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Coe's Imperial. 16.
Fair's Golden Drop. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 103. according to the Pom. Mag.
Branches smooth. Leaves with two globular glands at the base. Fruit oval, of the largest size among Plums, about two inches and a half long, and two inches in diameter, deeply marked by the suture, pitted at the point, abruptly tapering and hollowed out at the base for the reception of the stalk. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender. Skin greenish yellow, with numerous rich spots of bright violet red next the sun. Flesh greenish yellow, adhering firmly to the stone. Juice very sweet and delicious. Stone sharp-pointed.
Ripe the end of September, and will hang some time upon the tree after it is matured.
This will keep for a considerable length of time, after it is gathered, either by suspending it by the stalk upon a string, withinside a window facing the sun, or by wrapping it in soft paper, and keeping it in a dry room. By this latter method, I have eaten it exceedingly good in October, twelve months after it had been gathered.
It was raised by the late Jervaise Coe, a market gardener at Bury St. Edmund's, in Suffolk, more than thirty years ago. He informed me it was from the stone of a Green Gage, the blossom of which, he supposed, had been fertilised by the White Magnum Bonum, the two trees of which grew nearly in contact with each other in his garden. It requires an east or a west wall ; on the former the fruit attains its greatest perfection.
46. Downton IMPERATRICE. Hort. Trans. Vol. v. p. 383.
Branches long, smooth. Fruit shaped almost like the Blue Imperatrice, but larger, and not so much
lengthened at the stalk end. Skin dull yellow, very thin. Flesh yellow, soft, juicy, with a high flavoured acidity.
Ripe in October, and will keep a month.
Raised by Mr. Knight, of Downton Castle, from a seed of the White Magnum Bonum, the blossom of which had been impregnated by the pollen of the Blue Imperatrice. Its fruit was exhibited at the Horticultural Society, December 1. 1823.
The young wood has much the appearance of the White Magnum Bonum, but grows much stronger, more so indeed than any Plum I have ever seen, frequently, on vigorous stocks, shooting from buds eight feet the first year.
47. DRAP D'OR. Langley, p.94. t. 24. f.5. Miller, No. 20.
Cloth of Gold. Ib.
Branches smooth, but downy at the ends. Fruit rather small, of a roundish figure, somewhat like the Little Queen Claude, with but very little suture, and a small dimple at each end : about an inch deep, and rather more in diameter. Stalk half an inch long, slender. Skin bright yellow, spotted or marbled with red on the sunny side. Flesh yellow, melting, and separates clean from the stone. Juice sugary and excellent.
Ripe the middle of August.
It ripened at Twickenham in 1727, on a west wall, July 20th O. S. or July 31st N. S. Langley. 48. EARLY AMBER. Nurs. Catalogues.
Fruit small, somewhat oblong, and broadest at the apex. Stalk three quarters of an inch long. Skin pale greenish yellow, with a few small crimson specks on the sunny side, and covered with a thin whitish bloom. Flesh greenish yellow, and adheres to the stone. Juice sub-acid, but not possessing any peculiar flavour.
Ripe the beginning of August.
This is a very handsome little fruit; although inferior to some of the early sorts, it deserves cultivation.
49. JAUNE HÂTIVE. Duhamel, No. 1. t. 1. Prune de Catalogne. Ib. Prune de St. Barnabé. Bon Jard. 1897. p. 289. .
White Primordian. Langley, p. 90. t. 20. fig. 1. Miller, No. 1.
Amber Primordian. Parkinson, No. 1.
Branches slender, downy. Fruit small, oblong, broader at the apex than at the base, having a shallow suture extending the length of the fruit, about one inch and a quarter in diameter. Stalk half an inch long, slender. Skin pale yellow, covered with a very thin white bloom. Flesh yellow, melting, and separates from the stone. Juice sweet.
Ripe on a south wall the middle of July.
Langley, in his Pomona, says this plum ripened in 1727, at Twickenham in Middlesex, on a south-east wall, June 9. O. S., or June 20. N. S.
The Jaune Hâtive, although not possessing much flavour, deserves to be cultivated against a south wall, being the first plum which ripens. It is an old inhabitant of our gardens, having been cultivated by John Tradescant*, who obtained the title of gardener to King Charles the First, and settled at his garden at Lambeth, about the year 1629.
50. MAÎTRE CLAUDE. Langley, Pom. t. 23. f. 6. Miller, No. 14.
Branches slender, downy. Fruit middle-sized, rather more broad than long, a little compressed at its
apex. Stalk short. Skin yellow, marbled with red on the sunny side. Flesh yellow, and separates from the stone. Juice sugary, and well flavoured.
Ripe the middle of August,
This plum ripened at Twickenham, in 1727, on a south-east wall, July 23. O. S., or August 3. N. S. Langley.
The Maitre Claude was known both to Switzer and Hitt ; but is not mentioned either in Duhamel's Traité, or in the Bon Jardinier of M. Noisette,
51. MIRABELLE. Miller, No. 23, Duhamel, No. 29. t. 14.
White Mirable. Langley, p. 93. t. 23. f.7.
Fruit small, a little more long than broad, about an inch in length. Stalk half an inch long. Skin yellow, becoming of an amber colour as it ripens. Flesh yellow, and separates from the stone. Juice rich and sugary.
Ripe the middle of August.
Ripened at Twickenham, 1729, on a standard, · July 20. O. S., or July 31. N. S. Langley.
52. Saint CATHARINE. Langley, p. 94. t. 24. fig. 4. Miller, No. 21.
Sainte Catherine. Duhamel, No. 43. t. 19.
Branches smooth. Fruit middle-sized, of an oblong figure, being broadest at the apex, and tapering to the base, and having a narrow suture about one inch and a half long, and nearly the same in diameter in its widest part. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slender. Skin whitish, turning to a pale yellow as it ripens, and tinged with a little russetty red on the sunny side. Flesh pretty firm, yellow, and adheres to the stone. Juice rich, sugary, and high-flavoured.
Ripe the middle of September, with the Imperatrice, and, like that, will hang and shrivel upon the tree,
widest pas chain whitish, turnus
russetty red on:
53. WASHINGTON. Pom. Mag. t. 16.
Branches downy. Fruit regularly oval, with a very obscure suture just at the stalk, where it is rather deep, about one inch and three quarters long, and one inch and five eighths in diameter. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, slightly pubescent. Skin dull yellow, broken a little with green, assuming an orange cast on the sunny side, with a purplish bloom, and more or less mottled with crimson dots. Flesh yellow, firm, very sweet and luscious, separating freely from the stone. Stone oval, acute at each end, wrinkled all over, and nearly even at the edges.
Ripe in September.
The parent tree of the Washington Plum, it appears, was purchased in the market of New York, towards the end of the last century. It remained barren several years, till during a violent thunder-storm, the whole trunk was struck to the earth and destroyed. The root afterwards threw up a number of vigorous shoots, all of which were allowed to remain, and finally produced fruit. It is therefore to be presumed, that the stock of the barren kind was the parent of this. Trees were sent to Robert Barclay, Esq., of Bury Hill, in 1819; and in 1821, several others were presented to the Horticultural Society by Dr. Hosack, of New York. It fruits equally well on an east and west wall ; but on a south it is found to be too hot, the fruit becoming smaller, with many black specks. There is no doubt it will bear abundantly as a standard.
54. Wentworth. Miller, No. 26. Langley, Pom. t. 25. f. 4.
Dame Aubert. Duhamel, No. 41. t. 20. f. 10.