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Grange, in Herefordshire. The young trees very soon come into bearing, and the fruit is excellent.
Specific gravity of its Juice 1080.
Fruit middle-sized, globular, not much unlike the Orange Pippin, except its being deeper, and sunk at the eye, which is nearly closed by the short, blunt segments of the calyx. The crown is regularly marked quite into the eye by ten regularly marked obtuse plaits. Stalk short, causing the fruit to sit pretty close to the branches. Skin soft yellow, shaded and marbled with deepish orange.
Specific gravity of its Juice 1076 to 1081.
The Styre, or Stire, is a native of Gloucestershire, and is planted principally in the light soils, in the neighbourhood of the Forest of Dean, where it affords a stronger cider than the deeper soils of Herefordshire. Styre cider may be found in the neighbourhood of Chepstow of thirty and forty years old. In Phillips's Poem on Cider he calls this the 'Stirom, a name which is now become obsolete.
198. Foxley APPLE. Pom. Heref. t. 14.
Fruit very small, growing in clusters of two or three together, somewhat globular, but a little narrowed at the crown. Eye not sunk, the segments of the calyx strong, narrow, and diverging. Stalk half an inch long, slender. Skin bright gold, very full of minute dots, and shaded with slight dashes and streaks of deep orange.
Specific gravity of its Juice 1080.
Raised by Mr. Knight, at Wormsley Grange, from a seed of the Siberian Crab, which had been fertilised by the pollen of the Golden Pippin. Mr. Knight is induced to believe that no situation can be found in which our native Crab will grow and produce fruit, where the Foxley Apple will not afford a fine cider. It derives its name, Foxley, from the seat of the late Uvedale Price, Esq., in whose garden, on a grafted tree, it acquired maturity. It obtained the premium of the Herefordshire Agricultural Society in 1808.
199. Fox-WHELP. Pom. Heref. t. 3.
Fruit irregular, somewhat oval-shaped, with two or three prominent angles which terminate in the eye : crown rather narrow and pointed, and the base uneven. Skin yellow and red mixed, with a good deal of deeper red streaked all over the fruit.
Specific gravity of the Juice 1076 to 1080.
The expressed juice of this is extremely rich and saccharine, and enters, in a greater or less proportion, into. the composition of many of the finest ciders now made in Herefordshire, to which it communicates both strength and favour. It has been known ever since the time of Ray, in 1688; and Mr. Knight believes it to be a native of Herefordshire.
200. FRIAR APPLE. Pom. Heref. t. 30.
Fruit of a good size, somewhat conical, being broad at its base, and tapering to the crown, which is very narrow and pointed. Eye sunk, and surrounded by four or five obtuse, but prominent plaits. Stalk short and stiff, notwithstanding which the fruit are generally pendent. Skin dull grass green on the shaded side; but where exposed to the sun, of a very dark, muddy, livid red.
Specific gravity of its Juice 1073.
This apple is cultivated principally in the north-west parts of Herefordshire. The trees are generally vigorous and productive, and in kind seasons its cider is very good. It is difficult to say from what its name has originated, as nothing more can be traced of its history.
201. GARTER APPLÉ. Pom. Heref. t. 26.
Fruit middle-sized, oblong, tapering from the base to its crown, perfectly round in its circumference, and free
from angles. Eye a little sunk, and closed by the short segments of the calyx. Stalk short. Skin pale yellow on the shaded side, but where exposed to the sun of a bright lively red, shaded with darker streaks and patches quite into the crown.
Specific gravity of its Juice 1066.
The Garter Apple has been much cultivated during the decay of the older and more valuable varieties; and in mixing with those, though it contains but a small portion of saccharine matter, it contributes to afford excellent cider. The origin of its name is quite uncertain.
- Golden HARVEY. See No. 91.
The cider produced from the Golden Harvey, or Brandy Apple, is of very great strength, with little richness; it has thence been called the Brandy Apple: in a very warm situation and season, it, however, sometimes affords a most exceedingly rich cider.
Specific gravity of its Juice 1085.
There are different varieties of the apple cultivated in Herefordshire under the name of Harvey: the Golden Harvey derives its name from the bright yellow colour of its pulp.
- Golden Pippin. See No. 26.
The Golden Pippin, although one of our very finest dessert apples, is likewise one which has ever been the most esteemed for its cider.
Specific gravity of its Juice 1078.
Fruit of small size, globular, round at the crowni. Eye very little sunk, the segments of the calyx strong, acute, reflexed. Stalk short and thick. Skin yellowish green, a little russetted near the base with a darker greyish green, and more inclined to yellow on the sunny side.
Specific gravity of its Juice 1079.
Raised at Wormsley Grange by Mr. Knight, from a seed of the Orange Pippin, which had been fertilised by the pollen of the Golden Pippin, in 1791. It is a very excellent cider fruit, and obtained the premium given by the Agricultural Society of Herefordshire, in 1802, for the best cider apple recently raised from seed.
203. HagloE CRAB. Pom. Heref. t. 5.
Fruit small, ill-shaped, something between an apple and a crab, more long than broad, wide at the base, and narrower at the crown, which is a little sunk, and the eye flat. Skin pale yellow, a little marbled in different directions with a russetty grey, and having a few red specks or streaks on the sunny side. Eye flat, with a spreading calyx. Stalk short.
Specific gravity of its Juice 1081.
The Hagloe Crab, when planted on a dry soil, with a calcareous bottom, in a warm situation and season, produces a most excellent cider, both of strength and body. Mr. Marshall states it to have been raised by Mr. Bellamy, of Hagloe, in the parish of Awre, in Gloucestershire, towards the end of the seventeenth century ; but Mr. Knight thinks it existed long previous to that time, as long ago the original tree could not be found at Hagloe.
204. Loan PEARMAIN. Pom. Heref. t. 6.
Fruit rather small, somewhat globular; the crown is rather narrow; the Eye, and the segments of the calyx flat. Skin pale yellow, marbled all over with orangecoloured specks and streaks. Stalk about half an inch long, fleshy next the fruit.
Specific gravity of its Juice 1072.
As a cider apple, the Loan Pearmain possesses much merit, and contains a considerable proportion of saccharine matter, combined with a good deal of astringency. The tree is a weak grower, and is frequently encumbered with a multiplicity of slender shoots. It does not appear to have been known in the seventeenth century, nor can its origin now be satisfactorily ascertained.
This pretty little fruit is not the Loan's Pearmain of the nurseries about London.
205. Old QUINING. Pom. Heref. t. 19.
Fruit oblong, having obtuse but prominent angles, extending from the base to the crown, where they correspond to the number of the divisions of the calyx. Eye small, with erect segments, Stalk half an inch long, slender. Skin dull, dingy yellow, very much shaded with red, and of a very high dark colour on the sunny side.
Specific gravity of the Juice 1073.
Ray, who wrote in the sixteenth century, mentions the Queening Apple, and it has also been called Queening by other writers ; but there seems to be no authority for this orthography. It appears more probably to have originated from Coin (often called Quoin), from its angular sides. The fruit is very good for table when first gathered from the tree. As a cider apple it was formerly held in esteem ; but more modern kinds seem, at the present day, to have usurped its place.
206. ORANGE PIPPIN. Pom. Heref. t. 8.
Fruit middle-sized, globular. Eye but little sunk, with broad, acute segments of the calyx. Stalk very short. Skin a yellowish golden grey, with a russetty epidermis, highly coloured with orange and red on the sunny side.
Specific gravity of the Juice 1074.
This very beautiful apple is cultivated in Herefordshire, both as a dessert and cider apple. Its yellow pulp communicates a fine golden tinge to the juice