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An. 22 Çar. I. ary, 1625. In 1637, fined 10,000l. imprisoned 1646.
in the Tower during the King's Pleasure, and fufJuly. pended from all his Dignities and Offices by the
High Commission Court (d): But upon a new Turn in Politicks, translated to the Archbishoprick of York upon the Death of Dr. Neile, in December 1641.-Here we find him acting the Casuist in the Case of the Earl of Strafford, advising King Charles to diftinguish between a private Conscience and a public Conscience (e); and when the Temporal Power of the Clergy was attack'd, exerting himself as their most remarkable Advocate; displaying great Force of Learning and Oratory in Vindication of their , Claims (F): But now Temporibus mutatis, taking up Arms in favour of that Parliament who had not only set aside the very Order of Episcopacy, but, the more effectualy to establish their Form of Presbyterian Church-Government, were, at that Time, framing an Ordinance for selling the Lands of the Bishops, Deans and Chapters, throughout the Kingdom.
The last particular in the Conduct of this Great Man has been much palliated, and almost evendenied, by the Authors of his Life (8), though pofitively asserted by all the Contemporary Writers (b): Buta Letter read in the Houfe of Lords, the second of this Month, from Colonel Mitton, and some others that follow in the Course of this Work, will put this Affair out of Dispute for the future.
Col. Mitton's Letter relating to Archbishop Williams's declaring for the Parliament.
Carnarvon, June 15, 1646. Right Honourable,
Aving, by the Help of God, reduced unto
your Obedience this rocky and mountainous Country, Carnarvonshire, in North Wales,
fituated towards Ireland (one small Town there' in excepted, which yet is block'd up) and that in
a short (d) Rushworth, Vol. II. p. 416, & feq. (e) In our 9th Volume, p. 270,
Ibid. p. 294. (8) Bishop Hacket and Mr. An:broje Williams.
(6) W bitlock's Memorials, p. 208. The Dove, No. 142, p. 7250 No. 147, p. 8. The Moderate Irielligencer, No. 61, p. 325. Mer curius Rufticus, April 27, 1646. tiwbworik, Vol. VI. po 297.
a short Time, and with small Forces, the Bar- An. 22 Car. I. renness of the Country being no ways able to
1646. maintain or nourish any great Army: I held it
July, befitting that Ingenuity which the Parliament useth to cherish in all their Servants, to represent unto your Honours, amongst many others, one Person especially by whom I have been much encouraged and aslisted, from Time to Time, in all Services: It is the Archbishop of York; who, befides his Parts, Learning and Experience, (which are known, I suppose, to most of your Honours) is
of those Means, Power, Kindred and Alliance . in these Parts, as I must profess that his Affift(ance in several Ways (being invited by me to put
himself upon the Favour of the Parliament) hath • been very advantageous and effectual in this Re• duction of these strong Towns and mountainous « Countries unto their due Obedience. I was at • first put into the Hopes of gaining his Furtherance
in this Work, because I received it from all • Hands, that the Archbishop, ever since his coming
to Wales, did employ himself rather in defending • of his native Country from the Violence and In6 cursions of the Cominanders in Chief and Soldiers ( under the King, (who accordingly bear him 6 much Rancour and Malice to this Day for such • Endeavours) than in actual opposing the Designs 6 of the Parliament; with which Invitation he ( very easily complied, tho' towards the eleventh · Hour of the Day, yet upon the first calling, as, • it were, and approaching of the Parliamentary
Forces, unto these remoteft Parts of this Kingdom; and, being once entered into the Vineyard, I must do him that Right that he omitted no
Expence, Cost, Travel, or Industry to comply i with the Parliament.
« These Services of this wise and grave Perfoage, myself being unable to requite, I do humbly and most earnestly recommend to your Ho
nours Respect and Confideration, who can best * judge what a Man of his Parts, under such Oblia
Ar. 22 Car. I. 'gations from your Honours and the Parliament, may hereafter deferve, so fhall your Honours
engage Your Honours most humble and faithful Servant,
with him, very
P.S. Since the writing of this Letter it hath < pleased God, after some Trouble, but without * Bloodshed, that the Isle and County of Anglesey, « with the strong Castle therein, is reduced unto
the King and Parliament; and in this Service my
Lord of York had none of the least Part, befides that his Lordship, whilft our Forces ex«pected other Employment, withdrew: his own < Men from his House at Penryn; and, with some • Addition of his Friends, hath laid a clofe Siege
unto Conway Town and Castle, and doth at this • Instant vigorously pursue it, which I thought • myself bound to represent unto your Lordships < for the Benefit and Advantage of that worthy « Person.'
This Letter being communicated to the House of Commons the same Day, they ordered their Speaker to return Col. Mitton Thanks for his good Services; and to let him know that they would also take the Services of the Archbishop of York into Consideration as they should have Occasion.
Order of Parlia. About the Beginning of this Month an Order ment against Pa- of both Houses was made for all Papists and Irish pists, Irishmen, to be put out of the Lines of Communication, and Oxford Ca. waliers
(then drawn round the City and Suburbs) and out of all Corporations. That those also who came from Oxford, on the Rendition of that Place, or any of the King's Garrisons, should be in their Lodgings by nine o'Clock; to make them shew their Palles and disarm them; and that they engage never to bear Arms against the Parliament. This - Order to be published by Beat of Drum and Sound of Trumpet.
Mr. Whitlocke makes this grave and just Reflec. An. 22 Car. Ii tion on this Order: • Thus we may see, that, even after almost a.
July, Conquest, yet they apprehended no Safety; such are the issues and Miseries of a Civil War, that the Victories are full of Fears from those they have subdued. No Quiet, no Security. Oh let our Prayers be to God never to have such calamitous Times again.'
July 4. This Day Mr Alderman Foste, one of. the Sheriffs of the City of London, accompanied with more of his Brethren and divers CommonCouncil Men, attended the House of Lords with a Petition, in which was the Draught of another intended to be sent from the City to the King. These Petitions contain many very remarkable Expressions of Respect from this Body Corporate to his Majesty. And first that to the Lords: To the Right Honourable the LORD 9 assembled in
the High Court of Parliament,
Aldermen, and Commons of the City of London,
HAT having received the Honour from The City of Lon
his Majesty to be (by a particular Letter of den defire Leave the 19th of May last, the Copy whereof wę send a Petition to
presented to your Lordships) assured of his Royal the King. • Resolutions to comply with his Parliament for <Settlement of Truth and Peace, the Petitioners do conceive themselves obliged in Duty to make fome Return thereto; and especially to take this Opportunity, when the Honourable Houses are preparing to dispatch fome Propositions to his
Majesty; but the Petitioners could not presume "to resolve upon any such Address before they had received the pleasure of your Lordships thereup
And therefore they humbly present unto your Lord'hips the Draught of that Petition, which
An. 22 Car. I. « they have prepared to be delivered to his Majesty, 1646.
6 and humbly attend the Order of your Lordships July,
And fall duly pray, &c.
A Draught thereof.
Next was read the Draught of the City's Petition to the King.
To the KING's Mof Excellent Majesty,
Aldermen, and Commons of the City of London,
Grace and Favour of your Majesty, in i condescending so particularly to communicate un
to this City your royal and pious Resolutions to
comply with your Houses of Parliament, for set• tling of of Truth and Peace in this distracted King
dom, signified by your late gracious Letter of
the 19th of May last to the Rrepresentative Body < thereof; in which, as the Petitioners cannot but
see the special Hand of Almighty God, so they muft, and do, from the Bottom of their Hearts,
bless his holy Name who at length hath opened < such a Door of Hope, by inclining your Maje
sty’s Heart to look down upon the Amictions of
your People; and from thence take Comfort to ( themselves that he will confirm and increase these good Resolutions in your Majesty.
. As for the City, the Petitioners esteem it their • Duty now again, as they have formerly done, to
declare unto your Royal Majesty and the whole - World, That, according to their Protestation and
Covenant, they have always, and do still retain - the same loyal Thoughts towards your Majesty as
ever, and as becometh Subjects to do, from which they shall never recede. . And as, next unto the good Guidance of Almighty God, they do humbly commit and sub6 mit the Means and Manner of their future Peace and Happiness unto your Majesty's great and