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This is an old favourite kitchen apple, mentioned by Ray in 1688, and described shortly by Miller ; but it is not the Kentish Pippin of Mr. Forsyth. It makes strong shoots, attains a large size, with an open spreading head, is a very hardy orchard tree, and an excellent bearer.

144, KINELLAN APPLE. Hort. Trans. Vol. vii. p. 338.

The skin is a clear pale green, very little dotted, but strongly coloured with yellowish bright red on the exposed side. The eye is rather angular ; the stalk downy; the flesh white, firm, rather juicy, and pleasant,

A pleasant table apple, in season in Ross-shire from the beginning of December till January, and will keep till March.

This is an offspring between the Nonpareil and Manx Codlin, obtained by Sir George Steuart Mackenzie, Bart., of Coul, near Dingwall, in Ross-shire; it produced its first fruit in 1825. In size the apple resembles the Manx Codlin, and in appearance and other qualities the Nonpareil.

144*. LAMB ABBEY PEARMAIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. v. p. 269. t. 10. f. 2.

Fruit middle-sized, oval, somewhat pyramidal, rather flattened at both ends, about three inches deep, and two inches three quarters in diameter. Eye small, sunk in a deep and broad hollow, surrounded by regular but slight plaits, which do not extend to the body of the . fruit. Stalk short, deeply inserted. Skin yellowish green on the shaded side and next the eye; the sunny side being covered with a handsome red, having many black dots, in the manner of an ordinary Golden Reinette. Flesh yellowish next the skin, green next the core, firm, crisp, very juicy, with a peculiar rich sweetness, and a light aromatic flavour.

An excellent dessert fruit from December till March.

This very valuable apple was raised, in 1803, from a kernel of the Newtown Pippin, by Mrs.Malcolm, the lady of Neil Malcolm, Esq., of Lamb Abbey, in Kent. At six years old it produced three apples, at nine years seven dozen, and from that time it has regularly produced good crops.

145. LEMON PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 550. Pom. Mag. t. 37. .

Lemon Pippin. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 102.'

Fruit middle-sized, oval, very regularly formed, without angles, about two inches and three quarters in diameter, and three inches deep. Eye small, open, with a very short slender calyx, slightly depressed. Stalk short, fleshy, curved inwards, and forming a continuance of the fruit, in the manner of a lemon; hence its name. Skin pale yellowish green, becoming yellow when ripe, with neither red nor russet. Flesh firm, breaking. Juice not abundant, nor high flavoured, but very pleasant.

A dessert fruit from October till March.

A very hardy orchard apple; the tree grows erect, very regularly formed, and handsome, and is a most excellent bearer.

146. New Rock PIPPIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. v.p.269.

Fruit of the Nonpareil kind, but less regular in shape, and the eye sunk a little deeper. Stalk short. Skin of a dull green on the shaded side; on the part exposed to the sun it becomes brown, with a slight tinge of red, and the whole surface sprinkled with russet. Flesh yellow, firm, not very juicy, but rich and sweet, with a fine anise perfume.

A dessert apple from November till April.

Raised by Mr. Pleasance, of Barnwell, near Cam. bridge. It keeps late in the spring, and is then hardly surpassed by any of the old varieties. Exhibited at the Horticultural Society, November 20, 1821.


147. New York PIPPIN. G. Lindl. Plan of an Orchard, 1796. New York Pippin. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 642.

Fruit rather large, of an oblong figure, somewhat pyramidal, rather irregular in its outline, and slightly pentangular on its sides, three of which are generally much shorter than the other, forming a kind of lip at the crown ; from two inches and a half to three inches deep, and the same in diameter at the base. Eye closed, rather deeply sunk in a very uneven irregular basin. Stalk half an inch long, slender, rather deeply inserted in a wide uneven cavity. Skin dull greenish yellow, with a few green specks, intermixed with a little skin, grey russet, and tinged with brown on the sunny side. Flesh firm, crisp, tender. Juice plentiful, saccharine, with a slight aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple from November till April.

An American variety of excellence. The tree grows large, and bears well. It sometimes happens with this as it does with Hubbard's Pearmain, that smooth fruit grow upon one branch and russetty ones upon another ; and in cold seasons the fruit are for the most part russetty.

It was named the New York Pippin by Mr. Mackie, and first propagated in his Nursery at Norwich about forty years ago. Its name first appeared in 1796 in my Plan of an Orchard, and was afterwards copied, without acknowledgment, with almost all the rest, together with their synonyms and characters, into Mr. Forsyth's Treatise on Fruit Trees. I have, for this reason, in the present instance and in some others, quoted my own publication as a matter of priority, and given the authority, where I have been able to find any, for all other fruits introduced into this work. If I have omitted any, I have very humbly to crave the author's indulgence.

148. NORFOLK PARADISE. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.684. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 125.

Fruit middle-sized, oblong, irregularly formed. Eye very large, deeply sunk, in an uneven, oblique hollow. Stalk rather short, not deeply inserted. Skin greenish yellow; on the sunny side of a brownish red, streaked with a darker colour. Flesh white, very firm. Juice abundant, and of a very excellent flavour.

A dessert apple from October till March.

Its name seems to indicate a Norfolk origin; but I never could find it in any part of the county.

149. NORTHERN GREENING. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 693. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No. 127.

Fruit above the middle size, of an oblong figure, scarcely angular on its sides, about three inches deep, and two inches and three quarters in diameter. Eye rather small, with a closed calyx, seated in a somewhat narrow, shallow, irregularly plaited basin. Stalk short and thick, inserted without any cavity, but connected by a projecting lip on one side, similar to that of the Lemon Pippin. Skin pale dull green, sprinkled with specks of darker green imbedded in the skin ; on the sunny side it is tinged with pale brown, interspersed with slight streaks of a darker colour. Flesh greenish, white, firm. Juice sub-acid, without any apparent saccharine property.

A very excellent culinary apple from November till April.

150. Ord's APPLE. Hort. Trans. Vol. ii. p. 285. t. 19.

Simpson's Pippin. Ib.
Simpson's Seedling. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 1043.

Fruit middle-sized, of on oblong ovate shape, with the base and crown depressed, from two inches and a half to three inches deep, and two inches and a quarter in diameter at the base. Eye small, with a short connivent calyx, in a very shallow basin, surrounded by some irregular plaits, the natural number of which is five. Stalk three quarters of an inch long. Skin thick, always green while on the tree, tinged with coppercoloured red, with several darker spots on the sunny side. Flesh firm. Juice rich and perfumed.

A dessert apple from December till March.

Raised some years ago by Mrs. Anne Simpson, sisterin-law of John Ord, Esq., from the seed of an apple grown in his garden at Purser's Cross, near Fulham, the produce of a tree he had raised from a Newtown Pippin, which he had imported from America about the year 1777.

151. ORTLEY APPLE. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 415.

Fruit very much resembling the yellow Newtown Pippin, but a little more oval. Eye large and well formed, not deeply sunk, and surrounded by many small folds or plaits. . Stalk slender, inserted in a deep, and even-formed cavity. Skin bright clear yellow where shaded, and of a bright scarlet, sprinkled with a few russetty spots, on the sunny side. Flesh inclining to yellow, crisp, and breaking. Juice plentiful, with the same fine flavour which distinguishes the Newtown Pippin.

A dessert apple from November till April.

This most excellent variety is a native of New Jersey, in North America. Specimens of it were sent from thence to the Horticultural Society, and exhibited at the meetings of the 1st and 15th of March, 1825.

152. OxnEAD PEARMAIN. G. Lindl. Plan of an Orchard, 1796.

Earl of Yarmouth's Pearmain. Ib.

Fruit small, conically tapering from the base to the crown. Eye very small, surrounded by three or four somewhat obscure plaits. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, very slender. Skin entirely grass-green, always


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