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In use from Christmas till April.
This does not succeed on an open standard ; but it may be trained as an espalier, where it has a warm aspect, when it will bear and ripen very well.
It, however, deserves an east or south-east wall, and if well managed it will grow to a very large size. I have gathered it of seventeen inches its greatest, and fifteen inches its least, circumference, weighing thirtyone avoirdupois ounces ; but a Pear of this sort, sent from Mr. Maisson, of Jersey, was exhibited at the Horticultural Society, December 19. 1826, which weighed forty-four ounces.
Dr. Uvedale, whose name appears to this Pear, was one of the most eminent horticulturists of his time. He lived at Eltham in 1690, and had a garden at Enfield in 1724, which is noticed by Miller in the first edition of his Dictionary in that year.
Sect. VIII. — Perry Pears. 157. BARLAND. Pom. Herefordiensis, t. 27.
Fruit rather small, of an oval figure, but broadest towards the crown. Eye prominent, and the segments of the calyx nearly erect. Stalk half an inch long, slender. Skin dull green, russetted with a muddy grey.
Specific gravity of its juice 1070.
The Barland Pear appears to have been extensively cultivated prior to the publication of Evelyn's Pomona in 1674, and many thousand hogsheads of its perry are yet made annually in Herefordshire and the adjoining counties, in a productive season. It may be mixed in considerable quantity with new port without its taste becoming perceptible. It sells well whilst new to the merchants, and as it is comparatively cheap, it probably forms one of the ingredients employed in the adulteration of this wine. The original tree grew in a field called the Bare Lands, in the parish of Bosbury, in Herefordshire, whence the variety obtained its name, and was blown down a few years previous to 1811.
158. HOLMORE. Pom. Heref. t. 20.
Fruit small, globular, frequently growing in clusters of three and four together, with a very stiff half-closed calyx. Stalk short and thick. Skin a muddy yellowish olive-green, thickly reticulated, with a thin epidermis, and tinged with a fine red on the sunny side.
Specific gravity of its juice 1066.
The original tree, in 1811, was growing in a hedge on the estate of Charles Cooke, Esq., of the Moor, in the parish of Holmore, between Hereford and Leominster, and appeared then to be seventy or eighty years old. The young trees are very productive, and the perry
is of an excellent quality. 159. HUFFCAP. Pom. Heref. t. 24.
Fruit middle-sized, oval, somewhat broader at the crown, and drawn towards the stalk. Eye with the segments of the calyx slender and pointed. Stalk long, irregular in its thickness, and curved, having now and then a small leaf growing upon its lower part next the branch. Skin pale green, marked with grey russet.
Specific gravity of its juice about 1070.
There are several varieties of the Huffcap Pear in Herefordshire, such as the Brown, Red, and Yellow; but this is by far the most deserving of cultivation. Its perry is rich, strong, and said to be
said to be very intoxicating. It is of great excellence.
160. LongLanD. Pom. Heref. t. 18.
Fruit very handsome, not much unlike the Swan's Egg in shape, except being broader towards its crown. Eye somewhat large, with a converging calyx. Stalk short, stiff, and inserted into an unequal base.
Skin bright gold colour, tinged and mottled all over with a: russetty lively orange.
Specific gravity of its juice 1063.
The tree of this sort grows handsome and upright. It is hardy when in blossom, and consequently an abundant bearer. The name of Longland is supposed to have been derived from the field in which the original
161. OLDFIELD. Pom. Heref. t. 11.
Fruit below the middle size, turbinate, somewhat narrowed at the crown. Eye small, converging. Stalk half an inch Jong, slender. Skin a very pale green, spotted and marbled with a darker colour, and intermixed with a thin grey russet.
Specific gravity of the juice 1067.
The perry produced from this Pear is excellent; and from its being a very hardy tree, and an abundant bearer, is more extensively planted in Herefordshire and the adjoining counties, than any other Pear. Its name is believed to have originated from an inclosure called the Oldfield, near Ledbury, a noted place for the finest perry
162. Teinton SQUASH. Pom. Heref. t. 13.
Fruit middle-sized, of angular shape, somewhat like that of a Bergamot, but more tapering at the stalk. Crown even, divisions of the calyx spreading. Stalk half an inch long, slender. Skin a muddy russetty green, marbled on the sunny side with a pale brown or dull orange, interspersed with a few ash-coloured specks.
Specific gravity of its juice not mentioned.
Its name of Teinton is supposed to have originated from Teinton, in Gloucestershire, where it has been much planted. There are some very old trees of it in this neighbourhood and in Herefordshire, and the perry they produce is of the very highest quality, something approaching in colour and briskness to Champagne, for which fine samples of it have sometimes been sold.
It is always in demand, and at a high price; but from
the great uncertainty of its crop, the supply is very limited.
A Selection of Pears for a small Garden in the Southern and
Midland Counties of England.
Northern Counties of England, and Southern of Scotland.
Alexandre de Russie
20 . 57 - 98 · 102 · 107
. 113 . 91 · 137
142 - 148
120 Marie Louise - 121 Passe Colmar · 123 Saint Germain - 125 Winter Nelis
153 Uvedale's St. Germain