, anecdote of, 51
Recreations in Natural Philosophy,

11., 7-111., 55-IV., 84-V., 99-

171

Young Chemist, XII., 91
Youth and age, 213

INDEX TO THE ENGRAVINGS.

ADNESION and cohesion, illustrations

of, 56
Altars on high places, 196

Roman, and sacrifice, 197

marked with symbols, 198
Ancient print, copy of an, representing

a royal progress through the

Strand, 81
Anglo-Saxon sailor's hammock, 164

ship, 165
Animal sacrifice, Egyptian, 149
Anular eclipse, 127
Armilla, the, 20
Astrolabe, or quadrant, 252
Bar-shot, 235
Black rat, 216
Brother of the Misericordia, 184
Bullock, the sacred young, 13
Buskins, coronation, 21

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Neap.tide, diagram to illustrate, 208
Newcastle, views of, 209, 225

river view of, 241
New Weir, on the Wye, 193
Norman ship, 165

vessel, 253

Sago-palm, fruit, &c, of, 24
Sail-maker, from a French print, 164
St. Paul's Cross, Cheapside, 48
St. Nicholas Church, Newcastle, 209
Sandals, coronation, 21
Scene in a Chinese drama, 153
Sceptre, king and queen's, with cross, 4

with dove, 4
Seal, great, of Henry the First, 5
Seasons, the, 201
Serpents, poison fangs of, 61
Ship, Anglo-Saxon aud Norman, 165
Silvering table, 144
Slating, diagram illustrative of, 31
Snake and viper, heads of, 140
Solstice, Summer and Winter, 204
Spinning, ancient Egyptian method of,

108
Spring-tides, new and full moon, 207
Spurs, the coronation, 6
Staff of Lord High Constable and

Earl Marshal, 44
Staff, St. Edward's, 4
Strand, royal progress through the, 81
Sun, Summer and Winter, alitudes of,

in the vicinity of London, 203
spots on the, 34
comparative dimensions of, as
as seen from the differeut planets,

35
Super-tunica, or surcoat, 20
Swords of Mercy, Justice, and Tem-

porality, 5
Symbols, altar marked with, 198

Offerings of the Egyptians, 148
Opposition and conjunction, illustra.

tion of, 38
Orb, the, 4
Oyster, organs of breathing of, 132

Capillary attraction, illustrations of,

84-86, 156, 157
Caracole, a, 161
Caterpillar of the turnip-fly, 7

organs of digestion in, 104
Centre of gravity, figures illustrative

of, 188, 189, 220, 221
Chain-shot, 235
Cheapside, procession through, 48
Chinese lady, child, and attendant, 89

drama, scene in a, 153
Civet Cat, 189
Clifford Castle, on the Wye, 17
Cocoon of the turnip-fly, 7
Colobium Sindonis, 21
Comb-cutting engine, 224
Congreve rocket, effect of a, 231
Cornhill, ancient view of, 9
Cup of Tantalus, 7

Gecko's foot, under side of the, 240
General view of Florence, 137
Gilder's furpace, 36
Glutinous hag-fislı, 184
Gold-leaf beating, figures illustrative

of, 248
Gondola, Venetian, 250
Goodrich Castle, ruins of, 97
Grand butler and carver at a royal

seast, 60
Gray Wethers, Dartmoor, 113
Great seal of Henry I., 5
Grey-street, Newcastle, 225
Hag.fish, the glutinous, 184
Hammock, Anglo-Saxon sailor's, 164
Hazel, the, 116

leaves, catkins and fruit of, 116
Hebrew lady in her pleasure-house,

109
Hillah, present town of, 1
Holly, leaves of the, 68
Horns of red and fallow deer, 93
Hydraulic ram, 212
Hydrostatic paradox, 8
Illustrations, microscopic, of the pro-

cesses of vegetation, 16
Inkstands, ancient, 236
Insect trausformations, 88
Kasr, or palace, ruins of Babylon, re.

mains of, 3
Kilmallock, town of, 105

Pall of state, 20
Parallax, illustrations of, 40
Perpetual motion, illustrations of,

100
Petrarch's inkstand, 236
Pliases of the Moon, 125

Venus, 39
Planels, comparative sizes of the, 33

nodes of a, 124
Profile machine, 192

neap, 208

Quadrant, or astrolabe, 252
Queen Elizabeth, procession of, thro'

Cornhill, 9

Dartmoor, Gray Wethers at, 113
Digestion, organs of, in the caterpil.

lar, 104
Doum Palm, fruit of the, 64
Drawing from an old mosaic, 168

Earl Marshal's staff, 45
Early English vessel, 253
Earthi, probable appearance of, to the
Eclipse, total, 126

annular, 127

lunar, 125
moon, 121
Egyptian king Rameses offering in.

cense and oblations, 41
Egyptian method of spinning, 108

offerings of the, 148
Electrical experiments, diagrams to

illustrate, 228, 229
Electrical machines, 172, 173

Racoon, the, 53
Ragland Castle, ruins of, 145
Rameses offering incense and obla-

tions, 41
Rat, the black, 216
Red au£l fallow deer, horns of, 93
Refraction, diagrams illustrative of,

205
Rings, king and queen's, 5
River view or Newcastle-upon-Tyne,

241
Roebuck, horns of, 94
Roman letter-writer, 73

altar and sacrifice, 197
Rottler, J. P., monument to, 25
Rotunda, or Repository, Woolwich, 233
Royal progross through the Strand, 81

Tantalus, cup of, 7
Tides, spring, new and full moon, 207
Tintern Abbey, ruins of, 65
Transformations, insect, 88
Truffle, the, 29
Turnip-fly, 7
Venetian gondola, 250
Venus, phases of, 39
Viper aurl snake, heads of, 140
Virge, queen's, or ivory rod, 4
War-boat, early English, 166
War-ship of the 14th century, 249
Westminster, water procession from, to

the Tower, 72
Wild boar, fountain of the, Florence,

177
Wilton Castle, 49
Woodpecker, tongue and skull of the,

28
Woolwich, Rotunda or Repository at,

233
Wye, New Weir on the, 193

Latitude and longitude, diagram illus-

trative of, 208
Leech, medicinal, 232
Letter-writer, Roman, 73
Link-chains, varivus models of, 176
Llandogo, on the Wye, 217
Lunar eclipse, 128

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Tae Euphrates Expedition, undertaken for the pur- 1 of the accomplished Surgeon and Naturalist of the pose of ascertaining the navigability of that river, Expedition, Mr. Ainsworth *, (to whom we are also must be considered one of the most useful and in- indebted for the sketch, taken on the spot by teresting journeys recently made. Useful, not only Lieutenant Fitzjames, R.N., from which our enbecause of proving practicable a much shorter and graving is made,) we are enabled to lay before our more convenient route from hence to India; but also readers some curious and novel facts concerning the as opening out new sources of commercial enterprise city of cities,” Babylon the Great. with a people with whom we have as yet had little The modern town of Hillah is situated upon the intercourse; and whom, it appears, Europeans have river Euphrates, where once stood a considerable suhitherto much misunderstood.

burb of Babylon. Its present population, which may But the usefulness resulting from such an expedi- average from six to seven thousand souls, consists tion even yields to the interest it must awaken in the chiefly of Arabs, who have their own Sheik, but the mind of the Biblical or classical antiquarian. The Mutsellim, or governor of the place, is under the river Euphrates, whose banks have been styled “the pacha of Baghdad, and resides in a fortress within the cradle of the world,” whose margins bore the proud town. There are bazaars and markets on both sides weight of the greatest cities of antiquity; and whose of the river. The shopkeepers are chiefly Armenians, bosom was ploughed by the ships of the princely Turks, and Jews. A most important fact connected merchants of Babylon, concerning which so many with these traders is, that Manchester and Glasgow prophecies of Holy Writ were recorded and terribly goods that were taken out by the Expedition as fulfilled,—the theatre of war of the Ten Thousand samples, were eagerly bought by them, at a profit Greeks and the army of Alexander,—the early seat

* Mr. Ainsworth's work, Researches in Babylonia, Assyria, and of Christianity,—offers a mine of material for the Chaldau, is now published, and the Author has departed on a poet, the philosopher, and the historian.

journey to the Syrian Christians, under the auspices of the Society Having been kindly granted access to the Notes Society of London.

for Promoting Christian Knowledge, and the Royal Geograpbical VOL. XIII.

386

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