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and bequeathed, as the noblest inheri- the bar of your honourable house, fully tance, to their children.--For the exer- details the most shameful abuses in the cise of one of ihese inalienable rights, election of members of parliament, and through the medium of a free press, has numerous petitions since that time, some your hon. house punished two of our of them very recent, have made it undecountrymen, setting aside the ordinary cessary for us to espatiate on those grievcourse of law, and in your own cause ances and abuses here.-We must, howtaking upon yourselves the office which, ever, take this opportunity to complain, we humbly maintain, belongs only to a that those grievances and abuses not jury, that of deciding whether the pub- only remain uncorrected, but that, judglication be libellous or not. At the ing from sundry recent proceedings of same time we lament to learn, that in your honourable house, we fear that it the execution of your Speaker's warrant, is the determination of a majority of undue violence has been used to that your members to perpetuate practices, law, which regards an Englishman's which are avowedly the disgrace of many house as his castle. With this terrific borough elections, which are in direct stretch of privilege we cannot but be violation of the purity of your hovouradissatisfied, as we feel that not even our ble house, and which exist in open defireal representatives ought, on any occa- ance of the strong resolutions upon that sion, to have the right or power of dis- subject read by Mr. Madocks, when pensing with the charter of our liberties. he made his motion respecting the cor
We imagine that we perceive another rupt traffic and revocation of a seat by danger arising from the possession of two of his Majesty's ministers, in the privileges unlimited by law, which, if it case of Mr. Quintin Dick, into which were the sole danger, would prove their case, flagrant and aggravated as it apimpropriety. If the two houses of par- peared, you refused to make any inquiry. liament have power to define their own Under all these circumstances, we privileges, each may assert such as are cannot, without the greatest sorrow, incompatible with those of the other, contemplate the fate of Mr. Brand's moand which, by their clashing interests, tion on the subject of parliamentary remay produce the evils of anarchy and form; a motion which had for its object civil war.
only the formation of a committee to Here we cannot refrain from adverting inquire into the expediency of reform.tu certain sentiments said to have been We earnestly urge your hon. house to delivered in your hon. house; we mean reconsider this subject; which, as insehints, we had almost said directions gi- parably connected with the peace and ven to the judges of the land, as to their prosperity of our country, we have most future conduct in the actions brought by seriously at heart; being confidently Sir Francis Burdett against the Speaker persuaded that the disfranchisement of of the House of Cominons, and the Ser decayed boroughs, the extension of elecjeant at Arms. While we regard those tive rights to populous towns, and trisentiments with indignation, we trust ennial parliaments, so far from being inthat the judges are so independent as to croachments upon the constitution of treat all such intimations, wheresoever this kingdom, are indispensibly necesand by whomsoever they may have been sary for its preservation. And your uttered, with deserved contempt, and Petitioners will ever pray &c. that the court of King's Bench will satisfy the country, that to Britons there
ADDRESS is no wrong without a remedy, and that TO SIR FRANCIS BUP. DETT, BART. by them no violence can be suffered without an appeal to the law.
Sir;--Subjects of the same realm, exWe solemnly assure your hon. house, posed to the same power, amenable to that we regard the aforementioned rigo the same laws with yourself, and equally rous treatment of Britisha subjects, and embarked in the cause of parliamentary many of the various evils which afflict reform, we feel it would be a dereliction the state, as arising immediately from of our duty, and an abandonment of the wretched policy of a weak and into principle, were we to omit addressing lerant ministry, but priinarily from the you on your present confinement in the imperfect state of the representation of Tower of London.--Your conduct as a the people. The petition presented by representative of the people, has obtainMr. Grey, now Lord Grey, in 1793, at , ed our highest approbation, and we, in
return, give you our sincere and heart- wherever it is suffered to exist its infelt thanks. We have seen you syste- fluence and its operations must of nematically and honourably abstain from cessity be deadly and malignant. No those party struggles and contentions salutary provision can flourish within which se frequently occur in the house its reach. We know likewise, “ that of commons; struggles and contentions, “ unlimited power is apt to corrupt the in which, personal ambition and the “minds of those who possess it, and emoluments of office, too often predo- “ that where law ends, tyranny begins," minate over the more important consi- Permit us, Sir, before we quit this part derations of public good. With equal of our subject, to enquire, in the lansatisfaction we have seen you appro- guage of the great Chatham, when priate your time and your talents to speaking of this assumption of power questions, generally perhaps, less attrac- by the honourable the house of comtive and imposing, but in our estimation, mons;“What is this mysterious power, of far superior inomeut, and of more undefined by law, unknown to the subsalutary effect; the oppressed individual ject, which we must not approach withhas in you found a ready, and an able out awe, nor speak of without reveradvocate, and the public peculator a ence, which no man may question, but determined enemy; by your research to wbich all men must submit.”-Sir, and exertions great constitutional ques. having expressed our approbation of tions have been elucidated, the provin your conduct, and given you our sincere sions of the grand Charter of British and heartfelt thanks, we have only to freedom have become more generally add to our wishes, that restored to your known, its blessing more extensively family and to the public, whose cause felt, and its value more highly and'more you assiduously serve, even from the accurately estimated ; and though we recesses of a prison, you may long conlament that those exertions have sub- tinue in perfect health, the delight of jected you to great privations and much the one, and the boast and admiration personal inconvenience, we rejoice that of the other, the example to all good the right of the house of commons to men, and the dread and terror of evil "imprison without the intervention of a doers." jury" is, by your perseverance, shortly to be decided upon in a court of law. Address of Sir F. Burdett, in answer Yet when we contemplate the important interests involved in this decision, we
to the Resolutions, and Address of confess, we tremble for the result, be
the Livery, presented to him by cause we feel sincerely and warmly at
Mr. Sheriff IVood, and a deputatached to the constitutional government tion of the Livery, May the 9th. of our country, as a government not arbitrary and capricious, but of kuown,
Gentlemen;— The highest redefined, and positive law; securing to
ward that can be bestowed upon a the people trial for imputed offences, which we regard as the basis of all po
faithful representative of the people, litical freedom, and without which, no is the approbation and confidence of liberty can possibly exist. Feeling strong. the people--it is the best, because ly tbis rational attachment to the whole- it enables him most effectually to some provisions and good enactments serve the people; and, highly as I of our forefathers, we protest against estimate the honour done me by the the exercise which has been made of livery of the first city, perhaps in the an undefined and undefinable privilege by the honourable the house of com
world, certainly of this united kingmons, in the imprisonment of John
dom, it is for ihe before-mentioned Cale Jones and yourself, for alleged reason that I value it most. It is 'ofences, which, in our opinion, are by similar expressions of the public
cognizable only in the established courts will, that great good inay be effectof law.-Sir, we regard power without
ed, unattended by any of those evils right as one of the most odious objects
which bad men have insinuated was that can be presented to the human imagination, and we deprecate its esta
designed to be produced, and of blishment as a part of ihe government which insinuations timid men have of our country, because we know that been too casily the dupes.
Upheld by these sentiments, and spoils of the country. Gentlemen, it by the approbation of my fellow has been artfully misrepresented by subjects, I estimate very lightly the the leaders of faction, that the pubpersonal inconvenience to which I lic and myself; for I know not what have been, and still am subjected. they mean by my party, unless it is And I am happy in an opportunity the public; are very illiberal in delike the present to state, that those nying honesty to every man who difinconveniences have been diminished fers, in the slightest degree, from as much as possible by the kindness ourselves; but, Gentlemen, though of my lord Moira, the governor of the Icertainly entertain a very mean oplTower. Gentlemen, the advantages nion of the patriotism of the leaders our country will derive from the of either of the factions, which have transactions which have recently ta- so long distracted and deluded the ken place, I Aatter myself, will be country, either of whigs or tories, great. And should they only produce “ between which two thieves,” says the able and constitutional argument Mr. Ralph, the historian, “ This nadelivered by the late lord chancellor of tion hath been crucified," yet I am England, Erskine, in the house of persuaded that, under both these unlords, on Monday last, I should say fortunate nick-names, are enlisted a they had been great ; there breathes great many honest Englishman, both the spirit of our forefathers;* it whig and tory; who, though dissabrings back to our recollection bet- tisfied with, and ashamed of, the ter times, and better lawyers, and tergiversations of their leaders, still coming from such high legal autho- do, from habit and circumstances, rity, and sanctioned by the still reluctantly hang on and allow themhigher authority of reason, the foun- selves to be counted in the ranks. dation of all law, cannot fail of ma- But an upright honest opinion, not king a deep impression on the pub- a sham mercenary pretence, surely lic mind, and of powerfully aiding no man ought, and I am certain no those great constitutional principles, man does, more respect than myself, of which Lord Erskine seems to be however widely differing from my almost the last legal deposit, upon own; and I trust the time is not far which every man's safety depends, distant when independent men, disand for maintaining which, by every regarding the watch-words of facmeans of legal resistance, against tion, will unite to put an end to pethe violent attacks of arbitrary pow. culation; to a borough-monger syser, I have had the good fortune to tem, grinding the faces of the poor, meet with your approbation. But and undermining the security of the even this would not have been va- rich; will unite to re-establish legal lued by me, as it now is, had it not government, and to curb arbitrary been accompanied by that expression power, whether exercised directly of your determination to use every by the executive magistrate, or indiexertion to promote, the only mea rectly by means of a corrupt house sure wise men will think of any of commons. Such, and such only, great importance to the country; a are in my mind honest men, and radical reform in the representation can, with truth, he said to love their of the people, of which free election. King and country. We want nois the vital principle. In the neces- thing but what the law ordains; no sity of some reform in the representa- new schemes, no half measures; we tion, it appears, all parlies now agree, want no plan of reform from any except those immediately carrying on man, but the constitution of Engthe corruption, or fattening on the land, as by law established. Why
* Pol. Rev. Vol. VII. p. 416--19. should the people of England rez ceive Lord Grey's plan? or Lord ception of the matter, and such my Grenville's plan? or Mr. Brand's opinion-hold to the law, for the plan? ur Sir Francis Burdett's plan? new corn must come out of the old or any other man's plan? The pro- fields. position made by me last year was Gentlemen, I am truly sensible not to adopt any plan of mine, of the honour you have done me, but the law of England; this is all and beg you to accept my best acthe public require, less than this knowledgments; and you Mr. Shethey cannot take, more they do not riff Woud, for your handsome condemand; such, at least, is my con- duct.
The Paris papers contain an ac. insensible. Prince Joseph Schwarcount of a ball given to Napoleon zenberg was engaged all the night and his Empress, by the Austrian in search of his wife, who was not ambassador at Paris; during which to be found either at her brother's, the curtains catching fire, the room the ambassador, or at M. de Metwas immediately in a blaze, and in ternich's. He was doubtful of his the dreadful confusion many noble misfortune till the day broke, when persons were severely hurt. The a disfigured corpse was found near Princess Pauline of Schwarzenberg, the saloon, which Dr. Gall thought believing her daughter was left in to be that of the Princess Schwarzenthe burning room, in a frantic cffort berg. It reinained no longer doubtof maternal love, rushed i after her ful when her diamonds, and the meand perished; the daughter had es. dallion of her children, which she caped.
wore suspended from her neck, were The Moniteur adds,“ The fire exc examined. Princess Pauline Schwara traded itself with the rapidity of zenberg was daughter of the Senator Tighining, and his Majesty slowly Aremberg; she was mother of eight retired with the Empress, recom- children, and four months advanced mending calmness, in order to pre- in pregnancy: she was as much disvent all disorder. The rapidity of tinguished for the graces of her perthe fire was so great, that the Queen son, as by the excellent qualities of of Naples, who followed in the suite her mind and heart. The affectionate of the Emperor, having fallen, was act which cost her life, proves hove only saved through the presence of much she deserves to be regretted, mind of the Grand Duke of Wurtz- for death was most evident." burgh. The Queen of Westphalia It was at one of the fêtes given in was conducted from the saloon by honour of the marriage of the prethe King of Westphalia and Count sent Empress of France's great aunt Metternich. The Vice-roy escaped to Louis the XVI. that an accident by a small door which led to the a- happened much more dreadful in its partments of the hotel; 20 ladies nature tban that which has lately have been more or less injured. occurred at Paris, the number of Prince Kurakin, the Russian am- lives lost being about 700. bassador, had the misfortune to fall The last French decree upon the upon the steps which lead from the subject of grain, dated July 2, proball-room to the garden, which were hibits its exportation to this country then on fire, and was for a moment entirely from the island of Schowen
(Bonaparte's new northern frontier length arrived in Andalusia, consistsince the annexation of Zealand) to ing, in all, of between 3000 and l'Orient, south: from this port to 4000, expert in naval operations. Bourdeaux it may be exported in In Spain, there are in some provinFrench ships with one half wine or ces disturbances and banditti, but brandy. The wonderful and almost no where is there any longer a Spamiraculous improvement produced nish army in existence. When Gen. in the crops of this country, by the Moore was in Spain, the Spaniards recent rains, renders these decrees of had an army of more than 200,000 the eneiny of less important conside-' men on the Ebro. When, at a subration than they would otherwise sequent period, General Wellington have been. The last article of Bona- marched to Talavera, they still had parte's decree confines the coasting three armies ; one in Catalonia, one trade of France to French vessels only. under the command of Cuesta, and
It is announced in the Moniteur of another one called the army of the the 2d, that the Austrian govern- centre; making together about 80,000 ment is endeavouring to negociate a men. At present they have only loan in Holland, which of course three corps, scarcely making 24,000 inplies the consent of Bonaparte. recruits, who are unworthy the name
The last Dutch papers give the of soldiers. unexpected informanation, that King To his serene Highness the Prince of Louis had withdrawn from the coun- Wagram and Neufchatel, Vicetry without leaving any notice of the Constable, Major-General. place of his retreat.- Fifteen thou: “SIR,I arrived at Ciudad on sand French troops'had entered the the evening of the 24th; yesterday, city of Amsterdam on the 4th inst. the 25th, at four in the morning, I who were neither accommodated in ordered the fire to be commenced abarracks, or in the neighbouring vil. gainst the fort with 46 guns; it aplages, but were quartered on the in-pears that the garrison did not exo babitants, with a total disregard to pect it so soon. They were very all the feelings of the burghers. much disconcerted for the first few
hours, and only returned it feebly. [From the Moniteur.)
Soon after they began to fire with a The advices from Spain and the great deal of activity. The fortifiarmy of Portugal are very unimpor- cations were damaged, the parapet tant. The army of Catalonia is and embraşures were much injured, marching towards Tarragonia, to and several guns dismounted. The besiege that fortress. A division of fire broke out several times, and in the army of Arragon is directing its various parts of the town; one of march upon Torlet. The ordnance the magazines exploded with a treand stores for the siege are embarked mendous noise. That part of the on the Ebro. In the South, the wall to the cast, which it adjoined, first corps, commanded by the Duke was damaged. The same accident of Belluno, is in front of Cadiz. The befell us. Two small depots also 5th corps, commanded by the Duke took fire, and occasioned is the loss. of Treviso, is on the frontier of Por- of some men. Our loss in the whole tugal, to the right; and the 4th amounts to 2 officers and 10 men corps, commanded by General Se. killed, 1 officer and 41 men wounded. bastiani, is towards Malaga and It might have been more, considering Murcia.-Gun-boats are construct- how near the batteries were, and ing; batteries are crecting on the the pebbly nature of the soil. That coast. Three crews of French sailors of the enemy, confined within stone and a regiment of workmen have at ramparts, and encumbered with in