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He fell violently upon me, without respect to my The great magazine for all kinds of treasure is the macerdotal orders.

Dryden's Spanish Fryar. bed of the Tiber: when the Romans lay under the If ample powers, granted by the rulers of this apprehensions of seeing their city sacked by a bar. world, add dignity to the persons intrusted with barous enemy, they would take care to bestow such these powers, behold the importance and extent of of their riches this way as could best bear the water. the sacerdotal commission. Atterbury.

Addison. SACHEVERELL (Dr. Henry), a clergyman. Being clad in sackcloth, he was to lie on the ground, of the Tory faction in the reign of queen Anne;

e: and constantly day and night implore God's mercy who distinguished himself by his sermons and

for the sin he had committed. Ayliffe's Parergon. writings against the dissenters. He owed his

Wood goes about with sackfuls of dross, odiously

misrepresenting his prince's countenance. Swift. consequence, however, to being indiscreetly pro

eetly pro- Coarse stuff made of goats hair, of a dark colour, secuted by the house of lords for his assize ser- worn by soldiers and mariners; and used as a habit mon at Derby, and his sermon on the 5th of among the Hebrews in times of mourning. Called November, at St. Paul's, in 1709; in which he sackcloth, either because sacks were made of this sort asserted the doctrine of non-resistance to govern- of stuff, or because hairclothes were straight and close ment in its utmost extent; and reflected severely like a sack,

Calmet, on the act of toleration. The high and low Sack. Fr. sec. Of uncertain etymology church parties were then very violent, and A kind of sweet wine, now brought chiefly froma Sacheverell's trial inflamed the high church the Canaries. The sack of Shakspeare is be party to dangerous riots and excesses; he was, lieved to be what is now called sherry. however, suspended for three years, and his ser- Pleash you drink a cup of sack. Shakspeare. mons burned by the common hangman. The The butler hath great advantage to allure the Tories being in administration when his suspen- maids with a glass of sack.

Swift. sion expired, he was freed with every mark of Snuff the candles at supper on the table, because honor and public rejoicing ; was ordered to the burning snuff inay fall into a dish of soup or preach before the commons on the 29th of May, sackposset.

Id. had the thanks of the house for his discourse, Sack was a wine used by our ancestors, which and obtained the valuable rectory of St. Andrew's some have taken to be Rhenish, and some CaHolborn.

nary wine. Venner, in his Via Recta ad Vitam SACHTLEVEN (Cornelius and Herman), Longam, printed in 1628, says that sack, taken two celebrated Dutch painters. Herman was by itself, is very hot and very penetrative; being the most eminent. He was born at Rotterdam, taken with sugar, the heat is both somewhat alin 1609, and was the disciple of Van Goyen. layed, and the penetrative quality thereof also His pictures are rare and valuable. He died in retarded. He adds that Rhenish, &c., decline 1685.

after a year, but sack and the other stronger SACK, n. s. & v.a.) Sax. ræc; Heb. pw; wines are best when they are two or three years

SACK-CLOTH, n. $. Gr. Sakkoc; Lat. succus. old. It appears probable that sack was not a It is observable of this word, says Dr. Johnson, sweet wine, from its being taken with sugar, and that it is found in all languages, and it is therefore that it did not receive its name from having a conceived to be antediluvian. A bag; a pouch; saccharine flavor, but from its being originally commonly a large bag; to put in bags ; hence to stored in sacks or borachios. It does not applunder ; pillage : and, as a noun substantive, the pear to have been a French wine, but a strong storm of a town: sack-cloth explains itself. wine, the production of a hot climate. Perbaps

it was what is called dry mountain, or some Thus with sack-cloth I invest my woe, And dust upon my clouded forehead throw.

Spanish wine of that kind. This is the more Sandys.

. probable, as Howell, in his French and English Edward Bruce spoiled all the old English pale'in- Dictionary, 1650, translates sack by vin d'Eshabitants, and sacked and raised all cities and corpo- pagne, vin sec. rate towns.

Spenser. SACK’BUT, n. s. Fr. sambuque ; Span. sacaVastius caused the authors of that mutiny to be buche ; Lat. sumbuca. A kind of pipe. thrust into sacks, and in the sight of the fleet cast The trumpets, suckbuts, psalteries, and fife, into the sea.

Knolles. Make the sun dance. Shakspeare, Coriolanus. Our sacks shall be a mean to sack the city :

The SackBUT is a musical instrument of the And we be lords and rulers over Roan.

Shakspeare. Henry VI.

wind kind, being a sort of trumpet, though I'll make thee stoop and bend thy knee,

different from the common trumpet both in form Or sack this country with a mutiny

Id. and size; it is fit to play a bass, and is contrived What armies conquered, perished with thy sword ? to be drawn out or shortened, according to the What cities sacked?

Fairfax. tone required, whether grave or acute. The Who sees these dismal heaps, but would demand Italians call it trombone. What barbarous invader sacked the land ? Denham. SACKVILLE (Thomas), lord Buckhurst, and If Saturn's son bestows

earl of Dorset, a statesman and poet, was born Thy sack of Troy, which he by promise owes,

in 1536. He was sent to Hart Hall in Oxford, Then shall the conquering Greeks thy loss restore.

in the end of the reign of Edward VI., whence

Dryden. Now the great work is done, the corn is ground,

he removed to Cambridge, where he took the

degree of M. A., and thence to the Inner TemThe grist is sacked, and every sack well bound.

Betterton.

ple, where he studied the law, and was called to The pope himself was ever after unfortunate,

the bar. He commenced poet whilst at the Rome being twice taken and sacked in his reign. universities, and his juvenile productions were

Šouth. much admired. About the fourth year of queen Mary, he was a member of the house of com- Ten thousand French have ta'en the sacrament mons. In 1557 he wrote a poem entitled The To drive their dangerous artillery Induction, or the Mirror of Magistrates. In Upon no Christian soul but English Talbot. 1551 his tragedy of Gorboduc was acted before

Shukspeare. Henry VI.

As we have ta'en the sacrament, queen Elizabeth by the gentlemen of the Inner Temple. In the first parliament of Elizabeth's

We will unite the white rose with the red. reign Mr. Sackville was member for Sussex,

Id. Richard III. assex,

My body is si

My body is sucrcmentally contained in this sacraand for Bucks in the second. In the mean time ment of bread.

Hall. he made the tour of France and Italy, and in The law of circumcision was meant by God sucre. 1566 was imprisoned at Rome, when his father mentally to impress the duty of strict purity. died; by which he became possessed of a very

Hammond. considerable fortune. Having obtained his li- The words of St. Paul are plain ; and, whatever berty, be returned to England; and being interpretation can be put upon them, it can only vary knighted was created lord Buckhurst. In 1570 the way of the sacramental efficacy, but it cannot he was sent ambassador to France. In 1586 he evacuate the blessing

Taylor. was one of the commissioners appointed to try Before the famous battle of Cressy, he spent the the unfortunate Mary queen of Scots; and was greatest part of the night in prayer , and in the mornemployed to report the confirmation of hering, received the sucrament, with his son, and the chief sentence, and to see it executed. In 1587 he of his officers.

Addison, went ambassador to the states general, in conse- SACRAMENT is derived from the Latin sacraquence of their complaint against the earl of mentum, which signifies an oath, particularly the Leicester; who, disliking his impartiality, pre- oath taken by soldiers to be true to their country vailed on the queen to recal him, and he was and general. The words of it, according to confined to his house. In this confinement he Polybius were, obtemperaturus sum et facturus continued ten months, when, Leicester dying, he quicquid mandabitur ab imperatoribus juxta was restored to favor, and in 1580 was installed vires. The word was adopted by the writers of knight of the garter ; but the greatest proof of the Latin church, and employed, perhaps with the queen's partiality for him appeared in 1591, no great propriety, to denote those ordinances when she caused him to be elected chancellor of religion by which Christians came under an of the university of Oxford, in opposition to her obligation, equally sacred with that of an oath, favorite Essex. In 1598, on the treasurer Bur- to observe their part of the covenant of grace, leigh's death, lord Buckhurst succeeded him, and in which they have the assurance of Christ and became in effect prime minister; and when, that he will fulfil his part of it. Of sacraments, in 1601, the earls of Essex and Southampton in this sense of the word, Protestant churches were brought to trial, he sat as lord high steward. admit of but two; and it is not easy to conceive On the accession of James I, he had the office how a greater number can be made out from of lord high treasurer confirmed to him for life, Scripture, if the definition of a sacrament be and was created earl of Dorset. He continued just which is given by the church of England. in high favor with the king till his death, which By that church the meaning of the word is happened suddenly on the 19th of April, 1608, declared to be an outward and visible sign of in the council chamber at Whitehall. He was an inward and spiritual grace given unto us, interred in Westminster Abbey.

ordained by Christ himself as a means whereby SACKVILLE (Charles), earl of Dorset, a cele- we receive the same, and a pledge to assure us brated wit and poet, was born in 1637. He was thereof.' According to this definition, baptism one of the libertines of king Charles II.'s court, and the Lord's supper are certainly sacraments; and indulged in inexcusable excesses. He for each answers the definition in the fullest openly discountenanced the violent measures of sense of the words. See BAPTISM and SUPPER James II., and engaged early for the prince of OF THE LORD. The Romanists, however, add Orange, by whom he was made lord chamber- to this number confirmation, penance, extreme lain of the household, and a member of the privy unction, ordination, and marriage, holding in all council. He died in 1706, and left several seven sacraments ; but two of those rites, not poetical pieces, which were published among being peculiar to the Christian church, cannot the works of the minor poets in 1749.

be Christian sacraments, in contradistinction to SAC'RAMENT, n. s.) Fr. sacrament ; Lat.

the sacraments or obligations into which men of Sac'RAMENTAL, adj. sacramentum. An all religions enter. Marriage was instituted from

Sac'RAMENTALLY, adv.) oath; any ceremony the creation (see MARRIAGE); and penance or producing an obligation; an outward and visible repentance has a place in all religions which sign of an inward and spiritual grace : the ad- teach that God is merciful and men fallible. jective and adverb corresponding.

The external severities imposed upon penitents As often as we mention a sacrament, it is impro

by the church of Rome (see PENANCE) may perly understood; for in the writings of the ancient

indeed be in some respects peculiar to the disfathers all articles which are peculiar to Christian

cipline of that church, though the penances of faith, all duties of religion containing that which the Hindoos are certainly as rigid ; but none of sense or natural reason cannot discern, are most com- these severities were ordained by Christ, as the monly named sacraments.

Hooker. pledge of an inward and spiritual grace; nor do To make complete the outward substance of a sa- they bring men under obligations analogous to crament, there is required an outward form, which the meaning of the word sacramentum. Confirform sacramental elements receive from sacramental mation has a better title to the appellation than words.

Id. any of the other five; though it certainly was

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not considered as such by the earliest writers of SACRARIUM, in archaiology, a sort ou the Christian church, nor does it appear to have family chapel in the houses of the Romans. it been ordained by Christ himself. See Confir- differed from the lararium, inasmuch as that was MATION. Ordination is by many churches con- dedicated to all the household deities without sidered as a very important rite ; but as it is not exception, while the sacrarium was devoted to administered to all men, nor has any particular some particular divinity. Cicero, in his oraform appropriated to it in the New Testament, tion for Milo, speaks of the sacrarium de bona it cannot be considered as a Christian sacrament dea. The name was also given to that particucouferring grace necessary to salvation. Extreme lar portion of the ancient temples wherein the unction is a rite which took its rise from the sacred things were deposited. miraculous powers of the primitive church, SA'CRED, adj.) Fr. sacré; Lat. sacer. vainly claimed by the succeeding clergy. These SA CREDLY, adv. Immediately relating to considerations seem to have some weight with SA'CREDNESS, n. s.) God; devoted to religious the Romish clergy themselves; for they call the uses; holy; mysterious: the derivatives correeucharist, by way of eminence, the holy sacra- sponding. ment. Numerous as the sacraments of the Those who came to celebrate the sabbath, made a Romish church are, a sect of Christians sprung conscience of helping themselves for the honour of up in England, early in the eighteenth century, that most sacred day.

Mace. who increased their number. The founder was The honour's sacred, which he talks on now, a Dr. Deacon of Manchester, where the remains Supposing that I lackt it. of it subsisted very lately. According to these

Shakspeare. Antony and Cleopatra men, every rite in the book called the apostolical Poet and saint, to thee alone were given, constitutions was certainly in use among the the The two most sacred names of earth and heaven:

Cowley apostles themselves. Still, however, they make

Wolves shall succeed for teachers, grievous a distinction between the greater and the less

wolves, sacraments. The greater sacraments are baptism Who all the sacred mysteries of Heaven and the Lord's supper. The less are no fewer to their own vile advantages shall turn. Milton. than ten; viz. :-five belonging to baptism, ex- Smit with the love of sacred song. orcism, anointing with oil, the white garment, O'er its eastern gate was raised above a taste of milk and honey, and anointing with A temple sacred to the queen of love. Dryden. chrism or ointment. The other five are, the Secrets of marriage still are sacred held; sign of the cross, imposition of hands, unction Their sweet and bitter by the wise concealed. Id. of the sick, holy orders, and matrimony. Of This insinuates the saeredness of power, let the adthe nature of these less sacraments we need give ministration of it be what it will. L'Estrunge. no account. The sect which taught them, if not When God had manifested himself in the flesh, extinguished, is in its last wane. It has pro- how sacredly did he preserve this privilege ! South. duced, however, one or two learned men ; and In the sanctuary the cloud, and the oracular anits founder's Full, True, and Comprehensive swers, were prerogatives peculiar to the sacredness of View of Christianity, in two catechisms, is a the place. work which the Christian antiquary will read Before me lay the sacred text, with pleasure for information, and the philoso- The help, the guide, the balm of souls perplexed.

* Arbuthnot. pher for the materials which it contains for meditation on the workings of the human mind.

SACRIFICABLE, adj. Fr. sacriIt was published in 8vo. in 1748.

Sac'RIFICATOR, N. S..

) fier; Lat. saSACRAMENT, CONGREGATION OF THE HOLY, a SACRIFICE, v. a., v. n. & n. s. Scrifico. To religious establishment formed in France, whose

SAC'RIFICER,

offer to hea. founder was Antherius, bishop of Bethlehem, SAC'RIFICED, adj.

ven; to immo and which, in 1644, received an order from late as an atonement or propitiation : with to; Urban VIII. to have always a number of eccle- to offer a propitiatory victim : the act of offersiastics ready to exercise their ministry among ing, or thing offered : sacrificator is a redundant pagan nations, wherever the pope or congrega- synonyme of sacrificer: the other derivatives are tion de propagandâ should appoint.

sufficiently plain. SACRAMENT (St.), or Colonia, a city and Let us go to sacrifice to the Lord. Exod. iij. 18. colony which was held by the Portuguese, oppo- He that sacrificeth of things wrongfully gotten, his site the city of Buenos Ayres, on the shore of offering is ridiculous.

Ecclus. xxxiv. 18. the La Plata. It has a tolerable port, receiving

Alarbus' limbs are lopt, some shelter from the island of St. Gabriel; yet And intrails feed the sacrificing fire, it is otherwise open and exposed. It was founded

Shakspeare. Titus Andronicus. by the Portuguese, in the year 1679, under Don This blood, like sacrificing Abel's, cries Manuel de Lobo, and has occasioned many To me for justice.

id. Richant II. struggles between Spain and Portugal. The for

Úpon such sacrifice . tress of St. Gabriel, which protects the harbour,"

The gods themselves throw incense. is reckoned a strong one.

Id. King Lear. Thirty-three miles Let us be sacrificers, but not butelers. Shukspeare. north-east from Buenos Ayres.

Rain sacrificial whisperings in his ear; SACRAMENTARY, an ancient Romish Make sacred even his stirrup.

ld. Timon. church-book, which contains all the prayers and

'Tis a sad contemplation that we should sacrifier

tie a cod contemplation that wa ceremonies practised at the celebration of the the peace of the church to a little vain curiosity. sacraments. It was written by pope Gelasius,

Decay of Piety. and afterwards revised, corrected, and abridged,

Men from the herd or flock oy St. Gregory

of sacrificing bullock, lamb, or kid. Milton.

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people is their cattle. These offered in sacrifice To that meek man who well had sacrificed. Id. are supposed to be fed upon by the divinity, and

God will ordain religious rites Of sacrifice.

are actually fed upon by his priests. If a crime Although Jephtha's vow run generally for the

is committed which requires the punishment of

death, it is accounted perfectly fair to appease words, whatsoever shall come forth; yet might it be restrained in the sense to whatsoever was sacrificable,

the deity by offering one life for another; be and justly subject to lawful immolation, and so would cause, by savages, punishment is considered as a not have sacrificed either horse or dog.

debt for which a man may compound, and which Browne's Vulgar Errours. one man may pay for another. Hence, they Not only the subject of sucrifice is questionable. allege, arose the notions of imputed guilt and but also the sacrificator, which the picture makes to vicarious atonement.-Had sacrifices never prebe Jephtha.

vailed in the world but among such gross idolTertullian's observation upon these sacrificial rites aters as worshipped departed heroes, who were is pertinent to this rule.

supposed to retain in their state of deification all Taylor's Worthy Communicant. the passions and appetites of their mortal state, When some brawny sacrificer knocks,

this account of the origin of that mode of worBefore an altar led, an offered ox. Dryden. ship would have been perfectly satisfactory. But

The breach of this rule, To do as one would be we know from the most incontrovertible authordone to, would be contrary to that interest men sa- ity, that sacrifices were in use among people who crifice to when they break it.

Locke.
A priest pours wine between the horns of a bull :

. worshipped the true God, and who must have the priest is veiled after the manner of the old Roman had very correct notions of his attributes. Now sacrificers.

Addison, we think it impossible that such notions could I saw among the ruins an old heathen altar, with have led any man to fancy that the taking away this particularly in it, that it is hollowed like a dish of the life of a harmless animal, or the burning at one end; but it was not this end on which the of a cake or other fruits of the earth in the fire, sacrifice was laid.

Id. would be acceptable to a Being self-existent, Syphax loves you, and would sacrifice

omnipotent, and omniscient, who can neither be His life, nay more, his honour to your service. Id. injured by the crimes of his creatures, nor receive Condemned to sacrifice his childish years

any accession of happiness. To babbling ignorance, and to empty fears. Prior. Some persons who admit the authenticity of A great genius sometimes sacrifices sound to sense. the Jewish and Christian sacrifices, and firmly

Broome. rely on the atonement made by Christ, are yet A SACRIFICE is an offering made to God on an unwilling to allow that sacrifices were originally altar, as an acknowledgment of his power and a instituted by God. Of this opinion were St. payment of homage. Sacrifices (though the term Chrysostom, Spencer, Grotius, and Warburton, is sometimes used to comprehend all the offer- as were likewise the Jewish Rabbies, Maimoings made to God, or in any way devoted to his nides, R. Levi, and Ben Gerson. The greater service and honor) differ from mere oblations in part of these writers maintain that sacrifices this, that in a sacrifice there is a real destruction were at first a human institution, and that God, or change of the thing offered ; whereas an ob- to prevent their being offered to idols, introduced lation is only a simple offering or gift, without them into his service, though he did not approve any such change at all: thus all sorts of tithes of them as good in themselves, or as proper and first-fruits, and whatever of men's worldly rites of worship. Warburton's theory of sacrisubstance is consecrated to God for the support fice is more plausible. According to this ingeof his worship and the miantenance of his mi- nious prelate, sacrifices had their origiu in the nisters, are offerings or oblations; and these, un- sentiments of the human heart, and in the ander the Jewish law, were either of living crea- cient mode of conversing by action in aid of tures or other things : but sacrifices, in the more words. Gratitude to God for benefits received peculiar sense of the term, were either wholly or is natural to the mind of man, as well as his in part consumed by fire. Concerning the ori- bounden duty. Expiatory sacrifices,' he says, gin of sacrifices very various opinions have been were in their own nature intelligible. Here held. By many the Phænicians are supposed to some chosen animal, precious to the repenting have been the authors of them; though Porphyry criminal, who deprecates the Deity who is to be attributes their invention to the Egyptians. appeased, was offered up and slain at the altar,

By modern deists, sacrifices are said to have an action which in all languages speaks to this had their origin in superstition. It is therefore weak purpose :-I confess my transgressions at thy (say they) to derive this practice from any par- footstool, O my God! and with the deepest conticular people; since the same mode of reasoning trition implore thy pardon. And I own that I would lead various nations, without any inter- myself deserve the death which I now inflict on course with each other, to entertain the same this animal.' See Divine Legation, B. ix. c. 2. opinions respecting the nature of their gods, and This system of sacrifice, which the bishop thinks the proper means of appeasing their anger. Men so well supported by the most early movements of gross conceptions imagine their deities to be of simple nature, we admit to be ingenious, but like themselves, covetous and cruel. They are by no means satisfactory. The two chief obseraccustomed to appease an injured neighbour by vances in the Jewish ritual were the sabbath and a composition in money; and they endeavour to sacrifices. Though the distinction of weeks was compound in the same manner with their gods, well known over all the eastern world, the Heby rich offerings to their temples and to their brews, during their residence in Egypt, were priests. The most valuable property of a simple probably very negligent in their observance of 'the sabbath. To enforce a religious observance sacrificing were various, and are very minutely of that sacred day it became necessary to inform described in the books of Moses. them of the time and occasion of its first institu- The manner of sacrificing among the Greeks tion, that they might keep it holy in memory of and Romans was as follows :- In the choice of the creation; but, in a country like Egypt, the the victim, they took care that it was without people were in danger of holding sacrifices in blemish or imperfection; its tail was not to be too high rather than too low veneration, so that too small at the end; the tongue not black, nor there was not the same necessity for mentioning the ears cleft; and the bull must never have been explicitly the early institution of them. It was yoked. The victim being pitched upon, they sufficient that they knew the divine institution of gilt his forehead and horns, especially if a bull, their own sacrifices, and the purposes for which heifer, or cow. The bead they also adorned with they were offered. "Faith,' says the apostle Paul, a garland of flowers, a woollen infula or holy is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence fillet, whence hung two rows of chaplets with of things not seen,' and comes not by reasoning, twisted ribands; and over the middle of the but by hearing. What things then were they body a kind of stole, hung down on each side; of which Abel, the first sacrificer, had heard, for the lesser victims were only adorned with garwhich he hoped, and in the faith of which he lands and bundles of flowers, together with offered sacrifice? Undoubtedly it was a restora- white tufts or wreaths. The victims, thus pretion to that immortality which was forfeited by pared, were brought before the altar : the lesser the transgression of his parents. Of such re- being driven to the place, and the larger led by demption an obscure intimation had been given a halter; when, if they made any struggle, or to Adam, in the promise that the seed of the wo- refused to go, the resistance was taken for an ill man should bruise the head of the serpent; and onen, and the sacrifice often delayed. The vicit was doubtless to impress upon his mind in tim, thus brought, was carefully examined, to see more striking colors the manner in which this that there was no defect in it; then the priest, was to be done that bloody sacrifices were first clad in his sacerdotal habit, and accompanied instituted. As long as such rites were thus un- with the sacrificers and other attendants, and derstood they constituted a perfectly rational being washed and purified according to the ceworship, as they showed the people that the remonies prescribed, turned to the right hand, wages of sin is death ; but when men sunk into and went round the altar, sprinkling it and those idolatry, and lost all hopes of a resurrection from who were present with meal and holy water. the dead, the slaughtering of animals to appease Then the crier proclaimed with a loud voice, their deities was a practice grossly superstitious. Who is here? To which the people replied, It rested in itself, without pointing to any farther Many and good. The priest then having exend, and the grovelling worshippers believed horted the people to join with him, by saying that by their sacrifices they purchased the favor Let us pray, confessed his own unworthiness, of their deities. When once this notion was acknowledging that he had been guilty of divers entertained, human sacrifices were .soon intro- sins; for which he entreated pardon of the gods, duced. By the Jewish law these abominable hoping that they would grant his requests, accept offerings were strictly forbidden, and the whole the oblations offered, and send them all health ritual of sacrifice restored to its original purity and happiness; and to this general form added

All Christian churches have, till very lately, petitions for such particular favors as were then agreed in believing that the Jewish sacrifices desired. The priest then took a cup of wine ; served, among other uses, for types of the death and, having tasted it, caused his assistants to do of Christ and the Christian worship. Many are the like; and then poured forth the remainder of opinion that they were likewise fæderal rites, between the horns of the victim. Then the as they certainly were considered by the ancient priest or the crier, or sometimes the most honorRomans. (Liv. 21, 45). Of the various kinds able person in the company, killed the beast, by of Jewish sacrifices, and the subordinate ends for knocking it down or cutting its throat. If the which they were offered, a full account is given sacrifice was in honor of the celestial gods, the in the books of Moses. When an Israelite of- throat was turned up towards heaven, but if fered a loaf or a cake, the priest broke it into they sacrificed to the heroes or infernal gods, the two parts; and, setting aside that half which he victim was killed with its throat towards the reserved for himself, broke the other into crumbs, ground. If by accident the beast escaped the poured oil, wine, incense, and salt upon it, and stroke, leaped up after it, or expired with pain spread the whole upon the fire of the altar. If and difficulty, it was thought to be unacceptable these offerings were accompanied with the sacri- to the gods. The beast being killed, the priest fice of an animal, they were thrown upon the inspected its entrails, and made predictions from victim to be consumed along with it. If the them. They then poured wine and frankincense offerings were of the ears of new corn, they were into the fire, to increase the flame, and then laid parched at the fire, rubbed in the hand, and then the sacrifice on the altar; which in the primitive offered to the priest in a vessel, over which he times was burnt whole to the gods, and thence poured oil, incense, wine, and salt, and then called a holocaust; but in after-times only burnt it upon the altar, having first taken as part of the victim was consumed in the fire, and much of it as of right belonged to himself. The the remainder reserved for the sacrificers; the principal sacrifices among the Hebrews consist- thighs, and sometimes the entrails, being burnt ed of bullocks, sheep, and goats: but doves and to their honor, the company feasted upon the turtles were accepted from those who were not rest. During the sacrifice, the priest, and the perable to bring the other; these animals were to son who gave the sacrifice, jointly prayed, laying be perfect, and without blemish. The rites of their hand upon the altar. Sometimes they

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