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more natural character: they are at all times unsightly, and never productive of fruit.
Plums against Walls. The wall tree may, in all cases, be considered as an espalier, having the wall for its support, without any reference to its influence in the ripening of its fruit, hence the term espalier is applied by the French, not as by us, but “to a tree fixed against a wall in the form of a fan ;” to this we are indebted, probably, for our method of fan-training, as it is now applied to the Peach, the Nectarine, the Apricot, and the Morello Cherry. Plums, when trained against the wall, require the same management as our English espalier, the same horizontal method of training being pursued.
When Plum trees have been neglected for a length of time, and their spurs become long, naked, and unproductive, the latter may, if the trees are sound, be removed by the same method as directed for the Pear; that of heading them down.
When the young shoots are long enough to be nailed to the wall, two of the strongest and best placed from each shortened limb must be selected and trained as before, till the next winter pruning, when the best of the two must be selected and continued at its full length, cutting the other away.
The spurs must be managed also as directed for the espalier, and in other respects the treatment must be the
16 · 28*
21 58 21 33 33 59 22 33 23 49
5 24 25 11 12 50 14 26 51 47 13 27 28 30
6 28* 45 53
4 40 29
6 Grosse Reine Claude 1 Hampton Court 2 Howell's Large 44 Imperatrice 44 Imperatrice Blanche 45 Imperatrice Violette 28* Imperial 49 Imperiall 13 Imperiale Blanche 14 Imperial Diadem 47 Imperiale Violette 45 Italian Damask 45 Jaune Hâtive 45 Kirke's 23 La Delicieuse 37 La Royale 54 Little Queen Claude 10 Lucombe's Nonsuch 15 Maitre Claude 15 Matchless 38 Mimms 31 Mirabelle 58 Mirabelle Double 46 Mirabolan 47 Monsieur 48 Monsieur Hâtif 6 Monsieur Tardif 6 Morocco 6 Nectarine 16 New Golden Drop 17 New Washington 7 Noire de Montreuil
9 Nutmeg. 59 Orleans 45 Perdrigon 18 Perdrigon Blanc 53 Perdrigon Rouge 19 Perdrigon Violet 20 Petit Damas Blanc
3 Petite Reine Claude 10 Précoce de Tours
3 Prune – Altesse 54 Prune Damson 4 Prune de Brignole
34 . 39 . 56 11
Prune de Catalogne
49 Violet Damask
-.37 49 Violet Diaper 28* Violette Hâtive
9 30 Violet Perdrigon
39 13 Virginian Cherry
13 31 Washington
53 32 Wentworth
54 19 Wheat
40 Wheaten 29 White Bullace
55 15 White Damask
56 33 White Damson
57 34. White Holland
59 17 White Imperatrice
58 31 White Imperial
59 51 White Magnum Bonum 59 42 White Mirable
51 25 White Mogul
59 35 White Perdrigon
60 36 White Primordian
49 52 White Prune Damson
57 52 Whitton
40 20 Wilmot's Early Orleans 41 18 Wilmot's Late Orleans 41
Wilmot's New Early Orleans 41 10 Wilmot's Orleans
41 9 Winesour
Mr. Miller has three varieties of the Quince, the only hardy kinds known in this country, viz.
1. CYDONIA OBLONGA. PEAR-SHAPED QUINCE. Leaves oblong-ovate. Fruit lengthened at the base. 2. CYDONIA MALIFORMIS. APPLE-SHAPED QUINCE. Leaves ovate. Fruit rounder than that of the last. 3. CYDONIA LUSITANICA. PORTUGAL QUINCE. Leaves obovate. Fruit oblong.
The last variety is of a fine purple colour when dressed ; is more juicy and less harsh, and much better for marmalade, than either of the others. It is the only sort now cultivated in England for domestic purposes.
Propagation. The Quince is propagated by layers at any time during the winter months. When the young shoots are laid down, there should not be more than two eyes left above ground, and when those have grown five or six inches long, one of them should be cut clean off, leaving the other to form the plant, which by the autumn will be three feet high.
The layers must be taken off the stools as soon as the leaves are fallen, and planted out in rows at three feet apart from row to row, and ten or twelve inches from plant to plant in the row. At the end of one or two years they will be fit to bud or graft with the different sorts of Pear, for quenouille or for espalier training; or they may be allowed to grow up and form standards for orchard planting.
Those, however, which are intended for budding or grafting, should be shortened to eighteen inches, as soon as quartered out in the rows, which will keep them upright, firm, and steady; but those intended for standards should be staked and tied up as soon as planted, and at the end of three years they ought to be fit to be planted out where they are intended to remain.
The Quince is cultivated in no other way in this country than as an open standard. Its management is the same as that of the Plum.
The Quince may very safely be planted out in the orchard, without any fear of its degenerating either the Apple or the Pear, an idea entertained both by Miller and Forsyth; which see, under the head of MEDLAR.
1. Antwerp, Double Bearing 10. Double Bearing. Yellow.
Perpetual Bearing. 2. Antwerp, Late Bearing.
Red Double Bearing.
Siberian. 3. Antwerp, Red.
11. Double Bearing, Williams's. Burley Antwerp.
Pitmaston Double Bearing. 4. Antwerp, Yellow.
12. Lord Exmouth. White Antwerp.
13. Oakhill. 5. Barnet.
14. Old White.
15 Prolific, Early. Cornwall's Seedling,
16. Red Malta. Large Red.
17. Spring Grove. 6. Cane, Brentford.
18. Superb. 7. Cane, Red.
19. Taylor's Paragon. Smooth Cane.
Scarlet Paragon. 8. Cane, Rough.
20. Williams's Preserving. 9. Cornish.
21. Wilmot's Early Red. Large Cornish.
22. Woodward's Red Globe.
A Selection of Raspberries for a small Garden. Barnet
5 Red Antwerp Cornish
9 Williams's Preserving Double-bearing
10 Yellow Antwerp
There are, no doubt, many other sorts besides the above to be found in different parts of England, and possessing different degrees of merit; those already enumerated are, however, amply sufficient for every useful purpose.