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to point out the early proceedings of the Governors in carrying into effect the trusts reposed in them.
When they entered upon their duty, the revenue The Gover. which had been granted to them was found to be in- the revecumbered with annuities amounting altogether to the bered. sum of 10,950l.: and with arrears of such annuities amounting to the sum of 21,000l. ; the Governors, Which therefore, applied their funds immediately to the dis
discharge. charge of the arrears, and they succeeded in redeeming certain of the annuities. The first general court bolden by the Governors was first meet
ing, 14th at the Prince's chamber adjoining to the House of Dec. 1704. Lords, on the 14th December, 1704; where, in a full meeting, the said letters patent were read, and the officers appointed by the same, namely, the secretary and treasurer were sworn, and the Lord Archbishop of Can- Officers
appointed. terbury was desired to wait on the Queen, and to beg of ber Majesty the use of the new buildings joining to the Banquetting-house, Whitehall, for the meeting of the Governors, and for offices of the secretary, treasurer and their clerks; which her Majesty was graciously pleased to grant, and further to give directions, that the Lord Chamberlain would furnish those rooms out of the royal wardrobe for that purpose.
The next general court was accordingly held at the General said buildings on the 11th January, 1704; and on Jan. 1704. the 22d of the said month, the draught of a seal was dered. agreed upon, and it was ordered to be made of silver. The legend of the seal, is Gubern. Munif. Annæ Reginæ Pauper. Cler. There was likewise a standing committee appointed Committee
appointed. for preparing rules and orders.
Also a message was sent to the Barons of the Exche
to the Ex
22d Feb. 1704, va. luation of
Made and presented to the
ed on revenue.
Application quer, desiring them to direct the proper officers to lay chequer for before the Board an account of First Fruits and
Tenths, and of all arrears and incumbrances. Meeting, At the next meeting, viz. the 22d of February fol
lowing, the Governors directed an inquiry into the livings not yearly maintenance of all ministers throughout Eng
land and Wales, whose benefices exceeded not sol. per 801.pr.ann.
annum (pursuant to the directions of the charter), and desired the lords the Bishops to make returns of the same against the 20th of November following, which
were all entered into a book, and presented to the Queen.
Queen, December, 1707.
In the month of December, 1705, a committee was pensions, &c. charg appointed to consider of the arrears of the grants and
pensions payable out of the First Fruits and Tenths, and to receive proposals from the grantees concerning the payment of the same.
In the following month the Standing Committee
were empowered to receive any proposals that might vantage of be made to them for the advantage of the poor Clergy, thecharity.
and to prepare business for the general courts.
In September, 1706, an order was made for process to go out against the collectors of the Tenths, if they did not immediately enter upon their accounts.
In the said year 1706, a thousand copies of the Charter published.
charter were printed at the charge of the Governors, in order to publish the design of their constitution.
About the same time (1706-7), the Governors adings dis.
dressed the Queen for leave to bring into parliament a charged from First bill, for discharging all livings with cure of souls (the Fruits and Tenths.
Tenthis of which were vested in the Corporation), not exceeding the true yearly value of 40l, froin the payment of First Fruits and Tenths, and all arrears thereof
Committee to receive proposals for the ad
Process ordered against collectors of the Tenths.
Certain small live
Anne, as to
for ever-this being an immediate advantage to those poor livings before any augmentation could be made ; to which ber Majesty was pleased to consent. And such a Bill being brought into the House of Commons was passed with an amendment of 501. instead of 401. By Act 5th The Act passed 5 and 6 Anne, chap. 24, and is intituled, andes “ An Act for discharging small livings from their First Fruits and Tenths, and all arrears thereof."
In May 1707 the Archbishop of Canterbury in- The Queen formed the Governors, that the Queen had been pleased a pension
of 500l. per to give a further mark of her favor to the poor Clergy, by discharging a pension of 500l. per annum, payable to the keeper of the records in the Tower out of the First Fruits and Tenths.
Another Act passed in the 6th of Anne, chap. 27, Act 6th intituled, “ An Act to enlarge the time for returning returning the certificates of all ecclesiastical livings, not exceed- of livings ing the yearly value of 50l. ; and also for discharging per ann. all livings of that value from the payment of First Fruits, and for allowing time to Archbishops and Bishops and other dignitaries for payment of their First Fruits." By virtue of this and the above-mentioned Act for 3,900 small
livings disdischarging small livings, about 3,900 poor livings charged were discharged, and the revenue of Tenths, which Fruits and
Tenths. wben free from all incumbrances, was computed on an average of 20 years, to amount to about 13,000l. per annum, was reduced by this measure to about 10,000l. per annum.
In January 1708 the Governors ordered the officers New book of the First Fruits to prepare a new book of First Fruits and
Tentbs. Fruits and Tenths, in which the livings that remained in charge were to be distinguished from the dis
ty by the Governors.
charged—which book was prepared so soon as the Bishops had made the returns, and was delivered to
the Governors. The Queen
In July 1709 the Archbishop acquainted the Board, know the, that the Queen had signified to him, her pleasure to of the Gu- know what the Governors bad done ever since their es
tablishment, with respect to the poor Clergy ; whereupon it was referred to a Committee to prepare a state of the affairs of the Corporation, in order to be laid before the Queen; and in consequence, the following
representation was made to her Majesty. Represen
“ To the Queen's most excellent Majesty, her Majes
The humble representation of the Governors of the Bounty of Queen Anne, for the augmenta
tion of the maintenance of the poor Clergy. “ In obedience to your Majesty's conimands signified to us at a general Court, holden in Whitehall on the 1st of July, 1709, by his Grace the Lord Archbishop of Canterbury; we, the Governors of your Majesty's Bounty to the poor Clergy, humbly beg leave to represent to your Majesty, that after having made an inquiry into, and procured an exact list of all the livings in England and Wales, under Sol. per annum, from the Lords the Bishops of the respective dioceses, pursuant to the directions of your Majesty's royalChar. ter, granted to us, and laid the same before
Majesty ; we have met in many general Courts, and Courts of Committees, to consider of, consult, advise, agree upon, and draw up proper and necessary rules, methods, directions, orders, and constitutions, for the better rule and government of our Corporation, and for receiving, accounting for, and managing all the revenues granted by your Majesty to us, and for the distributing, paying and disposing of the same, &c.; and
that having prepared and agreed upon some rules hereunto annexed, relating to the distribution of your Majesty's said bounty ; we humbly beg leave to lay them before you for your Majesty's royal approbation.
We have also considered of the state of the revenue of the First Fruits and Tenths, which your Majesty has been most graciously pleased to vest in us for the benefit of the poor Clergy; the state of which revenue, soon after opening our commission, appeared thus:
“ The First Fruits and Tenths computed at a medium of twenty years, do amount one year with another to about 17,000l. per annum ; but we found the said First Fruits and Tenths charged with grants and pensions (several of them for life) to the value of about 11,000l. per annum, and with an arrear of the same, amounting to about 21,000l.; all which arrear we have been discharging till very lately, and have also bought off the Lady Waldegrave's pension of 1000l. per annum, granted unto her for a term of years; which, with the 500l. per annum, payable to the late Mr. Petyt, (which your Majesty was graciously pleased to discharge,) reduces our yearly payments to 9,500l., or thereabouts.
“ As we found the revenue incumbered with the aforesaid grants, and arrears thereof on the one hand, so we likewise found on the other, that there was a very great sum of money due from the Clergy, and their predecessors, at the time of your Majesty's vesting the same in this Corporation; we have, therefore, spent much time in our inquiry after the same, and in distinguishing between the sperate and the desperate debts of the Clergy; and it appeared to us, that almost all the sums of money due from the predecessors of the present