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Peaceful in Susa, then, sat the Great King ;? 442
460 To crush this rival city to the dust. For now no more the noble social soul Of Liberty my families combin'd; But, by short views and selfish passions broke, Dire as when friends are rankled into foes, They mix'd severe, and wag'd eternal war: Nor felt they, furious, their exhausted force ; Nor, with false glory, discord, madness blind, Saw how the black ’ning storm from. Thracia came. Long years rolld on, by many a battle stain'd,3 470 The blush and boast of Fame! where courage, art, And military glory shone supreme :
1 Great King,' of Persia. — 2 « Sordid peace:' the peace made by Antalcidas, the Lacedemonian admiral, with the Persians; by which the Lacedemonians abandoned all the Greeks established in the Lesser Asia to the dominion of the King of Persia. -v. By many a battle stain'd:' the Peloponnesian war.
But let detesting ages from the scene
“ Thus tame submitted to the victor's yoke
“ Unless Corruption first deject the pride 490
1 Theban Friends :' Pelopidas and Epaminondas. — ? • Cheronæa :' the battle of Cheronæa, in which Philip of Macedon utterly defeated the Greeks.
PART III. ROME
As this part contains a description of the establishment of Liberty in Rome,
it begins with a view of the Grecian colonies settled in the southern parts of Italy, which with Sicily constituted the Great Greece of the ancients. With these colonies the Spirit of Liberty and of Republics spreads over Italy. Transition to Pythagoras and his philosophy, which he taught through those free states and cities. Amidst the many small republics in Italy, Rome the destined seat of Liberty. Her establishment there dated from the expulsion of the Tarquins. How differing from that in Greece. Reference to a view of the Roman Republic given in the First Part of this Poem; to mark its Rise and Fall the pecnliar purport of this. During its first ages, the greatest force of Liberty and Virtue exerted. The source whence derived the Heroic Virtues of the Romans. Enumeration of these Virtues. Thence their security at home; their glory, success, and empire, abroad. Bounds of the Roman Empire geographically described. The States of Greece restored to Liberty by Titus Quintius Flaminius, the highest instance of public generosity and beneficence. The loss of Liberty in Rome. Its causes, progress, and completion in the death of Brutus. Rome under the Emperors. From Rome the Goddess of Liberty goes among the Northern Nations; where, by infusing into them her spirit and general principles, she lays the groundwork of her future establishments ; sends them in vengeance on the Roman Empire, now totally enslaved ; and then, with Arts and Sciences in her train, quits earth during the dark ages. The celestial regions, to which Liberty retired, not proper to be opened to the view of mortals.
HERE melting mix'd with air th' ideal fornis
And the Ceraunian hills behind me thrown,
“Not so the Samian Sage; to him belongs The brightest witness of recording Fame. For these free states his native isle2 forsook, And a vain tyrant's transitory smile, He sought Crotona's pure salubrious air, And through Great Greece 3 his gentle wisdom taught ; Wisdom that calm'd for list’ning years the mind, Nor ever heard amid the storm of zeal.
1 Lacinium :' a promontory in Calabria.—2 « Native isle: 'Samos, under the tyrant Polycrates.—3 Great Greece :' the southern parts of Italy and Sicily, so called because of the Grecian colonies there settled.
His mental eye first launch'd into the deeps
“ Amid these small republics one arose, On yellow Tiber's bank,—almighty Rome, Fated for me. A nobler spirit warm'd