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Catton, near Norwich, and was planted about fifty years ago. Ray, in 1668, has a summer and a winter Belle and Bonne ; but their identity cannot now be ascertained.
122. BENWELL'S PEARMAIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 749.
Fruit middle-sized, somewhat oblong, and narrowed at the crown. Eye small, surrounded by a few somewhat obscure plaits. Stalk half an inch long, rather deeply inserted. Skin muddy green, with numerous brownish red dashes on the sunny side. Flesh crisp, yellowish white. Juice sub-acid, with a very pleasant aromatic flavour. . An excellent dessert apple from Michaelmas to Christmas.
The above name was given to this apple by Mr. Kirke, of Brompton, who received it a few years ago from Mr. Benwell, of Henley-upon-Thames, in Oxfordshire.
123. Bossom APPLE. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 528.
Fruit obtusely pyramidal. Eye placed in a shallow hollow, surrounded by several rather indistinct plaits.
Stalk an inch long, deeply inserted. Skin pale greenish yellow, very much russetted ; and, in some specimens, with a bright red on the side exposed to the sun. Flesh dull white, inclining to yellow, fine in texture, crisp, with a sugared juice ; it bakes of a fine colour, and melts perfectly.
A large handsome culinary apple from November till March.
Specimens of this, from the Earl of Egremont's, at Petworth, were exhibited at the Horticultural Society, in 1820.
124. BREEDON PIPPIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. iii. p. 268. t. 10. f. 1.
Fruit flatly conical, with an inclination to square, especially near the eye ; two inches and three quarters in the widest, and two inches and a quarter in its
narrowest diameter, a good deal flattened and irregular at the crown Eye seated in a broad and shallow basin, surrounded by plaits and wrinkles variously formed; at the base it is also flat, and broader than the crown. Stalk long, inserted in a regular and well hollowed cavity. Skin of a pale, rather dull yellow, tinged with reddish orange on the sunny side. Flesh yellowish, firm, very sweet, with a rich vinous acid, a little spicy, and having a flavour something resembling a pine.
A dessert apple from November till after Christmas.
Raised by the Rev. Dr. Symonds Breedon, at Bere Court, in Berkshire.
125. CATSHEAD. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 147.
Fruit large, long, nearly as broad at the crown as the base, baving usually three obtuse angles on the upper, and two more acute, which are also shorter, on the under side. Eye large, open, and hollow. Stalk half an inch long, slender, rather deeply inserted. Skin very smooth, pale green, scarcely coloured on the sunny side. Flesh tender Juice plentiful, sub-acid.
A culinary apple from October till January. 126. Chester PEARMAIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.751.
Fruit rather small, more long than broad, and tapering from the base to the crown. Eye very small, slightly depressed. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender. Skin pale yellow, with a little faint red on the sunny side. Flesh crisp, with a sugary perfumed juice.
A dessert apple from October to February.
127. CLAYGATE PEARMAIN. Hort. Trans. Vol. v. p. 402.
Fruit a large and handsome Pearmain. Skin dull yellow, nearly covered with broad stripes of deep red. Flesh yellow, rather dry, like all apples of this class, but sweet and very rich.
A dessert apple from November till February.
The Claygate Pearmain may be considered as a valuable addition to our stock of table apples. It originated in a hedge-row in the hamlet of Claygate, near Thames Ditton; and its fruit was first exhibited at the Horticul. tural Society, by John Braddick, Esq., December 17, 1821.
128. Cockle PIPPIN. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 169. Pom. Mag. t. 136.
Nutmeg Cockle Pippin. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 169.
Nutmeg Pippin, of various Collections, according to the Pom. Mag. .
White Cockle. Ib.
Fruit middle-sized, oblong, tapering a little from the base to the crown, very slightly angular on the sides, about two inches and a half long, and two inches and a quarter in diameter. Eye narrow, with a closed slender calyx, rather shallow, surrounded by narrow plaits. Stalk half an inch long, slender, one half of which is sunk in a narrow funnel-shaped cavity. Skin pale green, becoming bright yellow, with a few grey specks, and partly covered, especially near the base, with a pretty thick light brown russet. Flesh yellowish, firm, and tender. Juice saccharine, mixed with acid, and a slight pleasant perfume.
A dessert apple, and also excellent for culinary purposes from November till May.
129. COLONEL HARBORD's PIPPIN. G. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 65.
Fruit rather large, inclining to a conical shape, about eleven inches in circumference each way, angular on the sides. Eye large, in a rather shallow basin, surrounded by bold plaits or wrinkles. Stalk half an inch long. Skin pale yellowish green, partially russetted on one side. Flesh white mixed with green, soft, very juicy, with a pleasant brisk astringency,
A very excellent culinary apple from November till March.
This is a Norfolk apple, which originated on the estate of the late Colonel Harbord, the second Lord Suffield, of Blickling and Gunton Hall, in this county.
130. Cornish GILLIFLOWER. Pom. Mag. t. 140. Julyflower. Hort. Trans. Vol. ii. p. 74.
Cornish Julyflower. Ib. Vol. iii. p. 323, according to the Pom. Mag.
Calville d'Angleterre. Baumann Cat.
Fruit moderately large, of an oval form and angular, about three inches and a quarter in diameter, and the same in depth. Eye closed by the segments of the calyx, and sunk among knobby protuberances rising from the terminations of the angles on the sides. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, not deeply inserted. Skin dull green on the shaded side, but where fully exposed to the sun intermixed with brownish red, slightly sprinkled with russet, and sometimes richer streaks of red. Flesh yellowish, firm, and very rich; when cut, it gives out a pleasant perfume, resembling the Clove Gilliflower, whence its name.
A dessert apple, ripening in November, and will keep till April
This very valuable apple was first noticed in the Hort. Trans. Vol. ii. p. 74. in a letter from Sir Christopher Hawkins, in 1813. It was discovered in a cottage garden near Truro, about ten or fifteen years before that date, and was considered by the Society of so much importance that the silver medal was awarded to Sir Christopher for his exertions in bringing it into notice. It is considered as but an indifferent bearer; but this defect may be remedied by grafting it upon the Doucin stock, and planting it in the garden, and training it either as an open dwarf or as an espalier.
130.* Coul Blush. Hort. Trans. Vol. vii. p. 340.
The fruit has the angular figure of the Calvilles. The skin has a clear waxy yellow, with a dull red cheek, which is varied by numerous bright crimson dots and streaks. The stalk is slender and smooth. The flesh is rather yellow, crisp, and juicy, with a very pleasant brisk taste.
In season in December and till the middle of January.
This very beautiful apple was raised by Sir George Steuart Mackenzie, in his garden at Coul, near Dingwall; an account of which is given by him, along with the Kinellan Apple, the Tarvey Codlin, and the Contin Reinette, in a paper dated March 12, 1827.
131. DARLING PIPPIN. G. Lindl. Plan of an Orchard, 1796.
Fruit middle-sized, somewhat conical, a little flattened both at the crown and the base. Eye small, slightly depressed, and surrounded by a few unequal, knobby plaits. Stalk half an inch long, in some an inch, slender. Skin bright lemon-colour, sprinkled with numerous small pearl-coloured specks, quite within the surface. Flesh pale yellow, crisp. Juice plentiful, saccharine, of a very agreeable flavour.
A very handsome dessert apple from November till Christmas.
132. FARLEIGH PIPPIN. Nursery Catalogues.
Fruit middle-sized, rather long, with five angles extending from the base to the crown, where they are very prominent. Eye deeply sunk. Skin green on the shaded side, but of a brownish red where fully exposed to the sun, and marked with a deeper colour. Flesh green, firm. Juice plentiful, saccharine, and of an excellent flavour.
A dessert apple from November to February.
A very excellent apple, sent me by Mr. Kirke, who had it from Farleigh in Kent.