« PreviousContinue »
In general character the plants are akin to the Wood Strawberry; its habit is dwarf; the leaves light green, and strongly plaited. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.
149. 30. GREEN STRAWBERRY. Hort. Soc. Cat. No.85. Fraisier Vert. Duhamel, No. 17. t. 9. Caucasian.
Green Wood. Green Alpine.
Pine Apple. Green Pine.
Powdered Pine. Fruit small, globular ; of a whitish green when fully ripe, and tinged with a reddish brown on the sunny side. Flesh firm, of a rich and high musky flavour. This is generally represented as a very bad bearer. It appears to me, that defect arises principally from the multitude of its young runners ; they are extremely slender, short-jointed, covering the ground so completely, that in a few months the mother plants can scarcely be found. To remedy this, the runners should be cut off before they have taken root, keeping the plants free from this incumbrance. By adopting this method, I have little doubt of this sort being rendered productive.
Class VI. Hautbois Strawberries.
The character of this class is to have tall, pale green, rugose leaves, of thin texture; the scapes tall and strong ; the fruit middle-sized, pale, greenish white, tinged with dull purple ; the seeds slightly embedded ; the flavour musky. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 149.
31. BLACK HAUTBOIS. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.
New Hautbois. Ib.
Fruit conical, more lengthened than in the prolific Hautbois ; of a very dark, dingy purple colour, when ripe. Seeds scarcely embedded ; favour high, and flesh buttery. This kind is a great bearer, and rather earlier than the others, occasionally producing a few berries in the autumn. It is a very valuable variety.
. 32. COMMON HAUTBOIS. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.
Capron Demelle. Duhamel, No. 14. t. 8.
Original Hautbois. Fruit rather small or middle-sized, spherical, of a pale greenish white, tinged with dull purple, Seeds slightly embedded ; flavour musky. The flowers called the males produce occasionally a small imperfect fruit, with projecting seeds.
In the Cultivation of Hautbois Strawberries, it will be recommended that the plants called males should be wholly rooted up as useless.
33. GLOBE HAUTBOIS. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 212.
Fruit nearly spherical, small, becoming dark purple when ripe. Seeds prominent. Flesh greenish, firm, with a separable core; flavour good, with the aroma peculiar to the class.
34. LARGE FLAT HAUTBOIS. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.
Salter's Hautbois. Formosa Hautbois. Weymouth Hautbois. Lowder's Hautbois. White Hautbois.
Fruit large, roundish, depressed, light red, and pale on the under side. Flesh greenish, without core, juicy, but though delicate, not so high-flavoured as the other. Seeds embedded in the skin.
35. PROLIFIC OR CONICAL HAUTBOIS. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 213.
Double Bearing Regent's.
Fruit large, conical, shorter and more obtuse than the Black Hautbois ; the colour is dark, but not so deep as in that. Seeds slightly embedded. Flesh solid, greenish, and high-flavoured. A very abundant bearer; and it usually produces a partial second crop,
blossoming in August and September, and the fruit ripening in October : the autumnal berries are much larger than the summer ones, and nevertheless high-flavoured. This is by far the best of the Hautbois Strawberries ; the flowers the largest of the class yet known, with numerous stamens.
Class VII. Scarlet Strawberries. The type of this class is the Fragaria Virginiana of botanists. The character is to have the leaves nearly smooth, dark green, of thin texture, and with sharppointed serratures ; their fruit, mostly of small size and bright colour, with the seeds more or less deeply embedded, with ridged intervals; the flavour acid, with slight perfume. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 147.
36. AMERICAN SCARLET. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.
Black American. 1b.
Fruit large, conical, and pointed, with a neck, of a deep rich shining blood red, rough. Seeds numerous, brownish, not deeply embedded, with sharp intervals. Flesh dark scarlet, firm, with a core ; flavour rich and agreeable.
37. AUSTRIAN SCARLET.
* In the Hort. Trans. this is called the Duke of Kent's Strawberry, and the Austrian Scarlet one of its synonyms : this I have not adopted, for this simple reason, - it was introduced into this country from Germany in 1798, the Duke of Kent's from Nova Scotia in 1802. Its priority of introduction, therefore, from Germany, thus established; and its name as Austrian Scarlet was published in my Catalogue of 1815, ten years previously to this part of the Horticultural Transactions making its appearance.
Duke of York's Scarlet. Oatlands Scarlet.
Fruit nearly globular, of a moderate or rather small size, of a rich bright scarlet. Seeds deeply embedded, with sharply ridged intervals. Flesh solid, pale scarlet ; flavour peculiar, sharp, and pleasant.
This Strawberry is the earliest of all the sorts, ripening at least a week before the Old Scarlet, and a most abundant bearer. Its runners are produced very early; they are numerous, small, and of a reddish colour.
38. AUTUMN SCARLET. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.
Fruit about the size of the Old Scarlet, ovate, with a neck, of an uniform dark shining red.
Seeds yellow, deeply embedded, with ridged intervals. Flesh solid, firm, pale scarlet ; the flavour good.
39. Bishop's SEEDLING SCARLET. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi. p. 172.
Fruit of moderate size, round, with a neck, hairy, light scarlet. Seeds deeply embedded, with ridged intervals. Flesh solid, firm, pale scarlet, with a moderate flavour.
40. Black ROSEBERRY. Pom. Mag. 20.
Fruit of good size, bluntly conical, deep purplish red, and shining. Seeds slightly embedded, with flattened intervals. Flesh dark red next the outside, solid, buttery, and juicy, with a very excellent flavour, differing much from other strawberries.
41. CARMINE SCARLET. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.
Fruit large, bluntly conical, with a neck, of a brilliant, shining, varnished red. Seeds slightly embedded, with sharp ridged intervals. Flesh pale scarlet, tinted with red, firm, and very high-flavoured. 42. CHARLOTTE. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.
155. Princess Charlotte's Strawberry. Ib.
Fruit middle-sized, round, hairy, of a dark purplish red. Flesh scarlet, firm, and high-flavoured.
A very moderate bearer, but ripens early. 43. CLUSTERED SCARLET. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.
Clustered Wood Pine. Ib.
Fruit of a moderate size, obtusely conical, or nearly round, very dark purplish red. Seeds of the same colour as the fruit, unequally embedded between the intervals, which are sometimes flat and at other times bluntly ridged. Flesh scarlet, firm, and well. flavoured.
44. CockSCOMB SCARLET. Hort Trans. Vol. vi.
Fruit large, compressed, with a furrow along the apex, which appears as a simple indenture when the berry does not put on a cockscomb shape; the early berries are completely cockscombed, so much so as to enclose the calyx within the fruit by surrounding the end of the peduncle ; colour bright scarlet. Seeds pale, slightly embedded between flat intervals. Flesh pale scarlet, solid, with a large core, well-flavoured, but without acid.
45. GARNSTONE SCARLET. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.
Fruit middle-sized, round, hairy, with a short neck, of a rich glossy scarlet. Seeds red, deeply embedded, with round intervals. Flesh scarlet, firm, with a sharp agreeable flavour.
46. GRIMSTONE SCARLET. Hort. Trans. Vol. vi.