« PreviousContinue »
strongest of them will produce fruit during the autumn, and continue in succession to a late period of the season. But a succession of finer fruit than these is produced by cutting off all the flower stems as soon as they begin to blossom, from their commencement in the spring till the end of June. By this means a most abundant supply of the very finest fruit is produced from the end of July till the frost sets in.
In pursuing this latter mode of management, it would be most advisable, perhaps, to plant a small-sized bed for the purpose, allowing the plants a space of six or eight inches from each other, instead of more, which will ensure a thicker crop; and in all cases with Alpines, it would be still better to have some of both Red and White planted upon a north aspect, and that these plantings should be removed annually.
The Wood Strawberry requires the same manage. ment, except in this, that as it does not produce its fruit in the autumn, its flower stems must not be cut down in the spring, in expectation of a succession crop.
Forcing of Strawberries. Strawberries are in such general estimation, that a supply of them during the season when they cannot be obtained in the open ground is one of the principal objects of the gardener's attention. The produce of outdoor strawberries is terminated by the frosts in October and November, until the following June: the assistance of the forcing-house is required to furnish the dessert during this interval. The Alpines are the first to be brought into bearing by artificial heat. For this purpose, pots of six inches deep and six inches wide at the top should be made use of, planting four or five young runners in each, in the month of March or April: they must be kept through the summer, plunged in the
earth, in a shady part of the garden : kept clear from weeds, and well supplied with water. In October, before the frosty mornings set in, put them under shelter : they will by this time be in flower; and in the latter part of November, they may be removed into the forcing-house or pinery, where they will bear fruit through the winter.
The next sorts are the Scarlets and Roseberries. The last year's late runners of these are to be potted in May or early in June, using the same sized pots as before, putting four or five plants in each pot : some of these will be showing bloom at this time, which must be picked off, as well as any flowers or runners which may be put forth in the summer.
Keep the pots in the shade till the plants are well rooted, watering them frequently; they may then be plunged in the earth, in an open part of the garden, where they may remain till wanted. In January, place them in the forcing-house, on shelves eighteen inches from the glass, or next the front sashes : they should be placed in pans, and watered as often as they become dry, taking care to supply water to the pans only, when the plants are in flower, as watering the leaves and flowers at this time is very injurious to the crop.
When the fruit begins to swell, some of the leaves should be pinched off, to give light and air to the fruit, by which means it becomes both larger and better flavoured. To ensure a supply of fruit, it is necessary to have a succession of plants, which must be kept in frames, ready to be removed into the forcing-house when wanted.
The Pine Strawberries are those which succeed the Scarlets; their management is similar, and they are generally brought into the forcing-house in February or March. When the fruit has been gathered off the plants, the pots may be plunged into a shady border:
when thus managed, they will produce another equally
Notwithstanding this, it will be desirable to have
The Roseberry Strawberry is undoubtedly the most
INDEX TO THE STRAWBERRIES.
- 58 Black Beacon -
49 Black Imperial
- 47 Black Isleworth .
37 Black Pine -
38 Black Prince .
- 23 Black Roseberry -
- 7 Caperon Femelle .
Carmine Scarlet . . 41 Great American Scarlet . 49 Carolina - 23 Green
- 30 Charlotte - - 42 Green Alpine - - 30 Cherokee .
22 Green Pine . Chili
24 Green Wood . Chinese
15 Greenwell's Chester Scarlet . . 37 Greenwell's French Clustered Scarlet
43 Greenwell's New Giant Clustered Wood Pine 43 Grimstone Scarlet . Cockscomb Pine
23 Grove End Scarlet Cockscomb Scarlet
44 Hairy-leaved Scarlet Common Hautbois
32 Hautbois Cone
13 Hautbois or Musky Conical Hautbois - 35 Hermaphrodite Hautbois Devonshire
10 Hopewood Scarlet Devonshire Scarlet
25 Hudson's Bay Hautbois -
• 5 Imperial Pine .
16 Keens' Black Pine Dwarf Hautbois - .. 35 Keens' Imperial Dwarf White Carolina 17 Keens' Large-fruited Early Pitmaston Black .. 57 Keens' New Pine Early Prolific Scarlet 37 Keens' New Seedling Early Scarlet
56 Keens' Seedling Ecarlate de Virginie 56 Kew Pine Elton Seedling - 18 King Formosa Hautbois
34 Knight's Large Scarlet Fraisier Commun - . 3 Knight's Scarlet. Fraisier Com. à fruit blanc 4 Knight's Seedling . Fraisier des Alpes
1 Knight's Strawberry Fraisier des Alpes à fruit Knott's Pine
blanc - - - 2 Large Black Fraisier du Chili - - 27 Large Black Imperial Fraisier de Virginie - 56 Large Blush Pine - Garnstone Seedling 45 Large Carolina - . Gibbs's Seedling Black 6 Large Flesh-coloured Chili Glazed Pine
19 Large Flat Hautbois Globe Hautbois . 33 Large Pale Chili - Globe Scarlet
37 Large Pine Golden Drop
10 Large Scarlet
Large Scarlet Large Virginian · Large White Large White Chili Late Pitmaston Black Late Scarlet Late Virginian . Lewisham Scarlet Liverpool Long: fruited Scarlet Long Scarlet Lowder's Hautbois Mahone Methven Castle • Methven Scarlet Milne's Seedling Miss Gunning's Montague's Morrisania Scarlet Mulberry Mulberry .. Murphy's Child .. Musky Hautbois Nairn's Scarlet Narrow-leaved Scarlet New Bath New Bath Scarlet New Hautbois New Scarlet North's Large Scarlet North's Seedling . . North's Seedling North's Seedling . Nova Scotia Scarlet Oatland's Scarlet Oblong Scarlet .. Oldaker's New Pine Old Black -. Old Carolina Old Hautbois Old Pine Old Scarlet Old Scarlet Pine Original Hautbois
- 49 Original Scarlet . . 56 · 62 Padley's Early Scarlet . 55
24 Patagonian • 24 Pine • 8 Pine Apple . • 62 Pitmaston Black.
62 Pitmaston Black Scarlet
50 Powdered Pine . · 10 Princess Charlotte's
55 Prolific Bath
51 Red Chili - 10 Red Pine
23 Red Pine-Apple •
13 Red Wood . - 52 Regent's Favourite • 22 Regent's Hautbois - 7 Roseberry .. • 21 Rose Strawberry . . 32 Rostock
31 Sacombe Hautbois
Scarlet Virginian .
25 Sir Joseph Banks's Hautbois 35
7 Sir Joseph Banks's Scarlet 60 23 Southampton Scarlet 32 Spring Grove Hautbois . 23 Surinam 56 Sutton's Large 56 Sweet Cone 32 True Chili . . 27