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sides and front of the branches, as those produced from the back or near to it would, in the progress of their growth, not only derange in some measure the straight direction of the branch, but receive material injury by their pressure against the wall ; such, therefore, should at all times be removed on their appearance, leaving those only which are either situated on the front, or so far from the wall as not to be injured by it, at any future stage of their growth. The spurs

of Pears, indeed, require the principal part of the gardener's attention in the management of the tree, for on these depend the bulk and value of the crop: short spurs, at a moderately wide distance, produce fine fruit, whilst those on long ones in a crowded state are proportionately inferior; on the contrary, very vigorous sound spurs, at wide distances, produce fruit of the very largest size, and of the greatest excellence. This I have before noticed, when describing the Chaumontel Pear, as grown by the Jersey gardeners.

Pear trees which have been too long neglected to be recovered by the reduction of their spurs, should be headed down in the following manner :

In February or the beginning of March, with a thin fine-toothed saw, cut every branch back to within nine inches of the main stem from which it issued, making the cut in a sloping direction, and as little exposed to view in front as possible, smoothing it afterwards with a sharp knife, and particularly the bark round the edge, so that its lacerated parts may be effectually removed ; at the same time every spur, whether good or bad, upon the remaining part of the tree should be cut off close and smooth, but not so close as to touch the ring of bark at its base, from beneath which the young shoots will make their appearance.

After this operation is finished, the wounds should be covered with a small portion of well-beaten grafting

clay, reduced into a paste with water, or with Mr. For-
syth's composition", which is very excellent, and at the
same time washing over with a brush both the head and
the stem with the same composition in a diluted state.

When the young shoots make their appearance, they
must be allowed to grow till they are long enough to be
nailed to the wall, when two of the most regular and
best placed from each branch cut down must be trained,
and the others removed, cutting them off close and
smooth.

If the branches headed down in the spring had been
at regular and proper distances from each other, two
shoots from each will be double the number subsequently
required. It is, however, necessary this number should
be trained the first year, as they will grow as strong
and extend quite as far as if half the number only had
been retained ; and it will give an opportunity of select-
ing the best shoot of the two in the winter pruning ;
and in case of any accident happening to one, the other
will supply its place, so that a full number of branches
will thus be secured to furnish every part of the tree.

This being accomplished, the branches must be con-
tinued at their full length, as before directed, and the
superfluous shoots and spurs treated accordingly.

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* The preparation and application of this composition will be
given at the end of this work.

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15 Beurré Doré

- 71 Autumn Bergamot 42 Beurré Epine

• ] 21 Autumn Colmar 63 Beurré Gris

71 Barland 157 Beurré Knox

66 Beau Present 20 Beurré Plat

48 Bein Armudi 46 Beurré Rance

121 Belle de Jersey

- 156 Beurré Rouge Belle et Bonne 43 Beurré Royale

• 119 Belle Gabrielle - 108 Bezy de Caissoy

• 122 Belle Lucrative 64 Bezy de Chassiez

- 50 Bellissime d'Automne 65 Bezy de Chaumontelle - 123 Bellissime d'E'té 30 Bezy d'Heri

45 Bellissime d'Hiver · 151 Bezy de la Motte

46 Bergamotte Bugi - 110 Bezy de Landry Bergamotte Cadette 44 Bezy de Montigny

67 Bergamotte d'Alençon - 114 Bezy de Quessoy

122 Bergamotte d'E'té 13 Bezy Vaet

68 Bergamotte d'Hiver - 110 Bishop's Thumb

- 69 Bergamotte de Hollande 114 Black Pear of Worcester 152 Bergamotte de la Pentecôte 126 Blanquet à longue queue

24 Bergamotte de Pâques · 110 Bonchrétien d'Espagne 144 Bergamotte de Soulers - 109 Bonchrétien d'Eté

36 Bergamotte Rouge

2 Bonchrétien d'E'té Musqué 27 Bergamotte Suisse

59 Bonchrétien d'Hiver - 147 Bergamotte Sylvange 53 Bonchrétien Fondante 70 Bergamotte Tardive - 124 Bonchrétien Nouvelle éspèce 127 Besideré

Bonne de Malines

· 148 Beurré 71 Bonne de Soulers

- 109 Beurré Blanc . 107 Bonne-ente

· 107 Beurré Blanc de Jersey · 107 Bonne Malinoise

148 Beurré Colmar Gris, &c. 137 Bonne Rouge

52 Beurré d'Amboise 71 Bouche Nouvelle

82 -Beurré d' Ambleuse 71 Bourdon Musqué

7 Beurré d'Angleterre 81 Brilliant

82 Beurré d'Anjou

71
Brocas Bergamot

52 Beurré d'Aremberg . 119 Brown Admired

12 Beurré d'Arembert - 119 Brown Beurré

71 Beurré de Capiaumont - 73 73 Bujaleuf

146 Beurré d'Hiver 123 Calebasse

72 Beurré d'Hiver de Bruxelles 124 Cabelasse Musquée

72 Beurré d'Or 71 Capiaumont

73 Beurré de Yelle • 120 Carlisle

107 Beurré du Roi 71 Cassolette

. 16 Beurré Diel - 120 Catillac

· 153 113 Fondante de Brest - 75 Fondante de Panisel • 125

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Chair à Dame Chambrette Chapman's Charles d'Autriche Chat-brulé Chaulis Chaumontel Chère Adame Citron des Carmes Citron de Septembre Colmar Colmar Deschamps Colmar Epineux Common Bergamot Crasanne Crasanne Panachée Cuisse Madame Culotte de Suisse Dagobert Darimont D’Auch Dauphine Délices d'Ardenport Demoiselle Die Sommer Christbirne Diel's Butterbirne Dillen Dorothée Royale Double-blossomed Double d'Automne Double-fleur Doyenné Doyenné Blanc Doyenné d'Automne Doyenné d'Hiver Doyenné Gris Doyenné Panaché Doyenné Roux Doyenné Santiléte Duc d' Aremberg Duchesse d'Angoulême Duchess of Angoulême Early Bergamot Early Beurré

• 29

29 Early Rousselet · 146 Easter Bergamot 137 Easter Beurré 47 Easter Saint Germain 74 Echassery 93 Elton 123 English Beurré • 29 Epargne . 25

25 Epine d'E'té • 107 Epine d'Hiver · 124 Epine Rose

119 Fin Or d'Hiver • 137 Flemish Beauty

42 Flemish Bonchrétien 48 Fleur de Guignes 60 Fondante 17 Fondante d'Automne 105 Fondante de Bois

- 137 • 18 • 128 - 128 - 37

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84 . 112 · 113 · 113 - 129 · 129

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Fondante Musquée 56

Forelle . 76 Forellen-birne • 106 France Canneel

36 Franchipanne - 120 Francréal

77 Francréal d'Eté

120 Francréal, Summer • 154 Frangipane

49 Friolet • 154 Gansel's Bergamot · 107 Gendeseim

107 German Muscat • 54 Gilogil 126 Gile-o-gile 54 Glout Morceau 78 Glout Morceaux 54 Golden Beurré

79 Gracioli
- 119 Grand Monarque

80 Great Blanquet
80

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3 Green Chisel
i Green Sugar

36 · 152

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Green Sylvange
53 Little Muscat

22 Grey Beurré 1 Livre

152 Grey Doyenné 54 London Sugar

23 Groote Mogol - 152 Longland

• 160 Grosse Blanquette

19 Long-stalked Blanquet . 24 Grosse Cuise Madame 20 Lord Cheney's

114 Gros Dillen 77 Louise-bonne

. 90 Gros Francréal 117 Madeleine

25 Gros Gobet · 113 Magdalene

25 Gros Micet d'E'té 37 Mandieu

61 Gros Rateau Gris - 152 Mansuette

26 Gros Rousselet 31 Mansuette Solitaire

26 Grumkower - 150 Marchioness

92 Grumkower Winterbirne 130 Marie Louise

91 Hacon's Incomparable - 85* Marquise Hamden's Bergamot 13 Martin Sec

· 132 Hardenpont du Printems 121 Martin Sire

- 133 Hazel 86 Medaille

94 Henri Quatre 87 Merveille d'Hiver

134 Henry the Fourth 87 Messire Jean

93 Holland Bergamot - 114 Messire Jean doré

93 Holmore - 158 Milan Blanc

13 Huffcap • 159 Milan de la Beuvriere

13 Imperatrice de la France 82 Moor-fowl Egg Imperiale à feuilles de Chêne 136 Mouille-bouche

• 104 Incommunicable

88 Muscat à longue queue - 100 Incomparable - 124 Muscat d'Août

15 Inconnu Cheneau 5 Muscat Fleuré

104 Inconnu de la Fare · 142 Muscat d'Allemagne 112 Isambert 71 Muscat Robert

· 8 Ives's Bergamot 52 Muscat-vert

16 Jalousie

57

55 Musette d'Automne - 138 Jargonelle - 20 Musk Drone

7 Kaiserbirne - 107 Musk Robine

8 Keiser

89 Musk Summer Bonchrétien 27 La Belle de Flandres 82 Naples

135 La Bonne Malinoise - 148 Napoleon

94 La Grilliere • 110 Nelis d'Hiver

- 148 L'Incommunicable - 88 New Bridge

· 95 La Princesse

8 New York Red Cheek - 101 Lammas 21 Nutmeg

122 Lansac

· 56 Oak-leaved Imperial - 136 Lechefrion 16 Ognonet

12 Lent Saint Germain 130 Oldfield

. 161

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