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A culinary apple from November till March.

This is another Norfolk apple, well known in the Norwich market. It is one of the most hardy sorts in the county, and a never-failing bearer.

The aphis lanigera, a white meally insect, so destructive to most of our old orchard trees, appears to be set at defiance by the Majetin. An old tree now growing in a garden belonging to Mr William Youngman, of Norwich, which had been grafted about three feet high in the stem, has been for many years attacked by this insect below the grafted part, but never above it, the limbs and branches being to this day perfectly free, although all the other trees in the same garden have been infested more or less with it. Mr. Knight's Siberian Bitter-sweet Apple appears to possess the same property of resisting the attacks of these formidable and widely increasing depredators.

112. WINTER QUEENING. G. Lind. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 70. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 833.

Fruit above the middle size, somewhat globular, equally broad each way, obscurely five-angled on its sides. Eye large, placed in a shallow basin. Stalk very short, not deeply inserted. Skin pale green, or greenish yellow ; but where exposed to the sun, of a deep red, mixed with russet, and striped towards the base. Flesh white, with a mixture of green, firm. Juice sub-acid, with a slight aromatic flavour.

A culinary apple from November till March.

The Queening is an old apple, known to Ray in 1668. It forms a large handsome tree, is very hardy, and a great bearer.


Calville Blanche d'Hiver. Duhamel, No. 3. t. 2. Jard. Fruit, t. 49.

Bonnet Carré. Ib.
Fruit large, of a flattish figure, with broad, uneven

ribs on its sides, about three inches and a half in diameter, and two inches and a quarter deep. Eye small, in a wide, deep, obtuse-angled basin. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, deeply inserted. Skin smooth, yellowish green ; when fully ripe, it is of a bright yellow, and tinged with a lively red on the sunny side. Flesh white and tender, with a very pleasant juice.

A culinary apple from December till March.

114. YORKSHIRE GREENING. Forsyth, Ed. 3. No.197. Hort. Soc. Cat. 1191.

Fruit pretty large, of a flattish figure, two inches and a half deep, and three inches a half in diameter, having a few slight undefined ribs on its sides. Eye flat, closed by the calyx, seated in a very shallow, unequally plaited bason. Stalk short, thick, woolly, inserted in a wide, flat, uneven cavity. Skin dull, dark green, slightly tinged with muddy, pale brown, interspersed with broken stripes and dashes of dull red quite round the upper part of the fruit, and partly covered with a meally white all over the base. Flesh greenish white, firm. Juice plentiful, smart acid, without perfume.

A most excellent culinary apple from November till


Sect. VI. – Winter.

Conical or Oblong.

115. Adams's PEARMAIN. Pom. Mag. t. 133.

Norfolk Pippin, of Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 685., according to the Pom. Mag.

Fruit above the middle size, very handsome, Pearmain shaped, somewhat conical, not angular, about two inches and three quarters deep, two inches and a half diameter at the base, and one inch and a quarter at the crown Eye rather small, with a closed calyx, placed in a very narrow, regular, slightly plaited basin. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender, one half pro

jecting beyond the base. Skin pale greenish yellow, covered with a thin grey russet; on the sunny side of a deeper yellow, tinged with salmon colour, having a few thin, slightly striped patches of a deeper colour, sprinkled with whitish spots near the base. Flesh yellowish, firm, crisp. Juice saccharine, rich, with a very high aromatic flavour.

A dessert apple from November till February.

This is a very handsome and most excellent apple, and highly deserving of cultivation. It is well adapted for grafting on the Doucin stock, and for training in the garden as an espalier.

116. ÆsopUS SPITZEMBERG. Hort. Trans. Vol. v. p. 401.

Fruit large, oblong. Stalk of moderate length, placed in a deep cavity, and projecting a little beyond the base. Skin smooth, of a lively brilliant red, approaching to scarlet, with numerous small yellow spots. Flesh yellow, very rich, juicy, and brisk. Ripe about Christmas.

A most excellent apple of American origin; it is said to be of Æsopus, in Ulster county. It is plentifully cultivated at Livingston's manor, in Columbia county, in the state of New York. It is too tender to succeed in this country, without the assistance of a south or an east wall. Some very fine fruit from a south wall at Sacomb Park, in Hertfordshire, were exhibited at the Horticultural Society of London, October 15.1821.

117. BALTIMORE. Hort. Trans. V. iii. p. 120. t. 4.

Fruit very large, in form something like the Alexander, but more flat. Eye large, open, and deep, surrounded by a few obtuse plaits. Skin pale lemon colour, covered with a very thin grey russet, especially near the eye, and tinged with a pale salmon-coloured blush on the sunny side. Flesh very good, and close at the core.

Raised in the garden of Mr. Smith, near the city of Baltimore, in America, and brought into Liverpool by Captain George Hobson, of the Belvidere, of Baltimore, in 1817. One of its fruit fourteen inches and three quarters in circumference, and four inches in height, weighed one pound seven ounces and a half avoirdupoise.

118. BARCELONA PEARMAIN. Hort. Soc. Cat, No. 747. Pom. Mag. t. 85.

Glace Rouge. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 365.

Kleiner Casseler Reinette. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.913., according to the Pom. Mag.

Speckled Golden Reinette. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.933., according to the Pom. Mag.

Reinette Rouge,
Reinette Rousse, of various collections.
Reinette des Carmes, )

Fruit middle-sized, oval, not angular, rather long, with a small shallow eye, the divisions of the calyx acute, erect. Stalk short, usually a little thickened on one side. Skin uneven, with numerous irregular russet spots; on the sunny side of a deep warm red, on the other a brownish yellow. Flesh firm, inclining to yellowish, with a rich aromatic but slight agreeable acid.

A dessert apple from November till February.

This apple is of foreign origin, but has been for several years known in this country. It is a very good bearer, and deserves to be more extensively cultivated.

119. Baxter's PEARMAIN. G. Lind. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 67. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 748.

Fruit pretty large, of a longish figure, nearly as broad at the crown as the base, having a few obtuse slight angles, extending the length of the fruit. Eye small, a little hollowed. Stalk half an inch long, rather stout, Skin a light green, a little coloured with faint red on the sunny side. Flesh firm. Juice saccharine, and well flavoured.

A culinary apple from November till March.

This is a real Norfolk apple, in general cultivation throughout the county. It makes a large tree, is hardy, and a very good bearer.

120. BEDFORDSHIRE FOUNDLING. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 51.

Cambridge Pippin. Ib.

Fruit very large, three inches and a half deep, and three inches and a quarter in diameter, irregularly ribbed, with very broad obtuse angles on the sides, generally two or three of these are longer than others, which give the crown an oblique inclination. Eye not large, but open, rather deeply placed in a somewhat narrow basin.

Stalk short, deeply inserted. Skin pale greenish yellow on the shaded side, sprinkled with a few green specks ; on the sunny side slightly tinged with pale orange, and sprinkled thinly with dull red specks. Flesh yellowish white, tender, mellow. Juice sub-acid and slightly saccharine. Core generally large and hollow.

A culinary apple from November to January.

121. BELLE BONNE. G. Lindl. in Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 68. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 52.

Rolland, of some collections.

Fruit middle sized, about ten inches in circumference, somewhat conical ; broad at the base, full in the middle, and narrow at the crown Eye small, flat, closed by the segments of the calyx. Stalk half an inch long, slender, in some obliquely inserted under an elongated lip. Skin thick, pale, greenish yellow, brightened on the sunny side by a few reddish streaks, which become russetty at the base, and surround the stalk. Flesh firm, juicy, and well flavoured.

A valuable dessert and culinary apple from October till January.

The only old tree I have ever seen of this sort is now growing in a garden occupied by Mrs. Sanctuary, at

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