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· Leaves beautifully striped with broad and narrow, silver, cream, and pink coloured stripes.
The plant is difficult to bring into a fruiting state, requiring from ten to twenty years, or probably more; even without fruit, this Pine deserves to be cultivated on account of its great beauty.
Striped-leaved varieties of Pine are materially affected by cultivation ; those which are grown in a close pit, heated with dung, never being so rich in their colours as if grown in an airy stove, where the pit is heated with bark.
34. SURINAM. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 91.
Leaves long, narrow, mealy ; spines coarse. Fruit oval, deep orange when ripe ; pips prominent. Flesh pale yellow, of a pretty good flavour.
Weight from three to four pounds.
35. WAVED-LEAVED. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 94. Pom, Mag. t. 1.
Leaves large, flaccid, spreading, wavy, stained with dull purple. Fruit oblong, or tun-shaped, dull yellow; pips projecting, pointed. Ftesh yellow, transparent, very delicate, juicy, extremely pleasant.
Weight from two to three pounds.
Leaves long, narrow, sharp-pointed, of a light green; spines wide and coarse. Fruit cylindrical, or oval, pale yellow when ripe ; pips large, flat. Flesh pale yellow, of a pretty good flavour.
Weight from three to four pounds.
tinge, mealy ; spines small and close. Fruit pyramidal, or longish oval, the largest of the whole tribe of Pines; pips very large, flat.* Flesh very pale, sweet, and full of juice.
Weight generally from six to eight pounds; but it frequently, under good management, will attain the weight of from twelve to fourteen pounds.
A Selection of Pine Apples for a small Garden.
Black Antigua -
- 3 Queen - -
. - 37
Propagation and Cultivation.
It is known to every Pine-grower, that this species of fruit is increased by suckers, and by its crown.
In its cultivation it is managed in various ways by different gardeners, and with different degrees of success. One of the best methods, without entering into any lengthened detail of operations, seems to be that which has been recommended by Mr. Sweet, which is, to pot the young plants in a mixture of one third loam and two thirds of half-decayed leaves, in which they root very freely; they may then be plunged in frames, or a stove, but not in too much bottom heat, as that will injure their roots, as is often done by those who expect to force them on by bottom heat, but who by that means kill their plants, or injure them so much that they never perfectly recover. They do not consider that giving plants a strong bottom heat is working against nature; for in their native climate it is the sun that
* It must be observed, that when speaking of the pips of Pines being prominent or flat, it is to be understood that they are so at the time when the fruit is fully ripe.
warms the ground in which they grow, and this heat should not be exceeded here.
Pines thrive much the best by keeping the house very warm and moist, and by giving air early in the morning, and shutting it up early in the afternoon. As soon as shut up, give a gentle sprinkling of water all over the plants with an engine, which causes a fine steam to rise, and the leaves never burn, but the plants grow with increased vigour. When they are larger and require larger pots, add more loam to the soil in which they are potted, and keep the pots well drained with small potsherds in the bottom. In shifting them into larger pots, care must be taken not to injure their roots. When they are put into the fruiting house, first turn the tan-bed all over to the bottom, adding a sufficient quantity of fresh tan, so as to give a strong heat; then set the plants upon the tan, but do not plunge them till the heat begins to decline. Where plenty of leaves can be had, they need not be plunged at all; but, as soon as the heat declines, fill up between the pots with them. Oak or chesnut leaves are the best ; these cause the heat to rise as strongly as is required; when the heat again declines, add another quantity of leaves, and so on till the plants are half buried, and water them frequently, but little at a time, and they will root in the leaves, and swell off their fruit to a great size; the suckers root also into the leaves, and grow to large plants before they are taken off, so that these plants produce their fruit when potted off, much earlier than by any other means.
When the plants are wanted to show fruit, they should be checked by keeping them dry for a considerable time; then by watering them, and giving them a little fresh heat, they fruit immediately. The pine-house should be kept up as near as possible to seventy degrees of Fahrenheit's thermometer in winter; in summer it may
be shut up at an hundred degrees or more. This heat may be said to apply to a collection of Pines when grown together in one house ; but when there is a sufficiency of room, it will be more advisable to grow the Queen Pines by themselves, and those called Black Pines in another department, as these latter require a heat of at least twenty degrees more to grow them well than what ought to be allowed to the Queens.
The White Providence Pine being a much larger grower than any other, it would be desirable to grow it in a third house, or in a large pit constructed for the purpose. This does not require a greater degree of heat than any of the Black Pines; but its leaves being so much longer and larger than any other, prevents its being arranged in the pit, so as to allow the others an equal advantage.
INDEX TO THE PINE APPLES. Anson's
. 1 Globe - . Anson's
• 22 Gold-striped Queen -
3 Green Providence . Black Jamaica
4 Green Queen - . Blood
5 Green St. Vincent's Blood Red
5 Havannah Brown Antigua - • 3 Heaton House Montserrat Brown Havannah
13 Hussar Brown Sugar-loaf
6 Indian Black Pine Brown-leaved Sugar-loaf 7 Jamaica Claret 5 King
Cockscomb . - 8 Lemon-coloured Barbadves Cockscomb
- 36 Queen Common King
. 15 Lemon Queen - Common Queen
• 23 Montserrat Copper 17 Montserrat
- 36 Mealy-leaved Providence . English Globe
· 9 Narrow-leaved Queen Enville
8 New Black Jamaica
New Demerara . . 19 Russian Globe . . 27 New Enville . - 20 Saint Vincent's - - 28 New Green Olive
Silver-striped Queen .. New Mealy-leaved Sugar Smooth-leaved Antigua .. loaf
Smooth Green Havannah - 10 New Providence
Smooth-leaved Queen - 12 Old Enville
Smooth-leaved Sugar-loaf 30 Old King
15 Striped Brown Sugar-loaf 7 Old Queen
23 Striped-leaf Olive - - 32 Old Ripley
24 Striped-leaved Sugar-loaf 31 Otaheite .
22 Striped Queen - - 32 Providence
Striped Silver and Pink Purple-striped Queen
Surinam . Ribbon-grass
33 Waved-leaved - - 35 Ripley
24 Welbeck Seedling - 36 Ripley Queen . 25 White Providence Russian Cockscomb 26
SECT. I. - Black or Blue-fruited. 1. BLUE GAGE. Hort. Soc. Cat. No. 22. Azure Hâtive. Poit. et Turp. t. 78.
Branches long, slender, and downy. Fruit small, quite round, about three inches and a half in circumference. Stalk three quarters of an inch long. Skin dark blue, covered with a pale blue bloom. Flesh yellowish green, and separates from the stone. Juice smart, with but little richness of flavour.
Ripe the beginning of August. . 2. BLUE PERDRIGON. Langley, p. 92. Miller, No. 7.
Perdigon. Parkinson, No. 19.