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ribs on its sides, which terminate in an uneven crown, where it is nearly as broad as at the base. Eye large, open, very deeply placed in a broad-angled, oblique, irregular basin. Stalk half an inch long, not deeply inserted, in a rather small evenly-formed cavity. Skin smooth, yellowish green on the shaded side, tinged with orange where exposed to the sun. Flesh yellowish white, crisp, and tender, with a rich sugary juice.

A dessert apple, and for culinary purposes also, from November till February or March.

This extremely valuable apple is at present but little known in England, although, from specimens exhibited at the Horticultural Society in 1829, by John Darby, Esq., it appears that very ancient trees of it exist in Sussex. In America it is called Fall Pippin, under which name it has been for some time sold by Mr. Cobbett.

160. WHITMORE'S PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 1158.

Fruit middle-sized, of a very regular, somewhat conical figure, with eight or ten obtuse angles on the sides, which terminate more distinctly in the crown, where it is almost drawn to a point. Eye very narrow, flat. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, deeply inserted, and not protruded beyond the base. Skin a clear yellowish green, sprinkled with numerous small dark green specks ; on the sunny side tinged with faint red. Flesh whitish green, breaking. Juice brisk, with a slight aromatic flavour.

A winter dessert and culinary apple from November till January or February.

161. WINTER PEARMAIN. Ray, 1688.
Old Pearmain. Pom. Hereford. t. 29.
Parmain d'Hiver. Knoop. Pom. p. 64. t. 11.
Pépin Parmain d'Angleterre. Ib. p. 131.

Fruit middle-sized, regularly shaped, tapering a little from the base to the crown, which is a little narrowed. Eye small, and closed by the short segments of the calyx. Stalk short, slender, protruding a little beyond the base. Skin a grass green, with a little colour of a livid red on the sunny side, interspersed with a few dark specks, particularly on the produce of old trees, especially those which are encumbered with a profusion of wood. Flesh pale green, firm, crisp. Juice not plentiful, but saccharine, and of a slight aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple from November till March.

162. WINTER. RED CALVILLE. Nursery Catalogues.

Calville Rouge. Duhamel. 4. t. 3.

Calville Rouge d'Hiver. Bon Jard. 1827, p. 323. Hort. Soc. Cat. 132.

Fruit large, of an oblong figure, broader at the base than at the crown, about three inches in diameter, and three inches and a half deep. Eye large, rather deeply sunk. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, rather deeply inserted. Skin pale red on the shaded side, but where exposed to the sun, of a much deeper colour. Flesh tender, with an agreeable juice.

A culinary apple from November till February.

Sect. VII.-Russets and Nonpareils.

163. ACKLAM's Russet. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 1. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 977.

Fruit below the middle size, perfectly round in its outline, and rather flat; about two inches and a quarter in diameter, and two inches deep. Eye small, with a converging calyx, sunk in a very regular, circular, open basin, free from plaits. Stalk half an inch long, even with the base. Skin pale yellowish green, covered with a very thin, smooth, grey russet, in which are interspersed numerous yellowish grey specks. Flesh greenish white,

very firm, and crisp. Juice sugary, and of a high poignant flavour.

A very neat dessert apple from November till Fe. bruary.

This is a Yorkshire apple of great merit; the trees are but small growers, but they are very hardy, and great bearers.

164. AROMATIC Russet. Nursery Catalogues. But not of Hort. Soc. Cat. 1061.

Fruit middle-sized, a little conical, but flattened at both the base and the crown Eye small, a little depressed. Stalk very short, deeply inserted. Skin green, covered with a thin grey russet, and a little tinged with dull red on the sunny side. Flesh greenish white, firm, crisp, but tender. Juice saccharine and perfumed.

A dessert apple from November till February.

The wood of this tree is straight, rather slender; and when the young branches are vigorous, they are furnished with spurs, somewhat in the manner of the Nonesuch. It is a very hardy sort, and an excellent bearer.

165. ASHMEAD's KERNEL. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 20. Dr. Ashmead's Kernel, of the Gloucestershire Gardens.

Fruit rather small, not much unlike the old Nonpareil, except in being a little longer, and having a few obtuse angles running from the base to the crown, which is somewhat narrow. Eye small, a little depressed. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, and inserted half its length in a conical cavity. Skin of a pale brownish grey russet upon a green ground, and of a brownish orange colour on the sunny side. Flesh firm and crisp. Juice plentiful, of an excellent and rich aromatic flavour.

A very neat dessert apple from November till May.

The habit and general appearance of the tree is very much like that of a Nonpareil, and there can be no doubt of its having originated from a seed of that fruit. It is a Gloucestershire apple, and was raised by a Dr. Ashmead, of Ashmeads, in that county. It is a very valuable and hardy variety, highly deserving of cultivation.

166. BOWYER'S RUSSET. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.979. Pom. Mag. t. 121.

Fruit below the middle size, broadest at the base ; the outline tolerably round, about two inches and a quarter in diameter, and one inch and three quarters deep. Eye close, in a small depression, surrounded by obscure wrinkled plaits. Stalk half an inch long, inserted in a middle-sized evenly-formed cavity. Skin covered all over with a fine golden russet. Flesh greenish white, with a tinge of yellow, and having a sharp, rich, aromatic juice.

A very handsome and valuable dessert apple in the month of September, and will keep a few weeks after this time.

Cuttings of it were sent to the Horticultural Society in 1824, by Mr. Boult, of Hawthorn Hill, Maidenhead. It is perfectly hardy, bearing abundantly upon standards

167. BRADDICK's NONPAREIL. Hort. Trans. Vol.iii. p. 268. t. 10. f. 3.

Fruit of a flattened globular figure, three inches in its widest, and two inches and a half in its shortest diameter, not much lessened near the eye, and nearly flat at the stalk. Eye rather small, inserted in a somewhat deep and nearly rounded basin, almost without plait or wrinkle. Stalk short, not deeply inserted. Skin smooth, greenish near the stalk, becoming tinged with yellowish brown, and a considerable portion of brownish red on the sunny side, and generally a patch of fine russet round the eye. Stalk short, not deeply inserted. Flesh yellowish, sweeter and more melting than the old Nonpareil, with a richly sugared and slightly aromatic juice.

A dessert apple from October till Christmas.

This very valuable apple was raised by John Braddick, Esq., in his garden at Thames Ditton, in Surrey.



*168. EARLY NONPAREIL. G. Lindl. Plan of an Orchard, 1796. Summer Nonpareil, la

| Gardeners' Names in Norfolk. Stagg's Nonpareil, J Hicks's Fancy. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 450.

Fruit middle-sized, a little more long than broad, and somewhat narrowed at the crown. Eye small, in a very shallow basin. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender. Skin yellowish, covered with a very thin russet, interspersed with a few grey specks. Flesh yellowish white, very crisp, and tender. Juice plentiful, of a rich and highly aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple in October and November..

This very excellent apple was raised from a seed of the old Nonpareil, by a nurseryman of the name of Stagg, at Caister, near Great Yarmouth, in Norfolk, about fifty years ago. The tree has much the appearance of the Nonpareil, except its wood being shorter, and of a more upright growth. Its last name originated somewhat whimsically, in a nursery near town, in consequence of a gentleman of the name of Hicks having selected this, from a large collection of which he had tasted, in preference to any other. It is a hardy bearer, and highly deserving of cultivation.

169. ` FENOUILLET Gris. Duhamel, 10. t. 5.
Anis. Ib.
Caraway Russet. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.982.
Spice Apple.
Brown Apple of Burnt Island. } Id. No. 1061.
Rook's-nest Apple.

Fruit rather small, roundish ovate, of a very regular outline, without any angles on its sides, about two inches and a quarter in diameter at its base,and two inches deep. Eye small, with narrow diverging segments, deeply sunk in a narrow, funnel-shaped basin. Stalk short, deeply sunk in a funnel-shaped cavity, quite within the

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