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phenomena. In physics the appearances they plicity of the earlier ages of the world, the scepthought might be deceitful; and, respecting the tres of kings were no other than long walking nature of God and the duties of morality, men staves: and Ovid, in speaking of Jupiter, deswere, in their opinion, equally ignorant and un- cribes him as resting on his sceptre (Met. i. v. certain. But scepticism has not been confined 178). The sceptre is an ensign of royalty of to the ancients and to the followers of Pyrrho. greater antiquity than the crown. The Greek Numerous sceptics have arisen in modern times, tragic and other poets put sceptres in the hands varying in their principles, manners, and character, of the most ancient kings they ever introduce. as chance, prejudice,vanity,weakness, or indolence Justin observes that the sceptre, in its original, prompted them. The great object, however, was an hasta, or spear. He adds, that, in the which they seem to have had in view was to over- most remote antiquity, men adorned the hastæ turn, or at least to weaken, the evidence of analo- or sceptres as immortal gods; and that it was gy, experience, and testimony; some of them upon this account, that, even in his time, they have even attempted to show that the axioms of still furnished the gods with sceptres.- Nepgeometry are uncertain, and its demonstrations tune's sceptre is his trident. In process of inconclusive. Most of our readers must be well time, the king's sceptre became covered with acquainted with the essays of Hume, and with ornaments in copper, ivory, gold, or silver, and the able confutations of them by doctors Reid, also with symbolical figures. The sceptre borne Campbell, Gregory, and Beattie, who have like- by the Roman emperors, as on their medals, &c., wise exposed the weakness of the sceptical rea- is surmounted, when these princes are in the consonings of Des Cartes, Malbranche, and other sular habit, with a globe topped by an eagle, philosophers of great fame in the same school. Phocas is imagined to have been the first wbo

SCEP'TRE, n. s.) Fr. sceptre ; Lat. scep- added a cross to his sceptre; and his successors

SCEP'TERED, adj. J trum. The ensign of even substituted the former emblem for the royalty borne in the hand : the adjective corres- latter, bearing ornamented crosses alone. Richard ponding.

Cæur de Lion held in his right hand a golden Nor shall proud Lancaster usurp my right,

sceptre surmounted by a cross, and, in his left, Nor hold the sceptre in his childish fist.

a golden baton, topped by the figure of a dove.

Shakspeare. Tarquin the Elder was the first who assume How, best of kings, do'st thou a sceptre bear! the sceptre among the Romans. Le Gendre How, best of poets, do'st thou laurel wear!

tells us, that, in the first race of the French But two things rare the fates had in their store, kings, the sceptre was a golden rod, almost alAnd gave thee both, lo shew they could no more. ways of the same height with the king who bore

Ben Jonson

it, and crooked at one end like a crozier. Fre. The court of Rome has, in other instances, so quently instead of a sceptre, kings are seen on well attested its good menagery, that it is not credi

medals with a palm in their hand. ble crowns and sceptres are conferred gratis

SCHAAF (Charles), a learned German, bord

Decay of Piety. I sing the man who Judah's sceptre bore

at Nuys, in the electorate of Coloyo, in 1646. In that right hand which held the crook before. .

His father was major in the army of the land

Cowley. grave of Hesse-Cassel. He studied divinitv at The parliament presented those acts which were Duisbourg; and, having acquired the oriental prepared by them to the royal sceptre, in which were languages, became professor in that university in some laws restraining the extravagant power of the 1677. In 1679 he was invited to Leyden in the nobility.

Clarendon same capacity, where he settled and died in The sceptered heralds call

1729, of an apoplexy. He published several To council, in the city-gates.

works on oriental learning; of which the prinMilton's Paradise Lust. cipal is his Grammatica Chaldaiaca et Syriaca. A shilling dipt in the bath may go for gold among 'SCHAFFERA. in botany, a venus of the the ignorant, but the sceptres on the guinea show the difference.

Show

trandrin order and direcia class of plants :

trandria order, and diæcia class of plants : cal.

Dryden. To Britain's queen the sceptered suppliant bends,

quadripetalous: CoR. quadripetalous, quinquepeTo her his crowns and infant race commends.

talous, and often wanting ; the fruit is a bilocu

Tickel. lat berry with one seed. Of this there are two The Lily's height bespoke command,

species: A fair imperial flower ;

1. S. completa, and S. latiflora, both natives She seemed designed for Flora's hand,

of Jamaica ; and growing in the lowlands near The sceptre of her power.

Cowper. the sea. Became religion, and the heart ran o'er

SCHÆSBURG, a district of Transylvania, With silent worship of the great of old !

belonging to the Saxons, lying along the great The dead but sceptered sovereigns, who still rule Kockel. It contains 210 square miles, with Our spirits from their urns.

about 20,000 inhabitants. Though hilly, it has The SCEPTRE is a kind of royal staff, or ba- no high mountains, and is divided into the Uptoon, born on solemn occasions by kings, as a per and Lower Circles, both of which have good badge of their command and authority. Nicod pasturage and vines. derives the word from the Greek ornarpov, which SCHÆSBURG, or SEGESVAR, a town of Transylhe says originally signified (a javelin,' which vania, situated near the Great Kockel. It is the ancient kings usually bore as a badge of their divided into the Upper and Lower Town. The authority. But ornarpov does not properly sig- former stands on a hill, nearly 250 feet in height, nify a javelin, but a staff to rest upon, from and is fortified; the latter is built on the plain, OKTATW, *I lean upon.' Accordingly, in the sim- and open. The inhabitants are chiefly Lutherans.

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and have here four churches, with a gymnasium. of the other states of the electorate. Population The principal employments are the weaving of 24,000. linen, and spinning cotton. The environs pro- SCHAUENBURG, or SCHAUMBURG-Lippe, a duce vines and other fruit. The present town principality of the German empire, in Westwas begun in 1178 ; but several ruins, and a phalia, worth about £22,000 annually, bounded Bumber of medals found, show that it was occu- by Hanover, Prussian Westphalia, and the propied by the Romans. Forty-seven miles E.S. E. vince of Schauenburg belonging to Hesse-Cassel. of Clausenburg, and 120 north-east of Temesvar. Its extent is above 210 square miles. PopulaInhabitants 6000.

tion 24,000. The soil is fertile, both for tillage SCHAFFHAUSEN, a fine town in the north and pasturage. The chief manufactures are of Switzerland, situated near the frontiers of thread and linen. Şuabia, on the Rhine. Its buildings are the SCHEDULE, n. s. Fr. schedule ; Lat. schelarge parish church of St. John, an academy dula. A small scroll; a list or inventory. with seven professors, besides other teachers, The first published schedules being brought to a the town library, town-hall, and market house. grave knight, he read over an unsavory sentence or The transit trade of this place has long been iwo, and delivered back the libel.

Hooker. considerable, owing chiefly to its situation about I will give out schedules of my beauty; it shall be a league above the celebrated cataract of the inventoried, and every particle and utensil labelled to Rhine, which necessitates all the goods brought my will.

Shakspeare. down the river to be landed here. The manu

All ill, which all factures are of silk, cotton, and leather, and are Prophets or poets spake, and all which all' , considerable, and the wine raised in the neigh- Be annexed in schedule unto this by me, bourhood forms also an article of export. A Fall on that man!

Donne. wooden bridge of ingenious construction, is here. A SCHEDULE is a scroll of paper or parchment thrown across the Rhine, and forms the only annexed to a will, lease, or other deed; containchannel of communication between this town ing an inventory of goods, or some other matter and the rest of Switzerland. It is 360 feet in omitted in the body of the deed. The word is a length, and consists of two very wide arches. diminution of the Latin scheda, or Greek Oxeon, It was first erected in 1758, after the repeated a leaf or piece of paper. destruction by inundations of the preceding S CHEELE (Charles William), an eminent stone bridge ; and though burnt by the French Swedish chemist, born in 1742, at Stralsund. troops, in their retreat in 1799, has been rebuilt. When very young he received the usual educaTwenty-five miles west of Constance, and fifty tion at a private school; and at a very early age east by north of Bale.

showed a strong desire to follow the profession ScuAFFHAUSEN, a canton in the north of of an apothecary. With Mr. Bauch, an apotheSwitzerland, with an extent of 170 square miles, cary at Gottenburg, he passed an apprenticea number of small hills, but no mountains, ex- ship of six years, and laid the first foundation of cept one called the Randen. The climate is his knowledge. Among the various books which temperate, the soil various, and the products he read, on chemical subjects, Kunckel's Laborwheat, barley, oats, vines and other fruits. The atory was his favorite. He repeated many of the towns and manufactures are inconsiderable. The experiments in that work privately in the night, inhabitants are, with few exceptions, Calvinists. when the rest of the family were asleep. A friend Population 32,000.

of Scheele's had also excited his a:tention to exSCIALCKEN (Godfrey), an eminent Dutch periments in chemistry by advising him to read painter, born at Dort in 1643. He was a dis- Neuman's Chemistry. After his departure from ciple of Gerard Douw, whose style he adopted. Gottenburgh in 1765 he obtained a place with He resided some time in London, and painted Kalstrom, an apothecary at Malmo. In 1767 he the portrait of king William III. by candle light, went to Stockholm, and in 1773 to Upsal, where the king holding the candle. He was equally he had free access to the University Laboratory, eminent in history. He died in 1706.

Here also he commenced the friendship which SCHATEN (Nicolas), a learned Jesuit, who subsisted between him and Bergman. During flourished in the seventeenth century. He wrote his residence at this place, Prince llenry of several works, but that for which he is most ce- Prussia, accompanied by the duke of Sunderlebrated is his History of Lower Germany. It land, visited Upsal, and went to see the Acadeis esteemed very correct, and abounds with in- mical Laboratory, and Scheele was appointed by teresting researches. He died about 1697. the university to exhibit some chemical experi

SCHATZK, a town in the interior of Euro- ments to them; and he showed some of the most pean Russia, in the government of Tambov, on curious processes in chemistry. In 1777 Scheele Schata. It has a considerable traffic in hemp, was appointed by the Medical College to be hardware, and silk. Ninety-six miles north of apothecary at Köping, where he showed his Tambov, and 216 south-east of Moscow. Inha- abilities. When he was at Stockholm he disbitants 5700. Long. 41° 56' E., lat. 54° 26' N. covered the fluoric acid; and whilst at Upsal, he

SCHAUENBURG, a district of Hesse, in made many experiments to prove its properties. the north-west of Germany, situated at a dis- At the same place he began his series of experitance from the rest of the elector's territories, ments on manganese. At Koping he finished and consisting of the south and east parts of the his Dissertation on Air and Fire; a work which principality of Schauenburg-Lippe. Its area is the celebrated Bergman most warmly recomabout 210 square miles. It is in general level mended in the friendly preface which he wrote and fertile. In its government it is independent for it. The theory which Scheele endeavours to prove in this treatise is, that fire consists of pure SCHEGKIUS (James), a learned German air and phlogiston. The author's merit in this physician and professor, of the seventeenth cen. work was sufficient to obtain the approbation of tury, born at Schorndorf, in the duchy of Virthe public; as the ingenuity displayed in hand- Lemberg. He was first appointed professor of ling so delicate a subject, and the many new and philosophy in Tubingen; and afterwards profesvaluable observations dispersed through the trea- sor of inedicine for thirteen years. He wrote tise, justly entitled the author to that fame which several works on philosophy, medicine, and the. his book procured him. The English translation ology; of which the most celebrated is his work is enriched with the notes of Richard Kirwan. De Animæ Principatu; an cordi, an cerebræ, iriScheele now diligently employed himself in con- buendus. tributing to the Transactions of the Academy at SCHEINER (Christopher), a German matheStockholm. He first pointed out a new way to pre- matician, astronomer, and jesuit, eininent as the pare the salt of benzoin. In the same year he dis- first who discovered spots on the sun, was born covered that arsevic, prepared in a particular man- at Schwaben in the territory of Middleheim in ner, partakes of all the properties of an acid, and 1575. He first discovered these dark places on has its peculiar affinities to other substances. In a the sun's disk in 1611, and made observations Dissertation on Flint, Clay, and Alum, he clearly on these phenomena at Rome, until at length, overturned Beaume's opinion of the identity of the reducing them to order, he published them in siliceous and argillaceous earths. He published one volume folio in 1630. He wrote also other also an Analysis of the Human Calculus. He tracts, relating to mathematics and philosophy, published an-excellent dissertation on the dif- and died in 1690. ferent sorts of æther. His investigation of the SCHELDT, or SCHELDE, a large river of the coloring matter in Prussian blue, the means he Netherlands, which, rises in the French departemployed to separate it, and his discovery thatment of the Aisne, and flows in a northerly alkali, sal ammoniac, and charcoal, mixed toge- direction by Cambray, Bouchain, and Denain, to ther, will produce it, are strong marks of his pe- Valenciennes, where it becomes navigable. From netration and genius. The valuable discoveries Valenciennes it diverges to Conde and Tournay, of this great philosopher, many of which are to inclining to the north-east, after which it flors be found in the Transactions of the Royal Society Dearly north, passes Oudenarde, and reaches at Stockholm, are too numerous for us to attempt Ghent, where it is joined by the Lys. From to give a list of them. Most of his essays have Ghent it winds to Antwerp; and, being now been published in French by madame Picardet, swelled into a wide river, becomes divided into and M. Morveau of Dijon. Dr. Beddoes also the iwo branches of East and West Scheldt, both made a very valuable English translation of the of which discharge themselves into the German greater part of Scheele's dissertations, to which Ocean. It is of a slow current, hence well called he has added some useful and ingenious notes. by Goldsmith the lazy Scheldt,' and of a small His last dissertation was his very valuable obser- body of fresh water, but in the lower part of its vations on the acid of the gall-nut. See Gallic course, of great importance to navigation. The Acid. The character of Scheele, as a chemist, Dutch, to increase ihe commercc of Amsterdan . is too generally established to need any eulogium. kept it long blocked by two forts. It has beet" Ile mixed but little with society; as, when his free only since 1795. The number of merchan* profession permitted him, he was employed in vessels that entered it in 1815 was 1000, Om his experimental enquiries. His chemical appa- which 500 where British. The whole length oratus was neither neat nor convenient; his labo- its course is about 200 miles. ratory was small and confined ; nor was he par- SCHELESTADT, or SCHLETTSTADT, a town ticular in regard to the vessels which he employed in the east of France, department of the Lowes in his experiments, so that it is surprising how Rhine, on a canal that cominunicates with the such discoveries, and such elegant experiments, Ille. It is covered on one side by marshes, and could have been made under such disadvantages. on the other it is strongly fortified. It has sure He understood none of the modern languages manufactures of tobacco, caps, stockings, saltexcept the German and Swedish ; so that he was petre, potash, soap, and earthenware. The art of compelled to wait till discoveries were conveyed glazing earthenware is said to have been inventeri to him through the slow channel of translation. here. It was confirmed to France at the peace An offer was made to him of an annuity of £300 of Westphalia in 1648. Population 7500). if he would settle in this country; but death put Twenty-five miles south-west of Strasburg. an end to this project. He died in May 1786. SCHELLINKS (William), an eminent Duich

SCHEFFER (John), a learned German, born painter, born at Amsterdam in 1631. He painted at Strasburg in 1621. He became eminent as a history and landscapes, but chiefly excelled in critic on Greek and Latin authors. Being obliged sea pieces. His chief work is a picture of to leave his native country on account of the Charles II. embarking for England, at the Resinwars in 1648 he retired to Sweden, where queen ration; in which the figures are well groupei. Christina was patronising all men of letters. He He died in 1678. was soon after professor of eloquence and poli- SCHELLINKS (Daviel), a younger brother of tics at Upsal ; honorary professor royal of the William, was born at Amsterdam in 1633. Ile law of nature and nations; and assessor of the was also reputed a good landscape painter. He royal college of antiquities; and at last librarian died in 1701. of the university of Upsal. He published seve SCHEME, n. s.) Gr, exqua. A plan; comral learned works; particularly De Militia Na- Sche'mer, bination of various things vali Veterum. He died in 1679.

SCIE'MATISM. ) into one view or design; a system; a combination of the aspects of the SCHICKARD (William), professor of Heheavenly bodies.

brew in the university of Tubingen, was born It is a scheme and face of heaven,

in 1592. He wrote various learned works : as, As th' aspects are disposed this even. Hudibras. 1. A Hebrew Grammar entitled Horologium

It hath embroiled astrology in the erection of Schickardi ; 2. De Jure Regio Judæorum, Leipschemes, and the judgment of death and diseases. sic, 1674, 4to. ; 3. Series Regum Persia, Tubing.

Browne. 1621, 4to. He died of the plague in 1635, aged Were our senses made much quicker, the appear forty-three. ance and outward scheme of things would have quite

SCHIDONE (Bartholomew), an eminent hisanother face to us, and be inconsistent with our well-being.

Locke.

tory and portrait painter, born at Modena in He forms the well concerted scheme of mischief: 1560. He studied in the school of the Caracci. 'Tis fix'd, 'tis done, and both are doomed to death but adopted the style of Corregio. His genius

Rowe. was great, but he lost its advantages by gaming. The haughty monarch was laying schemes for sup. He died in 1616. pressing the ancient liberties, and removing the an- SCHIECH. See SHEIK. cient boundaries of kingdoms. Atterbury. SCHIEDAM, a considerable town of the

The stoical scheme of supplying our wants by lop- Netherlands, in South Holland, situated on the ping off our desires, is like cutting off our feet when river Schie, a short way from its influx into the we want shoes.

Swift. Maese. It is noted for its very numerous distilEvery particle of matter, whatever form or schema- leries of gin (Hollands), of which there are no tism it puts on, must in all conditions be equally ex

any ex. less than 200 in the town. This article forms

head tended, and therefore take up the same room.

Creech.

its chief export; but the inhabitants take part Hope calculates its schemes for a long and durable also in the herring fishery. Population 9000. life ; presses forward to imaginary points of bliss, Schiedam has a small harbour, and is four miles and grasps at impossibilities; and consequently very west of Rotterdam, and six south by east of often ensnares men into beggary, ruin, and disho- Delft. nour.

Addison. SCHILLER (Frederick), was born November SCHEMNITZ, or Selmecz-BANJA, a well- 10th, 1759, at Marbach in Wirtemberg, where built and large mining town of Hungary, stands in his father was a lieutenant in the service of the the midst of the most picturesque scenery, a few duke. While a hoy Schiller was distinguished miles from the Raab, and contains a number of by uncommon ardor of imagination; and he was good houses and tolerably wide streets. It con- sent to the military school at Stuttgard called tains, including the suburb of Bela-Banja, about Charles's Academy. Schiller was originally 23,000 inhabitants, of whom 12,000 are employed destined for the profession of surgery, and about the mines of Schemnitz, the most extensive prosecuted that study with great zeal, especially in Hungary. The extent of ground containing anatomy and physiology, which opened an exthe ores is calculated at five or six miles square, tensive field to his highly inquisitive mind. His and includes the town, which is undermined. first publication was his Robbers, which was orThe works are now at a great depth, the old dered to be suppressed, principally on account tunnel for drawing off the water being nearly of the following passage : This ruby I drew 1100 feet below the surface, and the new still from the finger of a minister whom I threw lower. Schemnitz is a favorable situation for a down at the feet of his sovereign in the chase. mining school, and there has been here one of By adulation le had raised himself from the lowcelebrity since the middle of the eighteenth cen- est rank to be the favorite of the prince; the fall tury. A fund for experiments is allowed by of his neighbour was the means of his greatness, government. Forty-six miles north of Gran, and the tears of orphans assisted in his elevation. and eighty-three east north of Presburg.

This diamond I took from another of the crew, SCIE'SIS, n. s. Gr. OXEOLC. Habitude; who sold honors and offices to the highest bidder, state of any thing with respect to other things. and pushed from his door the dejected patriot.'

f that mind which has existing in itself from all It will be recollected that Schiller lived in the eternity all the simple essences of things, and conse- same country where Schubart languished for quently all their possible scheses or habitudes, should eight years of horror in the fortress of Hohenasever change, there would arise a new schesis in the perg. Schiller, therefore, did not think it advismind, which is contrary to the supposition. Norris. able to await the decision of his own fate, espe

SCHEUCHZERIA, in botany, lesser flower- cially as he had inserted an obnoxious poem on ing rush, a genus of the trigynia order, and hex- tyranny in Schubart's chronicle. He fed to andria class of plants; natural order fifth, tripe- Manheim. Here he at first had recourse to his taloideæ: CAL. sexpartite : CoR. none; styles surgical attainments for a subsistence. He was none : caps. three inflated and monospermous. appointed surgeon to a regiment, till his friends Species one only, a native of Europe.

opened for him a career more adapted to his SCHIAVONA (Andrew), a celebrated painter, talents, and procured him the post of dramatist born at Sebenico, in Dalmatia, in 1522. His to the theatre of Manbeim. The fruits of this parents were so poor that they could not pro- appointment are, The Conspiracy of Fiesko, and cure him a master; but, being merely employed Intrigue and Love. The Rhenish Thalia likeas a servant about a painter's shop, he rose by wise deserves to be mentioned. Schiller however the force of his own genius to a high degree of was not quite contented with his situation; and, fame. He showed great taste in his drapery and without other fortune, the fortune of his genius the attitudes of his figures. He died at Venice inspired him with confidence in himself, and bis in 1582.

fame gave him reason to hope that he should every where meet with friends. He left Manheim the Swiss and Charles le Temeraire, Duke of for Mentz, where he had the good fortune to Burgundy; which was published at Berne in become acquainted with the duke of Weimar, to 1743, in folio. The author was present in almost whom he read the first act of his Don Carlos. all the battles he describes. Soon after this interview he visited Saxony, SCHINUS, in botany, Indian mastic, a genus where Dresden captivated him by its treasures of the decandria order, and diæcia class of plants; of art, its rich library, and the men of genius natural order forty-third, dumosæ : MALE CAL. whom he found there. His Don Carlos, which quinquefid; the petals five: FEMALE, flower the he continued during his residency at Dresden, same as in the male; the berry tricoccous. was soon interrupted. He began to read every Species two, natives of Peru and Brasil. thing that related to Philip; the library of Dres- SCHISM, n. s.

Fr. schisme : Gr. den afforded him abundant materials; and he

SCHISMATICAL, adj. (oxioua. A separabecame imperceptibly so deeply interested that ScHISMAT’ICALLY, adv. tion or division in he neglected poetry for a time, and attended ScIIS'MATIC, n. s. the church : the desolely to history, to which we are indebted for rivatives corresponding. his Revolt of the Netherlands from the Spanish No known heretick nor schismatick sbould be sufGovernment. At Leipsic, or rather at Gohlis, fered to go into those countries.

Bacon. a charming village near that city, where he pass- Set bounds to our passions by reason, to our ered a summer with M. Goschin, he continued rours by truth, and to our schisms by charity. and completed his Don Carlos. From Leipsic

King Charles. Schiller removed to Weimar, where Weiland, By these tumults all factions, seditions, and schiswhom he for a time assisted in the publica- matical proposals against government, ecclesiastical tion of the German Mercury, received him with and civil, must be backed, cordiality. Some years afterwards Schiller was

Thus you behold the schismatick's bravadoes : appointed professor of history at Jena, and Wild squeaks in squibs, and Calamy in grenado's. taught that science with almost unexampled ap

Butler.

Oppose schisms by unity, hypocrisy by sober piety, plause. That he might be able to study and to

and debauchery by temperance.

Spral. labour with less interruption, he reversed the order of nature. However singular it may appear,

Here bare anathemas fall but like so many bruta it is not the less true, that at the evening, he

fulmina upon the obstinate and schismatical, who are

like to think themselves shrewdly hurt by being cut might be found at his breakfast, and at midnight off from that body which they chuse not to be of, deeply engaged in business. The stamp of mid- and so being punished into a quiet enjoyment of night is in fact strikingly impressed on many of their beloved separation.

South. his compositions. At length, however, Goethe When a schism is once spread, there grows at length invited him back to Weimar, where he composed a dispute which are the schismaticks : in the sense of his Maid of Orleans, of the first representation the law the schism lies on that side which opposes of which at Leipsic the following account is itself to the religion of the state. given by an eye-witness and a friend of Schil- The schismaticks united in a solemn league and ler: I repaired,' says he, from Lauchstadt to covenant to alter the whole system of spiritual go

vernment. Leipsic, and should not have repented the jour- veri ney, had I only witnessed the respect paid to Schism is chiefly used of separations happenSchiller, in a manner perhaps unparalleled in ing from diversity of opinions among people prethe annals of the German stage. Notwithstand- viously of the same religion and faith. Among ing the heat, the house was crowded almost to ecclesiastical authors, the great schism of the west suffocation. No sooner had the curtain dropped is that which happened in the times of Clement at the conclusion of the first act, than a thousand VII. and Urban VI., which divided the church voices exclaimed, as with one mouth, Long for forty or fifty years, and was at length ended live Frederick Schiller!' and the sound of drums by the election of Martin V., at the council of and of trumpets joined in this expression of uni- Constance. The Romanists number thirty-four versal applause. The modest author returned schisms in their church. They bestow the name thanks from his box with a bow, but all the English schism on the reformation of religion spectators had not been able to obtain a sight of in this kingdom. Some of the church of Engthe object of their admiration. You may there- land apply the term schism to the separation fore conceive how, when the play was over, all of the nonconformists, viz. the presbyterians, inthronged out of the house to see him. The ex- dependents, and anabaptists, for further reformatensive space from the theatre to the Ranstadt ation. gate was crowded with people. He came out, SCHLICHTINGIUS (Jonas, De Bukowic). and in a moment a passage was cleared. Hats a Unitarian author, born in Poland in 1996; off!' exclaimed a voice; the requisition was upi- where he preached till he was expelled by the versally complied with; and thus the poet pro- diet of Warsaw, in 1647. He then retired to ceeded through multitudes of admiring specta Muscovy, and settled at Zullichaw; where be tors, who all stood uncovered, while parents in died in 1661. His works were printed at Amthe back ground raised their children in their sterdam in 1766. arms, and cried, That is Schiller.' This distin- SCHMIDT (Erasmus), a learned German, guished writer died in 1805.

born at Delitzch in Misnia, in 1560. He be - SCHILLING (Diebold), a native of Soleure, came professor of Greek and mathematics at in Switzerland, the gretfier of a tribunal in Berne, Wirtemberg, where he taught these sciences with in the fifteenth century. He wrote in the Ger- great reputation for many years, and died in 1637. man language, A History of the War between He published an edition of Pindar, with a Latin

ala.

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