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In 1401, Thomas Lord of Lancaster, the King's son and Lieutenant in Ireland, held a Parliament at Rosse, in which he had view of all the charters and patents of those who held of the King in chief.
In 1408, Thomas of Lancaster held a Parliament at Kilkenny, (as Henry Marlborough saith,) for the purpose of having tallage.
Filment at Dublin, 5 Hen. VI., before James Butler, Earl of Ormond, “about a process upon a writ of error, in a plea between the Prior of Langtonie in Wales, and the Prior of Mullengarre in Ireland.”
Parliament at Kilkenny, in 1309, by (per) the Earl of Ulster, to settle discords between certain magnates of Ireland.
Inspeximus by Lionel Duke of Clarence, Ralph Earl of Stafford, and Ann le Dispencer, Lords of the liberty of Kilkenny, of a charter of William the Marshal, Earl of Pembroke and Lord of Leinster, granting various liberties to his burgesses of Callen. Dated 40 Edw. III.
Roger le Bigod, Earl of Norfolk, who married the eldest daughter and coheir to William the Marshal, Earl of Pembroke, granted the like liberties unto the burgesses of New Rosse alias Rosse Pontis, co. Wexford.—Records in the Chancery of Ireland.
Inspeximus by the King in 1 Hen. IV. of the charters of William the Marshal, granting liberties to the town of Kilkenny, sealed with the seal used by the lords of the royal liberty of Kilkenny.
William the Marshal founded the abbey of Douske, and endowed it, etc.
Grant by Henry II. to Hugh de Lacy of the land of Meath, as held by Mourcardus O’Malaghlen.—Archives of Dublin Castle.
Grant by Geoffrey de Genevile to his magnates of Meath, 1 Edw. II.-" Ec. lib. Abbathia de Tristernaghe.” (See MS. 610, calendared ante.)
Commission by Richard Duke of York, Earl of March and Ulster, Lord of Wigmore, Clare, Trim, and Connaught to Wm. Bois, his justice for pleas before his sheriff of his liberty of Meath, Sir Ric. Bathe, Edw. Somerton, Wm. Sutton, and Rob. de la Feild, appointing them with others to take the assize of novel disseisin arraigned by John Talbot Earl of Shrewsbury against Wm. Nugent and Joan his wife, concerning tenements in Moyrathe. Dated 25 Hen. VI.
Hugh de Lacy, Earl of Ulster, held the whole of Ulster exempt, and separate from every county, and pleaded in his court all pleas which belong to justices and sheriffs. He had a chancery of his own.—“Anno 3 Edw. II., m, 26, in Archiv. Cast. Dub.”
The Kings of England and Lords of Ireland have, in right of the Crown, through all the river Boyne, from Droghedaghe to Trim, a thread (filwm) of water commonly called the “watersherd,” containing 24 feet in breadth, in the deepest part of the river, so that boats, timber, and merchandise may pass along this thread without hindrance.—“Ammo 40 Edw. III., Archiv. Cast. Dub.”
Manor of Trim annexed to the Crown by Act of Parliament, 10 Hen. WII.
Abstract from a charter of privileges granted to the town of Waterford, 3 Hen. VII.
“Upon an erroneous judgment given in Ireland, matters have been removed, by writ of error, to the King's Bench in England; and upon a debt returned in the King's court in England, a writ of a fieri facias hath been directed to the Justice of Ireland for levying the same upon the lands and goods of the debtor.” The case is cited of Robert Wickford, Archbishop of Dublin, who being in arrear of a rent of 10l. in England, and the sheriff of Middlesex returning that he had no property in that bailiwick, the King's writ was issued for levy of the arrears on the Archbishop's lands in Ireland.
A statute was made at Westminster, 10 Hen. VI., that certain merchandises should not be carried out of England and Ireland to any other place than Calais. In 2 Ric. III. a ship of Waterford, sailing with such wares for Sluce in Flanders, was driven by weather into Calais, where it was seized and confiscated. The merchants claimed restitution, and the question was debated in the Exchequer whether statutes made in England were binding in Ireland, as the latter had a Parliament of its own. The question was revived in 1 Hen. VII., when Chief Justice Husey resolved in the affirmative, “which was agreed upon by the major part of the judges then assembled in the Chequer Chamber,” though others of them were of a contrary opinion.
In 14 Edw. IV. the fraternity of St. George was erected by Parliament in Ireland. Names of the brethren, etc.—“Rot. Parl. Dub.” (See MSS. 608 and 614, calendared ante.)
Account of the stipends of Lionel Duke of Clarence, Lord Lieutenant, the Earl of Stafford, James Earl of Ormond, Sir John Carew, banneret, and Sir Wim. Windesor, and of the
horse and foot under them, in 36 Edw. III.-Archives of the
King's Remembrancer at Westminster.
Henry IV. sent his son, the Lord Thomas of Lancaster, as Lieutenant into Ireland, where he remained 7 months, and took the submissions of O'Birn, McMaghun, and O’Reylie, in 1403.-Ibid. (See MS. 603, calendared post.)
Statute against absentees, temp. Ric. II-" Rot. Parl. 42, Turr. Lond.”
Henry V. sent Lord Furnivale as his Lieutenant into Ireland, who brought the O'Bernes, O'Tohills, Kevanaghes, O'Connors, O'Mores, O’Reylies, McMaghuns, and O’Hanlans, to live in peace, in 1414.—Red Book of the Exchequer, Dublim.
“King Henry VI. obtained a subsidy of 20s. 8d. out of every 120 acres manured, payable yearly for 5 years. He resumed all the Crown land[s] which for the most part had been aliened by Richard Duke of York. He also procured a subsidy of poundage out of all merchandises exported and imported, to be granted to the Crown in perpetuity.”
“Albws Liber Scac. Dublin.
“By grauntinge charters of peace
Mandate to John Darcy, the nephew, Justiciary, to learn the pleasure of the magnates of Ireland, in the next parliament, whether the King should grant the supplication of certain men of Ireland that all Irishmen, who will, may use the English laws without obtaining charters from the King. —Claws. 2 Edw. III., m. 17, Turr Lond. “A plea between an English man and an Irish.”—Simon Neale complains that Wm. Nulaghe broke into his close at Clandalkan, in co. Dublin, and destroyed his herbage and cattle. The latter pleaded that the former was an Irishman, “et mom de quinque Sanguinibus,” and prayed judgment whether he was bound to make answer to him. Simon said he was “de quinque sanguinibus, viz., de les O'Neales de Ultonia,” who by grant of former Kings enjoy the English liberties, and are reputed for free men. The defendant denied that Simon was what he claimed to be. A jury decided in the complainant's favour.—“Ammo 28 Edw. III., Archiv. Cast. Dub.”
Attachment of Philip Monsterworth and Ric. De Abbedley, canons of Lanthony near Gloucester, and two others, to make answer to Wm. O'Kelly concerning a plea wherefore they attacked and imprisoned him, contrary to the King's letters of protection. They say they ought not to be bound to make answer, as the said William is an Irishman, and not of the blood or progeny who enjoy the English law, “quoad brevia portanda,” and who are O'Neale of Ulster, O'Connohur of Connaught, O'Brien of Thomond, O’Malaghlin of Meath, and
McMoroghe of Leinster. The compainant said he was of the progeny of O'Neale of Ulster, by male descent. The defendants said that if he were of that progeny the fact would appear in his surname, which would be O'Neale, not O'Kelly. A time was fixed for trial by jury, when O'Kelly did not appear.—Anno 3 Edw. II., Archiv. Cast. Dub.
Grant by James I. to Sir Randall McDonell of the territory of the Rout, co. Antrim, excepting three parts of the fishery of the Ban;–1 James I.
Robert de Vere, Duke of Ireland, sent into Ireland with 500 men-at-arms and 1,000 archers “super conquaestum illius terrae per duos annos.”—Pat. R., 9 Ric. II., part 9, m. 34. Turr. Lond.
Extract from Bede, respecting a convocation of clergy in 660, in which the time of celebrating Easter in Ireland was discussed.
Many laws were made in Ireland in the years 40 Edw. III, 28 and 32 Hen. VI., and 16 Edw. IV., “against citations, bulls, and breves of the court of Rome, in several Parliaments in the year[s] above written.”—Archiv. Cast. Dub.
“King Richard II. went in person into Ireland with an army of 4,000 men-at-arms and 30,000 archers. All the Irish lords submitted themselves unto him.” Ammo 1394, Archives of the King's Remembrancer at Westminster.
Henry II. gave to Richard de Clare, Earl of Pembroke, (Strongbow,) all the province of Leinster, with exceptions.— “Escheat.” (Inquisitions), 5 Edw. III., No. 104. Turr. Lond. Extracts from the Charter and Close Rolls of John, which are printed. Grant to Richard de Burgh, for 1,000l. in money, of the reversion of the province of Connaught, after the death of the King of Connaught—“Anno 3 Hem. III. Turr. Lond.” Grant by Henry III. to his subjects of Ireland, of a similar charter to that granted by him and his father to their subjects of England.—Pat. 1 Hem. III., m. 13. Turr. Lond.
Grant to the King of Thomond, of his country.—Chart. 6 Hem. III., m. 2. Turr. Lond. Grant of the land of Ireland to Prince Edward.—Pat. 52 Hem. III., m. 9. Turr. Lond.; “et Archiv. Cast. Dub.” Grant to Sir Tho. de Clare of all Thomond, with a liberty. —“Amono 18 Edw. I., m. 29. Turr. Lond. Creation of Morrice FitzThomas as Earl of Desmond, with grant of the liberty of co. Kerry.—Ammo 3 Edw. III., Archiv. Cast. Dub. Grant to James Butler, first Earl of Ormond, of the liberty of co. Tipperary.—“Anno 3 Edw. III., m. 28. Turr. Lond.”
Resumption of former grants.-Claus. 15 Edw. III., m. 4. Turr. Lond.
Henry II. granted many lands to his marshal, William FitzAldelm, whose wife was Juliana, daughter of Robert Dorsnell. —Red Book of the Earchequer, Dublin.
A note from Ger. Cambrensis.
Extracts from the Charter Rolls of John (printed).
Grant by Henry II. to Robert FitzStephen and Miles de Cogan, of the kingdom of Cork, excepting the city of Cork.Turr. Lond.
Privileges granted to Dublin by Hen. II.
Grant, 1 Hen. W., to the citizens of Waterford, of the custom of that city called “le cocquet.”
Grant, 11 Eliz., to the same, of the election of certain ministers for the city.
Act of Parliament, 15 Hen. VII, granting poundage to the King and his successors. Covenants between Henry VI. and Richard Duke of York, appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland. (Abstract.)—Archiv. Dub. “The O'Birnes near unto Dublin petitioned the Lord Deputy and Council, that their country might be made shire-ground.” —Ammo 34 Hen. VIII, Cowmcil Book of Ireland. “Anno 23 Hen. VIII., O’Donnell covenanted with Sir William Skeffington, Lord Deputy of Ireland, quod si Dominus velit reformare Hiberniam, he and his people would gladly be governed by the laws of England.” Extract from Roger Hoveden.
“O’Neale Regulus 400 vaccas pro arreragio reddit' 100 li. de auxilio Domini Regis ad guerram suam in Vasconia sustinendam.”—Ammo 42 Hem. III., Archiv. Cast. Dub. “O’Neale Rex Ultoniae 100 li. de auxilio Domini Regis ad guerram suam in Wallia sustinendam.”—Anno 36 Hem. III., Archiv. Cast. Dub. “In the account of William FitzWarren, seneschal and farmer of the earldom of Ulster, seized into the King's hands after the death of William Burgh, Earl of Ulster, from the fifth of King Edw. III. unto the 8th year of his reign, he did not receive above the sum of 900 and odd pounds.”—Archiv. Cast. Dub. “The clergy and laity of Ireland gave two years' profit of all their lands and tithes towards the maintenance of the war, when the Duke of Clarence was Lord Lieutenant of that realm.—Claus, 36 Edw. III., m, 21, dorse, and m. 30. Turr. Lond. “It is recorded in the Pipe Rolls, that King Edward III., by a medium taken of the best seven years of his reign, that