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14. Indenture made on Saturday before the Purification, 9 Hen. W., between James le Bottiler, Earl of Ormond, and James FitzGerald, Earl of Desmond. The former appoints the latter keeper, governor, and overseer of all the baronies and lordships of Inchecoyn [and] Ymakylle, and of the town of Youghall, with all the free tenants and farmers of the Earl of Ormond and the tenants resident within the said lordships, whom Desmond will defend against all Irish enemies and rebels, and will cause all injuries done to them to be amended, as he would do to his own lordships and tenants in Munster. The said free tenants, etc. shall assist Desmond with all their power. Ormond also appoints Desmond seneschal in all the said baronies and lordships, to keep all his courts and jurisdictions there, and to correct all officers and their defaults, except Ormond's receiver[s] of rents and profits. Desmond to hold for life, and to have half the rents and other profits of said lordships, baronies, and town, and 240 acres of land.
15. Appointment by John le Botteler, Earl of Ormond, lord of the liberty of Tipperary, of Edmund FitzJames FitzWilliam FitzPeter le Botteler, as seneschal of the said liberty, and grant of the moiety of the office of marshal [of the same]. Clonmell 7 June, 41 Hen. WI.
16. Grant by Thomas le Butler, Earl of Ormond, to the burgesses of his town of Carrike Magryffyn, that they may hold the said town to fee-farm for 10 marks of silver yearly, from the said Earl and his heirs, and elect a sufficient burgess as reeve, who shall take oath in the Tolseld of the town, and shall not be compelled to leave the town to take oath before the Earl's seneschal or other minister. The Earl's hundred [court] shall be held before the said reeve only once every fifteen days, in the Tolseld. The said burgesses shall be as free throughout the Earl's dominion in Ireland as the burgesses of Clonmell or of Kylkenny, or any other burgesses of Munster or Leinster. They may contract marriage for themselves, sons, daughters, and widows without the Earl's licence, unless they hold tenements of the Earl in chief without the borough of the said town. Numerous other liberties comprised in 28 articles. Waterford, 12 July, 15 Hen. VII.
17. Grant by Henry VII. to James Ormond, knight for the King's body, of the manor of Ardmulghum, the patronage of the church of Ardmulghum, and the lordships of Belgard, Fovre, Demor, and Derver, in co. Meath; of lands in Callan, Loghmeran, Ratheston, and other places in co. Kilkenny; and of the lands and tenements called the Earl's Grove, Kilmorarussyn, and the Old Mill, near Clomell, with all the King's lands in co. Tipperary ; the premises being parcel of the possessions of the Earl of March, of which the King is seized in
right of his consort, Queen Elizabeth, to hold in tail male. Canterbury, 10 Sept., 10 Hen. VII. By authority of Parliament.
18. “A note of such lands as Peers Butler, Earl of Osserie, and James Lord Butler his son, took by lease for term of years from Dame Anne St. Ledger, widow, and Dame Margaret Bullen, widow, (daughters and co-heirs unto Thomas Butler, late Earl of Ormond,) Thomas Lord Rochford, son and heir to Dame Margaret Bulleyne, and Sir George St. Ledger, knight, son and heir to Dame Anne St. Ledger; which said lands were then in the possession of the said ladies and their sons aforesaid in anno 20, regni Regis Henrici Octavi, viz.:”—the castle and manor of Kilkenny (rent, 200 marks Irish); the royalties of cos. Kilkenny, Tipperary, and Ormond; the manor and castle of Knoctopher (rent, 200 marks Irish); the manor and castle of Ballygarren (ditto); manor of Thorles (rent, 200 kine); the manor and castle of Dunmore ; the manors of Puberafe, Portlerafe, and Killinalle, in co. Kilkenny; the country of Woney Mubrian; the manor and castle of Carrigne-Griffin, and “the two Ormonds" in co. Tipperary; and the manor and castle of Grenagh in co. Waterford.
19. “A brief collection of the life of Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury, and brother to Theobald Walter, the ancestor to Butler Earl of Ormond, collected out of a book entitled, “De antiquitate Britanniae Ecclesia.”
Warrants by King Henry VI.
I. Warrant to John of Stanley, squire, serjeant of the King's armoury, to execute the order made by Wiscount Beaumont, Constable of England, in the matter betwixt Thomas FitzGerald, appellant, and the Earl of Ormond, defendant, viz., that he should ordain armour for the appellant for the day of his battle. Westminster, 17 Feb., 23 Hen. WI.
II. The King to the Earl of Ormond. As it is necessary for the Earl, before thc day of his battle in Smithfield, “to be for a certain time, nigh to the said Smithfield, for your breathing and more ease against the said day,” the King licences him “so to be under the charge and governance” of . the Duke of Exeter, Constable of the Tower of London, whom the King has ordered to deliver the Earl out of the Tower accordingly. No date.
Dated by Carew, “Anno 25 Hen. VI. 1447.”
III. Mandate to the Duke of Exeter, as above.
* By Archbishop Parker.
IV. Mandate to the [Bishop of l, Keeper of the Privy Seal, to make out letters to the Exchequer for payment of 20l. to Philip Treher, fishmonger, for his labours “in teaching certain points of arms” to the Prior of Kilmaynsham], who lately appealed the Earl of Ormond of hault treason, and to John Davie, who lately appealed John Catour, armourer, of treason, Windsor Castle, 28 Dec., 25 Hen. WI.
VI. Extract from Caxton's Chronicle touching the above mentioned challenge. The combat was prevented by the King, at the instance of the parson of St. Andrew's, Holborn, and other preachers.
GRANTS of LANDS in IRELAND.
I. Grant by Humphrey de Bohun, Earl of Hereford, and Constable of England, to his brother, Gilbert de Bohun, for his service, of all the lands which he has of the lands of the Earl Marshal or others, falling to the purparty of Eleanor their mother, one of the heirs of the said Earl, which lands had come to him as heir of the said Eleanor in Ireland, viz., in Carneboth, Mahunne, [and] Athebone; together with all the tenements which fell to him in Newtown and Oldtown in Ossory, and Thomastown, by the death of Matilda, formerly wife of Anselm, the Marshal, with all hamlets and appurtenances. To hold to him and his heirs, rendering yearly 60l. ster.
II. Grant by Geoffrey de Geynvill, with the consent of Matilda de Lasey, his wife, and for the good of the souls of their ancestors and of their own souls, to the abbot and monks of St. Mary's de Bellobecco (Bolebec) of forty shillings of annual rent. Witnesses: Richard de Twytt, junior, Geoffrey de Allethon, Walter FitzAured (Alfred?), Adam de Hynsak, John de Walcolore, Simon de Munteney, Henry de Stratton, then seneschal of said Gcoffrey and Matilda in Meath, Hugh de Portes, their sheriff of Trim, Robert Gelus, Maurice their clerk.
Dated at Connackernyth, Tuesday next after the Octave of the Invention of the Holy Cross, anno 1259.
Latin, pp. 2.
The INHABITANTs of co. CoRK to the LORD of RUTLAND and
There are other copies of this letter in the Book of Howth and in MS. 605, the latter of which has been printed in vol. IV., p. 441.
At the end: “Thus far the letter sent by the corporation (sic) of Cork is recorded verbatim. James Sherloke, Fitz Peter.”
Vol. 617, p. 12.
ACTS of PARLIAMENT.
II. Act for the fraternity at arms of St. George, 12 Edw. IV.
There is another copy of these abstracts in MS. 608, which has been calendared in the present volume, ante.
Pp. 2. Endorsed.
NoTEs by GEORGE CAREw.
In 1497, Henry IV. “gave a sword to the Mayor of Dublin, which city was first governed by a provost. In King Henry III.'s time the King erected a mayor and bailiffs, which bailiffs were changed into sheriffs by King Edward VI., 1547. Henry VIII. was declared and recognised to be King of Ireland, and the same was confirmed to Philip and Mary by Pope Paul IV. Summons to John de Birmingham, Earl of Louth and Lord Justice of Ireland, to the war against Scotland; also to Richard de Burgh Earl of Ulster; dated 15 Edw. II.Records in the Tower of London. (See Vol. 610, calendared amte. so 1350, at a Parliament held in Kilkenny before “Sir Wm. de Windesore,” Lord Lieutenant, a subsidy of 3,000l. was granted; and at another Parliament the same year, at Ballideill, a subsidy of 2,000l. In the year Robert de Vere, Earl of Oxford and Marquis of Dublin, had the whole kingdom of Ireland granted to him for life, with all its profits, and with the appointment of chancellors, treasurers, etc. He was at the same time created Duke of Ireland. In 1292, a fifteenth was granted to the King of all temporal men in Ireland, William Lord Vescy being the Lord Justice. In 1332, Edw. III. gave to John Lord Darcye, Lord Justice, the manors of Lowthe and Balliogarye, and other lands which appertained to the Earl of Eu, a Frenchman, being forfeited by his adherence to the French King. In 1340, John Lord Darcy was appointed Lord Justice for life. In 1350, Maurice FitzThomas, first Farl of Desmond, was appointed Lord Justice for life, and died the same year. Then follows a brief “List of the Army in Ireland in sundry years of the reign of Queen Elizabeth.”
Pp. 3, in Carew's handwriting.
NOTES and ABSTRACTs of RECORDS.
King John made the standard of Irish moneys equal with English money.—“Ammo 11 Hen. III., m. 3, Turr. Lond.”
Vol. 617, p. 26.
King John, when in Ireland, established the English laws and customs, and appointed John Gray, Bishop of Norwich, Justiciary, who caused the penny of that land to be proclaimed as of the weight of the English coin, and ordered round halfpence and farthings to be made.—“Ammo 12 Joh.”
The first stirling money in Ireland was coined by King John. —“Ammo 7 Joh.”
In 1275, Robert de Ufford, Justiciary, went to England, and appointed in his place Robert de Fulborne, Bishop of Waterford; at which time the money was changed.
In 32 Edw. I. Master Wm. de Wimondham, Keeper of the King's exchanges (cambiorum) in England, by command of the Bishop of Bath and Wells, Treasurer of England, sent to Wm. de Essenden, Treasurer of Ireland, 24 pieces of coin (cuniorum), for making money there, —viz., “3 pilas cum 6 crucellis pro denariis, 3 pilas cum 6 crucellis pro obolis, et 2 pilia cum 4 crucellis pro ferlingis,”—by John le Minor, Thomas Dowle, and John de Shordiche, “de societate operariorum et monetariorum, London.”—In the Red Book of the Eachequer of Dublin.
In 5 Edw. IV., till when the moneys of England and Ireland had been of one standard, the King “ordained by Parliament that English money should run current in Ireland at one fourth part more in value than English moneys.” Also that the noble made in the reigns of Edw. III., Ric. II., Hen. IV., Hen. W., and Hen. WI. should run current in Ireland for 108. ster., and after that rate the half noble.—Archives of Dublin Castle.
In 29 Edw. I. the King decried certain moneys called Pollards and Crockards in England and Ireland.— Red Book of the Ecchequer of Ireland.
In 9 and 10 Edw. I, Donate and Andrew de Spersholt were masters of the Exchange in Dublin.—Archives of Dublin Castle,
Edw. I. established a mint at Dublin with four furnaces, and Alexander Norman de Linck was master of the Mint.— Archives of Dublin Castle.
Edw. IV. established mints at Waterford, Trim, Gallway, Dublin, and Droghedaghe, in the which were coined the groat, the half groat, the penny, the halfpenny, and the farthing.
Abstract of an Act of Parliament, 7 Edw. IV., against obtaining bulls from Rome for ecclesiastical livings in commemdam.—Castle of Dublin.
Ordinance in a synod of the clergy of Ireland, temp. Hen. II., that the laws of the English Church be observed in all parts of Ireland.
In Parliament at Kilkenny, 44 Edw. III., a subsidy of 3,000l. granted for the wars. (See p. 13 of this M.S.)