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mode of compression in stone fruit; about one inch and three quarters deep, and rather more than two inches in diameter. Stalk half an inch long, straight, inserted in a rather wide hollow. Flesh firm, of the colour and consistence of a Green Gage, and adheres to the stone. Juice plentiful, of a flavour better than an Orleans, but inferior to that of a Green Gage. Stone ovate, not very uneven.

Ripe about the end of August.

A valuable variety, lately raised from seed by Messrs. Lucombe, Prince, and Co. of Exeter.

It bears well as a standard, is remarkably handsome, as it were variegated with dull yellow and orange, and larger than the usual size of the Green Gage.

Sect. III. – Red or Purple-fruited.
13. CHERRY. Miller, No. 27.
Virginian Cherry. Ib.
Mirabolan. Duhamel, 46. t. 20. f. 15.
Prunus Cerasifera. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 285.

Branches slender, wiry, smooth. Fruit small, heartshaped, somewhat like the Bigarreau Cherry, except having a small slender prickle at its summit ; about one inch and three quarters deep, and a little more in diameter. Suture obliterated. Stalk three quarters of an inch long, very slender, inserted in a very small round cavity. Skin pale red, sprinkled with a few small grey specks, rather thick, very acid. Flesh yellow, soft, very juicy, sweet, mixed with a little acid, and slightly adheres to the stone.

Ripe the middle of August.

This is planted chiefly in shrubberies and in the pleasure ground, for its early flowering. The fruit, however, is very handsome in the dessert, and also makes very excellent tarts.

14. Cheston. Miller, No. 12. Matchless. Langley, Pom. t. 23. f. 2..

Branches downy. Fruit small, a little more long than broad, somewhat oval, pointed. Stalk half an inch long. Skin deep purple, covered with a blue bloom. Flesh deep yellow, and separates from the stone. Juice sweet, brisk, and agreeable.

Ripe the middle of August.

It ripened at Twickenham, in 1727, on a west wall, July 15. O. S., or July 26. N. S. Langley.

In 1811 this ripened on my south wall, July 31., but in the following year it did not ripen till August 31.

15. DIAPER. Miller, No. 15.
Red Diaper. Ib.
Diaprée Rouge. Duhamel, No. 37. t. 20. f. 12.
Roche-Corbon. Ib.

Branches smooth. Fruit above the middle size, oval, about one inch and a half long, and an inch in diameter. Stalk half an inch long, rather deeply inserted. Skin pale red, mottled with amber ; but when exposed to the sun it is marbled with a deeper red, full of russetty specks, and covered with a thin blue bloom. Flesh greenish yellow, melting, and separates from the stone. Juice plentiful, and of an excellent flavour.

Ripe the middle and end of September, and will hang some time upon the tree, like the Imperatrice.

16. EARLY ORLEANS. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 181. Hampton Court. Nursery Catalogues.

Branches downy, somewhat red at the extremities. Fruit about the size of the common Orleans, somewhat globular ; in some specimens a little elongated, having a shallow suture extending from the base to the apex. Stalk three quarters of an inch long. Skin deep red, or purple, marbled with darker and lighter shades, sprinkled with pale dots, and covered with a pale blue

bloom. Flesh yellowish green, and separates clean from the stone.

Ripe the middle of August. 17. Early Red PRIMORDIAN. Parkinson, No. 2. Red Primordian. Ib.

Branches slender, downy. Fruit small, in form somewhat like the Jaune Hâtive, oval, compressed next the stalk. Stalk half an inch long, oval. Skin deep red, covered with a thick bloom. Flesh yellow, rather dry, and adheres to the stone. Juice sweet, with a slight bitter, but very pleasant.

Ripe the end of July, after the Jaune Hâtive.

18. FoTHERINGHAM. Miller, No. 6. Langley, Pom. t. 20. f.6.

Sheen. Ib.

Branches smooth. Fruit middle-sized, somewhat oblong, compressed next the stalk, and swelled a little more on one side of the suture than on the other. Stalk an inch long. Skin bright red on the shaded side, covered with small specks, but of a deep red or purple where exposed to the sun, and covered with a violet bloom. Flesh pale greenish yellow, and separates from the stone. Juice saccharine, with a little but agreeable tartness.

Ripe the middle of August.

It ripened at Twickenham, in 1729, on a south-east wall, July 14. O. S., or July 25. N. S. Langley.

This very useful and hardy Plum has been in England many years, having been cultivated by Sir Wm. Temple, at his seat at Sheen, near Richmond, in Surrey, before 1700, whence it was called the Sheen Plum.

19. GERMAN PRUNE. Nursery Catalogues. Quetsche. Knoop. Fruit. p. 61. t. 3. Quetzen. Ib.

Branches smooth. Fruit below the middle size, of an oval figure, compressed next the stalk, which is half

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an inch long, slender. Skin deep red, becoming purple. Flesh yellow, and closely adheres to the stone. Juice sweet, with a slight acid, somewhat astringent.

Ripe the beginning and middle of September.

The fruit of the Quetsche Plum is grown for the purpose of drying, and sold in the shops in this country under the name of Prunes. It is cultivated and well known throughout all Germany, Thuringia, Saxony, Silesia, Moravia, Bohemia, and Hungary.

20. Goliath. Hooker, Pom. Lond. t. 39. Saint Cloud. Nursery Catalogues.

Branches resembling those of the Orleans, downy. Fruit pretty large, a little more long than broad, oblique at both extremities, and swelled more on one side of the suture than on the other. Stalk three quarters of an inch long. Skin pale red on the shaded side, but of a deep red or violet colour where exposed to the sun, and covered with a thin blue bloom. Flesh yellow, and slightly adhering to the stone. Juice similar to that of the Orleans.

Ripe the beginning and middle of September.

This is a very fine handsome Plum, a very great bearer, and deserving of cultivation.

21. IMPERATRICE. Langley, p. 95. t. 25. f. 3. Miller, No. 25. Pom. Mag. t. 33.

Impératrice Violette. Duhamel, 39. t. 18.

Branches long, smooth. Fruit oblong, blunt at each end, but tapering rather more to the base than to the apex. Stalk nearly an inch long. Skin rich deep purple, covered with a thick bloom, which is more copious than on any plum in Covent Garden market. Flesh firm, yellowish green, rather dry, but exceedingly sweet and rich, and adheres to the stone.

Ripe in October, and will keep, if well managed, till the middle of December.

It ripened at Twickenham, in 1727, on a south-east wall, Sept. 10. O. S., or Sept. 21. N. S. Langley.

It requires to be planted against an east or south-east wall, where it bears abundantly ; but it does not ripen perfectly if grown on a more unfavourable aspect.

22. IMPERIAL DIADEM. Hort. Trans. Vol. iv. p. 208.

Branches smooth. Fruit middle-sized, oval, a little compressed near the stalk, and swelling more on one side of the suture, which is deep, than on the other, about one inch and a half long, and the same in diameter. Skin light red, with a few purplish specks, and covered with a thin blue bloom. Flesh yellowish, and separates from the stone. Juice plentiful, sugary, and when perfectly ripe highly perfumed.

Ripe the beginning of September.

This very handsome Plum was raised from seed, in the neighbourhood of Duckenfield, near Manchester, a few years previous to 1819.

23. ITALIAN DAMASK.
Damas d’Italie. Duhamel, No. 12. t. 4.

Fruit middle-sized, nearly round, about one inch and a half in diameter, a little flattened at the base, and having a well marked suture extending from the stalk to the apex. Stalk half an inch long, slender, inserted in a small round cavity. Skin of a violet colour, becoming brown when fully ripe. Flesh yellowish green, firm, and separates clean from the stone. Juice very sweet and high flavoured. Stone oval, rather thick.

Ripe the end of August and beginning of September, 24. LA DELICIEUSE. Nurs. Catalogues.

Branches long and smooth. Fruit oval, about two inches long, and one inch and three quarters in diameter.. Suture rather broad, shallow, swelled a little more on one side than on the other. Stalk an inch long, slender, slightly inserted. Skin pale yellow on the shaded side, but where exposed to the sun of a deep purple, and full

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