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the revenue and profits of Ireland did not amount unto 1,000l.
per annum.”—Archiv. Cast. Dub.
Covenant between the King and Sir William Windsor, Lord
Lieutenant.—Claus., 47 Edw. III., m. I. Turr. Lond.
Commission to Sir Ric. Dagworthe to survey the Crown
possessions in Ireland, etc.—Claus. 3 Ric. II., m. 3. Turr.
“Pearce de Gaveston, Lieutenant of Ireland, built New Castle
in the O'Birnes country, and repaired Castlekevin. He went
into Thomond, and performed good services there, with virtue
and valour.”—Ammo 1309, Archiv. Cast. Dub.

Hugh de Lacy, temp. Hen. II, had above 50 knights' fees in England.—Red Book of the Ea'chequer, Dublin.

“King Edward I. had aids of men out [of] Ireland, to serve him in his wars in Scotland, Wales, and Gascoygne; and Richard de Burgo, Earl of Ulster, was the General of the Irish in the countries aforesaid.”—Archiv. Cast. Dub.

In 32 Hen. VIII., “James Earl of Desmond surrendered his privilege in the Chancery of Ireland, granted unto his ancestors, not to come to any Parliament (being summoned), nor to come to any Lord Deputy or Justice of Ireland (being sent for), into any walled town or castle, but at his own will and pleasure.”— Council Book of Ireland.

In the year 1318, “John de Birmingham, Verdon, Stapleton, etc., with the commons of Methe and Uriell, at the Fagher near unto Dundalke, overthrew the Scots, and slew Edward le Brus. Et sic per manus communis populi, et dextram Dei, deliberatur populus Dei a servitute machinata et praecogitata.” —Red Book of the Exchequer, Dublin.

“From the 40th year of King Edw. III. until the reign of King Henry VIII., in all the Parliament Rolls (that are extant), the degenerated and disobedient English are called rebels: but the mere Irish, which were not in the King's peace, were called enemies.”—Archiv., Cast. Dub.

“In all the ancient Pipe Rolls in the Castle of Dublin, in the reigns of Hen. III., Edw. I., Edw. II., and Edw. III., between (sic) the receipts and allowances of the King's revenue in Ireland, there is this entry, viz., In, thesauro mihil, for the officers of the State and army spent all.”—Archiv. Cast. Dub.

In 4 Mary, the Earl of Sussex, Lord Deputy, subdued the O'Mores and O'Connors, whose countries were by statute made shire-ground, and called Queen's County and King's County.

“The English Lords in Ireland, being corrupted with Irish customs, and living after their savage manner, grown proud of their great possessions and many followers, disdained to be governed by knights sent out of England, as appeared by the little estimation they made of Sir Richard Caple, Sir John

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Moris, Sir John Darcy, and Sir Ralph Ufford, which moved King Edward III., when he sent Sir Anthony Lucy to be Lord Justice of Ireland, to direct a special writ or mandate to the Earl of Ulster and the rest of the nobility to obey and assist his Lord Justice.”—Claus. 5 Edw. III., m. 4, Turr.


Note from the Statutes of Kilkenny, 40 Edw. III., cap. 4, respecting the Brehun Law.

“King Ric. II. made a law against absentees, and caused Sir Philip Courteney (while he was his Lieutenant in Ireland, to be arrested by special commissioners, for the oppressions and wrongs which he had done the King's subjects in the time of his government.”—Rot. Parl. 3 Ric. II., m. 24; Claus, 9 Ric. II., m. 1, Turr. Lond.

Establishment of English laws and law courts in Ireland by King John, etc.—Pat. 13 Hen. III., m. 3. Turr. Lond.

Mandate to the Lord Justice of Ireland to take the oaths of the magnates of Ireland to observe the English laws, according to the charter of King John.—Claws, 12 Hen. III., m. 8. Turr. Lond.

Confirmation by Henry III. of the English [charter] made by King John, with a clause touching its observance in Ireland. —Pat. 3 Hem. III., m. 20. Turr. Lomd.

The statutes made at Westminster, 11 and 17 Edw. III., the one touching drapery and the wearing of oulandish apparel, and the other for erecting staples at Dublin, Waterford, Cork, and Droghedaghe, and for establishing staple law in Ireland, were current in Ireland and Wales, though made in England. —Turr. Lond.

Statute made at Westminster, 4 Hen. W., “for the promotion of clerks of the Irish nation in Ireland.”—Turr. Lond.

Extract from Matthew Paris, touching a council at Lismore, temp. Hen. II.

Extract from same touching King John's actions in Ireland.

“It was enacted in Parliament that no subject of Ireland should make war or peace without licence first obtained of the King's Lieutenant or his Deputy.” Parliament Rolls of Ireland. (No date,)

Act of Parl., 10 Hen. VII., that all laws made in England before that time should be current in Ireland, and that no laws should be made in Ireland till the Act or Acts were first certified into England, and then returned under the Great Seal into Ireland.—Cast. Dub.

Act of Parl. in Ireland for the abolition of the Pope's authority, 28 Hen. VIII.-Cast. Dub.

Acts of Parl. in Ireland, 33 Hen. VIII., that the King entitle himself King of that realm, and for the suppression of religious houses.—Cast. Dub.

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Act of Parl. in Ireland, 2 Eliz., “that the religion then professed in England should be exercised in that realm.”— Cast. Dwb. Edw. II. gave authority for holding one or more parliaments yearly in Ireland.—Claws. 12 Edw. II. Turr. Lond. “Bishops of Leighlin, Ossory, Downe, and Limerick were amerced for not coming to the Parliament, being summoned.” —Rot. Parl. Hib., 27 Hen. VI., cap. 21, 22, 23, 24. Act of Parl. that a Parliament be held once every year in Ireland.—Rot. Parl. Hib. 34 Hen. VI., cap. 6.

Henry VI. “made a law in England to enforce the subjects of Ireland to return into that realm.”—Claus., 17 Hen. VI., m. 20. Turr. Lond. “King Henry VII. ordained that the Lords of Parliament in Ireland should wear robes, as is accustomed in Parliaments in England.”—Rot. Parl. Hib. Statute of Absentees, 28 Hen. VIII., in Ireland, giving the lands there of the Duke of Norfolk, the Earl of Shrewsbury, the Lord Barkeley, and others, to the King.—Archiv. Cast. Dub. “For the space of 250 years together, the customs of the realm of Ireland did never exceed in any one year above the sum of 1000l. —Archiv. Cast. Dub. Grant to Pearce Butler, Earl of Ormond, and Margaret his wife, in tail male of said Earl, of the manors of Callan, Ballicallan, etc. Dublin, 5 Nov., 18 Hen. VIII. (No reference. See ante.) Sir John Perrot made Deputy General, by letters patent dated Westm., 17 Jan. 26 Eliz.

Grant to Sir Nich. Bagenall, Marshal of Ireland, of all the lands belonging to the colleges of St. Mary and St. Patrick in the Newry, with other lands adjoining. Westm., 22 April, 6 Edw. VI.

Grant to Sir Owen O'Sowlevan, in tail male, of his lands of Beare and Bantrie, with remainders to Philip his brother and Donell their nephew; paying the rents and services due to the Earl of Clancare; dated 18 July 1565.

Grant, 21 Eliz., to Sir Edward Waterhouse of the office of general collector of the customs and subsidies of wines in Ireland, estimated at 300l. yearly.

Grant to the same, 21 Eliz., of the office of General Receiver in the Exchequer of Ireland.

Grant to the same, 24 Eliz., of the collectorship of the custom or subsidy of wines, called “the impost,” in Ireland.

“Copy of an old record of entertainments in Ireland, tempore Edw. III.” (Quoted at length. See abstract of a similar document, ante.)

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Grant to Sir Edw. Waterhouse, 22 Eliz., of the office of general surveyor and keeper of the river Shenan from Letrim to the Rock near Limerick called Donnas. (A full abstract.) Note at the end —“The reasons why these letters patent were granted unto Sir Edward Waterhouse was to assure all the boats and cotts upon the river of Shenan from transporting rebels over the same between Leinster, Mounster, and Connaght, as was accustomed, and to transport victuals, munitions, and soldiers between Athlone and Limerick.”

Then follows a list of the lords of countries and nations seated on the east and west sides of the Shannon from Leitrim to Donnasse.


1. Indenture between King Edw. IV. and Gerald Earl of Kildare. Whereas by letters patent dated 12 Aug., 20 Edw. IV., the King appointed his son Richard Duke of York to be his lieutenant of Ireland, and the said Duke cannot personally go there, but has made the said Earl his Deputy for four years from 5 May next, the King “ hath retained towards him the said Earl of Kildare, Deputy of his said son.” The Earl has undertaken to keep the said land surely and safely to the King's use and profit, and shall have with him, “for the safeguard and keeping of the same land, 80 yeoman able archers, and 40 other horsemen called spears,” with 600l. a year for him and them. If the revenues of Ireland do not suffice to pay that sum and the ordinary charges, the Earl shall be paid out of England. He binds himself to make musters of himself and his retinue from time to time before persons to be deputed by the King.

No date, but probably of the same date as the above-mentioned letters patent, in English.

2. Ordinances made at Nottingham, in the octave of St. Martin, 17 (or 18 2) Edw. III, by the King, with the consent of his Council, for the amendment and government of Ireland. No officers to purchase land within their jurisdicdiction, or take victuals or other things by force. Strangers allowed to transport corn and other merchandise from Ireland to England and Wales. No more than 4d. to be to be taken for any “bill de grace” sealed with the Justice's seal, and only 2d. for the writing of the same. A prisoner, on his release, to pay no more than 4d. for the Marshal's fee. Pardons and protections not to be granted without the King's licence. No writs, save under the Great Seal of Ireland, to be received by the King's ministers. The Justice not to adjourn any assize of novel disseisin to any place not in the county where presented. Dated at Nottingham, 24 Nov., 17 (or 18?) Edw. III. French.

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p. 189.

p. 192.

3. Ordinance in the Parliament of Ireland, 3 Ric. II., against absentees. They are to return before Midsummer next, to defend the land against the Irish rebels, on pain of forfeiting two thirds of the profits of their lands, offices, benefices, etc.; with certain exceptions.


4. Letter from the Council in England to Richard II. in Ireland.

Have received his letters written at Dublin, 1st Feb. last, requesting news touching the government of the realm. It has been in tranquillity in all parts during the King's absence. As the King desires their advice whether he should grant a general pardon to his Irish rebels, considering the wrongs done to them, and has in the meantime taken the same rebels into his special protection, the Council consents to the same, although, at the last Parliament at Westminster, they had made answer to the articles delivered to them from the King by his uncle [the Duke] of Gloucester, that it was expedient to proceed against the said rebels. Fines and ransoms should be taken from them according to the quantity of their forfeiture, in order that the great charges of that land may not sall upon this realm; the remainder to be devoted to the maintenance of the royal estate. London, 19 March. (No Ayear.)


“Copied out of the original.”

5. The Council in England to Richard II.

By the King's letters, and by the declaration made by Philip la Vache, have learned the journeys made by the King since he took the field in his march through the power (poair) of his rebel Makemurgh towards Dublin. Are greatly rejoiced, as also is the city of London. Are also grateful to the King for summoning the future Parliament at Westminster, instead of Nottingham, as he at first ordered. The people will now be more willing to contribute to the aid of the King's present exploit. Money shall be sent in all haste for payment of the King's troops for the second quarter, and of his household and chamber. Master Bartholomew de Navarre, the most famous advocate in the Court of Rome, has come from the Pope with letters of credence, and rehearsed how that the statute lately made in Parliament goes greatly against the Apostolic See, which cannot be without great peril of souls. He therefore requested the Council's mediation with the King for the repeal of the said statute, or leave to go to the King's presence. They deferred the matter till they might learn the King's pleasure. Since the King's departure from Wales, the people of South Wales have presented the bills given by him while in those

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