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3. Where were Actium, Metaurus, Zama, Pharsalia, Cynoscephalae? What happened at those places, and when? 4. Explain Tribunus, Provincia, Censor, Decemvir,


5. Name in order of time the foreign enemies that Rome fought on Italian soil.



[All Greek words to be written with accents.]

1. Give the indefinite, demonstrative, and relative adverbs corresponding to the interrogatives πότε and πόθεν.

2. What is the quantity of the ultima in σῶμα, χώρα, ἄνθρωποι, ἀγγέλλοι, and of the penult in κρίνε? What shows in each case, and on what rules?

3. Decline, through all numbers, δόξα, ὁδός, πατήρ, πόλις. 4. Compare the adjectives μέγας, ἡδύς, σοφός, the adverb μάλα.

5. Give the synopsis (i.e., first form in each mode) of the perfect middle, first aorist active, and future active of paívo. Inflect through the numbers and persons the imperfect active and middle of rionu, the aorist subjunctive passive of λύω.

6. Analyze Avσovoi.

7. What prepositions are used with one case only, and with what case respectively?


[All Greek words to be written with the accent.]

και γαρ ουν πλειστοι δη αυτῳ ἑνι γε ανδρι των εφ' ημων επεθυμησαν και πολεις και τα εαυτων σωματα δουναι.

1. Write these lines with the proper accents and breathings.

2. Decline throughout the nouns in them; also the pronoun avro in all genders and numbers.

3. Where is Evμŋσav found? Give the synopsis (i.e., first form in every mode) of its tense, and of that of Sovval.

Inflect, through the persons and numbers, the present and imperfect active indicative of péw, and the future optative active of φαίνω.

4. Analyze úσavтo.

5. Mention the principal uses of the subjunctive mode in Greek, in both principal and dependent clauses.


[All Greek words to be written with the accent.]

1. Decline throughout γλῶσσα, λόγος, πατήρ, and the pronouns τίς and οὗτος.

2. Give the synopsis (i.e., first form in every mode) of the future active and middle of σréλw, and of the perfect middle of φαίνω.

3. Analyze Xúowμai, stating where this form is made.

4. What is the difference of meaning between cloɩ and ciơi, ὦν and ὧν, ὁ αὐτὸς ἄνθρωπος and ὁ ἄνθρωπος αὐτός?

5. Translate into Greek:

(a) His mother sends for him from the province which he holds.

(b) When he had halted' his chariot before the phalanx, he sent for Menon to come to him.

(c) If any one had gone into the city, what would he have suffered?

1 Express "when he had halted" by a participle.


[See Anabasis paper for this year.]

[All Greek words to be written with accents.]

1. Decline râs in all numbers and genders.

2. Analyze ¿λú@noav. 3. State the chief uses of the opta

tive mode in principal and in dependent clauses.

4. Translate into Greek:

(a) We shall besiege the city both by land and by sea. (b) He did not do harm to others, because he feared that he might suffer harm' himself.

(c) The hoplites will march against the king, if he encamp in the plain.

(d) He said that Cyrus would have given him ten talents, if he had arrived before the battle.

(e) He used-to-praise whomever he saw bravely attacking2 the enemy.

1 κακῶς.




[All Greek words to be written with accents.]

1. Decline Toλús in all genders and numbers; also viós and Tóλs throughout.

2. Give the first person singular indicative of the future active and aorist passive of φαίνω, φιλέω, ἀκούω, πράσσω.

3. Analyze Avýσeσov.

4. Give the different constructions in which the accusative case is used in Greek.

5. Define crasis, enclitic, reduplication, mentioning examples of each.

6. Translate into Attic Greek:

(a) He mounted his horse, and took his javelins in his hand. (b) Through the middle of the city there flowed a river, Kydnos by name, two plethra in width.

(c) If the general himself had occupied the right wing, we should have conquered the enemy (from) whom now we are fleeing.

(d) He says it is well if we do-good-to all those whoever do-harm-to us.

(e) If you have no chariot, why do you want a horse?


[All Greek words to be written with accents.]

1. Decline throughout run, dopov, yévos, the pronoun σú, and the numeral εἷς.

2. Give the synopsis (i.e., first form in every mode) of the first aorist active of σréλw, the second aorist middle of τίθημι.

3. Analyze Aveínσav.

4. What sort of pronouns are olos and ooos? Give the demonstrative and interrogative pronouns corresponding.

5. What is hiatus, and what means are used in Greek to avoid it?

6. Give some rules with examples of euphonic change in consonants. What consonants may end a Greek word? 7. Give a list of prepositions that take one case only.

8. Explain, with Greek examples, the terms enclitic, cognate accusative, objective genitive, supplementary participle.

9. With what parts of the verb is the particle av not used?

1. Cyrus, with his army, was besieging this city. And of the citizens some wished to surrender1 it, but others spoke against (it). Cyrus, therefore, said that when he had taken the city, he should do well by those who spoke against surrender, and exile the others.

2. If the general had wished to go, the soldiers would have followed (him).

3. Let us march as quickly as possible to the river that we may embark upon the boats which Cyrus has given us.

1 παραδίδωμι.

2 ἀντιλέγω.

3 εὖ ποιεῖν.

4 ἐκβάλλω.

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